Practical Performant Programming for Humans

Author: Micha Gorelick,Ian Ozsvald

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449361765

Category: Computers

Page: 370

View: 8190

Your Python code may run correctly, but you need it to run faster. By exploring the fundamental theory behind design choices, this practical guide helps you gain a deeper understanding of Python’s implementation. You’ll learn how to locate performance bottlenecks and significantly speed up your code in high-data-volume programs. How can you take advantage of multi-core architectures or clusters? Or build a system that can scale up and down without losing reliability? Experienced Python programmers will learn concrete solutions to these and other issues, along with war stories from companies that use high performance Python for social media analytics, productionized machine learning, and other situations. Get a better grasp of numpy, Cython, and profilers Learn how Python abstracts the underlying computer architecture Use profiling to find bottlenecks in CPU time and memory usage Write efficient programs by choosing appropriate data structures Speed up matrix and vector computations Use tools to compile Python down to machine code Manage multiple I/O and computational operations concurrently Convert multiprocessing code to run on a local or remote cluster Solve large problems while using less RAM
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Practical Performant Programming for Humans

Author: Micha Gorelick,Ian Ozsvald

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449361773

Category: Computers

Page: 370

View: 4189

Your Python code may run correctly, but you need it to run faster. By exploring the fundamental theory behind design choices, this practical guide helps you gain a deeper understanding of Python’s implementation. You’ll learn how to locate performance bottlenecks and significantly speed up your code in high-data-volume programs. How can you take advantage of multi-core architectures or clusters? Or build a system that can scale up and down without losing reliability? Experienced Python programmers will learn concrete solutions to these and other issues, along with war stories from companies that use high performance Python for social media analytics, productionized machine learning, and other situations. Get a better grasp of numpy, Cython, and profilers Learn how Python abstracts the underlying computer architecture Use profiling to find bottlenecks in CPU time and memory usage Write efficient programs by choosing appropriate data structures Speed up matrix and vector computations Use tools to compile Python down to machine code Manage multiple I/O and computational operations concurrently Convert multiprocessing code to run on a local or remote cluster Solve large problems while using less RAM
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Practical Performant Programming for Humans

Author: Micha Gorelick,Ian Ozsvald

Publisher: O'Reilly Media; 1 edition (September 20, 2014)

ISBN: 1449361595

Category: Computers

Page: 370

View: 3508

Your Python code may run correctly, but you need it to run faster. By exploring the fundamental theory behind design choices, this practical guide helps you gain a deeper understanding of Python's implementation. You'll learn how to locate performance bottlenecks and significantly speed up your code in high-data-volume programs. How can you take advantage of multi-core architectures or clusters? Or build a system that can scale up and down without losing reliability? Experienced Python programmers will learn concrete solutions to these and other issues, along with war stories from companies that use high performance Python for social media analytics, productionized machine learning, and other situations.
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A Guide for Python Programmers

Author: Kurt W. Smith

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491901756

Category: Computers

Page: 254

View: 4864

Build software that combines Python’s expressivity with the performance and control of C (and C++). It’s possible with Cython, the compiler and hybrid programming language used by foundational packages such as NumPy, and prominent in projects including Pandas, h5py, and scikits-learn. In this practical guide, you’ll learn how to use Cython to improve Python’s performance—up to 3000x— and to wrap C and C++ libraries in Python with ease. Author Kurt Smith takes you through Cython’s capabilities, with sample code and in-depth practice exercises. If you’re just starting with Cython, or want to go deeper, you’ll learn how this language is an essential part of any performance-oriented Python programmer’s arsenal. Use Cython’s static typing to speed up Python code Gain hands-on experience using Cython features to boost your numeric-heavy Python Create new types with Cython—and see how fast object-oriented programming in Python can be Effectively organize Cython code into separate modules and packages without sacrificing performance Use Cython to give Pythonic interfaces to C and C++ libraries Optimize code with Cython’s runtime and compile-time profiling tools Use Cython’s prange function to parallelize loops transparently with OpenMP
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Author: Sandro Tosi

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1847197914

Category: Computers

Page: 308

View: 8697

This is a practical, hands-on book, with a lot of code and images. It presents the real code that generates every image and describes almost every single line of it, so that you know exactly what's going on. Introductory, descriptive, and theoretical parts are mixed with examples, so that reading and understanding them is easy. All of the examples build gradually with code snippets, their explanations, and plot images where necessary with the complete code and output presented at the end. This book is essentially for Python developers who have a good knowledge of Python; no knowledge of Matplotlib is required. You will be creating 2D plots using Matplotlib in no time at all.
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A Situational Awareness Approach with Linux

Author: Igor Ljubuncic

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128010649

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 7727

Problem-Solving in High Performance Computing: A Situational Awareness Approach with Linux focuses on understanding giant computing grids as cohesive systems. Unlike other titles on general problem-solving or system administration, this book offers a cohesive approach to complex, layered environments, highlighting the difference between standalone system troubleshooting and complex problem-solving in large, mission critical environments, and addressing the pitfalls of information overload, micro, and macro symptoms, also including methods for managing problems in large computing ecosystems. The authors offer perspective gained from years of developing Intel-based systems that lead the industry in the number of hosts, software tools, and licenses used in chip design. The book offers unique, real-life examples that emphasize the magnitude and operational complexity of high performance computer systems. Provides insider perspectives on challenges in high performance environments with thousands of servers, millions of cores, distributed data centers, and petabytes of shared data Covers analysis, troubleshooting, and system optimization, from initial diagnostics to deep dives into kernel crash dumps Presents macro principles that appeal to a wide range of users and various real-life, complex problems Includes examples from 24/7 mission-critical environments with specific HPC operational constraints
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Author: Francesco Pierfederici

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785887041

Category: Computers

Page: 170

View: 6027

Harness the power of multiple computers using Python through this fast-paced informative guide About This Book You'll learn to write data processing programs in Python that are highly available, reliable, and fault tolerant Make use of Amazon Web Services along with Python to establish a powerful remote computation system Train Python to handle data-intensive and resource hungry applications Who This Book Is For This book is for Python developers who have developed Python programs for data processing and now want to learn how to write fast, efficient programs that perform CPU-intensive data processing tasks. What You Will Learn Get an introduction to parallel and distributed computing See synchronous and asynchronous programming Explore parallelism in Python Distributed application with Celery Python in the Cloud Python on an HPC cluster Test and debug distributed applications In Detail CPU-intensive data processing tasks have become crucial considering the complexity of the various big data applications that are used today. Reducing the CPU utilization per process is very important to improve the overall speed of applications. This book will teach you how to perform parallel execution of computations by distributing them across multiple processors in a single machine, thus improving the overall performance of a big data processing task. We will cover synchronous and asynchronous models, shared memory and file systems, communication between various processes, synchronization, and more. Style and Approach This example based, step-by-step guide will show you how to make the best of your hardware configuration using Python for distributing applications.
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Author: Gabriele Lanaro

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781787282896

Category: Computers

Page: 270

View: 5974

Learn how to use Python to create efficient applicationsAbout This Book* Identify the bottlenecks in your applications and solve them using the best profiling techniques* Write efficient numerical code in NumPy, Cython, and Pandas* Adapt your programs to run on multiple processors and machines with parallel programmingWho This Book Is ForThe book is aimed at Python developers who want to improve the performance of their application. Basic knowledge of Python is expectedWhat You Will Learn* Write efficient numerical code with the NumPy and Pandas libraries* Use Cython and Numba to achieve native performance* Find bottlenecks in your Python code using profilers* Write asynchronous code using Asyncio and RxPy* Use Tensorflow and Theano for automatic parallelism in Python* Set up and run distributed algorithms on a cluster using Dask and PySparkIn DetailPython is a versatile language that has found applications in many industries. The clean syntax, rich standard library, and vast selection of third-party libraries make Python a wildly popular language.Python High Performance is a practical guide that shows how to leverage the power of both native and third-party Python libraries to build robust applications.The book explains how to use various profilers to find performance bottlenecks and apply the correct algorithm to fix them. The reader will learn how to effectively use NumPy and Cython to speed up numerical code. The book explains concepts of concurrent programming and how to implement robust and responsive applications using Reactive programming. Readers will learn how to write code for parallel architectures using Tensorflow and Theano, and use a cluster of computers for large-scale computations using technologies such as Dask and PySpark.By the end of the book, readers will have learned to achieve performance and scale from their Python applications.Style and approachA step-by-step practical guide filled with real-world use cases and examples
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Author: Fredrik Lundh

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596000967

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 3316

An innovative reference reveals the many capabilites of the Python Standard Library, which is a compilation of commonly used procedures that can be pasted into a Python script, by providing over 300 real-world example scripts. Original. (Intermediate/Advanced)
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Author: Jan Palach

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178328840X

Category: Computers

Page: 124

View: 4273

A fast, easy-to-follow and clear tutorial to help you develop Parallel computing systems using Python. Along with explaining the fundamentals, the book will also introduce you to slightly advanced concepts and will help you in implementing these techniques in the real world. If you are an experienced Python programmer and are willing to utilize the available computing resources by parallelizing applications in a simple way, then this book is for you. You are required to have a basic knowledge of Python development to get the most of this book.
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Author: Philip Herron

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1783280808

Category: Computers

Page: 110

View: 6607

A practical and a fast-paced guide that gives you all the information you need to start programming using Cython.This book is for developers who love C/C++ for low latency and speed but who also require the ability to add more dynamic features to applications both fast and reliably. It will also show you how you can get new applications off the ground by reusing Python libraries to get started.
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Author: Alex Martelli,Anna Ravenscroft,David Ascher

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596554743

Category: Computers

Page: 846

View: 9757

Portable, powerful, and a breeze to use, Python is the popular open source object-oriented programming language used for both standalone programs and scripting applications. It is now being used by an increasing number of major organizations, including NASA and Google.Updated for Python 2.4, The Python Cookbook, 2nd Edition offers a wealth of useful code for all Python programmers, not just advanced practitioners. Like its predecessor, the new edition provides solutions to problems that Python programmers face everyday.It now includes over 200 recipes that range from simple tasks, such as working with dictionaries and list comprehensions, to complex tasks, such as monitoring a network and building a templating system. This revised version also includes new chapters on topics such as time, money, and metaprogramming.Here's a list of additional topics covered: Manipulating text Searching and sorting Working with files and the filesystem Object-oriented programming Dealing with threads and processes System administration Interacting with databases Creating user interfaces Network and web programming Processing XML Distributed programming Debugging and testing Another advantage of The Python Cookbook, 2nd Edition is its trio of authors--three well-known Python programming experts, who are highly visible on email lists and in newsgroups, and speak often at Python conferences.With scores of practical examples and pertinent background information, The Python Cookbook, 2nd Edition is the one source you need if you're looking to build efficient, flexible, scalable, and well-integrated systems.
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Author: Kevin Dowd,Charles R. Severance

Publisher: Oreilly & Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9781565923126

Category: Computers

Page: 446

View: 8077

The computing power that's available on the average desktop has exploded in the past few years. A typical PC has performance exceeding that of a multi-million dollar supercomputer a mere decade ago. To some people, that might mean that it's time to sit back and watch computers get faster: performance is no longer an issue, we'll let hardware do the work. But if you're looking at this book, you're not one of them. Performance is always an issue. Even with the fastest computers, there's a need to harness the processing power and get more work done in a limited amount of time. If you're a software developer, you probably know that getting the most out of a modern workstation or PC can be tricky. Paying closer attention to memory reference patterns and loop structure can have a huge payoff.High Performance Computingdiscusses how modern workstations get their performance and how you can write code that makes optimal use of your hardware. You'll learn what the newest buzzwords really mean, how caching and other memory design features affect the way your software behaves, and where the newest "post-RISC" architectures are headed. If you're involved with purchasing or evaluating workstations, this book will help you make intelligent comparisons. You'll learn how to interpret the commonly quoted industry benchmarks, what vendors do to show their machines in the best possible light, and how to run your own benchmarks. Whether you're using the latest Pentium PC or a highly specialized multiprocessor, you'll findHigh Performance Computingan indispensable guide. Topics covered include: CPU and memory architecture for RISC microprocessors and their successors Optimizing compilers Timing and profiling programs Understanding parallelism Loop and memory reference optimizations Benchmarking Parallel Computing and Multiprocessing
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Best Practices for Development

Author: Kenneth Reitz,Tanya Schlusser

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491933224

Category: Computers

Page: 338

View: 9986

The Hitchhiker's Guide to Python takes the journeyman Pythonista to true expertise. More than any other language, Python was created with the philosophy of simplicity and parsimony. Now 25 years old, Python has become the primary or secondary language (after SQL) for many business users. With popularity comes diversity—and possibly dilution. This guide, collaboratively written by over a hundred members of the Python community, describes best practices currently used by package and application developers. Unlike other books for this audience, The Hitchhiker’s Guide is light on reusable code and heavier on design philosophy, directing the reader to excellent sources that already exist.
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Author: Elliot Forbes

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178728316X

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 1109

Practically and deeply understand concurrency in Python to write efficient programs About This Book Build highly efficient, robust, and concurrent applications Work through practical examples that will help you address the challenges of writing concurrent code Improve the overall speed of execution in multiprocessor and multicore systems and keep them highly available Who This Book Is For This book is for Python developers who would like to get started with concurrent programming. Readers are expected to have a working knowledge of the Python language, as this book will build on these fundamentals concepts. What You Will Learn Explore the concept of threading and multiprocessing in Python Understand concurrency with threads Manage exceptions in child threads Handle the hardest part in a concurrent system — shared resources Build concurrent systems with Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP) Maintain all concurrent systems and master them Apply reactive programming to build concurrent systems Use GPU to solve specific problems In Detail Python is a very high level, general purpose language that is utilized heavily in fields such as data science and research, as well as being one of the top choices for general purpose programming for programmers around the world. It features a wide number of powerful, high and low-level libraries and frameworks that complement its delightful syntax and enable Python programmers to create. This book introduces some of the most popular libraries and frameworks and goes in-depth into how you can leverage these libraries for your own high-concurrent, highly-performant Python programs. We'll cover the fundamental concepts of concurrency needed to be able to write your own concurrent and parallel software systems in Python. The book will guide you down the path to mastering Python concurrency, giving you all the necessary hardware and theoretical knowledge. We'll cover concepts such as debugging and exception handling as well as some of the most popular libraries and frameworks that allow you to create event-driven and reactive systems. By the end of the book, you'll have learned the techniques to write incredibly efficient concurrent systems that follow best practices. Style and approach This easy-to-follow guide teaches you new practices and techniques to optimize your code, and then moves toward more advanced ways to effectively write efficient Python code. Small and simple practical examples will help you test the concepts yourself, and you will be able to easily adapt them for any application.
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Author: Siddharta Govindaraj

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1783987936

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 4137

This book is intended for Python developers who want to use the principles of test-driven development (TDD) to create efficient and robust applications. In order to get the best out of this book, you should have development experience with Python.
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Author: Fernando Doglio

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1783989319

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 2871

Measure, optimize, and improve the performance of your Python code with this easy-to-follow guide About This Book Master the do's and don'ts of Python performance programming Learn how to use exiting new tools that will help you improve your scripts A step-by-step, conceptual guide to teach you how to optimize and fine-tune your critical pieces of code Who This Book Is For If you're a Python developer looking to improve the speed of your scripts or simply wanting to take your skills to the next level, then this book is perfect for you. What You Will Learn Master code optimization step-by-step and learn how to use different tools Understand what a profiler is and how to read its output Interpret visual output from profiling tools and improve the performance of your script Use Cython to create fast applications using Python and C Take advantage of PyPy to improve performance of Python code Optimize number-crunching code with NumPy, Numba, Parakeet, and Pandas In Detail Simply knowing how to code is not enough; on mission-critical pieces of code, every bit of memory and every CPU cycle counts, and knowing how to squish every bit of processing power out of your code is a crucial and sought-after skill. Nowadays, Python is used for many scientific projects, and sometimes the calculations done in those projects require some serious fine-tuning. Profilers are tools designed to help you measure the performance of your code and help you during the optimization process, so knowing how to use them and read their output is very handy. This book starts from the basics and progressively moves on to more advanced topics. You'll learn everything from profiling all the way up to writing a real-life application and applying a full set of tools designed to improve it in different ways. In the middle, you'll stop to learn about the major profilers used in Python and about some graphic tools to help you make sense of their output. You'll then move from generic optimization techniques onto Python-specific ones, going over the main constructs of the language that will help you improve your speed without much of a change. Finally, the book covers some number-crunching-specific libraries and how to use them properly to get the best speed out of them. After reading this book, you will know how to take any Python code, profile it, find out where the bottlenecks are, and apply different techniques to remove them. Style and approach This easy-to-follow, practical guide will help you enhance your optimization skills by improving real-world code.
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The Definitive Guide to PyQt Programming

Author: Mark Summerfield

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780132703062

Category: Computers

Page: 648

View: 1426

Whether you're building GUI prototypes or full-fledged cross-platform GUI applications with native look-and-feel, PyQt 4 is your fastest, easiest, most powerful solution. Qt expert Mark Summerfield has written the definitive best-practice guide to PyQt 4 development. With Rapid GUI Programming with Python and Qt you'll learn how to build efficient GUI applications that run on all major operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and many versions of Unix, using the same source code for all of them. Summerfield systematically introduces every core GUI development technique: from dialogs and windows to data handling; from events to printing; and more. Through the book's realistic examples you'll discover a completely new PyQt 4-based programming approach, as well as coverage of many new topics, from PyQt 4's rich text engine to advanced model/view and graphics/view programming. Every key concept is illuminated with realistic, downloadable examples–all tested on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux with Python 2.5, Qt 4.2, and PyQt 4.2, and on Windows and Linux with Qt 4.3 and PyQt 4.3.
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Author: Giancarlo Zaccone

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785286722

Category: Computers

Page: 286

View: 5492

Master efficient parallel programming to build powerful applications using Python About This Book Design and implement efficient parallel software Master new programming techniques to address and solve complex programming problems Explore the world of parallel programming with this book, which is a go-to resource for different kinds of parallel computing tasks in Python, using examples and topics covered in great depth Who This Book Is For Python Parallel Programming Cookbook is intended for software developers who are well versed with Python and want to use parallel programming techniques to write powerful and efficient code. This book will help you master the basics and the advanced of parallel computing. What You Will Learn Synchronize multiple threads and processes to manage parallel tasks Implement message passing communication between processes to build parallel applications Program your own GPU cards to address complex problems Manage computing entities to execute distributed computational tasks Write efficient programs by adopting the event-driven programming model Explore the cloud technology with DJango and Google App Engine Apply parallel programming techniques that can lead to performance improvements In Detail Parallel programming techniques are required for a developer to get the best use of all the computational resources available today and to build efficient software systems. From multi-core to GPU systems up to the distributed architectures, the high computation of programs throughout requires the use of programming tools and software libraries. Because of this, it is becoming increasingly important to know what the parallel programming techniques are. Python is commonly used as even non-experts can easily deal with its concepts. This book will teach you parallel programming techniques using examples in Python and will help you explore the many ways in which you can write code that allows more than one process to happen at once. Starting with introducing you to the world of parallel computing, it moves on to cover the fundamentals in Python. This is followed by exploring the thread-based parallelism model using the Python threading module by synchronizing threads and using locks, mutex, semaphores queues, GIL, and the thread pool. Next you will be taught about process-based parallelism where you will synchronize processes using message passing along with learning about the performance of MPI Python Modules. You will then go on to learn the asynchronous parallel programming model using the Python asyncio module along with handling exceptions. Moving on, you will discover distributed computing with Python, and learn how to install a broker, use Celery Python Module, and create a worker. You will also understand the StarCluster framework, Pycsp, Scoop, and Disco modules in Python. Further on, you will learn GPU programming with Python using the PyCUDA module along with evaluating performance limitations. Next you will get acquainted with the cloud computing concepts in Python, using Google App Engine (GAE), and building your first application with GAE. Lastly, you will learn about grid computing concepts in Python and using PyGlobus toolkit, GFTP and GASS COPY to transfer files, and service monitoring in PyGlobus. Style and approach A step-by-step guide to parallel programming using Python, with recipes accompanied by one or more programming examples. It is a practically oriented book and has all the necessary underlying parallel computing concepts.
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59 Specific Ways to Write Better Python

Author: Brett Slatkin

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0134034287

Category: Computers

Page: 227

View: 2849

"It's easy to start writing code with Python: that's why the language is so immensely popular. However, Python has unique strengths, charms, and expressivity that can be hard to grasp at first -- as well as hidden pitfalls that can easily trip you up if you aren't aware of them. Effective Python will help you harness the full power of Python to write exceptionally robust, efficient, maintainable, and well-performing code. Utilizing the concise, scenario-driven style pioneered in Scott Meyers's best-selling Effective C++, Brett Slatkin brings together 53 Python best practices, tips, shortcuts, and realistic code examples from expert programmers. Through realistic examples, Slatkin uncovers little-known Python quirks, intricacies, and idioms that powerfully impact code behavior and performance. You'll learn how to choose the most efficient and effective way to accomplish key tasks when multiple options exist, and how to write code that's easier to understand, maintain, and improve. Drawing on his deep understanding of Python's capabilities, Slatkin offers practical advice for each major area of development with both Python 3.x and Python 2.x. Coverage includes: * Algorithms * Objects * Concurrency * Collaboration * Built-in modules * Production techniques * And more Each section contains specific, actionable guidelines organized into items, each with carefully worded advice supported by detailed technical arguments and illuminating examples. Using Effective Python, you can systematically improve all the Python code you write: not by blindly following rules or mimicking incomprehensible idioms, but by gaining a deep understanding of the technical reasons why they make sense."--[Source inconnue].
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