The Efect of Conservative Economic Analysis on U.S. Antitrust

Author: Robert Pitofsky

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199706754

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 9087

How the Chicago School Overshot the Mark is about the rise and recent fall of American antitrust. It is a collection of 15 essays, almost all expressing a deep concern that conservative economic analysis is leading judges and enforcement officials toward an approach that will ultimately harm consumer welfare. For the past 40 years or so, U.S. antitrust has been dominated intellectually by an unusually conservative style of economic analysis. Its advocates, often referred to as "The Chicago School," argue that the free market (better than any unelected band of regulators) can do a better job of achieving efficiency and encouraging innovation than intrusive regulation. The cutting edge of Chicago School doctrine originated in academia and was popularized in books by brilliant and innovative law professors like Robert Bork and Richard Posner. Oddly, a response to that kind of conservative doctrine may be put together through collections of scores of articles but until now cannot be found in any one book. This collection of essays is designed in part to remedy that situation. The chapters in this book were written by academics, former law enforcers, private sector defense lawyers, Republicans and Democrats, representatives of the left, right and center. Virtually all agree that antitrust enforcement today is better as a result of conservative analysis, but virtually all also agree that there have been examples of extreme interpretations and misinterpretations of conservative economic theory that have led American antitrust in the wrong direction. The problem is not with conservative economic analysis but with those portions of that analysis that have "overshot the mark" producing an enforcement approach that is exceptionally generous to the private sector. If the scores of practices that traditionally have been regarded as anticompetitive are ignored, or not subjected to vigorous enforcement, prices will be higher, quality of products lower, and innovation diminished. In the end consumers will pay.
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Eine Neubewertung im Licht der ökonomischen Analyse und des US-amerikanischen, europäischen, deutschen und schweizerischen Kartellrechts

Author: Mareike Walter

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161553301

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 1219

Preisvereinbarungen ermoglichen es Marktteilnehmern, den Wettbewerb zu beschranken. Das Verbot der Preisbindung der zweiten Hand ist deshalb auch bei rechtsvergleichender Betrachtung ein zentraler Grundsatz von Kartellrechtsordnungen in den USA und Europa. In jungster Vergangenheit ist dieses strikte Verbot jedoch in die Kritik geraten. Mareike Walter untersucht, wie sich Kartellrechtsordnungen seit dem Rechtssprechungswechsel des U.S. Supreme Court in der Leegin-Entscheidung 2007 gegenuber vertikalen Preisvereinbarungen und alternativen Strategien verhalten. Sie uberpruft, ob rechtsdogmatische oder okonomische Erkenntnisse sowohl in Bezug auf klassische als auch moderne Klauseln in Online-Geschaftsmodellen ein ehemals unumstossliches Verbot tatsachlich nachhaltig in Frage stellen konnen. Auch Umgehungsstrategien und Bereichsausnahmen finden in dieser Neubewertung besondere Berucksichtigung.
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Substantive Aspects

Author: Ioannis Lianos,Damien Geradin

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781006024

Category: Law

Page: 688

View: 5906

This Handbook will be an indispensable reference work for practitioners and scholars, as well as for those in an enforcement environment.
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How Corporations Became Politicized and Politics Became More Corporate

Author: Lee Drutman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190215534

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9614

Corporate lobbyists are everywhere in Washington. Of the 100 organizations that spend the most on lobbying, 95 represent business. The largest companies now have upwards of 100 lobbyists representing them. How did American businesses become so invested in politics? And what does all their money buy? Drawing on extensive data and original interviews with corporate lobbyists, The Business of America is Lobbying provides a fascinating and detailed picture of what corporations do in Washington, why they do it, and why it matters. Prior to the 1970s, very few corporations had Washington offices. But a wave of new government regulations and declining economic conditions mobilized business leaders. Companies developed new political capacities, and managers soon began to see public policy as an opportunity, not just a threat. Ever since, corporate lobbying has become increasingly more pervasive, more proactive, and more particularistic. Lee Drutman argues that lobbyists drove this development, helping managers to see why politics mattered, and how proactive and aggressive engagement could help companies' bottom lines. All this lobbying doesn't guarantee influence. Politics is a messy and unpredictable bazaar, and it is more competitive than ever. But the growth of lobbying has driven several important changes that make business more powerful. The status quo is harder to dislodge; policy is more complex; and, as Congress increasingly becomes a farm league for K Street, more and more of Washington's policy expertise now resides in the private sector. These and other changes increasingly raise the costs of effective lobbying to a level only businesses can typically afford. Lively and engaging, rigorous and nuanced, The Business of America is Lobbying will change how we think about lobbying-and how we might reform it.
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The Role of Antitrust in Regulated Industries : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Courts and Competition Policy of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session, June 15, 2010

Author: Howard Shelanski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Antitrust law

Page: 135

View: 3103

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Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session, March 11, 2010

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Broadband communication systems

Page: 155

View: 9614

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Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, May 26, 2011

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cell phone services industry

Page: 320

View: 2774

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Hearing Before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, on the Nominations of Katharine G. Abraham, of Iowa, to be a Member of the Council of Economic Advisers; Carl Shapiro, of California, to be a Member of the Council of Economic Advisers; Peter A. Diamond, of Massachusetts, to be a Member of the Board of Governors, Federal Reserve System, March 8, 2011

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 84

View: 8848

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antitrust policy in the new administration

Author: George Mason University. School of Law

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 301

View: 920

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Diskurs- und dispositivanalytische Perspektiven auf Märkte und Organisationen

Author: Rainer Diaz-Bone,Ronald Hartz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658158425

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 9970

Der vorliegende Band bietet einen aktuellen Überblick über die Vielzahl neuerer sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschungen zur Bedeutung, Funktion und Theorie von Dispositiven in und für die Ökonomie. Denn die Ökonomie ist „instrumentiert“ – Organisationen und Märkte sind durchzogen und ausgestattet mit Objekten, Materialitäten, Technologien, Diskursen und Subjektivierungsweisen, deren spezifische Verknüpfungen die Ökonomie hervorbringen. Für die Analyse der Dispositive muss „Ökonomie“ daher notwendig transdisziplinär gefasst werden, gerade um die bisher weitgehende Ausblendung von Dispositiven in der Analyse von Märkten und Organisationen zu überwinden und diese durch neuartige theoretische aber auch vielfältige methodologische Zugänge zu erschließen. Diese Erschließung der materiellen und immateriellen Ausstattung der Ökonomie erfolgt nun nicht nur transdisziplinär, sondern auch international. Der Band präsentiert Beiträge von Forschenden aus Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien und der Schweiz.
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Author: David A. Vise,Mark Malseed

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783938017562

Category:

Page: 300

View: 7841

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Kommentar

Author: Astrid Ablasser-Neuhuber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783406576492

Category: Antitrust law

Page: 3031

View: 1635

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die Vernetzung der Welt von Edison bis Google

Author: Nicholas G. Carr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783826655081

Category: Informationstechnik - Technische Innovation - Soziokultureller Wandel

Page: 314

View: 6834

Nicholas Carr beschreibt in dieser deutschen Übersetzung des amerikanischen Bestsellers die nächste IT-Revolution und dass dadurch immense Folgen auf unsere Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft zukommen werden. Dabei erläutert er detailliert die Entwicklung der Computerindustrie in den letzten Jahren sowie insbesondere entscheidende neue Technologien wie das Cloud Computing und dessen Auswirkungen auf traditionelle Firmen wie z.B. Microsoft und Dell.
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Author: Chrysostomos Mantzavinos

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161489990

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 6971

English summary: C. Mantzavinos offers a theory of how the institutional framework of a society emerges and how markets within institutions work. He shows that both social institutions, defined as the rules of the game, and exchange processes can be analyzed along a common theoretical structure. Mantzavinos's proposal is that a problem-solving model of individual behaviour inspired by the cognitive sciences provides such a unifying theoretical structure. Integrating the latest scholarship in economics, sociology, political science, law, and anthropology, the author offers a genuine political economy showing how social institutions affect economic outcomes. His book was first published in English by Cambridge University Press. German description: C. Mantzavinos entwickelt eine Theorie der Entstehung des institutionellen Rahmens einer Gesellschaft und der Funktionsweise von Markten innerhalb dieses Rahmens. Er zeigt, dass sowohl Institutionen, d.h. Spielregeln, als auch Austauschprozesse mit Hilfe einer gemeinsamen theoretischen Struktur analysiert werden konnen. Als gemeinsame vereinheitlichende Struktur schlagt er ein kognitionswissenschaftlich inspiriertes Problemlosungsmodell individuellen Verhaltens vor. Indem er neueste Erkenntnisse aus Okonomik, Soziologie, Politikwissenschaften, Rechtswissenschaft und Anthropologie integriert, entwickelt der Autor eine genuin politische Okonomie, die zeigt, wie soziale Institutionen okonomische Ergebnisse beeinflussen.Das englische Original ist unter dem Titel Individuals, Institutions, and Markets bei Cambridge University Press erschienen.Die Institutionenanalyse hat jungst Fortschritte in der Ausweitung ihrer Domane gemacht und sich Fragen des Wissens und der Kognition zugewandt. Dieses Buch zahlt zu den ersten und einzigen, die dieses wichtige Thema systematisch behandeln. Ausserdem umfasst es sowohl die Diskussion und Analyse dieses Themas als auch die eher traditionelle institutionelle Analyse. Es ist ein Meilenstein und wird als Referenzmass fur kunftige Forschung dienen.Avner Greif, Stanford University
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