Treks Into the Future of Time

Author: Laura Rival

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 081650119X

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 6492

"This book draws on the author's twenty years of field research among the Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador, offering a unique perspective on the people's culture and society"--Provided by publisher.
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The Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador

Author: Laura M. Rival

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231118449

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 9798

Rival presents a comprehensive academic study of the Huaorani, correcting distorted portrayals of them by journalists, missionaries, environmentalists, and tour guides as 'Ecuador's last savages'.
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Beyond Development and Progress

Author: Marc Brightman,Jerome Lewis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137566361

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 7127

This book compiles research from leading experts in the social, behavioral, and cultural dimensions of sustainability, as well as local and global understandings of the concept, and on lived practices around the world. It contains studies focusing on ways of living, acting, and thinking which claim to favor the local and global ecological systems of which we are a part, and on which we depend for survival. The concept of sustainability as a product of concern about global environmental degradation, rising social inequalities, and dispossession is presented as a key concept. The contributors explore the opportunities to engage with questions of sustainability and to redefine the concept of sustainability in anthropological terms.
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Autobiography, Person, and History in Lowland South America

Author: Suzanne Oakdale,Magnus Course

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 080324990X

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 1814

Fluent Selves examines narrative practices throughout lowland South America focusing on indigenous communities in Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru, illuminating the social and cultural processes that make the past as important as the present for these peoples. This collection brings together leading scholars in the fields of anthropology and linguistics to examine the intersection of these narratives of the past with the construction of personhood. The volume’s exploration of autobiographical and biographical accounts raises questions about fieldwork, ethical practices, and cultural boundaries in the study of anthropology. Rather than relying on a simple opposition between the “Western individual” and the non-Western rest, contributors to Fluent Selves explore the complex interplay of both individualizing as well as relational personhood in these practices. Transcending classic debates over the categorization of “myth” and “history,” the autobiographical and biographical narratives in Fluent Selves illustrate the very medium in which several modes of engaging with the past meet, are reconciled, and reemerge.
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Author: Marc Becker

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443869112

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 820

The South American country of Ecuador provides a fascinating case study for understanding the construction and emergence of race and ethnic identities. While themes of ethnic identities, indigeneity, and race relations are commonly examined in our respective disciplines, it is less common to bring together essays with from scholars from such a broad variety of disciplines. The papers collected in this volume provide an opportunity to explore indigeneity in comparative perspective with the rest of the region, as well as to highlight the historically important but understudied Afro-Ecuadorian perspectives. The essays in this volume break out of the common tropes and themes that scholars typically employ in their studies of race and ethnicity in Ecuador. In examining Afro-Ecuadorians and Indigenous peoples through the lens of politics, culture, religion, gender, and environmental concerns, we come to a better understanding of the problems and promises facing this country. These essays convey a large diversity of perspectives, disciplines, and issues that reflect the richness and complexities of the social processes that are present in Ecuador.
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Author: Flora Lu,Gabriela Valdivia,Néstor L. Silva

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137533625

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 4178

This book addresses the political ecology of the Ecuadorian petro-state since the turn of the century and contextualizes state-civil society relations in contemporary Ecuador to produce an analysis of oil and Revolution in twenty-first century Latin America. Ecuador’s recent history is marked by changes in state-citizen relations: the election of political firebrand, Rafael Correa; a new constitution recognizing the value of pluriculturality and nature’s rights; and new rules for distributing state oil revenues. One of the most emblematic projects at this time is the Correa administration’s Revolución Ciudadana, an oil-funded project of social investment and infrastructural development that claims to blaze a responsible and responsive path towards wellbeing for all Ecuadorians. The contributors to this book examine the key interventions of the recent political revolution—the investment of oil revenues into public works in Amazonia and across Ecuador; an initiative to keep oil underground; and the protection of the country’s most marginalized peoples—to illustrate how new forms of citizenship are required and forged. Through a focus on Amazonia and the Waorani, this book analyzes the burdens and opportunities created by oil-financed social and environmental change, and how these alter life in Amazonian extraction sites and across Ecuador.
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Indigenous Politics, Multinational Oil, and Neoliberalism in Ecuador

Author: Suzana Sawyer

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822385759

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 2408

Ecuador is the third-largest foreign supplier of crude oil to the western United States. As the source of this oil, the Ecuadorian Amazon has borne the far-reaching social and environmental consequences of a growing U.S. demand for petroleum and the dynamics of economic globalization it necessitates. Crude Chronicles traces the emergence during the 1990s of a highly organized indigenous movement and its struggles against a U.S. oil company and Ecuadorian neoliberal policies. Against the backdrop of mounting government attempts to privatize and liberalize the national economy, Suzana Sawyer shows how neoliberal reforms in Ecuador led to a crisis of governance, accountability, and representation that spurred one of twentieth-century Latin America’s strongest indigenous movements. Through her rich ethnography of indigenous marches, demonstrations, occupations, and negotiations, Sawyer tracks the growing sophistication of indigenous politics as Indians subverted, re-deployed, and, at times, capitulated to the dictates and desires of a transnational neoliberal logic. At the same time, she follows the multiple maneuvers and discourses that the multinational corporation and the Ecuadorian state used to circumscribe and contain indigenous opposition. Ultimately, Sawyer reveals that indigenous struggles over land and oil operations in Ecuador were as much about reconfiguring national and transnational inequality—that is, rupturing the silence around racial injustice, exacting spaces of accountability, and rewriting narratives of national belonging—as they were about the material use and extraction of rain-forest resources.
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A Code of Transformation in 21st Century Nigeria

Author: Adéwálé Àjàdí,Káyòde Fáyemí

Publisher: December House

ISBN: 1909375039


Page: N.A

View: 1929

In Omoluwabi 2.0, Adewale Ajadi lays out a new way of organising and transforming, organisations, countries and continents, based on the Yoruba principle of Omoluwabi, updated for the 21st century. There are not many original thinkers who dare to explore new territories with creative mental tools and attentiveness to details and still come up with a reader friendly book. Adewale Ajadis book comes with freshness. Omoluwabi 2.0 is long overdue and it should fill the knowledge gap created by an apparent lack of codification and wide dissemination of imo ijinle (deep knowledge) Kole Odutola: Lecturer at the University of Florida, Author of Diaspora and Imagined Nationality There have been ideas about two publics, the formal and informal worlds in Africa and their contradictory dynamics. Other have framed it as disorder but no one has pointed the way. As it was we were doomed to engineered solutions. Omoluwabi 2.0 comes with a torrent of meaning-making systems in a stream of post modern solutions to the challenges of the 21st century inspired by an abiding creativity in Africa's complexity and history. Sylvester Odio Akhaine, Member of the Guardian Editorial Board
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A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062316109

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 6799

New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.
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The Relationship Between Corporations and Their Critics

Author: Stuart Kirsch

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520281705

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 3343

Corporations are among the most powerful institutions of our time, but they are also responsible for a wide range of harmful social and environmental impacts. Consequently, political movements and nongovernmental organizations increasingly contest the risks that corporations pose to people and nature. Mining Capitalism examines the strategies through which corporations manage their relationships with these critics and adversaries. By focusing on the conflict over the Ok Tedi copper and gold mine in Papua New Guinea, Stuart Kirsch tells the story of a slow-moving environmental disaster and the international network of indigenous peoples, advocacy groups, and lawyers that sought to protect local rivers and rain forests. Along the way, he analyzes how corporations promote their interests by manipulating science and invoking the discourses of sustainability and social responsibility. Based on two decades of anthropological research, this book is comparative in scope, showing readers how similar dynamics operate in other industries around the world.
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The Amerindianization of Society in the Work of Peter Rivière

Author: Peter Rivière,Laura M. Rival,Neil L. Whitehead

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199244768

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 2383

Focusing on the anthropological development of Amazonia, this volume explores the legacy of Peter Rivi�re, a recently retired Professor of Social Anthropology, University of Oxford. An international group of leading specialists contributes to the substantial and growing body of Amazonian ethnography, discussing topics that include kinship and genealogy, the village as a unit of ethnographic observation, the human body in political and social processes, and gender relationships as aspects of political cosmological thinking.
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Compassionate Cannibalism in an Amazonian Society

Author: Beth A. Conklin

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292782543

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 2010

Mourning the death of loved ones and recovering from their loss are universal human experiences, yet the grieving process is as different between cultures as it is among individuals. As late as the 1960s, the Wari' Indians of the western Amazonian rainforest ate the roasted flesh of their dead as an expression of compassion for the deceased and for his or her close relatives. By removing and transforming the corpse, which embodied ties between the living and the dead and was a focus of grief for the family of the deceased, Wari' death rites helped the bereaved kin accept their loss and go on with their lives. Drawing on the recollections of Wari' elders who participated in consuming the dead, this book presents one of the richest, most authoritative ethnographic accounts of funerary cannibalism ever recorded. Beth Conklin explores Wari' conceptions of person, body, and spirit, as well as indigenous understandings of memory and emotion, to explain why the Wari' felt that corpses must be destroyed and why they preferred cannibalism over cremation. Her findings challenge many commonly held beliefs about cannibalism and show why, in Wari' terms, it was considered the most honorable and compassionate way of treating the dead.
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Author: Richard B. Lee,Richard Heywood Daly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521571098

Category: Nature

Page: 511

View: 964

Profiles hunting and gathering peoples from around the world, and discusses such topics as prehistory, social life, gender, music and art, health, religion, and indigenous knowledge.
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Author: Roldan Muradian,Laura Rival

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400751761

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 3457

Founded on the core notion that we have reached a turning point in the governance, and thus the conservation, of ecosystems and the environment, this edited volume features more than 20 original chapters, each informed by the paradigm shift in the sector over the last decade. Where once the emphasis was on strategies for conservation, enacted through instruments of control such as planning and ‘polluter pays’ legislation, more recent developments have shown a shift towards incentive-based arrangements aimed at those responsible for providing the environmental services enabled by such ecosystems. Encouraging shared responsibility for watershed management, developed in Costa Rica, is a prime example, and the various interests involved in its instauration in Java are one of the subjects examined here.
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Author: M. Alonso,Norman K Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137486430

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 1509

This project is an attempt to bring together the many fragments of history concerning the Yoruba religious community and their rise to prominence in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, from the mid-nineteenth to the late-twentieth centuries.
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a guide to community based ecotourism in the Ecuadorian Amazon

Author: Rolf Wesche,Andy Drumm

Publisher: Island Press


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 215

View: 1319

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Indigenous Territory and the Perception of the Environment

Author: Alexandre Surrallés,Pedro García Hierro

Publisher: IWGIA

ISBN: 9788791563119

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 7616

By describing the fabric of relationships indigenous peoples weave with their environment, The Land Within attempts to define a more precise notion of indigenous territoriality. A large part of the work of titling the South American indigenous territories may now be completed but this book aims to demonstrate that, in addition to management, these territories involve many other complex aspects that must not be overlooked if the risk of losing these areas to settlers or extraction companies is to be avoided. Alexandre Surralls holds a doctorate in anthropology from the School for Higher Studies in Social Sciences and is a researcher on the staff of the National Centre for Scientific Research. Pedro Garca Hierro is a lawyer from Madrid Complutense University and the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. He has worked with various indigenous organizations, on issues related to the identification and development of collective rights and the promotion of intercultural democratic reforms.
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The Self-Forging of a Banana Republic

Author: Kevin Coleman

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477308563

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 616

In the early twentieth century, the Boston-based United Fruit Company controlled the production, distribution, and marketing of bananas, the most widely consumed fresh fruit in North America. So great was the company's power that it challenged the sovereignty of the Latin American and Caribbean countries in which it operated, giving rise to the notion of company-dominated "banana republics." In A Camera in the Garden of Eden, Kevin Coleman argues that the "banana republic" was an imperial constellation of images and practices that was checked and contested by ordinary Central Americans. Drawing on a trove of images from four enormous visual archives and a wealth of internal company memos, literary works, immigration records, and declassified US government telegrams, Coleman explores how banana plantation workers, women, and peasants used photography to forge new ways of being while also visually asserting their rights as citizens. He tells a dramatic story of the founding of the Honduran town of El Progreso, where the United Fruit Company had one of its main divisional offices, the rise of the company now known as Chiquita, and a sixty-nine day strike in which banana workers declared their independence from neocolonial domination. In telling this story, Coleman develops a new set of conceptual tools and methods for using images to open up fresh understandings of the past, offering a model that is applicable far beyond this pathfinding study.
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Indigenous Women and the Limits of Postcolonial Development Policy

Author: Sarah A. Radcliffe

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822375028

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 3766

In Dilemmas of Difference Sarah A. Radcliffe explores the relationship of rural indigenous women in Ecuador to the development policies and actors that are ostensibly there to help ameliorate social and economic inequality. Radcliffe finds that development policies’s inability to recognize and reckon with the legacies of colonialism reinforces long-standing social hierarchies, thereby reproducing the very poverty and disempowerment they are there to solve. This ineffectiveness results from failures to acknowledge the local population's diversity and a lack of accounting for the complex intersections of gender, race, ethnicity, class, and geography. As a result, projects often fail to match beneficiaries' needs, certain groups are made invisible, and indigenous women become excluded from positions of authority. Drawing from a mix of ethnographic fieldwork and postcolonial and social theory, Radcliffe centers the perspectives of indigenous women to show how they craft practices and epistemologies that critique ineffective development methods, inform their political agendas, and shape their strategic interventions in public policy debates.
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Author: Steve Saint

Publisher: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 9781414341538

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 8363

Presents the account of a successful businessman in the United States who returned to the jungles of Ecuador to help the tribe who killed his father, revealing the difficult choices he confronted and the long-buried secrets surrounding his father's murder.
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