Author: Irwin Goldman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119414512

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 1622

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.
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Author: S.S. Banga,S.K. Banga

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540635239

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 2577

Heterosis breeding based on male sterility has become established in many field crops and has been credited with large productivity. This book presents an update into the advent and promise of hybrids through a comprehensive coverage of theoretical and applied aspects of heterosis breeding. Its principal elements are the hybrid advantage, pollination control mechanisms and finally the production of hybrid seeds. Individual crop specialists have presented in-depth analysis of intricacies involved in the development of hybrids of rice, wheat, maize, barley, pearl millet, sorghum, cotton, sunflower, rapeseed-mustard, castor, pigeonpea, tomato, onion, cole crops, peppers, muskmelon and watermelon. The book will be used by researchers, teachers and students of botany, genetics, horticulture and plant breeding.
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Author: Rajeev K. Varshney,Rachit K. Saxena,Scott A. Jackson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319637975

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 3719

Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is a crop of small land holding farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. It has a number of usages starting from protein rich food to vegetarian families; fuel wood; nitrogen supplier to soil; recycling minerals in soil to animal feed etc. Pigeonpea has been considered to be originated and domesticated in central India from where it travelled to different parts of the world such as Africa and Latin America. In ongoing scenario of climate change, biotic and especially abiotic stresses will make the conditions more challenging for entire agriculture. This volume focusing on the pigeonpea genome will collate the information on the genome sequencing and its utilization in genomics activities, with a focus on the current findings, advanced tools and strategies deployed in pigeonpea genome sequencing and analysis, and how this information is leading to direct outcomes for plant breeders and subsequently to farmers.
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Author: J. Smartt,Emmanuel Nwokolo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461304334

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 419

View: 3203

Oilseeds and legumes provide a significant proportion of the protein and energy requirements of the world population. This important new book provides comprehensive details of the main oil seed and legume crops focusing particularly on the nutritional aspects of these crops which are, or have the potential to be, more widely exploited in developing countries where are or have the potential to be, more widely exploited in developing countries where protein and energy malnutrition continue to escalate. The predicted rapid rise of populations in many world regions which are increasingly vulnerable to food shortages means that a full knowledge of the nutritional significance of available crops is vital in helping to prevent potential calamities. Food and Feed from Legumes and Oil Seeds has been written by a team of international contributors, each with direct experience of these important crops and their nutritional merits, and the editors are both international experts in the crops covered. This book will become of great value to nutritionists, food and feed scientists and technologists, agricultural scientists and all those involved with overseas developments and food aid organizations.
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4. Chickpea

Author: Shivali Sharma,Hari D. Upadhyaya,Manish Roorkiwal,Rajeev K. Varshney,C.L.Laxmipathi Gowda

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128064382

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 1965

Chickpea is an important protein-rich crop with considerable diversity present among 44 annual Cicer species. A large collection of chickpea germplasm including wild Cicer species has been conserved in different gene banks globally. However, the effective and efficient utilization of these resources is required to develop new cultivars with a broad genetic base. Using core and mini-core collections, chickpea researchers have identified diverse germplasm possessing various beneficial traits that are now being used in chickpea breeding. Further, for chickpea improvement, the genus Cicer harbours alleles/genes for tolerance/resistance to various abiotic and biotic stresses as well as for agronomic and nutrition-related traits. Recent advances in plant biotechnology have resulted in developing large number of markers specific to chickpea in addition to technological breakthrough in developing high-throughput genotyping platforms for unlocking the genetic potential available in germplasm collections.
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Author: J. Janick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468488961

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 2602

Plant breeding, the domestication and systematic improvement of crop species, is the basis of past and present agriculture. Our so called primitive progenitors selected practically all our present-day crop plants, and the improvement wrought through millenia of selection has so changed some of them that in many cases their links to the past have been obliterated. There is no doubt that this ranks among the greatest of human achievements. Although plant breeding has been a continuous empirical activity for as long as humans have forsaken the vagaries and thrill of hunting for the security and toil of agriculture, genetic crop improvement is now very much of a twentieth-century discipline. Its scientific underpinnings date to the beginning of this century with the discovery of Gregor Mendel's classic 1865 paper on the inheritance of seven characters in the garden pea. If any science can be traced to single event, the best example is surely found in the conception of modern genetics that appears in this single creative work. The relationship of plant breeding progress to advances in genetics has become closely entwined. Mendel himself was concerned with crop improvement and worked on schemes for apple and pear breeding. Plant breeding also has claims on other scientific and agricultural disci plines-botany, plant pathology, biochemistry, statistics, taxonomy, entomology, and cytology, to name a few-and has also impinged on our social, ethical, economic, and political consciousness.
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Grain Legumes

Author: Ram J. Singh,Prem P. Jauhar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203489284

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 4775

The first book in this new series discusses grain legumes, which rank only second to cereals in supplying calories and protein to the world's population. With each chapter written by an internationally renowned scientist, the book reviews the role of alien germplasm for the domestication of each major legume crop. Discussion for each crop covers origin, germplasm exploration and maintenance; taxonomy; germplasm enhancement through chromosome engineering; mutation breeding; and contributions of biotechnological methods. Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement: Grain Legumes serves as the standard reference for improving the yield for legumes.
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Author: Pawan K. Jaiwal,Rana P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402014857

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 3525

Legumes include many very important crop plants that contribute very critical protein to the diets of both humans and animals around the world. Their unique ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen in association with Rhizobia enriches soil fertility, and establishes the importance of their niche in agriculture. Divided into two volumes, this work presents an up-to-date analysis of in vitro and recombinant DNA technologies for the improvement of grain, forage and tree legumes. Volume 10A examines the current status and future prospects of challenges of the following: in vitro morphogenesis; biotic and abiotic stress tolerance; genomics; nitrogen fixation and utilization; nutritional improvement, and biodiversity of wild and tribal legumes. Volume 10B presents the current state and future prospects of in vitro regeneration and genetic transformation expression and stability of transgenes modification of traits in almost all the important legumes, for example: soybean; peanut; pea; french bean; chick pea; pigeon pea; cowpea; mung bean; black gram; azuki bean; lentil; Lathyrus; lupinus; Lotus spp; Medicago spp; Trifolium spp; Winged bean; Guar; and tree legumes for their improvement. Written by international experts, these volumes will be of great value to researchers, as well as graduate students and all those requiring an advanced level overview of the subject area.
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Author: F. P. O'Mara

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9076998817

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 975

View: 599

Theme A: Efficient production from grassland; Section 1: grass and forage plant improvement; Section 2: animal production; Section 3: improving quality of products from grassland; Ssction 4: grass and forage physiology; Section 5: forage quality for animal nutrition; Section 6: impacts of endophytic fungi and other biotic interactions on grassland production; section 7: advances in sown tropical legumes; Section 8; grassland management; Section 9: integrated production systems; Section 10: industrial products from grassland; section 11; grass and forage agronomy; section 12: overcoming seasonality of production; Section 13: animal-plant relations; Theme B: grassland and the environment; section 14: climate change; Section 15: greenhouse gases; section 16: carbon sequestration; Section 17: biodiversity in grassland; Section 18: grassland and water resources; Section 19: soil quality and nutrients; section 20: multifunctional grassland; Theme C: delivering the benefits from grassland; Section 21: adoption of new technology; Section 22: the contribution of participatory and on-farm research; section 23: improved livelihoods from grassland; section 24: tools for grassland management; Section 25: decision support for grassland systems; Section 26: participatory research and decision support systems; Section 27: the role of the international grassland congress and grassland societies in techonology interaction and influencing policy.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Plant genetics

Page: N.A

View: 8832

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Author: Roger S. Bivand,Edzer Pebesma,Virgilio Gómez-Rubio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461476186

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 7825

Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, second edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to access and visualise spatial data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second part showcases more specialised kinds of spatial data analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges from standard techniques to new developments, and the examples used are largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additional data sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edition covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that have appeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to handle, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who are interested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatial data, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. The book has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-book.org. The authors have taken part in writing and maintaining software for spatial data handling and analysis with R in concert since 2003.
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Vegetables

Author: Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642442179

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 7033

Wild crop relatives are now playing a significant part in the elucidation and improvement of the genomes of their cultivated counterparts. This work includes comprehensive examinations of the status, origin, distribution, morphology, cytology, genetic diversity and available genetic and genomic resources of numerous wild crop relatives, as well as of their evolution and phylogenetic relationship. Further topics include their role as model plants, genetic erosion and conservation efforts, and their domestication for the purposes of bioenergy, phytomedicines, nutraceuticals and phytoremediation. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources comprises 10 volumes on Cereals, Millets and Grasses, Oilseeds, Legume Crops and Forages, Vegetables, Temperate Fruits, Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Industrial Crops, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, and Forest Trees. It contains 125 chapters written by nearly 400 well-known authors from about 40 countries.
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Diversity and Change in the Indian Subcontinent

Author: Joseph Hutchinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521203392

Category: Nature

Page: 175

View: 7213

An account of the evolution and principles involved in breeding crops grown in the tropics. This book developed from a symposium held in New Delhi in 1970 at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute. It begins with a consideration of the history of agriculture. Recent techniques make is possible to set crop plant evolution against the time scale of agricultural development, enabling the rate of evolution to be determined with some precision. Throughout the account the studies stress the range of material and changes and improvements in crops, with special reference to their importance not only in the tropics, but also to world agriculture. This book brings to the notice of geneticists and breeders in western countries the work undertaken in India in elucidating the evolution and recent improvement of crop plants of world wide importance. It is also an authoritative account for students of plant breeding in the tropics taking courses in universities, in institutes and colleges of agriculture who need to have within the covers of one book a comprehensive, yet concise text that clearly sets out the principles involved in the breeding of crops grown in the tropics.
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Author: Y. L. Nene,Susan D. Hall,International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics

Publisher: C A B Intl

ISBN: 9780851986579

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 4900

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Botany

Page: N.A

View: 7250

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Author: Pawan K. Jaiwal,Rana P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701091

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 5162

Legumes include many very important crop plants that contribute critical protein to the diets of many around the world. Many important forages and green manure crops are legumes. Legumes are also large contributors to the vegetable oil and animal feed protein sectors. One characteristic of legumes that could become even more important as world energy sources decline and nitrogen fertilizer prices increase is nitrogen fixation, something few other plants can do. Thus legumes have a unique and important niche in agriculture. While some of the small seeded forage legumes have been relatively easy to work with in tissue culture as far as culture initiation, plant regeneration and transformation are concerned, most large seeded legumes, like soybean, have been recalcitrant. Today, however, many laboratories are inserting genes into soybean and producing unique plants for both commercial and scientific uses. These advancements have taken a large amount of research effort and still require time and labour.
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