Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Management

Page: N.A

View: 8051

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Policies for a Changing Work Force

Author: Panel on Employer Policies and Working Families,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309042771

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 758

The United States has seen a dramatic increase in the number of dual-earner and single-adult families. This volume reviews accompanying changes in work and family structures and their effects on worker productivity and employer practices. It presents a wide range of approaches to easing the conflicts between work and family, exploring appropriate roles for business, labor, and government. Work and Family offers up-to-date information, looking at how the family and the workplace arrived at their current relationship and evaluating the quality and the cost of care for dependents in this nation. The volume describes the advantages and disadvantages of being part of a working family and takes a critical look at the range of benefits provided, including existing and proposed employer programs for families. It also presents a comparative review of family-related benefits in other countries.
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The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life

Author: Herbert Gintis

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262072526

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 6285

Multidisciplinary research into cooperation and the implications for public policy, drawing on insights from economics, anthropology, biology, social psychology, and sociology.
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Author: Rafael Wittek,Tom A.B. Snijders,Victor Nee

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804785503

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 2036

The Handbook of Rational Choice Social Research offers the first comprehensive overview of how the rational choice paradigm can inform empirical research within the social sciences. This landmark collection highlights successful empirical applications across a broad array of disciplines, including sociology, political science, economics, history, and psychology. Taking on issues ranging from financial markets and terrorism to immigration, race relations, and emotions, and a huge variety of other phenomena, rational choice proves a useful tool for theory- driven social research. Each chapter uses a rational choice framework to elaborate on testable hypotheses and then apply this to empirical research, including experimental research, survey studies, ethnographies, and historical investigations. Useful to students and scholars across the social sciences, this handbook will reinvigorate discussions about the utility and versatility of the rational choice approach, its key assumptions, and tools.
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Author: Tanja van der Lippe,Pascale Peters

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 5463

'. . . this book, well-structured and written by highly-qualified contributors, is a valuable contribution to the better understanding of the variables which impact on the interplay between work and private life and successfully provides a medium through which students in sociology and human resource management will be able to chart the shifting boundaries of their respective disciplines.' - Jeanne Fagnani, British Journal of Industrial Relations
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U.S. Innovation Policy for the Global Economy

Author: Committee on Comparative National Innovation Policies: Best Practice for the 21st Century,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309255511

Category: Political Science

Page: 573

View: 5958

America's position as the source of much of the world's global innovation has been the foundation of its economic vitality and military power in the post-war. No longer is U.S. pre-eminence assured as a place to turn laboratory discoveries into new commercial products, companies, industries, and high-paying jobs. As the pillars of the U.S. innovation system erode through wavering financial and policy support, the rest of the world is racing to improve its capacity to generate new technologies and products, attract and grow existing industries, and build positions in the high technology industries of tomorrow. Rising to the Challenge: U.S. Innovation Policy for Global Economy emphasizes the importance of sustaining global leadership in the commercialization of innovation which is vital to America's security, its role as a world power, and the welfare of its people. The second decade of the 21st century is witnessing the rise of a global competition that is based on innovative advantage. To this end, both advanced as well as emerging nations are developing and pursuing policies and programs that are in many cases less constrained by ideological limitations on the role of government and the concept of free market economics. The rapid transformation of the global innovation landscape presents tremendous challenges as well as important opportunities for the United States. This report argues that far more vigorous attention be paid to capturing the outputs of innovation - the commercial products, the industries, and particularly high-quality jobs to restore full employment. America's economic and national security future depends on our succeeding in this endeavor.
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Author: Ockie Bosch,Robert Y. Cavana

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038427896

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 5519

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Systems Education for a Sustainable Planet" that was published in Systems
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A Comparative Study on Family Life Transitions Among Migrant and Dutch Youth

Author: Helga Antoinette Gerda de Valk

Publisher: Rozenberg Publishers

ISBN: 9036100496

Category:

Page: 181

View: 4311

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Author: Patricia Elgoibar,Martin Euwema,Lourdes Munduate

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319314750

Category: Psychology

Page: 230

View: 3638

This book presents the most recent theoretical insights and practical intervention methods to (re)build trust between management and organized employees in organizations. Offering a multidisciplinary perspective on trust and conflict management in organizations, the book draws from diverse fields such as organizational psychology, business, law, industrial relations and sociology. It examines the often encountered breaches of trust between management and organized workers, and the resulting destructive social conflicts, social actions, strikes or dramatic business decisions. Its focus is on trust and conflict management at the organizational level in an industrial relations context: that of employee representatives and management. The book introduces a new theoretical approach: the Tree of Trust, designed to analyse and mediate the interconnected levels of trust and distrust in industrial relations. It presents case studies and practical recommendations to build trust and constructive conflict management in the organizations, and illustrates these by means of experiences from different countries around the globe.
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Author: Vincent Buskens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306476452

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 6661

Social Networks and Trust discusses two possible explanations for the emergence of trust via social networks. If network members can sanction untrustworthiness of actors, these actors may refrain from acting in an untrustworthy manner. Moreover, if actors are informed regularly about trustworthy behavior of others, trust will grow among these actors. A unique combination of formal model building and empirical methodology is used to derive and test hypotheses about the effects of networks on trust. The models combine elements from game theory, which is mainly used in economics, and social network analysis, which is mainly used in sociology. The hypotheses are tested (1) by analyzing contracts in information technology transactions from a survey on small and medium-sized enterprises and (2) by studying judgments of subjects in a vignette experiment related to hypothetical transactions with a used-car dealer.
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comparative analysis and theoretical insights

Author: Anthony Jensen,Greg Patmore,Ermanno Tortia

Publisher: Firenze University Press

ISBN: 8866558672

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 9456

This book arises from a three-year comparative research program concerning co-operative enterprises in Australia and Italy. The book explores the historical development, legal framework and the peak organisations of co-operatives in the two countries. Specific comparative chapters focus on consumer, credit, and worker-producer co-operatives. The book deepens the analysis of co-operatives by containing chapters that examine specific theoretical and empirical issues such as the theory of co-operative firms as collective entrepreneurial action. Monographic chapters include more in depth analysis of specific typologies of co-operatives, such as social and community oriented co-operatives, some of which were created to contrast organized crime in Southern Italy. The book concludes with an assessment of the implications of the project for public policy.
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Author: Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309165488

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 6683

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research examines current interdisciplinary research efforts and recommends ways to stimulate and support such research. Advances in science and engineering increasingly require the collaboration of scholars from various fields. This shift is driven by the need to address complex problems that cut across traditional disciplines, and the capacity of new technologies to both transform existing disciplines and generate new ones. At the same time, however, interdisciplinary research can be impeded by policies on hiring, promotion, tenure, proposal review, and resource allocation that favor traditional disciplines. This report identifies steps that researchers, teachers, students, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies can take to more effectively conduct, facilitate, and evaluate interdisciplinary research programs and projects. Throughout the report key concepts are illustrated with case studies and results of the committee’s surveys of individual researchers and university provosts.
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Partnering for the Knowledge Society

Author: Luc E. Weber,James J. Duderstadt

Publisher: Anthropos Editions

ISBN: 9782717851908

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 297

View: 1466

Focuses on the crucial relationship between research universities and the business sector. This work includes contributions from university leaders from Europe and the United States, along with senior officers of several global corporations.
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A Multidisciplinary Study of Change

Author: Tanja Storsul,Arne H. Krumsvik

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789186523657

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 495

Innovation is about change, and media products and services are changing. The processes of production and distribution of media are changing. The ownership and financing of media are changing. The roles of users are changing. And our ideas about media are changing. This book argues that innovation theory provides better tools for media researchers who wish to understand and explain current developments in the media landscape ? tools that not only allow them to see completely new things, but also to investigate aspects of new media that would otherwise not be as accessible. The various chapters of the book present selected studies that together illustrate how a more explicit focus on innovation and innovation theory can provide new insights into and generates knowledge about how media innovations develop, the sociocultural conditions of such innovations, the role of technology, and power relations in media developments.
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