With Selections from Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations

Author: Christian Thomasius

Publisher: Liberty Fund

ISBN: 9780865975194

Category: Philosophy

Page: 659

View: 3008

First published in 1688, Thomasiusʹs Institutionum jurisprudentiae divinae (Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence) attempted to draw a clear distinction between natural and revealed law and to emphasize that human reason was able to know the precepts of natural law without the aid of Scripture. Thomasius also argued that his orthodox Lutheran opponents had failed to understand this distinction and thereby had confused reason and Scripture. In addition to the Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, this volume contains significant selections from his Fundamenta juris naturae et gentium (Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations), published in 1705. In Foundations Thomasius significantly revised the theory he had put forward in the Institutes, and much of the Foundations therefore is a paragraph-by-paragraph commentary on his earlier ideas.
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Religion and Morality in Enlightenment Germany and Scotland

Author: Simon Grote

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107110920

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 8544

This new study of eighteenth-century aesthetic theory situates it in theological contexts that are crucial to explaining why it arose.
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Eine rechtswissenschaftsgeschichtliche Untersuchung vor dem Hintergrund der Geschichte eines allgemeinen Vertragsbegriffs

Author: Jan Ulrich

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161554711

Category: Law

Page: 531

View: 5232

Die gegenwartige Lehre schreibt dem Erbvertrag eine merkwurdige 'Doppelnatur' als Vereinigung von Vertrag und Verfugung von Todes wegen zu. In der Pandektenwissenschaft war die Konstruktion des Erbvertrags umstritten. Dagegen werden fur die klassische Naturrechtslehre - vor Savignys allgemeinem Vertragsbegriff - keine Probleme einer Einordnung des Erbvertrags mit allgemeinen Begriffen des (Zivil-)Rechts berichtet. Jan Ulrich untersucht, wie der Erbvertrag in klassischer Naturrechtslehre, historischer Rechtsschule und Pandektenwissenschaft sowie in der Zivilrechtslehre des 20. und fruhen 21. Jahrhunderts in das (Zivil-)Rechtssystem eingeordnet werden konnte bzw. eingeordnet wird. Dabei legt er eine eingehende Analyse des jeweiligen Vertragsbegriffs zugrunde und gewinnt dadurch Erkenntnisse nicht nur fur eine Geschichte des Erbvertrags, sondern auch fur die Geschichte eines allgemeinen Vertragsbegriffs.
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The Political Thought of Christian Thomasius

Author: Ian Hunter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468693

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 350

Christian Thomasius (1655–1728) was a tireless campaigner against the political enforcement of religion in the early modern confessional state. In a whole series of combative disputations - against heresy and witchcraft prosecutions, and in favour of religious toleration - Thomasius battled to lay the intellectual groundwork for the separation of church and state and the juridical basis for pluralistic societies. In this text, Ian Hunter departs from the usual view of Thomasius as a natural law moral philosopher. In addition to investigating his anti-scholastic cultural politics, Hunter discusses Thomasius' work in public and church law, particularly his disputations arguing for the toleration of heretics, providing a revealing comparison with Locke's arguments on the same topic. If Locke sought to base toleration in the subjective rights protecting Christian citizens against an intolerant state, Thomasius grounded it in the state's duty to impose toleration as an obligation on intolerant citizens.
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Author: Christian Thomasius

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110471329

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 575

View: 8834

Über die weitreichende Bedeutung von Briefwechseln für die Formierung der frühneuzeitlichen Gelehrtenrepublik besteht seit längerem ein für geisteswissenschaftliche Verhältnisse ungewöhnlicher Konsens. Die großen Briefwechsel von Grotius, Leibniz oder Haller machen deutlich, dass die Innovationsdynamik der Gelehrtenkultur im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert im Wesentlichen auf Kommunikationsstrukturen zurückzuführen ist, die durch Korrespondenzen und durch die damit verbundenen Netzwerke etabliert wurden. Obwohl der in Halle lehrende Jurist und Philosoph Christian Thomasius (1655–1728) zu den „schlechthin zentralen Persönlichkeiten“ der deutschen und – über deren Rezeption – auch der europäischen Aufklärung gehört, ist eine Edition seiner Korrespondenz zwar verschiedentlich als Desiderat benannt, tatsächlich aber noch nie in Angriff genommen worden. Die hier vorgelegte Ausgabe will diesem Desiderat abhelfen und bietet eine vollständige und kommentierte Edition der aktiven und passiven Korrespondenz von Christian Thomasius. Damit soll bislang unbekanntes Quellenmaterial erschlossen und über die Kommentierung ausgewertet werden, das einerseits der Erforschung des Oeuvre von Christian Thomasius und seinem Umfeld neue Impulse geben wird und andererseits geeignet ist, wichtige Aufschlüsse über die frühaufklärerische Gelehrtenkultur im Übergang vom 17. zum 18. Jahrhundert zu verschaffen. Hierbei ist sowohl an die Veränderungen innerhalb der Kommunikationsstrukturen der Res publica litteraria zu Beginn der Aufklärung als auch – und zwar in erster Linie – an die Rekonstruktion der Genese und der Lösung von einzelnen theoretischen wie praktischen Problemen im Kontext der im ausgehenden 17. Jahrhundert sich vollziehenden sozialen und politischen Veränderungen zu denken.
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A Treatise of the Principles of Jurisprudence, as Determined by Nature

Author: James Lorimer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Jurisprudence

Page: 468

View: 934

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Embracing an Outline of General Jurisprudence: the Development of the British Constitution; Public International Law; and the Public Municipal Law of England

Author: David Nasmith

Publisher: London, Butterworths

ISBN: N.A

Category: Conflict of laws

Page: 455

View: 8435

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Author: Christian Thomasius,Ian Hunter,Thomas Ahnert,Frank Grunert

Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 306

View: 2007

The essays selected here for translation derive largely from Thomasius's work on Staatskirchenrecht, or the political jurisprudence of church law. These works, originating as disputations, theses, and pamphlets, were direct interventions in the unresolved issue of the political role of religion in Brandenburg-Prussia, a state in which a Calvinist dynasty ruled over a largely Lutheran population and nobility as well as a significant Catholic minority. In mandating limited religious toleration within the German states, the provisions of the Peace of Westphalia (1648) also provided the rulers of Brandenburg-Prussia with a way of keeping the powerful Lutheran church in check by guaranteeing a degree of religious freedom to non-Lutherans and thereby detaching the state from the most powerful territorial church. Thomasius's writings on church-state relations, many of them critical of the civil claims made by Lutheran theologians, are a direct response to this state of affairs. At the same time, owing to the depth of intellectual resources at his disposal, these works constitute a major contribution to the broader discussion of the relation between the religious and political spheres.
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A Contemplative Treatise Concerning the Inter-relations Between Deity and His Creation, as Discoverable by and to the Human Understanding

Author: William Nixon Haggard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Creation

Page: 150

View: 4486

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With English Introduction, Translation, and Notes

Author: Thomas Collett Sandars

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Roman law

Page: 606

View: 2981

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History, Thought, & Culture 1600-1815

Author: Walter W. Davis

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780819188243

Category: History

Page: 810

View: 4554

This book provides a broad, integrated, and reasonably comprehensive surveyoboth geographically and topicallyoof political, intellectual and cultural currents of the 17th and 18th centuries. Contents: Preface; Political and Economic Background; Emergence of a New World View: Forces in Contention; Baroque Cultural Currents, Politics, Economics, and Society; The 18th Century: Political, Economic, and Artistic Currents; 18th Century Music and Literature; Science and Humanism: The Rise of a New Deity; Historians and Colonies; The American Colonial Experience; Tension, Conflict and Freedom; A New Covenant Nation Under God; Cultural, Religious, and Intellectual Patterns in the New American Nation; Oriental Civilization and Western Expansion; The Rediscovery of China by the West; The Emergence of Russia; The Rise of Brandenburg-Prussia; Enlightenment Despotism in Flower; The "Radical Enlightenment"; Philosophies, Anti-Philosophes, Jansenists, Encyclopedists and Freemasons; The Crucible of Revolution; Napoleon and Europe; The Cultural Milieu of the Napoleonic Age; Pictures; Maps; Bibliography; Index.
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A Study of the Development, Substance, and Arrangement of the System of Property in Modern Anglo-American Law

Author: Charles Reinold Noyes

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584777370

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 645

View: 1089

Reprint of the sole edition. "This is an important, erudite, and difficult book. The author, who is of the school of institutional economists, has undertaken to analyze 'the structure only of that particular social organization and institution which is called property', not merely in its legal aspects but also with respect to the underlying economic facts of the institution today. (...) Those who will make the effort requisite to an understanding of this book will be well repaid.": Sidney Post Simpson, Harvard Law Review 49 (1935-36) 1211-16.
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From Legalism to Value-Oriented Islamic Law and Jurisprudence

Author: Mohammad Omar Farooq

Publisher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)

ISBN: 1565646746

Category:

Page: 34

View: 6968

It is the author’s contention that at the heart of the Muslim predicament lies ignorance and/or lack of commitment to core Islamic values, thus what is advocated throughout this work is a return to what is termed a “value-oriented” approach. We further learn that with the passage of time what we today consider to be the Shariah is in effect an original hub enveloped in a labyrinthine shroud of scholastic views and deductions hindering Muslim development, and to rely on fraudulent hadith and fallacious implementation of hudud law is not only to betray the spirit of the Qur’an and the Prophet’s message, but a disastrous exercise. Consequences being blatant abuse of the Muslim populace under cover of implementing a bogus Shariah. This abuse and misapplication is explored throughout the work.
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Author: Reynaldo Pareja

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1453566457

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 471

View: 3614

Television, radio, newspapers or the internet show a daily dismal world scenario. Every week, every month there is a major civil conflict or a terrorist attack somewhere. All over the world innocent are imprisoned, women are victims of domestic violence, are forced into underpaid labor or sex work. Children are still dying by the millions before they are five years old due to unsanitary conditions, lack of safe drinking water or malnourishment. Malaria and HIV-AIDS kill millions yearly and thousands of adolescents are kidnapped to become rebel soldiers. Autocratic governments deny democratic participation to the majority and suppress ferociously any popular peaceful manifestation. The worlds climate is now threatened due to man-made disequilibrium inflicted on the atmosphere by uncontrolled fumes and gas emissions of all types. Water sources are being poisoned by unscrupulous corporations dumping huge amounts of deadly chemicals into waterways. The inequality between rich and poor nations is so vast that 7 - 10% of the worlds population controls the natural and financial resources of the world at the expense of the rest who have no access to a minimum for survival. The reasons for this hellish situation are multiple and varied. They encompass deeply ingrained religious beliefs, unacceptable economic, military and power disparities, and uncontrolled moral degradation affecting all realms of everyday life. These problems have profound spiritual causes and thus require a spiritual perspective. Discover the origin of the new Divine Invitation and the specific solutions it offers for todays major world problems.
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Author: David Nasmith

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584776129

Category: History

Page: 618

View: 6900

Many students are familiar with the landmarks of Roman jurisprudence but know little about their background. This is unfortunate because these texts lose a great deal of their meaning when they are extracted from their original social and cultural context. Nasmith's Outline addresses this problem directly by making "that which is understood as Roman history go hand in hand with chronological changes in Roman law, and to furnish the reader and myself with an outline of pegs so arranged as to enable us easily and accurately to store our future acquisitions" (vi). Nasmith's tone is utilitarian, but his work is quite sophisticated. What is more, it is a significant work of cultural history based on a study of legal institutions.
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