Substantive Principles

Author: Campbell McLachlan,Laurence Shore,Matthew Weiniger

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199676804

Category: Law

Page: 520

View: 6288

This is the long-awaited second edition of this widely-referenced work on the substantive law principles of investment treaty arbitration. It forms a detailed critical review of the substantive principles of international law applied by investment arbitration tribunals, and a clear and comprehensive description of the present state of the law. The first edition met with immediate success as a result of the authors' achievement in describing and analyzing the volume of law created, applied and analyzed by tribunals. The second edition is fully updated to take account of the arbitration awards rendered in the period since 2007. Written by an internationally recognized author team, it is now the most comprehensive and up to date work in its field and no practitioner or academic can afford to be without it. Key areas of coverage include: the instruments under which investment disputes arise; the legal basis of treaty arbitration; dispute resolution and parallel proceedings; who is a foreign investor, including nationality issues and foreign control; what is an investment; investors' substantive rights, including fair and equitable treatment; expropriation; compensation and remedies. Arbitration of overseas investment disputes is one of the fastest growing areas of international dispute resolution. The exponential growth of international investment in recent years has led to the signature of over two thousand Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) between foreign states, in addition to a wealth of multilateral treaties and other forms of concession agreements. The legal principles that have developed in this area are subject to intense debate, and are still in a state of flux. While tribunals routinely state that they are applying principles of public international law to determine disputes, many of the principles applied have only been developed recently in the context of investment treaty arbitrations, and tribunals are often guided more by the approaches taken by other tribunals, than by pre-existing doctrines of public international law. International Investment Arbitration: Substantive Principles is an important contribution to the collection and codification of the current state of practice in this field.
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Author: J Romesh Weeramantry

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019163817X

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 7898

The rise of investment arbitration in the last decade has generated an unprecedented body of arbitral case law. The work of these arbitral tribunals has provided scholars and practitioners with public international law jurisprudence, including materials on treaty interpretation which has not yet been thoroughly analysed. This book evaluates the contribution of investment arbitration treaty interpretation jurisprudence to international law, covering all key aspects of treaty interpretation. Included in the book's coverage are awards which feature in prominent discussions or in applications of treaty interpretation rules. Among the significant portion of arbitral awards analysed, which deal with investment treaties, are ICSID awards, ad hoc investment arbitration awards, NAFTA awards, and Energy Charter Treaty awards. The extensive analysis of investment arbitration awards and decisions has also been used to create a table highlighting both the references to principles of treaty interpretation and instances in which they were rejected. This invaluable insight into the practice of investment tribunals will be of interest to both practitioners and academics alike. Foreword by by Professor Michael Reisman, Yale Law School _
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Author: Rudolf Dolzer (jurist),Christoph Schreuer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199651795

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 417

View: 977

This book provides an ideal introduction to the fundamentals of international investment law and dispute settlement for students or practitioners. It combines a systematic analytical study of the texts and principles underlying investment law with a jurisprudential analysis of the case law arising in international tribunals.
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Author: Jeswald W. Salacuse

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191009156

Category: Law

Page: 620

View: 5251

The rapid growth in investment treaties has led to a burgeoning number of international arbitration decisions that have applied and interpreted treaty provisions in disputes between investors and states concerning their respective rights. This flurry of treaties and arbitral decisions has seen the creation of a new branch of international law- the law of investment claims. In this revised edition, Jeswald Salacuse examines the law of international investment treaties, specifically in relation to its origins, structure, content, and effect, as well as their impact on international investors and investments, and the governments that are parties to them. Investment treaty law is a rapidly evolving field and since publication of the first edition, the law of international investment treaties has both experienced considerable growth and generated extensive controversy. 2011 saw the highest number of new treaty-based arbitration filed under international investment agreements to date, and in July 2014, the Yukos Universal Limited (Isle of Man) v The Russian Federation culminated with awards of over US$50 billion; a historic record for any arbitration. Controversy in this field has primarily revolved around the investor-state dispute settlement process, which as thus far involved at least 98 states as respondents. Salacuse captures these developments in this updated edition, examining not only the significant growth in treaties, but the trends that have followed, and their effect on the content and evolution of the law of investment treaties. Specific topics include conditions for the entry of foreign investment and general standards of treatment of foreign investments; monetary transfers; operational conditions; protection against expropriation; dispossession and compensation for losses; dispute settlement, including negotiation, arbitration, and conciliation; and judicial proceedings.
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Author: Christopher Dugan,Don Wallace,Noah Rubins,Borzu Sabahi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019979572X

Category: Law

Page: 818

View: 6829

Investor-State Arbitration describes the increasing importance of international investment and the necessary development of a new field of international law that defines the obligations of host states and creates procedures for resolving disputes. The authors examine the international treaties that allow investors to proceed with the arbitration of their claims, describe the most-commonly employed arbitration rules, and set forth the most important elements of investor-State arbitration procedure - including tribunal composition, jurisdiction, evidence, award, and challenge of annulment. The authors trace the evolution and rapid development of the field of international investment, including the formation of the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), and the more than 2,000 bilateral investment treaties, most of which were entered into in the last twenty years. The authors explain how this development has led to far greater certainty for foreign investors in dealing with their host countries, as well as how it has incentivized growth in international trade and commerce.
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Author: Pierre-Marie Dupuy,Francesco Francioni,Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199578184

Category: Law

Page: 597

View: 6208

There is a growing interplay between international investment law, arbitration and human rights. This book offers a systematic analysis of this interaction, exploring the role of principles of justice in investment law, comparing investment arbitration with other courts, and examining case studies on human rights.
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Author: Zachary Douglas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521855675

Category: Law

Page: 616

View: 8834

This book is a codification of the principles and rules relating to the prosecution of investment claims.
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A Guide to the UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-Based Investor-State Arbitration

Author: Dimitrij Euler,Markus Gehring,Maxi Scherer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316299716

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3583

The topic of transparency in international investment arbitration is gaining increasing attention. This in-depth commentary analyses the UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-Based Investor-State Arbitration, one of the most recent and innovative developments in international law. Focusing on the application of these rules, contributors analyse the issue of transparency in investment law more broadly and provide in-depth guidance on how to apply the UNCITRAL transparency rules. Chapters encompass all treaty-based disputes between investors and state, examining the perspectives of disputing parties, third parties, non-disputing state parties and arbitral tribunals. The contributors each have a strong background in investment arbitration, in both professional practice and academia. This commentary will be of interest to all actors involved in investment arbitrations, especially practitioners, counsels, NGOs and scholars in the fields of international law, commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration.
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Author: Jeffery Commission,Rahim Moloo

Publisher: Oxford International Arbitrati

ISBN: 9780198729037

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 7455

Procedural issues are an area of increasing complexity and concern in modern investment arbitration, and one in which very little guidance currently exists. Indeed, there are a number of important points of departure from the procedural rules commonly adopted in the context of international commercial arbitration. Procedural Issues in International Investment Arbitration is the first text of its kind to address this gap, examining the most prevalent and controversial procedural issues that arise in investment arbitrations conducted under the ICSID, UNCITRAL, and other arbitral rules. Written by international arbitration experts, the book takes the reader through an investment arbitration in chronological order, identifying each key procedural issue in turn and providing details of the relevant precedents. It charts the process of an arbitration from applicable law and first sessions right through to post-hearing applications and costs. Fully cross-referenced and tabled, Procedural Issues in International Investment Arbitration is an invaluable and practical guide to issues of increasing importance and relevance in ICSID and other arbitrations today.
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Commentary, Awards and other Materials

Author: Chin Leng Lim,Jean Ho,Martins Paparinskis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316853039

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4229

What was once a contested body of principles applied peripherally to the international settlement of expropriation disputes has been transformed and in its place now stands an important area of international disputes practice. International Investment Law and Arbitration offers a comprehensive introduction to the subject. Presenting the facts of daily legal practice and the largely unaltered aims of the subject alongside a broad selection of key awards and original materials, historical developments are discussed in the context of the changing directions in the arbitral jurisprudence and current treaty and arbitration reform debate. Key features: accessible and engaging commentary integrated throughout, end of chapter questions test reader understanding, further reading lists support and encourage exploration of the subject. Suitable for postgraduate law students studying modules on international investment arbitration, International Investment Law and Arbitration offers an indispensable introduction to the subject.
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Author: Andrea M. Steingruber

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191638196

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 7316

Examining the notion, nature, and extent of consent in both commercial arbitration and investment arbitration, this book provides practitioners and academics with a thorough, case-related analysis of an issue which raises many questions. Whilst considering the evolution of arbitration and its consensual nature - enlargement of the parties' freedom to consent to arbitration, and development from commercial arbitration to investment arbitration - it addresses important theoretical questions to offer practical solutions. These include: how consent to arbitrate is expressed and when mutual consent to arbitration is reached; which law shall govern the arbitration agreement or, more particularly, consent as an element of the substantive validity of it; and, conversely, according to which law will a possible lack of consent be judged; how consent should be interpreted; which relationship exists between consent as part of the substantive validity of an arbitration agreement and its formal validity; which, if any, are the implied terms when consenting to arbitration; how consent to arbitrate influences procedural aspects (counterclaims, joinder, consolidation), and which solutions adopted by treaties, national laws or arbitration rules are, or would be, the most respectful of parties' consent in this respect; what in investment arbitration is the relationship between consent and most-favoured-nation clauses or the influence of umbrella clauses. The book includes original arguments and puts forward new suggestions with regard to the changeable consensual character of arbitration. It also provides a particular focus on problems that frequently arise in practice of international arbitration, for example issues related to complex multiparty arbitration and to jurisdictional questions in investment arbitration.
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Author: Aloysius P. Llamzon

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 9780198714262

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 9246

This is the first comprehensive study of corruption in international investment arbitration. The book considers the limited effectiveness of efforts to combat transnational corruption in international law and the emergence of international investment arbitration as a singular means for effective control of corruption within the international legal order. The case law on corruption by investment tribunals is studied exhaustively, jurisprudential trends are identified, and reforms aimed at enhancing the effectiveness and fairness of investment arbitration as a mechanism to combat corruption are proposed. Divided into three parts, part I focus on the phenomenon of corruption in foreign investment and attempts at its control through international law. Part II analyses the available case law in international investment arbitration dealing with corruption. Llamzon identifies nine distinct trends emerging from the case law and provides a table summarizing the key areas of corruption decision-making and each relevant tribunal's approach, which is an invaluable tool for practitioners engaging in 'live' issues of corruption within arbitral proceedings. Part III reflects on the implications of these trends for both the 'supply' and 'demand' sides of corruption in international law, and proposes a integrative framework of decision for corruption issues in international investment arbitration.
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Law and Practice

Author: Henry G. Burnett,Louis-Alexis Bret

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198757641

Category: Dispute resolution (Law)

Page: 336

View: 6228

International mining disputes represent a significant and growing area of disputes over natural resources, yet the unique risks inherent in the mining industry set them apart, both in the nature of the disputes and the approach taken to resolve them. International arbitration has emerged as the mechanism of choice for the resolution of such disputes. This has given rise to a wealth of arbitral decisions from which certain principles specific to the mining sector are developing. This book is the first of its kind to bring together thorough analysis of arbitral decisions and insightful commentary on both dispute resolution and the business of mining, in order to provide a comprehensive guide to arbitration in the mining sector. Part I introduces the different parties involved in international mining projects; Part II explains the main risks and challenges involved in mining projects and how they result in different types of disputes; Part III provides practical advice for parties and counsel involved in international mining disputes, including in-depth analysis of the confidentiality issues that so often arise in connection with international mining disputes and the conditions and strategies for the settlement of these disputes; and Part IV examines the substantive principles applicable to international commercial and investor-State mining disputes.
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Author: Jonathan Bonnitcha,Lauge N. Skovgaard Poulsen,Michael Waibel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192529838

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 3428

Investment treaties are some of the most controversial but least understood instruments of global economic governance. Public interest in international investment arbitration is growing and some developed and developing countries are beginning to revisit their investment treaty policies. The Political Economy of the Investment Treaty Regime synthesises and advances the growing literature on this subject by integrating legal, economic, and political perspectives. Based on an analysis of the substantive and procedural rights conferred by investment treaties, it asks four basic questions. What are the costs and benefits of investment treaties for investors, states, and other stakeholders? Why did developed and developing countries sign the treaties? Why should private arbitrators be allowed to review public regulations passed by states? And what is the relationship between the investment treaty regime and the broader regime complex that governs international investment? Through a concise, but comprehensive, analysis, this book fills in some of the many "blind spots" of academics from different disciplines, and is the first port of call for lawyers, investors, policy-makers, and stakeholders trying to make sense of these critical instruments governing investor-state relations.
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Author: Jorun Baumgartner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198787111

Category:

Page: 352

View: 9752

Treaty shopping, also known under the terms of nationality planning, corporate (re-)structuring or corporate maneuvering, implies a strategic change of nationality or strategic invocation of another nationality with the aim of accessing another (usually more favourable) investment treaty for purposes of investment arbitration. When deciding on whether an investment claim based on treaty shopping should be upheld or dismissed, investment arbitral tribunals have been increasingly faced with significant questions, such as: What is treaty shopping and how may legitimate nationality planning be distinguished from treaty abuse in international investment law? Should a claimant that is controlled by a host-State national be considered a protected investor, or should tribunals pierce its corporate veil? Does an investor have to make the investment in good faith, and does it have to make a contribution of its own to the investment it is claiming protection for? When does a corporate restructuring constitute an abuse of process, and which is the role of the notion of dispute in this respect? How efficient are denial of benefits clauses to counter treaty shopping? Treaty Shopping in International Investment Law examines in a systematic manner the practice of treaty shopping in international investment law and arbitral decisions that have undertaken to draw this line. While some legal approaches taken by arbitral tribunals have started to consolidate, others remain unsettled, painting a picture of an overall inconsistent jurisprudence. This is hardly surprising, given the thousands of international investment agreements that provide for the investor's right to sue the host State on grounds of alleged breaches of investment obligations. This book analyses and discusses the different ways by which arbitral tribunals have dealt with the value judgment at the core of the distinction between objectionable and unobjectionable treaty shopping, and makes proposals de lege ferenda on how States could reform their international investment agreements (in particular with respect to treaty drafting) in order to make them less susceptible to the practice of treaty shopping.
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Author: Gus Van Harten

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199552146

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 8706

The recent explosion of investment treaty arbitration marks a revolutionary change in both international and public law, above all because it demonstrates how states have unwittingly privatized key powers of the courts in public law. This book outlines investment treaty arbitration as a public law system, by precisely demonstrating the significance of giving arbitrators comprehensive jurisdiction to decide regulatory disputes between business and state. In doing so, it exposes some startling consequences of transplanting rules of commercial arbitration into the regulatory sphere. First, private arbitrators can award compensation to investors in ways that go well beyond domestic systems of state liability in public law. Second, these awards can be enforced in as many as 165 countries, making them more widely enforceable than other judicial decisions in public law. Third, public law can be interpreted in private as a matter of course, without any appeal to a court to correct errors of law. The conflict between private arbitration and public law poses a serious challenge to open and accountable judging. But the critical flaw of the system - hitherto neglected - is its threat to judicial independence based on security of tenure. Under investment treaties, business claims against the state are decided by privately-contracted adjudicators, who win appointments only as more claims are brought. Thus, as the book explains, the 'judge' has a financial stake in how public law is interpreted and in the outcome of the dispute. While it is laudable to use international adjudication to resolve controversial disputes, the benefits of a global economy are no excuse for corrupting our historic tradition of independent courts.
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Author: Maxi Scherer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192528319

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 6831

Disputes in the energy and natural resources sector are at the heart of international arbitration. With more arbitrations arising in the international energy sector than in any other sector, it is not surprising that the highest valued awards in the history of arbitration come from energy-related arbitrations. Energy disputes often involve complex and controversial issues relating to security, sovereignty, and public welfare. International Arbitration in the Energy Sector puts international energy disputes into a global context, providing broad coverage of different forms and systems of dispute resolution across both renewable and non-renewable sectors. With contributions from leading practitioners, arbitrators, academics, and industry experts from across the globe, the eighteen chapters in the book enable readers to compare the approaches to, and learnings from, energy arbitrations across various legal systems and geographic regions. After outlining the international energy arbitration legal framework, the text delves into a detailed analysis of the problems which regularly arise in practice. These include, among other things, commercial disputes in Part I (e.g. over the upstream oil sector and long-term gas supply contracts), investor-state disputes in Part II (e.g. under the Energy Charter Treaty), and public international law disputes in Part III (e.g. concerning international boundaries and the distribution of natural resources). Alongside recent developments in the international energy sector, attention is given to climate and sustainable development disputes, which raise important questions about enforcing sustainability objectives on individuals, corporations, and states. Backed by analyses of arbitral awards, national court and international tribunal decisions, treaties, and other international legal instruments, as well as current events and news in the energy industry, this text offers a unique contribution to international energy literature and provides insightful commentary on the prevalent issues in the field. It is essential reading for any practitioner or researcher in the energy and natural resources sector.
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Author: Martins Paparinskis

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847319769

Category: Law

Page: 1032

View: 525

The increase in the number and complexity of investor-State treaty arbitrations in the last decade has attracted considerable attention from practitioners and academics of international investment protection law. Rules aimed at regulating the protection of foreign investment have been expressed in a decentralised manner, making a clear and comprehensive overview of the topic important. This volume focuses on the relevant documents and aims to provide an exhaustive treatment of relevant procedural and substantive issues. It includes documents explaining the historical development of investment law, substantive investment rules (multilateral and bilateral treaties and model documents, and general rules on the law of treaties and responsibility) and procedural investment rules (relating to the arbitral process in different fora, immunity, recognition and enforcement). The book is aimed at teachers, students and practitioners in the area. It can be used both as a practitioners' handbook and as a classroom companion for courses on international dispute settlement and investment protection law.
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Author: Emily Sipiorski

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198826446

Category:

Page: 300

View: 2797

Written by a leading legal researcher, this book offers a comprehensive study of the principle, a frequently invoked but rarely analysed aspect of investment arbitration. Good Faith in International Investment Arbitration is a thorough and expansive study that considers the application of goodfaith by arbitral tribunals and parties in international investment disputes, encompassing both procedural and substantive aspects of good faith. Expertly negotiating a complex principle, this book diligently follows the arbitral process from jurisdiction through merits and to cost decisions, identifying the various applications of good faith in investment disputes. The author offers detailed analyses of the role of good faith in definingnationality and investor as well as in pre-dispute admissibility requirements. The study then delves into the ways the principle guides parties' arguments and informs tribunals' decisions regarding evidence, substantive protections, and costs. It further addresses the role of good faith in thebehaviour of arbitrators and other actors. This is an essential guide for anyone wishing to understand this important principle that has accompanied the developing system of international investment law.
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Text, Cases and Materials, Second Edition

Author: Krista Nadakavukaren Schefer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785360086

Category: Law

Page: 704

View: 4253

This fully revised and updated edition of International Investment Law remains a complete and concise guide to the law of international investment protection and continues to approach the subject with an easy-to-follow, broad and balanced text. New to this edition: - updates to include numerous new cases - completely reworked sections on standards of treatment - new Q&A section to capture practitioner views. Key Features: • balance of cases and explanatory comment familiarises students with reading opinions and enables them to grasp the core concepts at stake • concise – suitable for one-semester course for non-specialists or as a first text for students who will take further specialised courses in the area • excerpts from the most influential arbitration decisions outline differing interpretations and ensure students don’t learn in a theoretical vacuum • questions throughout encourage readers to come to their own opinions.
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