Substantive Principles

Author: Campbell McLachlan,Laurence Shore,Matthew Weiniger

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199676804

Category: Law

Page: 520

View: 7216

This is the long-awaited second edition of this widely-referenced work on the substantive law principles of investment treaty arbitration. It forms a detailed critical review of the substantive principles of international law applied by investment arbitration tribunals, and a clear and comprehensive description of the present state of the law. The first edition met with immediate success as a result of the authors' achievement in describing and analyzing the volume of law created, applied and analyzed by tribunals. The second edition is fully updated to take account of the arbitration awards rendered in the period since 2007. Written by an internationally recognized author team, it is now the most comprehensive and up to date work in its field and no practitioner or academic can afford to be without it. Key areas of coverage include: the instruments under which investment disputes arise; the legal basis of treaty arbitration; dispute resolution and parallel proceedings; who is a foreign investor, including nationality issues and foreign control; what is an investment; investors' substantive rights, including fair and equitable treatment; expropriation; compensation and remedies. Arbitration of overseas investment disputes is one of the fastest growing areas of international dispute resolution. The exponential growth of international investment in recent years has led to the signature of over two thousand Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) between foreign states, in addition to a wealth of multilateral treaties and other forms of concession agreements. The legal principles that have developed in this area are subject to intense debate, and are still in a state of flux. While tribunals routinely state that they are applying principles of public international law to determine disputes, many of the principles applied have only been developed recently in the context of investment treaty arbitrations, and tribunals are often guided more by the approaches taken by other tribunals, than by pre-existing doctrines of public international law. International Investment Arbitration: Substantive Principles is an important contribution to the collection and codification of the current state of practice in this field.
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Author: Peter Ratz

Publisher: Nomos Verlag

ISBN: 3845286326

Category: Law

Page: 470

View: 1616

Mit dieser Arbeit legt der Autor die erste monographische Behandlung der Frage vor, inwiefern völker- und europarechtliche Probleme dazu führen, dass Schiedsverfahren nach von der EU abgeschlossenen Investitionsschutzabkommen einen geringeren Schutzstandard gewähren als "reguläre" BITs. Der Autor gelangt zu dem Ergebnis, dass Schiedsverfahren nach EU-Investitionsschutzabkommen tatsächlich einen niedrigeren Schutzstandard gewähren. Dies hängt mit Problemen der Vollstreckung von Schiedssprüchen und Unterschieden hinsichtlich der materiellen Verpflichtungen der EU und der Mitgliedstaaten zusammen, die zu Schutzlücken für Investoren führen. Der wichtigste Faktor ist allerdings die Rechtunsicherheit, die daraus resultiert, dass die in bisher von der EU abgeschlossenen Investitionsschutzabkommen enthaltenen Streitbeilegungsregeln nicht den Vorgaben des EuGH entsprechen.
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A Practical Handbook

Author: Johan Billiet

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046607968

Category: International commercial arbitration

Page: 496

View: 2024

Investment Arbitration is a multi-billion dollar venture. It is an area of international dispute resolution, which has undergone tremendous growth in recent years and resulted in the signature of thousands of Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) between foreign states and several Multilateral Investment Treaties (MITs). Numerous disputes involving these instruments are resolved through international arbitration. Arbitral tribunals have rendered many awards ordering the payment of large sums of money. This handbook provides an explanatory introduction into the area of investment arbitration, differentiating it from commercial arbitration and state-to-state arbitration. It examines the legal framework and the general course of an international investment arbitration. In particular, it focuses on the standards of protection in international investment agreements, the concept of jurisdiction in international investment arbitration and the arbitral award, including the notions of recognition, enforcement and execution. Moreover, this cutting-edge publication contains relevant and recent case law in the area and deals with contemporaneous issues such as the ongoing controversy regarding the future of Intra-EU BITs and Free Trade Agreements as well as the link between vulture funds and investment arbitration. The handbook aims at arbitrators, lawyers, practitioners, academics, students and everyone with an interest in international investment arbitration.
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A Guide to the Key Issues

Author: Katia Yannaca-Small

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195340698

Category: Law

Page: 767

View: 1511

Investor-state arbitration is a relatively new dispute settlement mechanism that allows foreign investors the opportunity to seek redress for damages arising out of breaches of investment-related treaty obligations by the governments of host countries. Claims are submitted to independent, international arbitration tribunals, which are called upon to interpret the treaty at hand. Because of the public interest involved in these cases, the awards of these tribunals are subject to much scrutiny and debate. Thus, it has already generated hundreds of cases and created new legal disciplines, inspiring a continuous string of legal writings. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the main issues that arise in investor-state arbitration. It accompanies the reader through the phases of such a procedure, starting with an examination of the instruments, which provide, in the overwhelming majority of the cases, the legal basis for the requests for such arbitration. It then continues with the launching of the arbitration procedure, followed by the analysis of the main jurisdictional and substantive issues that the tribunals are confronted with, and the review procedures, when there is a request for setting aside of the award. It finally looks at the post-award phase and concludes with a reflection on the role of precedent in investment arbitration. Arbitration under International Investment Agreements: a Guide to the Key Issues contains in one volume what everybody needs to know on this evolving topic. Calling on the most renowned experts in this field, private practitioners, academics, government and international organization officials, it describes the process in all its phases from A to Z, providing a comprehensive insight in the way investor-state arbitration works from the perspective of the main actors involved. Its analyses of all key aspects of the topic are pragmatic and reliable.
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A human rights perspective

Author: Lone Wandahl Mouyal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317408020

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 2606

The book considers the ways in which the international investment law regime intersects with the human rights regime, and the potential for clashes between the two legal orders. Within the human rights regime states may be obligated to regulate, including a duty to adopt regulation aiming at improving social standards and conditions of living for their population. Yet, states are increasingly confronted with the consequences of such regulation in investment disputes, where investors seek to challenge regulatory interferences for example in expropriation claims. Regulatory measures may for instance interfere with the investment by imposing conditions on investors or negatively affecting the value of the investment. As a consequence, investors increasingly seek to challenge regulatory measures in international investment arbitration on the basis of a bilateral investment treaty. This book sets out the nature and the scope of the right to regulate in current international investment law. The book examines bilateral investment treaties and ICSID arbitrations looking at the indicative parameters that are granted weight in practice in expropriation claims delimiting compensable from non-compensable regulation. The book places the potential clash between the right to regulate and international investment law within a theoretical framework which describes the stability-flexibility dilemma currently inherent within international law. Lone Wandahl Mouyal goes on to set out methods which could be employed by both BIT-negotiators and adjudicators of investment disputes, allowing states to exercise their right to regulate while at the same time providing investors with legal certainty. The book serves as a valuable tool, an added perspective, for academics as well as for practitioners dealing with aspects of international investment law.
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An Appraisal of Indirect Expropriation

Author: Ana Maria Daza-Clark

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004335307

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 3700

In International Investment Law and Water Resources Management, Daza-Clark offers an appraisal of indirect expropriation, including an analysis of the doctrine of police power.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004244697

Category: Law

Page: 460

View: 6603

The title of the Hague Yearbook of International Law reflects the close ties which have always existed between the AAA and the City of The Hague with its international law institutions, and indicates the Yearbook’s aim of devoting attention to developments taking place in the international law institutions based in The Hague. However, the Yearbook has a broader scope as well: to offer a platform for review of new developments in the field of international law. As of the 2010 Volume, the Yearbook will be compiled by a new and expanded Editorial Board, offering fresh ideas and a new approach. A newly established Advisory Board has also been added, including ICJ Judge Bruno Simma, Serge Brammertz, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), Jacomijn J. van Haersolte-van Hof, advocate (advocaat) at HaersolteHof and arbitrator (The Netherlands) and Professor Peter Hilpold, Innsbruck University (Austria). Sections have been created on public international law, private international law, international investment law and international criminal law, containing in-depth articles on current issues. The breadth of the Yearbook’s content thus offers an interesting and valuable illustration of the dynamic developments in the various sub-areas of international law.
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Author: Andrea M. Steingruber

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191638196

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 5276

Examining the notion, nature, and extent of consent in both commercial arbitration and investment arbitration, this book provides practitioners and academics with a thorough, case-related analysis of an issue which raises many questions. Whilst considering the evolution of arbitration and its consensual nature - enlargement of the parties' freedom to consent to arbitration, and development from commercial arbitration to investment arbitration - it addresses important theoretical questions to offer practical solutions. These include: how consent to arbitrate is expressed and when mutual consent to arbitration is reached; which law shall govern the arbitration agreement or, more particularly, consent as an element of the substantive validity of it; and, conversely, according to which law will a possible lack of consent be judged; how consent should be interpreted; which relationship exists between consent as part of the substantive validity of an arbitration agreement and its formal validity; which, if any, are the implied terms when consenting to arbitration; how consent to arbitrate influences procedural aspects (counterclaims, joinder, consolidation), and which solutions adopted by treaties, national laws or arbitration rules are, or would be, the most respectful of parties' consent in this respect; what in investment arbitration is the relationship between consent and most-favoured-nation clauses or the influence of umbrella clauses. The book includes original arguments and puts forward new suggestions with regard to the changeable consensual character of arbitration. It also provides a particular focus on problems that frequently arise in practice of international arbitration, for example issues related to complex multiparty arbitration and to jurisdictional questions in investment arbitration.
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Author: Peter Muchlinski,Federico Ortino,Christoph Schreuer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191607878

Category: Law

Page: 1352

View: 6375

The Oxford Handbooks series is a major new initiative in academic publishing. Each volume offers an authoritative and state-of-the-art survey of current thinking and research in a particular subject area. Specially commissioned essays from leading international figures in the discipline give critical examinations of the progress and direction of debates. Oxford Handbooks provide scholars and graduate students with compelling new perspectives upon a wide range of subjects in the humanities and social sciences. The Oxford Handbook of International Investment Law aims to provide the first truly exhaustive account of the current state and future development of this important and topical field of international law. The Handbook is divided into three main parts. Part One deals with fundamental conceptual issues, Part Two deals with the main substantive areas of law, and Part Three deals with the major procedural issues arising out of the settlement of international investment disputes. The book has a policy-oriented introduction, setting the more technical chapters that follow in their policy environment within which contemporary norms for international foreign investment law are evolving. The Handbook concludes with a chapter written by the editors to highlight the major conclusions of the collection, to identify trends in the existing law, and to look forward to the future development of this field.
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Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung

Author: Gunther Teubner

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518772805

Category: Law

Page: 291

View: 7616

Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.
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Author: Emily Sipiorski

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198826446

Category:

Page: 300

View: 1730

Written by a leading legal researcher, this book offers a comprehensive study of the principle, a frequently invoked but rarely analysed aspect of investment arbitration. Good Faith in International Investment Arbitration is a thorough and expansive study that considers the application of goodfaith by arbitral tribunals and parties in international investment disputes, encompassing both procedural and substantive aspects of good faith. Expertly negotiating a complex principle, this book diligently follows the arbitral process from jurisdiction through merits and to cost decisions, identifying the various applications of good faith in investment disputes. The author offers detailed analyses of the role of good faith in definingnationality and investor as well as in pre-dispute admissibility requirements. The study then delves into the ways the principle guides parties' arguments and informs tribunals' decisions regarding evidence, substantive protections, and costs. It further addresses the role of good faith in thebehaviour of arbitrators and other actors. This is an essential guide for anyone wishing to understand this important principle that has accompanied the developing system of international investment law.
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Warum wir CETA und TTIP stoppen müssen

Author: Thilo Bode

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641152577

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3235

Aktualisierte und erweiterte Neuausgabe des SPIEGEL-Bestsellers Nicht nur TTIP, auch das kanadisch-europäische Freihandelsabkommen CETA muss gestoppt werden. Denn CETA ist TTIP durch die Hintertür! Mit der Verabschiedung beider Abkommen, würden Regelwerke in Kraft gesetzt, die in erster Linie Konzernen nützen, während sie der Mehrheit der Menschen in Nordamerika und Europa schaden. Unmissverständlich legt Thilo Bode dar, welche Folgen CETA und TTIP für Verbraucher-, Umwelt- und Arbeitnehmerrechte haben und warum sie – das vor allem macht sie gefährlich – die Souveränität der Länder aushöhlen, in demokratischen Prozessen darüber zu entscheiden, welche Gesetze sie haben wollen. Das gilt es zu verhindern. Freihandel ist auch ohne CETA und TTIP möglich.
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Author: Pierre-Marie Dupuy,Francesco Francioni,Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199578184

Category: Law

Page: 597

View: 4558

There is a growing interplay between international investment law, arbitration and human rights. This book offers a systematic analysis of this interaction, exploring the role of principles of justice in investment law, comparing investment arbitration with other courts, and examining case studies on human rights.
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Ausdauertraining für Kampfsportler

Author: Martin Rooney

Publisher: Riva Verlag

ISBN: 3864133300

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 418

View: 436

Im Ausdauertraining kündigt sich eine Revolution an: Die Dauermethode, bei der man über lange Zeit in einem moderaten Herzfrequenzbereich trainiert, wird durch das metabolische Training abgelöst. Hierbei wechseln sich extrem fordernde Belastungsphasen und Erholungspausen ab. Dieses Training, das sich mit Hantelkomplexen, Zirkeln oder Intervallläufen umsetzen lässt, steigert die Herzleistung, baut Kraft und Muskelmasse auf und reduziert Körperfett. Es ist deutlich wirksamer als Joggen oder das Training an Cardiogeräten, nimmt aber weniger als die Hälfte der Zeit in Anspruch. Der weltbekannte Fitnessexperte Martin Rooney präsentiert in diesem Buch zum metabolischen Training Hunderte bebilderte Übungen und zahlreiche Workouts sowie ein komplettes 12-wöchiges Trainingsprogramm. Er fasst den aktuellen Forschungsstand zusammen, zeigt neue Warm-up- und Prehab-Techniken zur optimalen Verletzungsprävention, gibt Tipps zur Ernährung und zum Gewichtmachen. Dieses Trainingsprogramm ist ideal für Kampfsportler, aber auch für alle, die in kurzer Zeit viel Körperfett reduzieren und ihre Ausdauerfitness verbessern wollen.
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Zulässigkeit und Ausgestaltung in Investitionsabkommen der Europäischen Union

Author: Juliane Ahner

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161537271

Category: Law

Page: 403

View: 5531

Juliane Ahner untersucht die Reichweite der Kompetenz der Europaischen Union fur ein Investor-Staat-Schiedsverfahren fur Auslandsinvestitionen sowie mogliche primarrechtliche Beschrankungen. Dabei kommt sie zu dem Ergebnis, dass die Union gemischte Investitionsabkommen gemeinsam mit den Mitgliedstaaten abschliessen muss. Die ausschliessliche Zustandigkeit des Europaischen Gerichtshofs fur die Auslegung und Anwendung der Vertrage und die Autonomie der Unionsrechtsordnung stehen der Unterwerfung unter ein Investor-Staat-Schiedsverfahren nicht entgegen. Juliane Ahner stellt fest, dass die Union nicht alle bestehenden Schiedsverfahren nutzen kann und einige Verfahrensregeln modifiziert werden sollten. Vor dem Hintergrund drohender Schadensersatzanspruche von Investoren gegenuber der Union und den Mitgliedstaaten entwickelt sie Regelungen fur die volkerrechtliche und die unionsinterne Haftung.
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