A Comparative Study
Author: Jeffrey Denys Goldsworthy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book describes the constitutions of six major federations and how they have been interpreted by their highest courts, compares the interpretive methods and underlying principles that have guided the courts, and explores the reasons for major differences between these methods and principles. Among the interpretive methods discussed are textualism, purposivism, structuralism and originalism. Each of the six federations is the subject of a separate chapter written by a leading authority in the field: Jeffrey Goldsworthy (Australia), Peter Hogg (Canada), Donald Kommers (Germany), S.P. Sathe (India), Heinz Klug (South Africa), and Mark Tushnet (United States). Each chapter describes not only the interpretive methodology currently used by the courts, but the evolution of that methodology since the constitution was first enacted. The book also includes a concluding chapter which compares these methodologies, and attempts to explain variations by reference to different social, historical, institutional and political circumstances.
Author: Gerard Conway
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The European Court of Justice is widely acknowledged to have played a fundamental role in developing the constitutional law of the EU, having been the first to establish such key doctrines as direct effect, supremacy and parallelism in external relations. Traditionally, EU scholarship has praised the role of the ECJ, with more critical perspectives being given little voice in mainstream EU studies. From the standpoint of legal reasoning, Gerard Conway offers the first sustained critical assessment of how the ECJ engages in its function and offers a new argument as to how it should engage in legal reasoning. He also explains how different approaches to legal reasoning can fundamentally change the outcome of case law and how the constitutional values of the EU justify a different approach to the dominant method of the ECJ.
Theorie und Praxis der dualen Legitimationsstruktur europäischer Hoheitsgewalt
Author: Jelena von Achenbach
Das Mitentscheidungsverfahren (Art. 294 AEUV) ist seit dem Vertrag von Lissabon das ordentliche Gesetzgebungsverfahren der Europäischen Union. Mit der Monographie wird die Co-Gesetzgeberschaft von Europäischem Parlament und Rat als Mittel der demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Gesetzgebung untersucht. Im Zentrum steht dabei eine demokratietheoretische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Modell der dualen demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Hoheitsgewalt, das mit Art. 10 EUV nunmehr im Demokratieprinzip der Union verankert ist. Daneben steht eine empirisch gestützte Untersuchung der Praxis des Mitentscheidungsverfahrens, die sich insbesondere der zunehmenden Informalisierung des Gesetzgebungsprozesses („Triloge“) kritisch widmet.
Methodische Annäherungen an die Normalität eines Verfassungsprinzips
Author: Karsten Nowrot
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
English summary: The republican principle was regularly viewed in legal scholarship as especially precarious, and based upon that view, a singular article in a negative sense. On the other hand, this present investigation is based on the assumption that even the contrary perception of the republic as a normal constitutional principle offers an innovative perspective that is able to concretize and grasp the fundamental, constitutionally generative choices and their normative structures, in a manner that is more compatible with legal scholarship. The commonplace nature of the republican principle as a working hypothesis makes possible a repatriation of the republic and the jurisprudential conflicts with it in the current discourse over the juridical development of constitutional principles. This method also illustrates, moreover, the potential of the republican principle as an ordinal idea for the evolving legislative community of domestic, supranational and international law. German description: Das Republikprinzip wird in der Rechtswissenschaft regelmassig als eine besonders prekare und vor diesem Hintergrund in einem negativen Sinne singulare Bestimmung des Verfassungsrechts angesehen. Demgegenuber basiert die vorliegende Untersuchung auf der Annahme, dass gerade die entgegengesetzte Wahrnehmung der Republik als ein normales Verfassungsprinzip eine geeignete Ausgangsperspektive darstellt, um diese verfassungsgestaltende Grundentscheidung in rechtswissenschaftlich anschlussfahiger Weise inhaltlich konkretisieren und normstrukturell erfassen zu konnen. Die Normalitat des Republikprinzips als Arbeitshypothese ermoglicht eine Ruckfuhrung der Republik und der rechtswissenschaftlichen Auseinandersetzung mit ihr in die allgemeinen Diskurse uber die juristische Erschliessung von Verfassungsprinzipien. Auf diese Weise lasst sich uberdies das Potential des Republikprinzips als Ordnungsidee fur die sich herausbildende Rechtsordnungengemeinschaft des innerstaatlichen, supranationalen und internationalen Rechts verdeutlichen.
Theory and Practice
Author: Jaclyn L Neo
At the heart of constitutional interpretation is the struggle between, on the one hand, fidelity to founding meanings, and, on the other hand, creative interpretation to suit the context and needs of an evolving society. This book considers the recent growth of constitutional cases in Singapore in the last ten years. It examines the underpinnings of Singapore’s constitutional system, explores how Singapore courts have dealt with issues related to rights and power, and sets developments in Singapore in the wider context of new thinking and constitutional developments worldwide. It argues that Singapore is witnessing a shift in legal and political culture as both judges and citizens display an increasing willingness to engage with constitutional ideas and norms.
The Constitutional Value and the Constitutional Right
Author: Aharon Barak
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
Human dignity is now a central feature of many modern constitutions and international documents. As a constitutional value, human dignity involves a person's free will, autonomy, and ability to write a life story within the framework of society. As a constitutional right, it gives full expression to the value of human dignity, subject to the specific demands of constitutional architecture. This analytical study of human dignity as both a constitutional value and a constitutional right adopts a legal-interpretive perspective. It explores the sources of human dignity as a legal concept, its role in constitutional documents, its content, and its scope. The analysis is augmented by examples from comparative legal experience, including chapters devoted to the role of human dignity in American, Canadian, German, South African, and Israeli constitutional law.
Author: Vishnoo Bhagwan,Vidya Bhushan
Publisher: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd
This ninth revised edition of World Constitutions, a monumental work by seasoned authors, portrays the conceptual and legal framework of parliamentary democracies like the UK, Japan, Canada and Australia as well as of a presidential democracy like the USA. Tony Blair’s exit and making way for Gordon Brown as Prime Minister of UK, the spectacular triumph of Barack Obama as President of US and his sincere efforts to usher in an era of all-round peace and tranquility in hitherto strife-torn world, confronted with recession and morass of economic instability and insecurity have been covered while revising the book. The victory of Nicolas Sarcozy at the hustings in France has further given a flip to the concept of peace which has been on the last leg during the preceding regimes in some of the top democratic countries of the world. The Communist China which was vying with erstwhile Soviet Union sometime back has been given a prominent place in the book, portraying its considerably liberalised and substantially modernised socialistic infrastructure. The Swiss Constitution, the only direct democracy in the world, which is a judicious combination of presidential and parliamentary forms of democracy has been analytically presented. An incisive and comparative study of these constitutions will enable the reader to obtain an unbiased and dispassionate view of their working. Where necessary, eminent authorities on the subject have been quoted copiously. The book has been updated by incorporating the latest amendments to the constitutions. The Constitution of the Russian Federation has also been included while giving a synoptic reference to former Soviet Union, which was once a super power to reckon with.
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Text, Materials, and Cases on Western Law
Author: Mary Ann Glendon,Paolo G. Carozza,Michael W. Gordon,Colin B. Picker,Christopher Osakwe
Publisher: West Academic
This new edition includes some significant revisions since the last edition was published in 1994. The new edition includes: A greater emphasis on Public Law in the Continental and Common law traditions; More coverage of the impact of the regional European law (EC/EU and ECHR) on the legal traditions; Some updated "Problems" (including one concerning Mixed Jurisdictions); and Numerous updates to the Common Law Tradition materials in light of the many significant reforms in England over the last ten years.
Author: Ian McLeod
Publisher: Hart Pub Limited
Principles of Legislative and Regulatory Drafting provides a succinct guide to an area of law and practice which has previously been poorly served by English textbooks. It explains how drafters can convert legislative and regulatory policy into a form which has the desired effect in the most direct and accessible way.On the basis that those who seek to communicate must be conscious of how their words will be read, it includes a chapter on interpretation. Other chapters include the nature of drafting instructions (including ethical considerations), the general principles of drafting, the protection of human rights, the creation of statutory corporations and schemes of licensing, subordinate legislation, and the creation of criminal offences.The principles and skills of drafting are very largely common to both the legislative and regulatory fields, but the book draws attention to areas in which significant differences arise.Extracts from the Interpretation Act 1978 and the European Convention on Human Rights are included as Appendices.The book provides an invaluable introduction for those engaged in legislative and regulatory drafting, while also being useful to anyone who is interested in the creation and interpretation of legislative and regulatory texts.
Perspectives, Politics, Processes, and Policies
Author: Albert P. Melone,Allan Karnes
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Firmly anchored in social science concepts, the second edition of The American Legal System demonstrates the relationships among private law, the business legal environment, and public law issues, as well as related subjects of interest. This fifteen-chapter book is divided into three parts. Part I places the legal system in a political perspective centering on the origins of the law, schools of jurisprudence, branches and functions of law, legitimacy of law, how the judiciary functions in the federal system of government, and judicial interpretation and decision making. Part II contrasts legal processes: civil suits for money damages, criminal processes, equity justice, administrative processes, and alternative dispute resolution. Part III centers on the legal norms or rules governing both civil and criminal conduct, property law, family law, contract law, and government regulation of business. Throughout, the text features edited court opinions many new to this edition illustrating lively and thought-provoking controversies that are certain to spark student interest. Among the many compelling issues addressed are the legal and constitutional controversies surrounding the Bush Administration's "War on Terror," and the socially explosive developments concerning same-sex marriage. In addition, each chapter includes at least three comparative notes showing how other legal cultures in different nation-states treat legal matters. A wealth of pedagogical features chapter-opening objectives; key terms, names, and concepts; a glossary, discussion questions, and appendices are included to aid student comprehension. The authors have prepared an Instructor's Manual and Test Bank to facilitate the book's use in the classroom."
a comparative analysis
Author: A. J. Van der Walt
Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl
The constitutional entrenchment and protection of property rights has always been a difficult and controversial issue. This new and unique work is more than a collection of cases on constitutional property law, it is an in-depth comparison of constitutional property clauses in jurisdictions around the world. The book consists of three parts: The first chapter contains a general discussion of comparative, theoretical, and analytical issues. The second part consists of eighteen chapters on jurisdictions where the property clause has generated substantial case law and jurisprudence, meriting extensive analysis and discussion. Among the countries discussed are Australia, Japan, Canada, Germany, Switzerland and South Africa. For easy reference the structure of these country-by-country chapters is identical. These chapters not only contain practical, useful legal information but also a normative interpretation of constitutional property clauses in their national and international context. The third and final part of the book contains a collection of 86 property clauses from jurisdictions not included in the country reports. The focus of the book is on comparison, and cross-references assist the reader in finding related cases and issues in other jurisdictions. The book will be of interest to private and public lawyers engaged in international trade and business practices, As well as to scholars of comparative (constitutional) law.