An Introduction to Mathematics

Author: W.A. Coppel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387894853

Category: Mathematics

Page: 610

View: 849

Number Theory is more than a comprehensive treatment of the subject. It is an introduction to topics in higher level mathematics, and unique in its scope; topics from analysis, modern algebra, and discrete mathematics are all included. The book is divided into two parts. Part A covers key concepts of number theory and could serve as a first course on the subject. Part B delves into more advanced topics and an exploration of related mathematics. The prerequisites for this self-contained text are elements from linear algebra. Valuable references for the reader are collected at the end of each chapter. It is suitable as an introduction to higher level mathematics for undergraduates, or for self-study.
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Author: Anthony Vazzana,David Garth

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498717500

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 8563

Introduction to Number Theory is a classroom-tested, student-friendly text that covers a diverse array of number theory topics, from the ancient Euclidean algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of two integers to recent developments such as cryptography, the theory of elliptic curves, and the negative solution of Hilbert’s tenth problem. The authors illustrate the connections between number theory and other areas of mathematics, including algebra, analysis, and combinatorics. They also describe applications of number theory to real-world problems, such as congruences in the ISBN system, modular arithmetic and Euler’s theorem in RSA encryption, and quadratic residues in the construction of tournaments. Ideal for a one- or two-semester undergraduate-level course, this Second Edition: Features a more flexible structure that offers a greater range of options for course design Adds new sections on the representations of integers and the Chinese remainder theorem Expands exercise sets to encompass a wider variety of problems, many of which relate number theory to fields outside of mathematics (e.g., music) Provides calculations for computational experimentation using SageMath, a free open-source mathematics software system, as well as Mathematica® and MapleTM, online via a robust, author-maintained website Includes a solutions manual with qualifying course adoption By tackling both fundamental and advanced subjects—and using worked examples, numerous exercises, and popular software packages to ensure a practical understanding—Introduction to Number Theory, Second Edition instills a solid foundation of number theory knowledge.
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Author: G. Everest,Thomas Ward

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1852339179

Category: Mathematics

Page: 297

View: 4694

Includes up-to-date material on recent developments and topics of significant interest, such as elliptic functions and the new primality test Selects material from both the algebraic and analytic disciplines, presenting several different proofs of a single result to illustrate the differing viewpoints and give good insight
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Author: Tom M. Apostol

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475755791

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 2549

"This book is the first volume of a two-volume textbook for undergraduates and is indeed the crystallization of a course offered by the author at the California Institute of Technology to undergraduates without any previous knowledge of number theory. For this reason, the book starts with the most elementary properties of the natural integers. Nevertheless, the text succeeds in presenting an enormous amount of material in little more than 300 pages."-—MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
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An Introduction to Pure and Applied Mathematics

Author: Don Redmond

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824796969

Category: Mathematics

Page: 772

View: 4033

This text provides a detailed introduction to number theory, demonstrating how other areas of mathematics enter into the study of the properties of natural numbers. It contains problem sets within each section and at the end of each chapter to reinforce essential concepts, and includes up-to-date information on divisibility problems, polynomial congruence, the sums of squares and trigonometric sums.;Five or more copies may be ordered by college or university bookstores at a special price, available on application.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1786344734

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 2417

Introduction to Number Theory is dedicated to concrete questions about integers, to place an emphasis on problem solving by students. When undertaking a first course in number theory, students enjoy actively engaging with the properties and relationships of numbers. The book begins with introductory material, including uniqueness of factorization of integers and polynomials. Subsequent topics explore quadratic reciprocity, Hensel's Lemma, p-adic powers series such as exp(px) and log(1+px), the Euclidean property of some quadratic rings, representation of integers as norms from quadratic rings, and Pell's equation via continued fractions. Throughout the five chapters and more than 100 exercises and solutions, readers gain the advantage of a number theory book that focuses on doing calculations. This textbook is a valuable resource for undergraduates or those with a background in university level mathematics.
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Author: Karel Hrbacek,Thomas J. Jech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 190

View: 6316

Thoroughly revised, updated, expanded, and reorganized to serve as a primary text for mathematics courses, Introduction to Set Theory, Third Edition covers the basics: relations, functions, orderings, finite, countable, and uncountable sets, and cardinal and ordinal numbers. It also provides five additional self-contained chapters, consolidates the material on real numbers into a single updated chapter affording flexibility in course design, supplies end-of-section problems, with hints, of varying degrees of difficulty, includes new material on normal forms and Goodstein sequences, and adds important recent ideas including filters, ultrafilters, closed unbounded and stationary sets, and partitions.
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Author: Victor Shoup

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521516447

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 2035

An introductory graduate-level text emphasizing algorithms and applications. This second edition includes over 200 new exercises and examples.
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Author: Harold N. Shapiro

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486466698

Category: Mathematics

Page: 459

View: 8176

Starting with the fundamentals of number theory, this text advances to an intermediate level. Author Harold N. Shapiro, Professor Emeritus of Mathematics at New York University's Courant Institute, addresses this treatment toward advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Selected chapters, sections, and exercises are appropriate for undergraduate courses. The first five chapters focus on the basic material of number theory, employing special problems, some of which are of historical interest. Succeeding chapters explore evolutions from the notion of congruence, examine a variety of applications related to counting problems, and develop the roots of number theory. Two "do-it-yourself" chapters offer readers the chance to carry out small-scale mathematical investigations that involve material covered in previous chapters.
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Author: Daniel E. Flath

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 3759

On historical and mathematical grounds alike, number theory has earned a place in the curriculum of every mathematics student. This clear presentation covers the elements of number theory, with stress on the basic topics concerning prime numbers and Diophantine equations (especially quadratic equations in two variables). Topics covered include distribution of primes, unique factorization, reduction of positive definite quadratic forms, the Kronecker symbol, continued fractions, and what Gauss did.
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Author: Benjamin Hutz

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470430975

Category: Number theory

Page: 376

View: 8637

This book presents material suitable for an undergraduate course in elementary number theory from a computational perspective. It seeks to not only introduce students to the standard topics in elementary number theory, such as prime factorization and modular arithmetic, but also to develop their ability to formulate and test precise conjectures from experimental data. Each topic is motivated by a question to be answered, followed by some experimental data, and, finally, the statement and proof of a theorem. There are numerous opportunities throughout the chapters and exercises for the students to engage in (guided) open-ended exploration. At the end of a course using this book, the students will understand how mathematics is developed from asking questions to gathering data to formulating and proving theorems. The mathematical prerequisites for this book are few. Early chapters contain topics such as integer divisibility, modular arithmetic, and applications to cryptography, while later chapters contain more specialized topics, such as Diophantine approximation, number theory of dynamical systems, and number theory with polynomials. Students of all levels will be drawn in by the patterns and relationships of number theory uncovered through data driven exploration.
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Author: George E. Andrews

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486135101

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 5860

Undergraduate text uses combinatorial approach to accommodate both math majors and liberal arts students. Covers the basics of number theory, offers an outstanding introduction to partitions, plus chapters on multiplicativity-divisibility, quadratic congruences, additivity, and more
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An Introduction to Set Theory and Analysis

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 331901577X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 5990

While most texts on real analysis are content to assume the real numbers, or to treat them only briefly, this text makes a serious study of the real number system and the issues it brings to light. Analysis needs the real numbers to model the line, and to support the concepts of continuity and measure. But these seemingly simple requirements lead to deep issues of set theory—uncountability, the axiom of choice, and large cardinals. In fact, virtually all the concepts of infinite set theory are needed for a proper understanding of the real numbers, and hence of analysis itself. By focusing on the set-theoretic aspects of analysis, this text makes the best of two worlds: it combines a down-to-earth introduction to set theory with an exposition of the essence of analysis—the study of infinite processes on the real numbers. It is intended for senior undergraduates, but it will also be attractive to graduate students and professional mathematicians who, until now, have been content to "assume" the real numbers. Its prerequisites are calculus and basic mathematics. Mathematical history is woven into the text, explaining how the concepts of real number and infinity developed to meet the needs of analysis from ancient times to the late twentieth century. This rich presentation of history, along with a background of proofs, examples, exercises, and explanatory remarks, will help motivate the reader. The material covered includes classic topics from both set theory and real analysis courses, such as countable and uncountable sets, countable ordinals, the continuum problem, the Cantor–Schröder–Bernstein theorem, continuous functions, uniform convergence, Zorn's lemma, Borel sets, Baire functions, Lebesgue measure, and Riemann integrable functions.
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Author: K. Ireland,M. Rosen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475717792

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 1607

This book is a revised and greatly expanded version of our book Elements of Number Theory published in 1972. As with the first book the primary audience we envisage consists of upper level undergraduate mathematics majors and graduate students. We have assumed some familiarity with the material in a standard undergraduate course in abstract algebra. A large portion of Chapters 1-11 can be read even without such background with the aid of a small amount of supplementary reading. The later chapters assume some knowledge of Galois theory, and in Chapters 16 and 18 an acquaintance with the theory of complex variables is necessary. Number theory is an ancient subject and its content is vast. Any intro ductory book must, of necessity, make a very limited selection from the fascinat ing array of possible topics. Our focus is on topics which point in the direction of algebraic number theory and arithmetic algebraic geometry. By a careful selection of subject matter we have found it possible to exposit some rather advanced material without requiring very much in the way oftechnical background. Most of this material is classical in the sense that is was dis covered during the nineteenth century and earlier, but it is also modern because it is intimately related to important research going on at the present time.
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Author: William J. LeVeque

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150763

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

View: 8489

Superb introduction to Euclidean algorithm and its consequences, congruences, continued fractions, powers of an integer modulo m, Gaussian integers, Diophantine equations, more. Problems, with answers. Bibliography.
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Author: L.-K. Hua

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642681301

Category: Mathematics

Page: 574

View: 5529

To Number Theory Translated from the Chinese by Peter Shiu With 14 Figures Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 1982 HuaLooKeng Institute of Mathematics Academia Sinica Beijing The People's Republic of China PeterShlu Department of Mathematics University of Technology Loughborough Leicestershire LE 11 3 TU United Kingdom ISBN -13 : 978-3-642-68132-5 e-ISBN -13 : 978-3-642-68130-1 DOl: 10.1007/978-3-642-68130-1 Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Hua, Loo-Keng, 1910 -. Introduc tion to number theory. Translation of: Shu lun tao yin. Bibliography: p. Includes index. 1. Numbers, Theory of. I. Title. QA241.H7513.5 12'.7.82-645. ISBN-13:978-3-642-68132-5 (U.S.). AACR2 This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically those of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustra tions, broadcasting, reproductiOli by photocopying machine or similar means, and storage in data banks. Under {sect} 54 of the German Copyright Law where copies are made for other than private use a fee is payable to "VerwertungsgeselIschaft Wort", Munich. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982 Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 1982 Typesetting: Buchdruckerei Dipl.-Ing. Schwarz' Erben KG, Zwettl. 214113140-5432 I 0 Preface to the English Edition The reasons for writing this book have already been given in the preface to the original edition and it suffices to append a few more points.
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Author: Gareth A. Jones,Josephine M. Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540761976

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 9742

An undergraduate-level introduction to number theory, with the emphasis on fully explained proofs and examples. Exercises, together with their solutions are integrated into the text, and the first few chapters assume only basic school algebra. Elementary ideas about groups and rings are then used to study groups of units, quadratic residues and arithmetic functions with applications to enumeration and cryptography. The final part, suitable for third-year students, uses ideas from algebra, analysis, calculus and geometry to study Dirichlet series and sums of squares. In particular, the last chapter gives a concise account of Fermat's Last Theorem, from its origin in the ancient Babylonian and Greek study of Pythagorean triples to its recent proof by Andrew Wiles.
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Author: Karel Hrbacek,Thomas Jech

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824779153

Category: Mathematics

Page: 310

View: 447

Thoroughly revised, updated, expanded, and reorganized to serve as a primary text for mathematics courses, Introduction to Set Theory, Third Edition covers the basics: relations, functions, orderings, finite, countable, and uncountable sets, and cardinal and ordinal numbers. It also provides five additional self-contained chapters, consolidates the material on real numbers into a single updated chapter affording flexibility in course design, supplies end-of-section problems, with hints, of varying degrees of difficulty, includes new material on normal forms and Goodstein sequences, and adds important recent ideas including filters, ultrafilters, closed unbounded and stationary sets, and partitions.
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Im Herzen einer verborgenen Wirklichkeit

Author: Edward Frenkel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662434210

Category: Mathematics

Page: 317

View: 1234

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