Author: Max Weber,Giorgio Galli
Category: Social Science
Max Weber è considerato, si può dire unanimemente, uno tra i grandi maestri - forse il maggiore - delle scienze sociali e umane del nostro secolo.Giorgio Galli L'etica protestante e lo spirito del capitalismo (1905) è un'opera fondamentale per comprendere le caratteristiche essenziali della società capitalistica moderna, le sue radici culturali e il suo destino. Lo sforzo intellettuale realizzato da Weber consiste nel mettere in relazione un particolare fenomeno culturale - la Riforma protestante - con un fenomeno di natura prettamente economica, quale è appunto il sistema capitalistico. E proprio in questo senso la disciplina dell'individuo di fronte alla fede, l'idea di professione come vocazione e il culto del lavoro - caratteri paradigmatici dell'etica protestante - rappresentano altrettanti elementi fondamentali del cosiddetto spirito del capitalismo.
Author: Max Weber
Publisher: Charles River Editors via PublishDrive
Skyros Publishing is dedicated to reproducing the finest books ever written and letting readers of all ages experience a classic for the first time or revisit a past favorite. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is a book written by the German economist Max Weber.The book argues that Puritan ethics and ideas influenced the development of capitalism.
Author: Max Weber
For the first time in 70 years, a new translation of Max Weber's classic The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism --one of the seminal works in sociology-- published in September 2001. Translator Stephen Kalberg is an internationally acclaimed Weberian scholar, and in this new translation he offers a precise and nuanced rendering that captures both Weber's style and the unusual subtlety of his descriptions and causal arguments. Weber's original italicization, highlighting major themes, has been restored, and Kalberg has standardized Weber's terminology to better facilitate understanding of the various twists and turns in his complex lines of reasoning. Weber's compelling work remains influential for these reasons: it explores the continuing debate regarding the origins and legacy of modem capitalism in the West; it helps the reader understand today's global economic development; and it plumbs the deep cultural forces that affect contemporary work life and the workplace in the United States and Europe. This new edition/translation also includes a glossary; Weber's 1906 essay, "The Protestant Sects and the Spirit of Capitalism"; and Weber's masterful prefatory remarks to his Collected Essays in the Sociology of Religion, in which he defines the uniqueness of Western societies and asks what "ideas and interests" combined to create modem Western rationalism
Author: Max Weber
Category: Social Science
Max Weber's best-known and most controversial work, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, first published in 1904, remains to this day a powerful and fascinating read. Weber's highly accessible style is just one of many reasons for his continuing popularity. The book contends that the Protestant ethic made possible and encouraged the development of capitalism in the West. Widely considered as the most informed work ever written on the social effects of advanced capitalism, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism holds its own as one of the most significant books of the twentieth century. The book is one of those rare works of scholarship which no informed citizen can afford to ignore.
How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and Western Success
Author: Rodney Stark
Publisher: Random House
Many books have been written about the success of the West, analyzing why Europe was able to pull ahead of the rest of the world by the end of the Middle Ages. The most common explanations cite the West’s superior geography, commerce, and technology. Completely overlooked is the fact that faith in reason, rooted in Christianity’s commitment to rational theology, made all these developments possible. Simply put, the conventional wisdom that Western success depended upon overcoming religious barriers to progress is utter nonsense. In The Victory of Reason, Rodney Stark advances a revolutionary, controversial, and long overdue idea: that Christianity and its related institutions are, in fact, directly responsible for the most significant intellectual, political, scientific, and economic breakthroughs of the past millennium. In Stark’s view, what has propelled the West is not the tension between secular and nonsecular society, nor the pitting of science and the humanities against religious belief. Christian theology, Stark asserts, is the very font of reason: While the world’s other great belief systems emphasized mystery, obedience, or introspection, Christianity alone embraced logic and reason as the path toward enlightenment, freedom, and progress. That is what made all the difference. In explaining the West’s dominance, Stark convincingly debunks long-accepted “truths.” For instance, by contending that capitalism thrived centuries before there was a Protestant work ethic–or even Protestants–he counters the notion that the Protestant work ethic was responsible for kicking capitalism into overdrive. In the fifth century, Stark notes, Saint Augustine celebrated theological and material progress and the institution of “exuberant invention.” By contrast, long before Augustine, Aristotle had condemned commercial trade as “inconsistent with human virtue”–which helps further underscore that Augustine’s times were not the Dark Ages but the incubator for the West’s future glories. This is a sweeping, multifaceted survey that takes readers from the Old World to the New, from the past to the present, overturning along the way not only centuries of prejudiced scholarship but the antireligious bias of our own time. The Victory of Reason proves that what we most admire about our world–scientific progress, democratic rule, free commerce–is largely due to Christianity, through which we are all inheritors of this grand tradition.
Author: Giacomo Francini
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Research Paper from the year 2008 in the subject History Europe - Other Countries - Modern Times, Absolutism, Industrialization, grade: Keine, University of Zurich, 0 entries in the bibliography, language: Italian, comment: Kein Literaturverzeichnis, Zitierung uber Fussnoten, abstract: Con questo breve saggio sulla Riforma, a Zurigo, agli inizi dell'eta moderna, mi sono proposto di dare un taglio nuovo a un argomento che, nel corso del Novecento, ha incontrato un crescente interesse fra gli storici della mentalita, della religione e dell'economia. La tesi di Max Weber sull'etica protestante e lo spirito del capitalismo e forse ancora fin troppo radicata nell'inconscio collettivo per essere abbandonata, senza rimpianto, alle generazione future. Eppure, sebbene essa rimanga, per molti storici, un importante punto di riferimento, credo sia venuto il momento di aggiornarla, mostrando le contraddizioni che generano alcune delle sue principali premesse
Author: Charles TAYLOR
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The place of religion in society has changed profoundly in the last few centuries, particularly in the West. In what will be a defining book for our time, Taylor takes up the question of what these changes mean, and what, precisely, happens when a society becomes one in which faith is only one human possibility among others.
Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness
Author: Daniel Clement Dennett
Publisher: MIT Press
The author of Consciousness Explained revises and renews his Multiple Drafts Model of consciousness in the light of recent research.
Author: Martin Luther
Two classic Reformation texts from the pen of Martin Luther: Preface to the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans and Concerning Christian Liberty.
The Religious Mind-set of Modern Terrorists
Author: Alessandro Orsini
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Category: Political Science
The Red Brigades were a far-left terrorist group in Italy formed in 1970 and active all through the 1980s. Infamous around the world for a campaign of assassinations, kidnappings, and bank robberies intended as a "concentrated strike against the heart of the State," the Red Brigades' most notorious crime was the kidnapping and murder of Italy's former prime minister Aldo Moro in 1978. In the late 1990s, a new group of violent anticapitalist terrorists revived the name Red Brigades and killed a number of professors and government officials. Like their German counterparts in the Baader-Meinhof Group and today's violent political and religious extremists, the Red Brigades and their actions raise a host of questions about the motivations, ideologies, and mind-sets of people who commit horrific acts of violence in the name of a utopia. In the first English edition of a book that has won critical acclaim and major prizes in Italy, Alessandro Orsini contends that the dominant logic of the Red Brigades was essentially eschatological, focused on purifying a corrupt world through violence. Only through revolutionary terror, Brigadists believed, could humanity be saved from the putrefying effects of capitalism and imperialism. Through a careful study of all existing documentation produced by the Red Brigades and of all existing scholarship on the Red Brigades, Orsini reconstructs a worldview that can be as seductive as it is horrifying. Orsini has devised a micro-sociological theory that allows him to reconstruct the group dynamics leading to political homicide in extreme-left and neonazi terrorist groups. This "subversive-revolutionary feedback theory" states that the willingness to mete out and suffer death depends, in the last analysis, on how far the terrorist has been incorporated into the revolutionary sect. Orsini makes clear that this political-religious concept of historical development is central to understanding all such self-styled "purifiers of the world." From Thomas Müntzer's theocratic dream to Pol Pot's Cambodian revolution, all the violent "purifiers" of the world have a clear goal: to build a perfect society in which there will no longer be any sin and unhappiness and in which no opposition can be allowed to upset the universal harmony. Orsini's book reconstructs the origins and evolution of a revolutionary tradition brought into our own times by the Red Brigades.
Author: Agostino Petrillo,Stefano Padovano
Category: Social Science
Protagonisti e correnti del pensiero sociologico mondiale in un manuale efficace e di rapida consultazione: dagli albori della disciplina all’analisi della comunicazione di massa, parlando di devianza sociale, sociologia della famiglia e indagini sociologiche. Il testo si articola in 7 capitoli: il primo, «Storia della Sociologia», descrive l’evoluzione storica della disciplina dall’antichità agli anni Duemila, focalizzando l’attenzione prima sui padri fondatori (Comte, Marx, Durkheim, Weber...), poi sui maestri del Novecento (Mead, Marcuse, Bourdieu...); seguono quindi una serie di capitoli dedicati all’applicazione della sociologia ai vari ambiti della vita umana: dalla comunicazione di massa alla cultura, dalla sociologia urbana alla devianza e al controllo sociale, fino allo studio della famiglia e delle politiche sociali; il capitolo finale si occupa invece dei metodi di ricerca in sociologia, soffermandosi in particolare sugli approcci qualitativo e quantitativo. Una dettagliata bibliografia, in chiusura, lascia spazio al lettore per ulteriori approfondimenti.
Author: Vittorio Cotesta,Vincenzo Cicchelli,Mariella Nocenzi
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Global Society, Cosmopolitanism and Human Rights is the outcome of a decade-long scholarly project. The point of convergence emerging from the analyses contained in this volume is that ""global society"", ""cosmopolitanism"" and ""human rights"" are likely to constitute the basis of present and future ways of life. The ""project for humanity"" of the future, while resting on local social associations, will have ""globality"" as its reference. A world dominated by globalisation processes obliges the so ...
Author: Simonetta Agnello Hornby
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
A richly evocative tale of a woman's struggle for life and love A triumphant follow-up to Simonetta Agnello Hornby's internationally acclaimed The Almond Picker, this entertaining new novel is an intricate family saga interwoven with violent passions, cruelty, deceit, and the abuse of power. The Marchesa is an eyeopening historical drama about a remarkable woman and her extraordinary family, and the complex, often abusive relations that mark the lives of master and servant, brother and sister, husband and wife. Costanza Safamita, beloved daughter of Baron Domenico Safamita, is a precious but unusual child. Redhaired, gawky, and shy, she is considered an outsider by many on the family estate, but her adoring father makes her sole heir to the Safamita fortune, and then everything changes—for them and for her. Now she must conquer glittering, alien Palermo—where, uncertain of her future, she falls in love with a charming, dissolute young marchese whose sexual appetite she fears she cannot satiate. The Marchesa's brave, unusual story offers an unprecedented woman's perspective on the incestuous hypocrisy of the Sicilian aristocracy during a dramatic time in its history, as the Bourbon monarchy collapsed, the Mafia rose to power, and Palermo's decadent aristocracy began its inevitable decline. These themes are flawlessly woven into the fabric of Costanza's triumphant life, so that The Marchesa becomes not only an unforgettable human tale but a masterly fresco of a vanished world.