Author: Christopher E. Smith

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534566289

Category: Law

Page: 341

View: 4573

The first true text on the subject of corrections law and prisoner's rights, this book is an accessible yet comprehensive introduction to the subject. Rather than relying exclusively on cases to illuminate the content, Smith discusses and briefly excerpts case material to aid students not intimately familiar with legal language. Extensive pedagogy further aids in comprehension. Bringing both a legal and academic background to bear, Smith both writes for the needs of the student and the illumination and clarification of legal issues.
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A Commitment to Ethics, Equity and Excellence

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780521855

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 2540

Leadership in Education, Corrections and Law Enforcement: A Commitment to Ethics, Equity and Excellence fills a unique gap in the knowledge base - the juncture between leadership, ethics, law, and how public institutions/organizations understand and practice the essence of all three.
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Author: George F. Cole,Christopher E. Smith,Christina DeJong

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305446321

Category: Education

Page: 592

View: 9910

In CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, Eighth Edition, authors George Cole, Christopher Smith, and Christina DeJong have accomplished much within a brief format. This concise introductory criminal justice text not only introduces students to the field's foundations and individual components, but also to the many professional opportunities available in the justice system - all within a unique interdisciplinary framework and emphasizing how public policy impacts criminal justice as it is practiced today. Created as an alternative to more expensive, encyclopedic introductory texts, this reader-friendly best seller incorporates ideas, themes, and theories from criminology, sociology, law, history, psychology, and political science. In addition to a strong interdisciplinary emphasis, CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA teaches students to become better citizens by helping them think critically about what justice means in our society and how individuals can play a role in defining that meaning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Author: George F. Cole,Christopher E. Smith

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534525330

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page: 667

View: 7997

This book, which is intended to be used as a textbook in an introductory course in criminal justice in America, covers the criminal justice process, the police, the courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. From defining what behavior is labeled criminal to deciding the fate of offenders who are caught, the process of criminal justice is a social process subject to many influences other than written law. In introducing the study of this process, the three chapters of part one of this book provide a broad framework for analyzing how American society -- through its police, courts, and corrections -- attempts to deal with criminal behavior. The three chapters of part two examine the police as the key unit of the criminal justice system, as it confronts crime in the community. One chapter traces the history of policing and reviews its functions and organization. A second chapter explores the daily operations of the police, and the third chapter analyzes current issues and trends in policing. In part three, five chapters examine the process by which guilt is determined in accordance with the law's requirements, as well as the processes and underlying philosophies of the punishment that further separates the convicted from the acquitted. An overview of the court is followed by discussions of prosecution and defense, pretrial processes, trial and posttrial processes, and punishment and sentencing. The five chapters of part four address how the American criminal justice system deals with those who are convicted and sentenced. The chapters discuss how various influences have molded the way American society manages those who violate its laws. Topics considered include community corrections (probation and intermediate sanctions); prisons (their goals and management); prison society; and release and supervision in the community. Part five is a single chapter on the juvenile justice system. Following an overview of youth crime in the United States, the development of juvenile justice is traced, followed by a profile of the juvenile justice system and the juvenile justice process. Some juvenile justice problems and perspectives are identified, and the parameters of the debate on whether juvenile offenders should be tried as adults are outlined. Study aids are provided for each chapter.
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Author: George Cole,Christopher Smith

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495006017

Category: Social Science

Page: 628

View: 315

This classic best-seller, commonly referred to as The Eagle, encourages students to become better citizens and to determine what justice means in our society as well as what role individuals play in the criminal justice system. This text examines criminal justice as an interdisciplinary endeavor, sharing elements from criminology, sociology, law, history, psychology, and political science. It challenges students to balance the mechanics and system of criminal justice with the human side of the story. Cole and Smith present an exciting and relevant introduction to the field of criminal justice. The text combines solid research and intellectual rigor in an approachable manner with detailed attention to current and compelling events to help students appreciate the many aspects of the discipline, and how they can participate in the system as citizens of the United States. Available for the first time with Criminal JusticeNowTM, a Web-based, intelligent study system. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Author: Clair A. Cripe,Michael G. Pearlman,Daryl Kosiak

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449639402

Category: Law

Page: 616

View: 6884

This updated third edition of Legal Aspects of Corrections Management provides a current, informative, and reader-friendly discussion of the contemporary legal issues impacting corrections management. Through the use of case law, this text provides readers with a practical understanding of how the First, Fourth, Fifth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments relate to the day-to-day issues of running a prison, jail, and other corrections programs, such as probation and parole. The authors' combined corrections experience included such positions as General Counsel, Regional Counsel, and Correctional Program Officer, as well as working within corrections facilities. Their work involved advising corrections staff and management on the legal issues associated with policies and procedures. The authors also have extensive teaching experience in corrections law, the criminal justice system, and criminology.
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Author: George Cole,Christopher Smith

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495095303

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 481

With Cole and Smith's CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, Fifth Edition, you'll experience the field in real and exciting ways, AND excel in this course with the book's many effective study tools. You'll learn about the field's many new career opportunities. You'll read the true stories of offenders and their experiences within the system. You'll learn about the crucial role that public policy plays in understanding the workings of the criminal justice system. And you'll be exposed to the hot issues that are changing the face of criminal justice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Issues in Research and Policy

Author: Lynne Goodstein,Doris L. MacKenzie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468456520

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 8466

Despite the dire forecasts of others who had themselves edited books, we proceeded with the project of an edited volume on the American prison, although with more than a little trepidation. We had heard the horror stories of authors turning in their chapters months or years late or never at all, of publishers delaying publication dates, of volumes that read more like patchwork quilts than finely loomed cloth. As if to prove the others wrong, our experience in editing this volume has been mar velous, and we think the volume reflects this. Most likely, the success of our experience and of the volume stems from two elements: first, the professionalism and commitment of the authors themselves; and second, the fact that early in the life of this volume, most of the authors convened for a conference to critique and coordinate the chapters. This book brings together an illustrious group of criminologists and correctional scholars who wrote chapters explicitly for this volume. Co hesiveness was furthered by the charge we gave to each author to (1) present the major issues, (2) review the empirical research, and (3) dis cuss the implications of this work for present and future correctional policy. The goal of this project was to examine the major correctional issues facing prison systems. The chapters scrutinize the issues from the perspective of the system and the individual, from theory to practical and daily management problems, from legal to psychological concerns.
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social control and conflict

Author: C. Ronald Huff,American Society of Criminology

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 9913

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Prison, Society, and Spectacle

Author: Michelle Brown

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814799994

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 6626

Analyzes social aspects of prison, covering various theories about the role and function of punishment in society in the United States, including how the culture of imprisonment carries over into everyday life through television shows, movies, prison tourism, and other avenues, and examines the negative impact of penal spectatorship.
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A Contemporary Perspective

Author: Dean J. Champion

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 742

View: 2760

For one-semester, undergraduate/graduate introductory corrections courses.Comprehensive in scope and contemporary in perspective, this introduction to corrections in the U.S. covers the history, functions, types, and issues of jails and prisons. It explains parole and community-based corrections programs; surveys various aspects of corrections personnel; and explores the special issues of women and juveniles in relation to the system. Up-to-date material, and legal cases affecting correctional law and institutional corrections, provide students with broad coverage of both institutional and community corrections, probation, and parole.
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Author: J. Kleinig

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401020272

Category: Philosophy

Page: 170

View: 7823

Superficial acquaintance with the literature on punishment leaves a fairly definite impression. There are two approaches to punishment - retributive and utilitarian - and while some attempts may be made to reconcile them, it is the former rather than the latter which requires the reconciliation. Taken by itself the retributive approach is primitive and unenlightened, falling short of the rational civilized humanitarian values which we have now acquired. Certainly this is the dominant impression left by 'popular' discussions of the SUbject. And retributive vs. utilitarian seems to be the mould in which most philosophical dis cussions are cast. The issues are far more complex than this. Punishment may be con sidered in a great variety of contexts - legal, educational, parental, theological, informal, etc. - and in each of these contexts several im portant moral questions arise. Approaches which see only a simple choice between retributivism and utilitarianism tend to obscure this variety and plurality. But even more seriously, the distinction between retributivism and utilitarianism is far from clear. That it reflects the traditional distinction between deontological and teleological ap proaches to ethics serves to transfer rather than to resolve the un clarity. Usually it is said that retributive approaches seek to justify acts by reference to features which are intrinsic to them, whereas utilitarian approaches appeal to the consequences of such acts. This, however, makes assumptions about the individuation of acts which are difficult to justify.
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Author: Nonso Okafo

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491935

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 7114

Drawing on data from a cross-section of postcolonial nations across the world and on a detailed case-study of Nigeria, this book examines the experience of recreating law and justice in postcolonial societies. The author's definition of postcolonial societies includes countries that have emerged from external colonial rule, such as Nigeria and India as well as societies that have overcome internal dominations, such as Afghanistan and Iraq. Suggesting that restructuring a system of law and justice must involve a consideration of the traditions, customs and native laws of a society as well as the official, often foreign rules, this volume examines how ethnically complex nations resolve disputes, whether criminal or civil, through a combination of formal and informal social control systems. This book is unique in its concern with how the average citizens of a postcolonial society can play more active parts in their nation's law and justice, and how modern and increasingly urban societies can learn from indigenous peoples and institutions, which are more informal in their approaches to problem-solving. The concluding chapter looks at the possibility of an increased role for civil as opposed to criminal response in the social control system of a postcolonial society.
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Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 981

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Through the Prism of Prisoners’ Rights

Author: Christopher E. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137567635

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 5855

This book illuminates the decision-making processes of the US Supreme court through an examination of several prisoners' rights cases. In 1964, the Supreme Court declined to hear prisoners’ claims about religious freedom. In 2014, the Supreme Court heard a case that led to the justices’ unanimous endorsement of a Muslim prisoner’s religious right to grow a beard despite objections from prison officials. In the fifty-year span between those two events, the Supreme Court developed the law concerning rights for imprisoned offenders. As demonstrated in this book, the factors that shape Supreme Court decision making are well-illustrated by prisoners’ rights cases. This area of law illuminates competing approaches to constitutional interpretation, behind-the-scenes interactions among the justices, and the manipulation of legal precedents. External actors also affect the Supreme Court and its decisions when the president appoints new justices and Congress targets the judiciary with legislative enactments. Because of the controversial nature of prisoners’ rights issues, these cases serve to illuminate the full array of influences over Supreme Court decision making.
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Private Prisons and the Control of Crime

Author: Alexander Tabarrok

Publisher: Independent Inst

ISBN: 9780945999874

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 8596

When prison privatisation began in the United States in the early 1980s, many policy analysts claimed that the result would be higher costs, declining quality, and an erosion of state authority. Bringing together five of the leading researchers of prison privatisation and criminology, this authoritative survey addresses the economic as well as the social implications of prison reform. Economist Ken Avio begins with an analysis of the broader issues surrounding the private-prison debate, such as punishment and recidivism, and crime deterrence. Charles Thomas, the world's leading authority on private prisons, provides the empirical context for understanding the debate, examining their historical origins, present status, and future prospects. Samuel Jan Brakel and Kimberly Ingersoll Gaylord examine the costs and quality of private prisons, and Bruce Benson argues that prison privatisation be instituted in concert with certain aspects of the criminal justice system.
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The Ironies of Social Intervention

Author: Sam Sieber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468474561

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 4601

by Ronald G. Corwin What do the following have in common: regulatory agencies, magnet schools, a declining empire, puritan asceticism, plea bargaining, the recent tax revolt in California, the Boston Tea Party, the Vietnam War, public drinking halls during Prohibi tion, police entrapment, and Yosemite National Park on Labor Day weekend? If the answer is not readily apparent, read this engaging book. Dr. Sam Sieber makes a convincing case that harbored in a potpourri of such events are countless instances of how well-intentioned social interventions often produce harmful effects. Searching for a general framework that will force us to think of heretofore discrete events in new ways, he has chosen to use the term "intervention" in its broadest sense. His approach is a superb example of how serious schol arship can produce a new creative synthesis from familiar knowledge when the scholar is guided by a lively curiosity. The wide-ranging subject matter of this book provides a re freshing vision of social reform movements and programs. I think that Sieber has succeeded in doing what he set out to do: namely, to develop a general and inclusive typology for cl- ix x RONALD G. CORWIN sifying and interpreting the perverse effects of all kinds of social interventions. This is not merely another treatise on the "unintended effects" of purposeful action, however. As Dr.
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Author: Michael O'Hear

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440855439

Category: Law

Page: 241

View: 5513

Synthesizing the latest scholarship in law and the social sciences on criminal sentencing and corrections, this book provides a thorough, balanced, and accessible survey of the major policy issues in these fields of persistent public interest and political debate. • Provides readers with an accessible introduction to important, timely topics of public debate • Maintains a neutral, balanced perspective on a subject often a matter of heated partisanship • Reveals the subtle connections between different aspects of the criminal justice system that are often missed in policy discussions • Synthesizes leading academic work in law and the social sciences • Provides a balanced assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of significant reform proposals
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Author: G. Larry Mays,L. Thomas Winfree, Jr.,Latham Thomas Winfree

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0534628834

Category: Psychology

Page: 476

View: 3613

This book is an overview of the field of corrections ... This text is designed for undergraduate students who are taking their first course in corrections. [The] focus is on corrections in the United States today.-Pref.
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