Author: Clifford Ando

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812204883

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 7281

The Romans depicted the civil law as a body of rules crafted through communal deliberation for the purpose of self-government. Yet, as Clifford Ando demonstrates in Law, Language, and Empire in the Roman Tradition, the civil law was also an instrument of empire: many of its most characteristic features developed in response to the challenges posed when the legal system of Rome was deployed to embrace, incorporate, and govern people and cultures far afield. Ando studies the processes through which lawyers at Rome grappled with the legal pluralism resulting from imperial conquests. He focuses primarily on the tools—most prominently analogy and fiction—used to extend the system and enable it to regulate the lives of persons far from the minds of the original legislators, and he traces the central place that philosophy of language came to occupy in Roman legal thought. In the second part of the book Ando examines the relationship between civil, public, and international law. Despite the prominence accorded public and international law in legal theory, it was civil law that provided conceptual resources to those other fields in the Roman tradition. Ultimately it was the civil law's implication in systems of domination outside its own narrow sphere that opened the door to its own subversion. When political turmoil at Rome upended the institutions of political and legislative authority and effectively ended Roman democracy, the concepts and language that the civil law supplied to the project of Republican empire saw their meanings transformed. As a result, forms of domination once exercised by Romans over others were inscribed in the workings of law at Rome, henceforth to be exercised by the Romans over themselves.
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Reflections on Civic Religion in Rome

Author: John Scheid

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812291980

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 5985

Roman religion has long presented a number of challenges to historians approaching the subject from a perspective framed by the three Abrahamic religions. The Romans had no sacred text that espoused its creed or offered a portrait of its foundational myth. They described relations with the divine using technical terms widely employed to describe relations with other humans. Indeed, there was not even a word in classical Latin that corresponds to the English word religion. In The Gods, the State, and the Individual, John Scheid confronts these and other challenges directly. If Roman religious practice has long been dismissed as a cynical or naïve system of borrowed structures unmarked by any true piety, Scheid contends that this is the result of a misplaced expectation that the basis of religion lies in an individual's personal and revelatory relationship with his or her god. He argues that when viewed in the light of secular history as opposed to Christian theology, Roman religion emerges as a legitimate phenomenon in which rituals, both public and private, enforced a sense of communal, civic, and state identity. Since the 1970s, Scheid has been one of the most influential figures reshaping scholarly understanding of ancient Roman religion. The Gods, the State, and the Individual presents a translation of Scheid's work that chronicles the development of his field-changing scholarship.
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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 4538

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Author: Valentina Arena

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139620169

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4846

This is a comprehensive analysis of the idea of libertas and its conflicting uses in the political struggles of the late Roman Republic. By reconstructing Roman political thinking about liberty against the background of Classical and Hellenistic thought, it excavates two distinct intellectual traditions on the means allowing for the preservation and the loss of libertas. Considering the interplay of these traditions in the political debates of the first century BC, Dr Arena offers a significant reinterpretation of the political struggles of the time as well as a radical reappraisal of the role played by the idea of liberty in the practice of politics. She argues that, as a result of its uses in rhetorical debates, libertas underwent a form of conceptual change at the end of the Republic and came to legitimise a new course of politics, which led progressively to the transformation of the whole political system.
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A New Appraisal

Author: Richard Jenkyns,Reader in Classical Languages and Literature Fellow Richard Jenkyns

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198219170

Category: Drama

Page: 479

View: 1218

The achievements of the Roman world have profoundly affected European and world civilization. The original Legacy of Rome, edited by Cyril Bailey, was published in 1923 and has been widely read and enjoyed. Nearly seventy years on, this new edition, illustrated with 24 pages of plates, offersan entirely fresh assessment of the influence of ancient Rome on the literature, art, culture, thought, and governance of later times. Fourteen contributors from a variety of disciplines each bring their individual knowledge and experience to the subjects discussed. Classical scholars consider the influence of Virgil, Horace, Ovid, pastoral, satire, and rhetoric. Historians assess Rome's impact through the ages, and textualtransmission. Art, architecture, law, drama, and language are also individually discussed. The varied approach and content of this new appraisal bear witness to the richness of the civilization which forms such a large part of our heritage today.
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Author: Ferdinand Hitzig

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3864547938

Category:

Page: 248

View: 1411

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfectionssuch as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed worksworldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.++++The below data was compiled from various identification fields in the bibliographic record of this title. This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to ensure edition identification: ++++ Das Buch Daniel; Kurzgefasstes Exegetisches Handbuch Zum Alten Testament Ferdinand Hitzig Weidmann, 1850 Bible
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Author: Markus Willinger

Publisher: Arktos

ISBN: 1907166602

Category: Political Science

Page: 114

View: 8675

Ein neues Jahrtausend hat begonnen, das Jahrtausend der großen politischen Einheiten. Amerika gegen China, Indien gegen die muslimische Welt, Russland gegen den Westen. Globale Supermächte treffen aufeinander und versuchen ihre Interessen und kulturellen Vorstellungen durchzusetzen oder aber zu verteidigen. In diesem Kampf der Giganten steht das heutige Europa zerstritten und uneins da. Diejenigen, die sich selbst „gute Europäer" nennen, geben dafür oft den europäischen Nationalstaaten die Schuld. Denn diese wehren sich immer wieder gegen eine weitere Zentralisierung der Europäischen Union und stehen damit dem Wunsch vieler EU-Bürokraten nach einem europäischen Zentralstaat im Wege. In seinem Buch „Europa der Vaterländer" wirft Markus Willinger genau diesen EU-Bürokraten Kurzsichtigkeit und Einfallslosigkeit vor. Er erklärt, dass ein europäischer Staat angesichts der kulturellen, sprachlichen und wirtschaftlichen Vielfalt Europas weder möglich noch wünschenswert sei. Anstatt Staatsmodelle aus dem Ausland zu übernehmen, müssten die Europäer aufgrund ihrer Einzigartigkeit eine ganz eigene Form des Zusammenlebens finden. Die Europäische Union verwirft Willinger als ein gescheitertes Modell, das der Einheit Europas nicht nützt, sondern dieser sogar schadet. Dem Autor zufolge muss die Europäische Union so schnell wie möglich aufgelöst und durch einen Staatenbund freier, europäischer Nationalstaaten, also durch ein Europa der Vaterländer, ersetzt werden. In 32 scharfen Kapiteln erklärt Willinger wie ein solches Europa aussehen könnte, und wie es im Gegensatz zur heutigen EU oder eines europäischen Staates organisiert wäre. Dabei ist dieses Buch keineswegs eine trockene Analyse. Aus jedem Wort und jedem Satz spricht die Leidenschaft des Autors und seine Liebe zu dem, was er das wahre Europa nennt. Willinger kritisiert die EU-Bürokraten und ihr politisches Scheitern rücksichtslos und zögert dabei nicht auch harte Worte zu gebrauchen. Er beschränkt sich dabei aber jedoch nicht auf simple Kritik, sondern erstellt selbst die Leitlinien für ein neues Europa. Markus Willinger, geboren 1992, studierte Politikwissenschaft und Geschichte. Er ist Mitarbeiter beim international tätigen Verlag Arktos Media und veröffentliche im Jahr 2013 sein politisches Manifest „Die identitäre Generation", welches bislang in 6 Sprachen übersetzt wurde.
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Aspects of Citizenship from the Archaic Period to AD 212

Author: Lucia Cecchet,Anna Busetto

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004352619

Category: Citizenship

Page: N.A

View: 5128

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Author: Frantz Fanon,Jean-Paul Sartre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518371688

Category: Afrika - Entkolonialisierung

Page: 266

View: 6041

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das Problem des Anderen

Author: Tzvetan Todorov

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518112137

Category: America

Page: 312

View: 1027

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General Analysis and Three Case Studies on Law of Succession, Guardianship and Marriage

Author: Jacobine G. Oudshoorn

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004149740

Category: Religion

Page: 456

View: 6303

Using a division between substantive and formal law as the key element for understanding the applicable law in papyri, this study offers a new understanding of the distinct parts Roman and local law played in the legal reality of second-century Arabia.
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Author: Clifford Ando

Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 393

View: 3354

-- Times Literary Supplement
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Tabulae in Roman Belief and Practice

Author: Elizabeth A. Meyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139449113

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1119

Greeks wrote mostly on papyrus, but the Romans wrote solemn religious, public and legal documents on wooden tablets often coated with wax. This book investigates the historical significance of this resonant form of writing; its power to order the human realm and cosmos and to make documents efficacious; its role in court; the uneven spread - an aspect of Romanization - of this Roman form outside Italy, as provincials made different guesses as to what would please their Roman overlords; and its influence on the evolution of Roman law. An historical epoch of Roman legal transactions without writing is revealed as a juristic myth of origins. Roman legal documents on tablets are the ancestors of today's dispositive legal documents - the document as the act itself. In a world where knowledge of the Roman law was scarce - and enforcers scarcer - the Roman law drew its authority from a wider world of belief.
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Author: Holly Mikkelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317640861

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 118

View: 4457

Court interpreting is becoming increasingly professionalized as the number of practitioners grows and judicial systems and legislatures throughout the world focus more on language rights as an element of due process. Introduction to Court Interpreting is the first course book for court interpreter training that is not oriented toward the judicial system of a particular country, but can be used in any country for training interpreters in any language combination. It covers the history of the profession, the legal basis for the interpreter's presence in the courtroom, criminal and civil procedure, comparative law, the role of the interpreter in the judiciary setting, ethical principles, techniques of interpreting, and resources for continuing education and research. Designed to be accessible to both teachers and students, it contains numerous practical exercises and suggestions for further reading, as well as a comprehensive bibliography. Many changes have taken place in the court interpreting profession and in the judicial systems of many countries in recent years. Introduction to Court Interpreting reflects these developments and addresses the need for an up-to-date, globalized approach to preparing an increasingly diverse student population to enter this challenging profession.
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A Sourcebook on Marriage, Divorce and Widowhood

Author: Judith Evans Grubbs

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415152402

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 6135

It is widely recognized that Roman law is an important source of information about women in the Roman world, and can present a more rounded and accurate picture than literary sources. This sourcebook fully exploits the rich legal material of the imperial period - from Augustus (31 BCE - 14 CE) to the end of the western Roman Empire (476 CE), incorporating both pagan and Christian eras, and explaining the rights women held under Roman law, the restrictions to which they were subject, and legal regulations on marriage, divorce and widowhood. The main focus is on the major legal texts (the Digest, the Institutes of Gaius, the Code of Justinian and the Theodosian Code), but a significant number of non-legal documentary sources are included. These are particularly important as they illustrate how the law worked in practice, and how this practice (particularly in the provinces) could differ from the letter of the law. Accessible English translations are enhanced by clear, concise background material, which includes useful explanation of historical and geographical context, and a helpful glossary of Roman legal and administrative terms completes the volume.
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