Author: David Cohen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book examines the legal regulation of violence and the role of litigation in Athenian society. Using comparative anthropological and historical perspectives, David Cohen challenges traditional evolutionary and functionalist accounts of the development of legal process. Examining Athenian theories of social conflict and the rule of law, as well as actual litigation involving the regulation of violence, the book emphasizes the way in which the judicial process operates in an agonistic society.
das Verhältnis von athenischer Polis und Ehre in klassischer Zeit
Author: Christel Brüggenbrock
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
English summary: In classical Athens civilians had to obey a strong, yet flexible code of honour and an equally decisive law of the Polis. This study shows new ways of interpreting the civilians' behaviour taking into account that they were bound to both the laws of honour and the laws of the Polis. German text. German description: Ehre ist ein typisches Merkmal vormoderner Gesellschaften, zu denen auch die athenische gehort. Die Athener entwickelten aber im Gegensatz zu anderen mit der Demokratie eine politische Ordnung, die das alltagliche soziale Leben pragte und daruber hinaus in hohem Ansehen der Burger stand. Der Wert der Ehre galt wie die demokratische Polis als normativer Bezugspunkt und sinnstiftende Einheit, an der sich die Athener in ihrem Verhalten orientierten. Die Arbeit untersucht zahlreiche Wirkungsbereiche der Ehre und weist nach, dass und wie den Athenern die Verknupfung zwischen den Normen der Ehre und jenen der Polis auf vielen Gebieten gelang.
Essays on Law, Society, and Politics
Author: Edward M. Harris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This volume brings together essays on Athenian law by Edward M. Harris, who challenges much of the recent scholarship on this topic. Presenting a balanced analysis of the legal system in ancient Athens, Harris stresses the importance of substantive issues and their contribution to our understanding of different types of legal procedures. He combines careful philological analysis with close attention to the political and social contexts of individual statutes. Collectively, the essays in this volume demonstrate the relationship between law and politics, the nature of the economy, the position of women, and the role of the legal system in Athenian society. They also show that the Athenians were more sophisticated in their approach to legal issues than has been assumed in the modern scholarship on this topic.
Author: Susan Lape
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
In Race and Citizen Identity in the Classical Athenian Democracy, Susan Lape demonstrates how a race ideology grounded citizen identity. Although this ideology did not manifest itself in a fully developed race myth, its study offers insight into the causes and conditions that can give rise to race and racisms in both modern and pre-modern cultures. In the Athenian context, racial citizenship emerged because it both defined and justified those who were entitled to share in the political, symbolic, and socioeconomic goods of Athenian citizenship. By investigating Athenian law, drama, and citizenship practices, this study shows how citizen identity worked in practice to consolidate national unity and to account for past Athenian achievements. It also considers how Athenian identity narratives fuelled Herodotus' and Thucydides' understanding of history and causation.
Law, Space and Identity in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean World
Author: Ioannis K. Xydopoulos,Kostas Vlassopoulos,Eleni Tounta
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Violence and community were intimately linked in the ancient world. While various aspects of violence have been long studied on their own (warfare, revolution, murder, theft, piracy), there has been little effort so far to study violence as a unified field and explore its role in community formation. This volume aims to construct such an agenda by exploring the historiography of the study of violence in antiquity, and highlighting a number of important paradoxes of ancient violence. It explores the forceful nexus between wealth, power and the passions by focusing on three major aspects that link violence and community: the attempts of communities to regulate and canalise violence through law, the constitutive role of violence in communal identities, and the ways in which communities dealt with violence in regards to private and public space, landscapes and territories. The contributions to this volume range widely in both time and space: temporally, they cover the full span from the archaic to the Roman imperial period, while spatially they extend from Athens and Sparta through Crete, Arcadia and Macedonia to Egypt and Israel.
A Critique of Christianity
Author: Gil Anidjar
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Blood, according to Gil Anidjar, maps the singular history of Christianity. As a category for historical analysis, blood can be seen through its literal and metaphorical uses as determining, sometimes even defining Western culture, politics, and social practices and their wide-ranging incarnations in nationalism, capitalism, and law. Engaging with a variety of sources, Anidjar explores the presence and the absence, the making and unmaking of blood in philosophy and medicine, law and literature, and economic and political thought from ancient Greece to medieval Spain, from the Bible to Shakespeare and Melville. The prevalence of blood in the social, juridical, and political organization of the modern West signals that we do not live in a secular age into which religion could return. Flowing across multiple boundaries, infusing them with violent precepts that we must address, blood undoes the presumed oppositions between religion and politics, economy and theology, and kinship and race. It demonstrates that what we think of as modern is in fact imbued with Christianity. Christianity, Blood fiercely argues, must be reconsidered beyond the boundaries of religion alone.
Author: Antoni Abat i Ninet
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Category: True Crime
Western political systems tend to be 'constitutional democracies', dividing the system into a domain of politics, where the people rule, and a domain of law, set aside for a trained elite. Antoni Abat i Ninet strives to resolve these apparently exclusive
Emotions, Publicity, and Legal Culture in Marseille, 1264-1423
Author: Daniel Lord Smail,Professor of History Daniel Lord Smail
Publisher: Cornell University Press
In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the ideas and practices of justice in Europe underwent significant change as procedures were transformed and criminal and civil caseloads grew apace. Drawing on the rich judicial records of Marseille from the years 1264 to 1423, especially records of civil litigation, this book approaches the courts of law from the perspective of the users of the courts (the consumers of justice) and explains why men and women chose to invest resources in the law. Daniel Lord Smail shows that the courts were quickly adopted as a public stage on which litigants could take revenge on their enemies. Even as the new legal system served the interest of royal or communal authority, it also provided the consumers of justice with a way to broadcast their hatreds and social sanctions to a wider audience and negotiate their own community standing in the process. The emotions that had driven bloodfeuds and other forms of customary vengeance thus never went away, and instead were fully incorporated into the new procedures.
Zur Legitimation gesellschaftlicher Ordnung
Author: Günter Dux,Frank Welz
Category: Social Science
In diesem Band der Reihe wird das Verständnis von Moral und Recht von international anerkannten Experten der jeweiligen Fächer dargestellt. Dabei steht die historische Perspektive im Vordergrund. Durch die Beiträge des Buches soll ein neuer Diskurs zwischen den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften eröffnet werden.
Author: Michael Gagarin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In classics, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of classics. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
Author: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
Aus dem Inhalt: Peter Pulzer: Der deutsche Michel in John Bulls Spiegel. Das britische Deutschlandbild im 19. Jahrhundert. Gerhard Besier: "The Friends ... in America Need to Know the Truth..." Die deutschen Kirchen im Urteil der Vereinigten Staaten (1933-1941) David Cohen: Die Schwestern der Medea. Frauen, Öffentlichkeit und soziale Kontrolle. Wolfgang Reinhard: Staat machen. Verfassungsgeschichte als Kulturgeschichte Lutz Klinkhammer: Die Zivilisierung der Affekte. Kriminalitätsbekämpfung im Rheinland und in Piemont unter französischer Herrschaft 1798-1814
Author: Wolfgang Kullmann
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Im Zentrum stehen unveroffentlichte Untersuchungen zum Thema aHomer und Troiao, die beweisen, daa die Ilias keine historische Quelle fuer einen Kampf der mykenischen Griechen gegen Troia darstellt, und deuten das Epos als dichterische Projektion von Problemen der Lebenswelt des Dichters im 7. Jh. in die imaginierte Bronzezeit. Bisher nur verstreut publizierte Studien runden das Bild ab. Weitere unedierte Arbeiten beschaftigen sich mit neuen Erkenntnissen der Neoanalyse und mit der Anwendung narratologischer Theorien auf Epos und Drama der Antike. Im 2. Teil geht es um Realitat und Imagination u.a. in der Prasentation des Dionysos und der Frauenproblematik durch Euripides.
Author: Adriaan Lanni
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book draws on contemporary legal scholarship to explain why Athens was a remarkably well-ordered society.
Author: Andrew Alwine
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Much has been written about the world’s first democracy, but no book so far has been dedicated solely to the study of enmity in ancient Athens. Enmity and Feuding in Classical Athens is a long-overdue analysis of the competitive power dynamics of Athenian honor and the potential problems these feuds created for democracies. The citizens of Athens believed that harming one’s enemy was an acceptable practice and even the duty of every honorable citizen. They sought public wins over their rivals, making enmity a critical element in struggles for honor and standing, while simultaneously recognizing the threat that personal enmity posed to the community. Andrew Alwine works to understand how Athenians addressed this threat by looking at the extant work of Attic orators. Their speeches served as the intersection between private vengeance and public sanction of illegal behavior, allowing citizens to engage in feuds within established parameters. This mediation helped support Athenian democracy and provided the social underpinning to allow it to function in conjunction with Greek notions of personal honor. Alwine provides a framework for understanding key issues in the history of democracy, such as the relationship between private and public realms, the development of equality and the rule of law, and the establishment of individual political rights. Serving also as a nuanced introduction to the works of the Attic orators, Enmity and Feuding in Classical Athens is an indispensable addition to scholarship on Athens.
Masculinity, Power and Identity in Classical Antiquity
Author: Lin Foxhall,John Salmon
When Men Were Men questions the deep-set assumption that men's history speaks and has always spoken for all of us, by exploring the history of classical antiquity as an explicitly masculine story. With a preface by Sarah Pomeroy, this study employs different methodologies and focuses on a broad range of source materials, periods and places.