Author: Valentina Arena

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139620169

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8599

This is a comprehensive analysis of the idea of libertas and its conflicting uses in the political struggles of the late Roman Republic. By reconstructing Roman political thinking about liberty against the background of Classical and Hellenistic thought, it excavates two distinct intellectual traditions on the means allowing for the preservation and the loss of libertas. Considering the interplay of these traditions in the political debates of the first century BC, Dr Arena offers a significant reinterpretation of the political struggles of the time as well as a radical reappraisal of the role played by the idea of liberty in the practice of politics. She argues that, as a result of its uses in rhetorical debates, libertas underwent a form of conceptual change at the end of the Republic and came to legitimise a new course of politics, which led progressively to the transformation of the whole political system.
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Author: Henrik Mouritsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107031885

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 9072

The politics of the Roman Republic has in recent decades been the subject of intense debate, covering issues such as the degree of democracy and popular influence, 'parties' and ideology, politics as public ritual, and the character of Rome's political culture. This engaging book examines all these issues afresh, and presents an original synthesis of Rome's political institutions and practices. It begins by explaining the development of the Roman constitution over time before turning to the practical functioning of the Republic, focusing particularly on the role of the populus Romanus and the way its powers were expressed in the popular assemblies. Henrik Mouritsen concludes by exploring continuity and change in Roman politics as well as the process by which the republican system was eventually replaced by monarchy. This original and readable book will be important for all students and scholars of Roman history and of politics in general.
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Author: Henrik Mouritsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139428668

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4630

Plebs and Politics in the Late Roman Republic analyses the political role of the masses in a profoundly aristocratic society. Constitutionally the populus Romanus wielded almost unlimited powers, controlling legislation and the election of officials, a fact which has inspired 'democratic' readings of the Roman republic. In this book a distinction is drawn between the formal powers of the Roman people and the practical realization of these powers. The question is approached from a quantitative as well as a qualitative perspective, asking how large these crowds were, and how their size affected their social composition. Building on those investigations, the different types of meetings and assemblies are analysed. The result is a picture of the place of the masses in the running of the Roman state, which challenges the 'democratic' interpretation, and presents a society riven by social conflicts and a widening gap between rich and poor.
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Author: Cristina Rosillo-López

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107145074

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 6662

This book investigates the working mechanisms of public opinion in Late Republican Rome as a part of informal politics. It explores the political interaction (and sometimes opposition) between the elite and the people through various means, such as rumours, gossip, political literature, popular verses and graffiti. It also proposes the existence of a public sphere in Late Republican Rome and analyses public opinion in that time as a system of control. By applying the spatial turn to politics, it becomes possible to study sociability and informal meetings where public opinion circulated. What emerges is a wider concept of the political participation of the people, not just restricted to voting or participating in the assemblies.
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Author: Luca Grillo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266376

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 8892

Perhaps no other single Roman speech exemplifies the connection between oratory, politics and imperialism better than Cicero's De Provinciis Consularibus, pronounced to the senate in 56 BC. Cicero puts his talents at the service of the powerful "triumviri" (Caesar, Crassus and Pompey), whose aims he advances by appealing to the senators' imperialistic and chauvinistic ideology. This oration, then, yields precious insights into several areas of late republican life: international relations between Rome and the provinces (Gaul, Macedonia and Judaea); the senators' view on governors, publicani (tax-farmers) and foreigners; the dirty mechanics of high politics in the 50s, driven by lust for domination and money; and Cicero's own role in that political choreography. This speech also exemplifies the exceptional range of Cicero's oratory: the invective against Piso and Gabinius calls for biting irony, the praise of Caesar displays high rhetoric, the rejection of other senators' recommendations is a tour de force of logical and sophisticated argument, and Cicero's justification for his own conduct is embedded in the self-fashioning narrative which is typical of his post reditum speeches. This new commentary includes an updated introduction, which provides the readers with a historical, rhetorical and stylistic background to appreciate the complexities of Cicero's oration, as well as indexes and maps.
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Zur Erringung, Verstetigung und Ausgestaltung des Principats unter Vespasian, Titus und Domitian

Author: Johanna Leithoff

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847002899

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 8128

Nach Neros Tod und den Bürgerkriegswirren 68/9 n. Chr. brachte erst Vespasian wieder Stabilität und Kontinuität in den politischen Alltag. Anders als seine Vorgänger stammte er aus der munizipalen Aristokratie und hatte einen normalen senatorischen cursus durchlaufen, so dass sich die Frage nach der Legitimation seiner Herrschaft in besonderem Maße stellte. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht die Arbeit den Umgang mit Vergangenheit unter Vespasian wie auch seinen Söhnen in drei Schritten: zunächst das Ringen um den Principat während des Bürgerkriegs, dann die Verstetigung des Principats im Austarieren des Machtgefüges zwischen Senatoren und Princeps, schließlich die Ausgestaltung des Principats mit der Orientierung an den iulisch-claudischen Principes.
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Author: Susan Treggiari

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019256465X

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 5657

Servilia is often cited as one of the most influential women of the late Roman Republic. Though she was a high-born patrician, her grandfather died disgraced and her controversial father was killed before he could stand for the consulship; she herself married twice, but both husbands were mediocre. Nevertheless, her position in the ruling class still afforded her significant social and political power, and it is likely that she masterminded the distinguished marriages of her one son, Brutus, and her three daughters. During her second marriage she began an affair with Iulius Caesar, which probably lasted for the rest of his life and is further indicative of the force of her charm and her exceptional intelligence. The patchiness of the sources means that a full biography is impossible, though in suggesting connections between the available evidence and the speculative possibilities open to women of Servilia's status this volume aims to offer an insightful reconstruction of her life and position both as a member of the senatorial nobility and within her extended and nuclear family. The best attested period of Servilia's life, for which the chief source is Cicero's letters, follows the murder of Caesar by her son and her son-in-law, Cassius, who were leaders among the crowd of conspirators in the Senate House on the Ides of March in 44 BC. We find her energetically working to protect the assassins' interests, also defending her grandchildren by the Caesarian Lepidus when he was declared a public enemy and his property threatened with confiscation. Exploring the role she played during these turbulent years of the late Republic reveals much about the ways in which Romans of both sexes exerted influence and sought to control outcomes, as well as about the place of women in high society, allowing us to conclude that Servilia wielded her social and political power effectively, though with discretion and within conventional limits.
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Zeichen, Gesten und Herrschaft im Alten Rom

Author: Egon Flaig

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525367001

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3975

E. Flaigs innovative Studie behandelt politische Rituale, Gesten und Performanzen der römischen Senatoren und ihre Interaktion mit dem Volk. Weshalb knieten und weinten Senatoren vor politischen Gegnern? Warum entblößten sie ihre Narben? An welche Wertvorstellungen appellierten diese Gesten? In welchen Situationen wirkten sie, in welchen nicht? In welchen zeremoniellen Rahmen fand derlei statt, entlang welcher Regeln? Egon Flaig untersucht die kulturelle Semantik der römischen Politik, wie das bisher in der althistorischen Forschung noch nicht geschehen ist. Seine innovative Studie versteht individuelle Handlungen wie kollektive Rituale als Elemente einer politischen Grammatik, die selbst der Veränderungsdynamik gesellschaftlicher und politischer Prozesse unterliegt. Indem er römische Politik nicht nach Institutionen und Kompetenzen befragt, sondern nach dem signifikanten Verhalten ihrer Akteure, gelingt es dem Autor, zentrale Elemente der römischen Politik neu zu bestimmen. Zugleich präsentiert Flaig in "dichten Beschreibungen" anschaulicher Fälle einen Querschnitt durch die politische Kultur insbesondere der späten römischen Republik. Der Autor Dr. Egon Flaig, Träger des Hans-Reimer-Preises der Aby-Warburg-Stiftung, ist Professor für Alte Geschichte an der Universität Greifswald.
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The Manumission and Emancipation of Slaves in Old World and New World Slavery

Author: Marc Kleijwegt

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9789004150829

Category: History

Page: 289

View: 3953

This volume is concerned with examining the histories of freed slaves in a variety of slave societies in the ancient and modern world, ranging from ancient Rome to the southern states of the US, the Caribbean, and Brazil to Africa in the aftermath of emancipation in the twentieth century. The aim of this work is to present a comparative forum for the study of freedpeople. By identifying what is separate and what is universal about freedpeople it hopes to add to a better understanding of the role and impact of manumission and emancipation in different slave societies. Contributors include: Valentina Arena, Steeve Buckridge, Mariana Dantas, Marc Kleijwegt, Martin Klein, Rita Reynolds, Chandima Wickramasinghe, Swithin Wilmot, and Nigel Worden.
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Author: Francisco Pina Polo

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515068543

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 8762

Die Redekunst vor dem Volk im 1. Jahrhundert v. Chr. als Element der politischen Strategie der Politiker sowie die Art und Weise, wie ihre Reden die Bevölkerung Roms erreichten und diese beeinfluáten, sind die Hauptthemen dieses Buches. Die römischen Volksversammlungen (contiones) werden als Schauplatz der politischen Debatte, als Rahmen fuer eine direkte Verbindung mit der Plebs, als Quelle der Popularität eines Redners sowie der politischen Propaganda untersucht. Die römischen Politiker waren darauf bedacht, persönlich in Volksversammlungen aufzutreten, um fuer ein bestimmtes Programm zu werben, politische Pläne zu rechtfertigen, einen Gegner zu verunglimpfen, eine Mobilisierung des Volkes zu fordern, eine öffentliche Meinung zu erzeugen, sich gegen Beschuldigungen zu verteidigen und Geruechte in Umlauf zu setzen oder zu entkräften.
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Author: Cornelius Tacitus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7148

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The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic

Author: Tom Holland

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608108181

Category: History

Page: 463

View: 9730

Aufstieg und Untergang der Römischen Republik: Mit stilistischer Brillanz und historischem Scharfsinn erzählt Tom Holland die römische Geschichte von ihren etruskischen Anfängen bis zur Ermordung Caesars. »Erzählte Geschichte vom Feinsten. Ein Buch, das mich wirklich gefesselt hat.« Ian McEwan »Eine atemberaubende und glänzend geschriebene Gesamtschau der Machtkämpfe im Rom von Caesar und Cicero.« Uwe Walter »Eine packende, spannende und ungemein unterhaltsame Darstellung der römischen Republik.« Books of the Year, Sunday Times »Tom Holland erzählt den Untergang der römischen Republik neu: ein geistreiches Werk. Hochaktuell.« Independent on Sunday
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die Geschichte der Repräsentation und religiösen Qualifikation von Zeit in Rom

Author: Jörg Rüpke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110145144

Category: Religion

Page: 740

View: 6142

Die Herausforderung religionsgeschichtlicher Forschung besteht darin, die Erschließung von Quellen in ihren Kontexten und ihre theoriegeleitete Erklärung mit einer historisch-kritischen Reflexion der Wissensproduktion selbst zu verknüpfen. Die Reihe Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten (RGVV) will dieser Komplementarität von historischer Kontextualisierung, theoretischer Verdichtung und disziplinärer Positionierung Rechnung tragen. Studien zu kulturspezifischen Sachzusammenhängen stehen neben vergleichenden Arbeiten, in Form von Monographien oder thematisch fokussierten Sammelbänden.
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Author: Cornelius Tacitus,Dieter Flach

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515087698

Category: History

Page: 113

View: 7384

Mit dem vorliegenden Band widmet sich Dieter Flach dem Dialogus des Cornelius Tacitus. In einer ausfuehrlichen Einleitung ordnet der Herausgeber den Text in das Gesamtwerk seines Verfassers ein. Flach arbeitet das Anliegen des Tacitus heraus, das er mit seiner Schrift verfolgt, und die Rollen, die er den Teilnehmern des Streitgesprachs zuweist. In der Textausgabe vermeidet Flach alle tiefen und unnotigen Eingriffe in das Werk. Zahlebige Deutungsfehler werden berichtigt und behutsame Verbesserungen vorgeschlagen, die Flach im Fuanotenapparat und in knappen Zusatzen zu seiner Ubersetzung erlautert und begruendet. Nachvollziehbar klart er Streit- und Zweifelsfragen in der deutschen Wiedergabe des lateinischen Wortlauts.
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Author: Frank E. Adcock

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472060887

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 9167

Studies Roman politics from the early kings, through the Republic, to the age of dictatorships
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Republic to Principate

Author: Hannah Cornwell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198805632

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 272

View: 7658

Perhaps in defiance of expectations, Roman peace (pax) was a difficult concept that resisted any straightforward definition: not merely denoting the absence or aftermath of war, it consisted of many layers and associations and formed part of a much greater discourse on the nature of power and how Rome saw her place in the world. During the period from 50 BC to AD 75 - covering the collapse of the Republic, the subsequent civil wars, and the dawn of the Principate-the traditional meaning and language of peace came under extreme pressure as pax was co-opted to serve different strands of political discourse. This volume argues for its fundamental centrality in understanding the changing dynamics of the state and the creation of a new political system in the Roman Empire, moving from the debates over the content of the concept in the dying Republic to discussion of its deployment in the legitimization of the Augustan regime, first through the creation of an authorized version controlled by the princeps and then the ultimate crystallization of the pax augusta as the first wholly imperial concept of peace. Examining the nuances in the various meanings, applications, and contexts of Roman discourse on peace allows us valuable insight into the ways in which the dynamics of power were understood and how these were contingent on the political structures of the day. However it also demonstrates that although the idea of peace came to dominate imperial Rome's self-representation, such discourse was nevertheless only part of a wider discussion on the way in which the Empire conceptualized itself.
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