Seeking Redemption in Prison

Author: John Irwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135966303

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 1891

John Irwin writes about prisons from an unusual academic perspective. Before receiving a Ph.D. in sociology, he served five years in a California state penitentiary for armed robbery. This is his sixth book on imprisonment – an ethnography of prisoners who have served more than twenty years in a California correctional institution. The purpose of the book is to take issue with the conventional wisdom on homicide, society’s purposes of imprisonment, and offenders’ reformability. Through the lifers’ stories, he reveals what happens to prisoners serving very long sentences in correctional facilities and what this should tell us about effective sentencing policy.
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A Reader

Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Gayle Letherby

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761947110

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 9495

This reader provides a thorough grounding in issues related to the study of crime, the criminal justice system, and social control. The editors indicate crime's varied and conflicting history as well as its current debates. The mixture of historical and more recent readings shows a variety of perspectives.
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Author: Ronet D. Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506359582

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 8322

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Fourth Edition introduces students to the multifaceted subject of research methods and shows them why research is important in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This brief version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K. Schutt’s successful textbook (The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice) simplifies complex concepts with real-world research examples found in everyday experiences in the criminology and criminal justice professions. The thoroughly updated Fourth Edition of this bestseller reflects the most recent developments in research methods, including the use of big data, increased coverage of crime mapping, evidence-based and web-based research, along with the most current research examples impacting the field. This is an excellent introductory text for undergraduate research courses, and is ideal for students who want to understand how and why criminal justice research is done to become critical consumers of research.
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Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131757589X

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 6521

Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. The author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.
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1607-Present

Author: Gloria J. Browne-Marshall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135087946

Category: Law

Page: 438

View: 7367

This second edition of Gloria Browne-Marshall’s seminal work , tracing the history of racial discrimination in American law from colonial times to the present, is now available with major revisions. Throughout, she advocates for freedom and equality at the center, moving from their struggle for physical freedom in the slavery era to more recent battles for equal rights and economic equality. From the colonial period to the present, this book examines education, property ownership, voting rights, criminal justice, and the military as well as internationalism and civil liberties by analyzing the key court cases that established America’s racial system and demonstrating the impact of these court cases on American society. This edition also includes more on Asians, Native Americans, and Latinos. Race, Law, and American Society is highly accessible and thorough in its depiction of the role race has played, with the sanction of the U.S. Supreme Court, in shaping virtually every major American social institution.
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Organizational and Global Perspectives

Author: Assistant Professor of Sociology Mathieu Deflem,Mathieu Deflem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135280517

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2490

This book offers an analysis of the policing of terrorism in a variety of national and international contexts. Centered on developments since the events of September 11, 2001, the study devotes its empirical attention to important police aspects of counter-terrorism in the United States and additionally extends its range comparatively to other nations, including Israel and Iraq, and to the global level of international police organizations such as Interpol and Europol. Situated in the criminology of terrorism and counter-terrorism, this book offers a fascinating look into the contemporary organization of law enforcement against terrorism, which will significantly influence the conditions of global security in the foreseeable future.
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Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483352072

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 5183

“The clean, simple organization of the content coupled with excellent use of resources (e.g. SPSS exercises; the journal article matrix) makes this one of the best textbooks in this area.” —Cedrick G. Heraux, Adrian College This text simplifies complex concepts with relatable examples to give a comprehensive, yet straight-forward introduction to research design in the criminology and criminal justice field, focusing on the major branches of the criminal justice system. Integrating policy and policy implications for research methods, it gives inclusive coverage of experimental and survey methods, qualitative techniques, mapping, historical evaluation, and secondary analysis approaches. Extensive use of thoughtful tables and figures in every chapter facilitate student’s understanding of concepts discussed. This is a briefer version of Bachman and Schutt’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style with more concise examples drawn from every day experience, and less coverage of more rigorous material. The new third edition includes increased coverage of mixed methods, crime mapping, evidence-based and web-based research, along with updated case studies. This is an excellent introductory methods text for undergraduate research courses, and is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but whose career path does not require them to do research themselves.
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Local and Global

Author: John Muncie,Deborah Talbot,Reece Walters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134733623

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5282

Crime: Local and Global and its sister text Criminal Justice: Local and Global are two new teaching texts that aim to equip the reader with a critical understanding of the globally contested nature of 'crime' and 'justice'. Through an examination of key concepts and criminological approaches, the books illuminate the different ways in which crime is constructed, conceived and controlled. International case studies are used to demonstrate how 'crime' and 'justice' are historically and geographically located in terms of the global/local context, and how processes of criminalisation and punishment are mediated in contemporary societies. Crime: Local and Global covers the way local events (such as prostitution) have wider aspects than previously thought. Links with people traffickers, international organised crime and violence cannot be ignored any longer. Each crime or area of activity selected within this text has a global reach, and is made ever more possible due to the way globalisation has opened up markets, both legitimate and illegitimate. The book's approach and scope emphasises that we can no longer view 'crime' as something which occurs within certain jurisdictions, at certain times and in particular places. For example, the chapter on cybercrime highlights the 'illegal' acts that can be perpetrated by second lifers, anywhere in the world, but are they a crime?
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Author: Basia Spalek

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861348045

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 6112

This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.
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Author: Yvonne Jewkes

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 147391731X

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 2166

This book critically examines the complex interactions between media and crime. Written with an engaging and authoritative voice, it guides you through all the key issues, ranging from news reporting of crime, media constructions of children and women, moral panics and media and the police to 'reality' crime shows, surveillance and social control. This third edition: Explores innovations in technology and forms of reporting, including citizen journalism. Examines the impact of new media including mobile, Internet and digital technologies, and social networking sites. Features chapters dedicated to the issues around cybercrime and crime film, along with new content on terrorism and the media. Shows you how to research media and crime. Includes discussion questions, further reading and a glossary. Now features a companion website, complete with links to journal articles, relevant websites and blogs. This is essential reading for your studies in criminology, media studies, cultural studies and sociology. The Key Approaches to Criminology series celebrates the removal of traditional barriers between disciplines and, specifically, reflects criminology’s interdisciplinary nature and focus. It brings together some of the leading scholars working at the intersections of criminology and related subjects. Each book in the series helps readers to make intellectual connections between criminology and other discourses, and to understand the importance of studying crime and criminal justice within the context of broader debates. The series is intended to have appeal across the entire range of undergraduate and postgraduate studies and beyond, comprising books which offer introductions to the fields as well as advancing ideas and knowledge in their subject areas.
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The Howard League Guide to Criminal Justice in England and Wales

Author: Anita Dockley,Ian Loader

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135919852

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 2102

The Howard League for Penal Reform is committed to developing an effective penal system which ensures there are fewer victims of crime, has a diminished role for prison and creates a safer community for all. In this collection of ten papers, the charity has brought together some of the most prominent academic experts in the field to map out what is happening in a specific area of criminal justice policy, ranging from prison privatisation to policing and the role of community sentences. The Howard League guide has two main aims: first it seeks to paint a picture of the current state of the penal system, using its structures, processes and the specific groups affected by the system as the lens for analysis. However, each author also seeks to identify the challenges and gaps in understanding that should be considered to predicate a move towards a reduced role for the penal system, and prison in particular, while maintaining public confidence and safer communities. In doing so, we hope to inspire researchers and students alike to develop new research proposals that challenge the status quo and seek to create the Howard League’s vision for the criminal justice system with less crime, safer communities, fewer people in prison.
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Identity in a Criminal Justice Occupation

Author: Rob C. Mawby,Anne Worrall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415540283

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 3437

A great deal has been written about the political, policy and practice changes that have shaped probation work but little has been written on the changes to occupational cultures and the ways in which probation workers themselves view their role. This book fills that gap by exploring the meaning of 'doing probation work' from the perspective of probation workers themselves. Based on 60 extensive interviews with probation workers who joined the probation service from the 1960s to the present day, this book reaches beyond criminological and policy analysis to an application of sociological and organizational theory to rich qualitative data. It explores the backgrounds and motivations of probation workers, their changing relationships with other criminal justice agencies, and the complex public perceptions and media representations of probation work. The book considers the relative influences of religion, the union, diversity and feminization and, while it acknowledges that probation work is stressful, it draws innovatively on sociological and organizational concepts to categorize how workers respond to turbulent times. This book challenges the dominant narrative of probation's decline in recent literature and constructs three 'ideal types' of probation worker - 'lifers', 'second careerists' and 'offender managers.' Each makes an essential contribution to probation cultures, which collectively contribute to, rather than undermine, the effectiveness of offender management and the future of probation work. This book will be important reading for researchers in the disciplines of criminology, criminal justice, sociology and management as well as probation workers of all grades and those in training.
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Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 7782

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Author: Catherine Appleton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199582718

Category: Law

Page: 252

View: 1893

One of the most contentious and sensitive topics in criminal justice, Life after Life Imprisonment looks at the release and resettlement of life-sentenced offenders in England and Wales - where there are very few prisoners in the system for whom 'life' means life. By providing an in-depth analysis of the post-prison experiences of 138 discretionary life-sentenced offenders, all of whom were released during the mid-1990s, this book looks at the reality facing Lifers as they are released at some time during their sentences, usually on very long licences, to be closely monitored and supervised by probation officers. Using accessible and comprehensive data, it examines key legal developments within the criminal justice system for discretionary life-sentenced offenders, explores the frontline experiences of the probation officers charged with supervising life-sentenced offenders, and analyses the 'stories' or life narratives of a group of individuals who have committed some of the most serious crimes. It also examines the process of recall for life-sentenced prisoners and explores key factors associated with failure in the community. Of interest to legal scholars and criminologists, as well as practitioners in the field, Catherine Appleton's book offers a major insight into how societies respond to serious crime and identifies important elements of successful reintegration for released life-sentenced offenders.
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Author: Andrew Ashworth,Lucia Zedner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021059

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 515

This book arises from a three-year study of Preventive Justice directed by Professor Andrew Ashworth and Professor Lucia Zedner at the University of Oxford. The study seeks to develop an account of the principles and values that should guide and limit the state's use of preventive techniques that involve coercion against the individual. States today are increasingly using criminal law or criminal law-like tools to try to prevent or reduce the risk of anticipated future harm. Such measures include criminalizing conduct at an early stage in order to allow authorities to intervene; incapacitating suspected future wrongdoers; and imposing extended sentences or indefinate on past wrongdoers on the basis of their predicted future conduct - all in the name of public protection and security. The chief justification for the state's use of coercion is protecting the public from harm. Although the rationales and justifications of state punishment have been explored extensively, the scope, limits and principles of preventive justice have attracted little doctrinal or conceptual analysis. This book re-assesses the foundations for the range of coercive measures that states now take in the name of prevention and public protection, focussing particularly on coercive measures involving deprivation of liberty. It examines whether these measures are justified, whether they distort the proper boundaries between criminal and civil law, or whether they signal a larger change in the architecture of security. In so doing, it sets out to establish a framework for what we call 'Preventive Justice'.
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Unterwegs in den dunklen Kanälen der digitalen Unterwelt

Author: Jamie Bartlett

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864702976

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 6099

Das 'Dark Net' ist eine Unterwelt. Es besteht aus den geheimsten und verschwiegensten Ecken des verschlüsselten Webs. Ab und zu gerät ein Teil dieser Unterwelt in die Schlagzeilen, beispielsweise wenn eine Plattform für Online-Drogenhandel zerschlagen wird. Abgesehen davon wissen wir jedoch so gut wie nichts darüber. Bis heute. Basierend auf umfangreichen Recherchen, exklusiven Interviews und schockierendem, authentischem Material zeigt Jamie Bartlett, wie sich völlige Anonymität auf Menschen auswirken kann, und porträtiert faszinierende, abstoßende oder auch gefährliche Subkulturen, darunter Trolle und Pädophile, Dealer und Hacker, Extremisten, Bitcoin-Programmierer und Bürgerwehren.
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Author: Brendan Behan

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462318918

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 3437

Eine echte Wiederentdeckung: Der Klassiker von Brendan Behan. Der junge Ire Brendan wird mit 16 Jahren festgenommen, weil er im Dienste der IRA die Docks in Liverpool in die Luft jagen wollte. Im »Borstal«, der Besserungsanstalt, angekommen, lernt er nicht nur den rauen Gefängnisalltag kennen, sondern unerwartet auch Freundschaft, Zuneigung und Solidarität zwischen Iren und Engländern in der Zeit der Troubles. In Irland wegen seiner freimütigen Darstellung von Homosexualität und unverhohlener Kritik an der katholischen Kirche zunächst verboten, gilt »Borstal Boy« heute als Klassiker der irischen Literatur. Poetisch, großherzig und mit widerspenstigem Humor – ein unvergessliches Buch!
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Author: Bonita Veysey,Johnna Christian,Damian J. Martinez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134028423

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4023

At a time when the scale of imprisonment in the United States has reached a historic high, researchers estimate that more than 600,000 individuals a year are released from prison to return to their home communities. These individuals have serious needs, such as finding employment and housing, reuniting with family members, and obtaining healthcare and treatment for alcohol and substance abuse problems. While research in this area has stressed these aspects of the transition from prison, a less explored area of research considers the role of internal identity shifts from that of an offender to one of citizen, and how this creates the conditions for desistance from criminal behavior both within the confines of a correctional facility and in the reentry process. This book presents a series of studies (mostly qualitative) that investigate individual identity transformation from offender status to pro-social, non-offending roles. Moreover, the work in this volume highlights the perspectives of the men and women who are current or formerly incarcerated people. Each piece provides an empirical analysis of the interaction between current or former prisoners and innovative pro-social programs and networks, which are grounded in the most current theoretical work about individual transformation and change. This book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers and lecturers in all fields within the social sciences, but especially criminology and criminal justice and sociology and social work/welfare.
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Media, Masculinity, and Power in Prisons

Author: Yvonne Jewkes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1903240654

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 509

This book is concerned with the media's role in everyday life, power relations and the construction of masculine identities in the context of prisons. It is based upon unique research into the nature, impact and consequences of a situation where most prisoners in English prisons have access to some media resource, whether radio or television, or with communal or individual access to it. Captive Audience charts for the first time the way in which prisoners use media in coping - or failing to cope - with the pressures of prison life, exploring the impact of the media in terms of prisoner' identities, shaping power relations between prisoners and other prisoners, and in helping prisoners 'get through' a prison sentence. At the same time this book raises a range of broader issues of theory and practice on the nature of the relationship between prisons, criminal justice systems and society more generally, and on the ways in which the media are conceived in everyday life. In focusing on the specific context of prisons, Captive Audience provides a spotlight which illuminates many broader theoretical issues. It will be of interest to all those concerned with prisons, criminology and the criminal justice system, the social role of the media, and the construction of identity.
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