American Social Policy, 1950-1980, 10th Anniversary Edition

Author: Charles Murray

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0786723777

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 3176

This classic book serves as a starting point for any serious discussion of welfare reform. Losing Ground argues that the ambitious social programs of the1960s and 1970s actually made matters worse for its supposed beneficiaries, the poor and minorities. Charles Murray startled readers by recommending that we abolish welfare reform, but his position launched a debate culminating in President Clinton's proposal “to end welfare as we know it.”
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A Plan to Replace the Welfare State

Author: Charles A. Murray

Publisher: Aei Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 3947

Arguing that the current welfare state cannot survive, proposes the elimination of all income transfer programs such as Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, welfare, and corporate subsidies, and the substitution of an annual cash grant of $10,000 for life for all Americans over the age of twenty-one.
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Author: Wolfgang Ludwig-Mayerhofer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663011925

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 2955

Dieses Buch strebt nach "soziologischer Aufklärung", nach Differenzierung: - Was ist von den vielfach vermuteten Zusammenhängen von Armut und Kriminalität zu halten? - Wie entwickeln sich moderne Städte, und welche Konsequenzen hat das für Kriminalität und soziale Kontrolle? - Welche Risiken hinsichtlich Kriminalität und Kriminalisierung birgt die Lebensführung von Straßenkindern und von Wohnungslosen? - Wie spiegelt sich gesellschaftliche Spaltung in modernen sozialen Kontrollformen wider?
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Author: Wilhelm Heitmeyer,John Hagan

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322803767

Category: Social Science

Page: 1583

View: 9180

Die Forschung zur Gewalt in modernen westlichen Gesellschaften hat in den letzten Jahren zugenommen. Die Erklärungen dafür sind zahlreich: tatsächlicher Anstieg bei bestimmten Gewaltvarianten, neue Sensibilitäten, Rückkehr alter Gewaltformen, Verlagerung von Gewalt in andere gesellschaftliche Bereiche etc. Bisher fehlt jedoch ein systematischer Überblick über die tatsächlichen Entwicklungen. Das vorliegende Handbuch informiert umfassend über Gewalt als soziales Phänomen. Dabei wird fast allen Facetten dieses Themas Rechnung getragen: · Sozialstrukturelle Verhältnisse und Gewalt, · Sozialisation und Lernen von Gewalt, · Gewalterfahrungen und Gewalttätigkeit, · Gewaltopfer, · Gewalt in gesellschaftlichen Institutionen, · Gewalt durch politische Gruppen, · Gewaltdiskurse etc. In 62 Artikeln von Autorinnen und Autoren aus zehn Ländern liefert der Band ein komplexes, transdisziplinäres Bild eines Forschungsfeldes zwischen Ordnung, Zerstörung und Macht.
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Analyse und Kritik eines post-liberalen Politikkonzepts

Author: Rieger Frank

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322897761

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 4337

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Status of Black Women

Author: Margaret C. Simms

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351490788

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 2683

The problems and special needs of black women are still given inadequate attention in social science analysis. Too often black women are subsumed under the category of ""blacks"" or ""women,"" with little consideration for their unique needs. This volume focuses on black women as a special group. It includes chapters on employment, educational attainment, and job training programs which originated as papers given at a symposium on the economic status of black women, co-sponsored by the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation and The Review of Black Political Economy.
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Die Reform der Sozialhilfe in den USA

Author: Thomas Gebhardt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322890791

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 9804

Armut gehört seit langem zu den Bildern aus Amerika. Warum hat man die Armut in den USA nicht abschaffen können, obwohl es an sozialpolitischen Experimenten nicht mangelte? Welche politischen Annahmen liegen dem "amerikanischen Modell" zu Grunde, das so oft propagiert wie diffamiert wird? Diese Arbeit versucht, Antworten auf diese Fragen zu geben. Dabei werden zunächst die neueren Armutslagen in den USA analysiert und Theorien ihrer Entstehung diskutiert. Im Mittelpunkt der Darstellung steht die Sozialhilfepolitik einschließlich der umstrittenen Reform von 1996. Die Studie legt Gefahren und Folgen der hochgradigen Politisierung der Reformbemühungen offen und analysiert die Bedeutung von Schlüsselentscheidungen für die programmatische Ausrichtung der Sozialhilfe und ihre politische Bearbeitung. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird erklärt, warum die soziale Integration von Bedürftigen durch ihre Verpflichtung zur Arbeit zunehmend wichtigstes Ziel der amerikanischen Sozialhilfepolitik geworden ist.
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Author: Charles D. Hobbs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public welfare

Page: 85

View: 8253

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Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality

Author: Charles Murray

Publisher: Crown Forum

ISBN: 030744936X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9176

With four simple truths as his framework, Charles Murray, the bestselling coauthor of The Bell Curve, sweeps away the hypocrisy, wishful thinking, and upside-down priorities that grip America’s educational establishment. Ability varies. Children differ in their ability to learn academic material. Doing our best for every child requires, above all else, that we embrace that simplest of truths. America’s educational system does its best to ignore it. Half of the children are below average. Many children cannot learn more than rudimentary reading and math. Real Education reviews what we know about the limits of what schools can do and the results of four decades of policies that require schools to divert huge resources to unattainable goals. Too many people are going to college. Almost everyone should get training beyond high school, but the number of students who want, need, or can profit from four years of residential education at the college level is a fraction of the number of young people who are struggling to get a degree. We have set up a standard known as the BA, stripped it of its traditional content, and made it an artificial job qualification. Then we stigmatize everyone who doesn’t get one. For most of America’s young people, today’s college system is a punishing anachronism. America’s future depends on how we educate the academically gifted. An elite already runs the country, whether we like it or not. Since everything we watch, hear, and read is produced by that elite, and since every business and government department is run by that elite, it is time to start thinking about the kind of education needed by the young people who will run the country. The task is not to give them more advanced technical training, but to give them an education that will make them into wiser adults; not to pamper them, but to hold their feet to the fire. The good news is that change is not only possible but already happening. Real Education describes the technological and economic trends that are creating options for parents who want the right education for their children, teachers who want to be free to teach again, and young people who want to find something they love doing and learn how to do it well. These are the people for whom Real Education was written. It is they, not the politicians or the educational establishment, who will bring American schools back to reality. Twenty-four years ago, Charles Murray’s Losing Ground changed the way the nation thought about welfare. Real Education is about to do the same thing for America’s schools. From the Hardcover edition.
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Piven and Cloward and the Future of Social Science in Social Welfare

Author: Sanford Schram

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814798171

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 8737

Richard Cloward and Frances Fox Pivin stand as models of politically engaged academics. In this compelling new book, the author examines the careers of Piven and Colward, along with nineteenth century feminist social reformer Jane Addams, to suggest--and demonstrate--how a more politically-active scholarship can contribute to struggles for social justice.
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How the African American Marriage Decline Affects Everyone

Author: Ralph Richard Banks

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101475641

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9297

A distinguished Stanford law professor examines the steep decline in marriage rates among the African American middle class, and offers a paradoxical-nearly incendiary-solution. Black women are three times as likely as white women to never marry. That sobering statistic reflects a broader reality: African Americans are the most unmarried people in our nation, and contrary to public perception the racial gap in marriage is not confined to women or the poor. Black men, particularly the most successful and affluent, are less likely to marry than their white counterparts. College educated black women are twice as likely as their white peers never to marry. Is Marriage for White People? is the first book to illuminate the many facets of the African American marriage decline and its implications for American society. The book explains the social and economic forces that have undermined marriage for African Americans and that shape everyone's lives. It distills the best available research to trace the black marriage decline's far reaching consequences, including the disproportionate likelihood of abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, single parenthood, same sex relationships, polygamous relationships, and celibacy among black women. This book centers on the experiences not of men or of the poor but of those black women who have surged ahead, even as black men have fallen behind. Theirs is a story that has not been told. Empirical evidence documents its social significance, but its meaning emerges through stories drawn from the lives of women across the nation. Is Marriage for White People? frames the stark predicament that millions of black women now face: marry down or marry out. At the core of the inquiry is a paradox substantiated by evidence and experience alike: If more black women married white men, then more black men and women would marry each other. This book not only sits at the intersection of two large and well- established markets-race and marriage-it responds to yearnings that are widespread and deep in American society. The African American marriage decline is a secret in plain view about which people want to know more, intertwining as it does two of the most vexing issues in contemporary society. The fact that the most prominent family in our nation is now an African American couple only intensifies the interest, and the market. A book that entertains as it informs, Is Marriage for White People? will be the definitive guide to one of the most monumental social developments of the past half century.
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Author: James Midgley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761907886

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

View: 9644

James Midgley provides an overview of social welfare, outlining key institutions, terminology, historical research and approaches. In addition, he details reasons for the existence of international social welfare and the challenges which arise from it. Social Welfare in Global Context includes sections on: applied international social welfare, which addresses the concerns of practitioners; and issues of social work practice, social development, the activities of international agencies and their collaborative efforts. As well as its important focus on practical application, the book also presents key theoretical debates in the field, and provides a comprehensive account of world social conditions and social welfare in
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Of Happiness and Good Government

Author: Charles A. Murray

Publisher: Liberty Fund

ISBN: 9780865978430

Category: Philosophy

Page: 306

View: 4526

Measuring success in social policy -- Coming to terms with happiness -- Enabling conditions and thresholds -- Material resources -- Safety -- Dignity, self-esteem, and self-respect -- Enjoyment, self-actualization, and intrinsic rewards -- Policy and an idea of man -- Asking a new question, getting new answers: evaluating results -- Asking a new question, getting new answers: designing solutions -- Searching for solutions that work: changing the metaphor -- Little platoons -- "To close the circle of our felicities.
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Was wir vom Dilbert-Erfinder lernen können

Author: Scott Adams

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864146771

Category: Self-Help

Page: 336

View: 8739

Berühmt wurde er durch seine kultigen Dilbert-Comics und -Bücher, die den Wahnsinn im Büroalltag pointiert auf die Schippe nehmen und treffend skizzieren. Doch wie kam Scott Adams auf seinen Stoff, seine Geschichten und seine Figuren? Und wie konnte er mit einem mundlosen Cartoon-Helden so erfolgreich werden? Die Antworten liegen in seiner eigenen Lebensauffassung, die er hier schildert. Und so beschreibt Adams mit dem für ihn typischen Humor, worin er überall gescheitert ist und welche Lehre er für sich daraus zog: Ziele sind etwas für Versager und nur Systeme machen einen zum Sieger. Ein Beispiel: Abnehmen zu wollen, ist ein Ziel. Aber sich gesünder zu ernähren, ist ein System. Diese und viele andere Einsichten führten Adams über viele spannende Umwege letztendlich zu seinem Welterfolg. Eine vergnügliche Geschichte über eine ungewöhnliche Laufbahn – nicht nur für Dilbert-Fans ein Muss, sondern für jeden, der herausfinden möchte, wie auch ein Versager erfolgreich sein kann!
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Health Care at the Margins

Author: Gunnar Almgren, MSW, PhD,Taryn Lindhorst, MSW, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826105726

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 666

"This is the only book currently available that fully addresses all aspects of the safety net for healthcare." Score: 96, 4 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews "[T]his complex treatment of a complex topic represents a valuable contribution to the health services literature."--INQUIRY "The Safety-Net Health Care System offers a road map to help safety-net providers overcome personal prejudices, understand why certain patients become ìdifficultî or fail to adhere to treatment, and deal with the stress of working in safety-net environments."--Health Affairs A unique and authoritative guide to the US safety-net health care system, this book addresses how various populations and their difficult health and socio-economic issues are dealt with and impacted by the system. Drs. Gunnar Almgren and Taryn Lindhorst, experts in the fields of social work and public health, provide critical, much-needed insight into the safety-net system and how the recession, unemployment, and reform have accelerated its growth. Ideal for graduate students and early professionals in the health professions, this textbook: Includes narratives from patients and caregivers that help readers understand and empathize with the poor, homeless, and other vulnerable populations affected by the safety-net system Discusses various health issues, including: violence, chronic diseases, mental illness, victimization, and substance abuse/addiction Examines overlaps in US public health, social work, nursing, and medical education Analyzes the differences between the populations that depend on safety-net system providers and more advantaged populations that have access to the mainstream health care system
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