The Killers in Rwanda Speak
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
In April-May 1994, 800,000 Rwandan Tutsis were massacred by their Hutu fellow citizens--about 10,000 a day, mostly being hacked to death by machete. In Machete Season, the veteran foreign correspondent Jean Hatzfeld reports on the results of his interviews with nine of the Hutu killers. They were all friends who came from a single region where they helped to kill 50,000 out of their 59,000 Tutsi neighbors, and all of them are now in prison, some awaiting execution. It is usually presumed that killers will not tell the truth about their brutal actions, but Hatzfeld elicited extraordinary testimony from these men about the genocide they had perpetrated. He rightly sees that their account raises as many questions as it answers. Adabert, Alphonse, Ignace, and the others (most of them farmers) told Hatzfeld how the work was given to them, what they thought about it, how they did it, and what their responses were to the bloodbath. "Killing is easier than farming," one says. "I got into it, no problem," says another. Each describes what it was like the first time he killed someone, what he felt like when he killed a mother and child, how he reacted when he killed a cordial acquaintance, how 'cutting' a person with a machete differed from 'cutting' a calf or a sugarcane. And they had plenty of time to tell Hatzfeld, too, about whether and why they had reconsidered their motives, their moral responsibility, their guilt, remorse, or indifference to the crimes. Hatzfeld's meditation on the banal, horrific testimony of the genocidaires and what it means is lucid, humane, and wise: he relates the Rwanda horror to war crimes and to other genocidal episodes in human history. Especially since the Holocaust, it has been conventional to presume that only depraved and monstrous evil incarnate could perpetrate such crimes, but it may be, he suggests, that such actions are within the realm of ordinary human conduct. To read this disturbing, enlightening and very brave book is to consider in a new light the foundation of human morality and ethics.
Why Normal People Come to Commit Atrocities
Author: Donald G. Dutton
Category: Political Science
Chronicling horrific events that brought the 20th century to witness the largest number of systematic slaughters of human beings in any century across history, this work goes beyond historic details and examines contemporary psychological means that leaders use to convince individuals to commit horrific acts in the name of a politial or military cause. Massacres in Nanking, Rwanda, El Salvador, Vietnam, and other countries are reviewed in chilling detail. But the core issue is what psychological forces are behind large- scale killing; what psychology can be used to indoctrinate normal people with a Groupthink that moves individuals to mass murder brutally and without regret, even when the victims are innocent children. Dutton shows us how individuals are convinced to commit such sadistic acts, often preceded by torture, after being indoctrinated with beliefs that the target victims are unjust, inhuman or viral, like a virus that must be destroyed or it will destroy society.
Women as Rescuers and Perpetrators
Author: Sara E. Brown
Category: Political Science
This book examines the mobilization, role, and trajectory of women rescuers and perpetrators during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. While much has been written about the victimization of women during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, very little has been said about women who rescued targeted victims or perpetrated crimes against humanity. This book explores and analyzes the role played by women who exercised agency as rescuers and as perpetrators during the genocide in Rwanda. As women, they took actions and decisions within the context of a deeply entrenched patriarchal system that limited their choices. This work examines two diverging paths of women’s agency during this period: to rescue from genocide or to perpetrate genocide. It seeks to answer three questions: First, how were certain Rwandan women mobilized to participate in genocide, and by whom? Second, what were the specific actions of women during this period of violence and upheaval? Finally, what were the trajectories of women rescuers and perpetrators after the genocide? Comparing and contrasting how women rescuers and perpetrators were mobilized, the actions they undertook, and their post-genocide trajectories, and concluding with a broader discussion of the long-term impact of ignoring these women, this book develops a more nuanced and holistic view of women’s agency and the genocide in Rwanda. This book will be of much interest to students of gender studies, genocide studies, African politics and critical security studies.
Gender, Identity and Post-Traumatic Growth
Author: Caroline Williamson Sinalo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
In the 1994 Rwanda genocide, around 1 million people were brutally murdered in just thirteen weeks. This book offers an in-depth study of posttraumatic growth in the testimonies of the men and women who survived, highlighting the ways in which they were able to build a new, and often enhanced, way of life. In so doing, Caroline Williamson Sinalo advocates a new reading of trauma: one that recognises not just the negative, but also the positive responses to traumatic experiences. Through an analysis of testimonies recorded in Kinyarwanda by the Genocide Archive of Rwanda, the book focuses particularly on the relationship between posttraumatic growth and gender and examines it within the wider frames of colonialism and traditional cultural practices. Offering a striking alternative to dominant paradigms on trauma, the book reveals that, notwithstanding the countless tales of horror, pain, and loss in Rwanda, there are also stories of strength, recovery, and growth.
Rwanda After the Genocide
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Profile Books
In two acclaimed previous works, the noted French journalist Jean Hatzfeld offered a profound, harrowing witness to the unimaginable pain and horror in the mass killings of one group of people by another in Rwanda. Now, in The Strategy of Antelopes, he talks with both the Hutus and Tutsis he'd come to know - some of the killers who had been released from prison or returned from Congolese exile, and the Tutsi escapees who must now tolerate them as neighbours. How are they managing with the process of reconciliation? In their hearts is it possible? The enormously varied and always surprising answers he gets suggest that the political ramifications of the international community's efforts to insist on resolution after these murderous episodes are incalculable. This is an astonishing exploration of the pain of memory, the nature of hope, and the ineradicability of grief.
Connecting Our Worlds One $25 Kiva Loan at a Time
Author: Bob Harris
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Hired by ForbesTraveler.com to review some of the most luxurious accommodations on Earth, and then inspired by a chance encounter in Dubai with the impoverished workers whose backbreaking jobs create such opulence, Bob Harris had an epiphany: He would turn his own good fortune into an effort to make lives like theirs better. Bob found his way to Kiva.org, the leading portal through which individuals make microloans all over the world: for as little as $25-50, businesses are financed and people are uplifted. Astonishingly, the repayment rate was nearly 99%, so he re-loaned the money to others over and over again. ?After making hundreds of microloans online, Bob wanted to see the results first-hand, and in The International Bank of Bob he travels from Peru and Bosnia to Rwanda and Cambodia, introducing us to some of the most inspiring and enterprising people we've ever met, while illuminating day-to-day life-political and emotional-in much of the world that Americans never see. Told with humor and compassion, The International Bank of Bob brings the world to our doorstep, and makes clear that each of us can, actually, make it better.
The True Story Behind Hotel Rwanda
Author: Paul Rusesabagina
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Confronting killers with a combination of diplomacy, flatter, and deception, Paul Rusesabagina managed to shelter more than 1,200 Tutsis and moderate Hutus while homicidal mobs raged outside with machetes during the Rwandan genocide. His autobiography explores the inner life of the man in a way the film could not. Rusesabagina discusses the racial complexity within his own life - he is a Hutu married to a Tutsi - and his complete estrangement from the madness that surrounded him during the genocide. The book takes the reader inside the hotel during those 100 days, relates the anguish of those who saw loved ones hacked to pieces, and describes Rusesabagina's ambivalence at pouring the Scotch and lighting the cigars of killers in the Swimming Pool bar, even as he hid as many refugees as possible inside the guest rooms upstairs. Never-before-reported elements of the Rwandan genocide will be disclosed in this book, such as the lack of interest of the international community , and the disgraceful behavior of some of the UN peacekeeping troops, who purchased the cars of the Tutsis who had taken shelter inside the hotel. An Ordinary Man draws parallels between what happened in Rwanda with other genocides throughout history and asks the question: What causes an entire nation to go insane? It also offers an inside look at the problem of genocide and the responsibilities of ordinary people caught up in extraordinary events. It concludes with an exploration of the tremendous power of words to sow hatred, but also to bring life and hope.
Author: Tahar Ben Jelloun
Salim, ein ehemaliger Häftling im Kerker von Tazmamart, einem Straflager im Süden von Marokko, berichtet von seinem Überleben, das er seiner Fähigkeit verdankt, sich vom Hass gegen seine Feinde loszusagen.
A Feminist Study in Ethics
Author: Margaret Urban Walker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This is a revised edition of Walker's well-known book in feminist ethics first published in 1997. Walker's book proposes a view of morality and an approach to ethical theory which uses the critical insights of feminism and race theory to rethink the epistemological and moral position of the ethical theorist, and how moral theory is inescapably shaped by culture and history. The main gist of her book is that morality is embodied in "practices of responsibility" that express our identities, values, and connections to others in socially patterned ways. Thus ethical theory needs to be empirically informed and politically critical to avoid reiterating forms of socially entrenched bias. Responsible ethical theory should reveal and question the moral significance of social differences. The book engages with, and challenges, the work of contemporary analytic philosophers in ethics. Moral Understandings has been influential in reaching a global audience in ethics and feminist philosophy, as well as in tangential fields like nursing ethics; research ethics; disability ethics; environmental ethics, and social and political theory. This revised edition contains a new preface, a substantive postscript to Chapter 1 about "the subject of moral philosophy"; the addition of a new chapter on the importance of emotion in practices of responsibility; and the addition of an afterword, which responds to critics of the book.
Author: Gaile Parkin
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
... die Zutaten sind wichtig, aber ohne Hoffnung und Liebe braucht man den Ofen gar nicht erst anzustellen. Das denkt Angel, professionelle Kuchenbäckerin in Kigali, Ruanda. Gaile Parkin erzählt mit sanften Worten und wunderbarem Humor vom manchmal harten Leben in Afrika. Das Land ist von der Grausamkeit der Geschichte gezeichnet. Jeder in Kigali hat einen geliebten Menschen verloren oder ist selbst Opfer geworden. Dennoch gibt es den Willen zur Versöhnung. Angel erlebt ihn jeden Tag. Zu ihr geht jeder, der für ein Fest, eine Taufe, eine Hochzeit, eine Heimkehr oder sogar eine Scheidung einen besonderen Kuchen braucht. Bei einer Tasse Tee bespricht sie die Details von Farbe und Dekor. Man kommt ins Erzählen, und Angel hört die traurigen Geschichten. Über die Gespräche und das Kuchenbacken werden alte Wunden geheilt. Angel erkennt, wie viel Trauer in jedem Einzelnen steckt und wie viel es dennoch zu feiern gibt. Gaile Parkins berührender Roman über die tiefe Bedeutung von Versöhnung ist ein Lesevergnügen voller Wärme und Charme.
Author: Jean Echenoz
Publisher: Hanser Berlin
Nach seinem hochgelobten Roman "14" legt Jean Echenoz, der eleganteste und subversivste Autor der Gegenwartsliteratur in Frankreich, nun funkelnde, hochkonzentrierte Kurzprosa vor. Der alte Lord Nelson pflanzt eigenhändig Eichen, er, der stets unter Seekrankheit litt, möchte sicherstellen: Seine letzte Ruhestätte soll nicht das Meer sein. In einem Schnapsfass wird dereinst sein Leichnam an Land geschafft werden. Dieses Heldenleben auf sagenhaften sechs Seiten ist der Auftakt der sieben Texte, die an sieben Erzählorten spielen – von Suffolk über das antike Babylon bis zu Le Bourget, einem Vorort von Paris. Sie eint der unverwechselbare Echenoz’sche Ton und die Aura von Nonchalance und Ironie, die alle seine Texte umgibt.
The Survivors in Rwanda Speak
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Other Press, LLC
"To make the effort to understand what happened in Rwanda is a painful task that we have no right to shirk–it is part of being a moral adult." –Susan Sontag In the late 1990s, French author and journalist Jean Hatzfeld made several journeys into the hilly, marshy region of the Bugesera, one of the areas most devastated by the Rwandan genocide of April 1994, where an average of five out of six Tutsis were hacked to death with machete and spear by their Hutu neighbors and militiamen. In the villages of Nyamata and N'tarama, Hatzfeld interviewed fourteen survivors of the genocide, from orphan teenage farmers to the local social worker. For years the survivors had lived in a muteness as enigmatic as the silence of those who survived the Nazi concentration camps. In Life Laid Bare, they speak for those who are no longer alive to speak for themselves; they tell of the deaths of family and friends in the churches and marshes to which they fled, and they attempt to account for the reasons behind the Tutsi extermination. For many of the survivors "life has broken down," while for others, it has "stopped," and still others say that it "absolutely must go on." These horrific accounts of life at the very edge contrast with Hatzfeld's own sensitive and vivid descriptions of Rwanda's villages and countryside in peacetime. These voices of courage and resilience exemplify the indomitable human spirit, and they remind us of our own moral responsibility to bear witness to these atrocities and to never forget what can come to pass again. Winner of the Prix France Culture and the Prix Pierre Mille, Life Laid Bare allows us, in the author's own words, "to draw as close as we can get to the Rwandan genocide."
ich wurde gerettet, damit ich erzählen kann
Author: Immaculée Ilibagiza
Presents the true story of a woman who endures the murder of her family as a result of genocide in Rwanda and who turns to prayer for strength, love, and forgiveness.
Author: Georges Simenon
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
»Niemand bemerkte etwas. Niemand ahnte auch nur, dass sich im Wartesaal des kleinen Bahnhofs, wo bloß sechs Reisende teilnahmslos im Dunst von Kaffee, Bier und Limonade warteten, ein Drama abspielte.« Aus einer Eingebung heraus heftet sich Kommissar Maigret während einer kurzen Dienstreise nach Brüssel an die Fersen eines schäbig gekleideten Mannes, den er in einem kleinen Café Tausend-Francs-Scheine zählen sah. Für den Kommissar wird daraus zunächst eine lange Reise und dann ein quälendes Schuldgefühl..."
Author: Ellen Jong,Annie Sprinkle
Publisher: Power House Books
In 1998, Ellen Jong was at a party on Canal Street in New York's TriBeCa. As the bathroom line was too long, she headed to the street to take a leak. Jong squatted just behind some junked furniture on the curb of the sidewalk, and her pee trickled down like wet paint on a wall. Being a photographer, she had her Yashica T4 with her, and turned around to her suspect puddle to capture what she thought looked more like blood in a murder scene than pee. Since that fateful urination, Jong has captured her tracks through New York, Miami, Shanghai, and Mexico, the countryside, woodside, and seaside, under moonlight and opposite sunset. Since then, Jong has amassed a sizeable body of work, a collection of images that fuse documentary, landscape, and fine art photography and portraiture into a uniquely personal statement. The work, exhibited at various galleries, is all gathered inPees on Earth; a collection of images that are at once challenging, provocative, intriguing, courageous, amusing, and beautiful. These images capture not only Jong's rebellious exuberance, but also offer a comment on what constitutes the personal and the political.Pees on Earthis a statement about the ownership of self, of sensuality, of humanity, and of womanhood-all expressed with beauty and a great deal of humor. There's a sigh of relief on every page ofPees on Earth.Jong's photographs assert her place on the planet and, because we all share the act, they assert ours too. It is a manifesto for our collective existence, a cry for all sentient beings: "I am! I pee!"
Narratives of Internment and Exclusion
Author: Colman Hogan,Marta Marín-Dòmine
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
Category: Literary Criticism
The camp is nothing if not diverse: in kind, scope, and particularity; in sociological and juridical configuration; in texture, iconography, and political import. Adjectives of camp specificity embrace a spectrum from extermination and concentration, to detention, migration, deportation, and refugee camps. And while the geographic range covered by contributors is hardly global, it is broad: Chile, Rwanda, Canada, the US, Central Europe, Morocco, Algeria, South Africa, France and Spain. And yet is to so characterize the camp to run the risk of diffusing what in origin is a concentration into a paratactical series of "identity particularisms"? While The Camp does not seek to antithetically promulgate a universalist vision, it does aim to explore the imbrication of the particular and the universal, to analyze the structure of a camp or camps, and to call attention the role of the listener in the construction of the testimony. For, by naming what cannot be said, is not every narrative of internment and exclusion a potential site of agency, articulating the inner splitting of language that Giorgio Agamben defines as the locus of testimony: "to bear witness is to place oneself in one's own language in the position of those who have lost it, to establish oneself in a living language as if it were dead, or in a dead language as if it were living."
Author: Rhonda L. Callaway,Julie Harrelson-Stephens
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
Category: Political Science
Bringing together key selections that represent the full range of philosophical debates, policy analyses, and first-hand accounts, the editors offer a comprehensive and accessible set of readings on the major themes and issues in the field of international human rights. The reader has been carefully designed to enhance students understanding not only of human rights, but also of differing perspectives on the topic.Rhonda L. Callaway is assistant professor of political science at Sam Houston State University. Julie Harrelson-Stephens is assistant professor of political science at Stephen F. Austin University.Contents: What Are Human Rights? Introductionthe Editors. What Are Human Rights?: Definitions and Typologies of Todays Human Rights Discoursethe Editors. What Future for Economic and Social Rights?D. Beetham. Basic RightsH. Shue. The Philosophical Foundations of Human RightsJ.J. Shestack. Measuring Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. The Limitations of Using Quantitative Data in Studying Human Rights AbusesR.J. Goldstein. Measuring Human Rights: Some Issues and OptionsD.L. Richards. The Political Terror ScaleM. Gibney and M. Dalton. How are These Pictures Different?: A Quantitative Comparison of the US State Department and Amnesty International Human Rights Reports, 1976-1995S.C. Poe, S.C. Carey, and T.C. Vazquez. Using the Physical Quality of Life Index to Explore the Level of Subsistence RightsW.T. Milner and R.L. Callaway. International Law and Organizations in the Fight for Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. The Normative and Institutional Evolution of International Human RightsT. Buergenthal. The International Criminal Court ControversyR.W. Tucker. Refugee Flows as Grounds for International ActionA. Dowty and G. Loescher. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks In International PoliticsM.E. Keck and K. Sikkink. Are Human Rights Universal? Introductionthe Editors. The Rhetoric of Asian ValuesR.L. Callaway. Relativism and Universalism in Human Rights: The Case of the Islamic Middle EastF. Halliday. American Muslims and a Meaningful Human Rights Discourse in the Aftermath of September 11, 2001I.Z. Shakir. Restraining Universalism: Africanist Perspectives on Cultural Relativism in the Human Rights DiscourseB. Ibhawoh. Witness to Torture. Introductionthe Editors. Auschwitz: A Doctors Eyewitness AccountM. Nyiszli. A Cambodian OdysseyH. Ngor. One Day in My LifeB. Sands. The Tenth Circle of HellR. Hukanović. Machete SeasonJ. Hatzfeld. Gender Based Repression. Introductionthe Editors. Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global EconomyK. Bales. Trafficking in Womens Bodies, Then and Now: The Issue of Military Comfort WomenK. Wantanabe. Rights of Women with Islamic CommunitiesR. Hassan. Female Circumcision Comes to AmericaL. Burstyn. Children as Targets. Introductionthe Editors. Child Labor as a Human Rights Issue: Efforts, Mistakes, and SolutionsZ.F.K. Arat. Child Marriage in Afghanistan and PakistanA. Bushnell. Child Slaves in Modern India: The Bonded Labor ProblemL. Tucker. The Sex Trade Industrys Worldwide Exploitation of ChildrenR.B. Flowers. The Political Economy of War-Affected ChildrenS. Hick. Globalization and Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. Achieving Human Rights: The Globalization DebateJ. Harrelson-Stephens. Globalization and Human RightsR. McCorquodale and R. Fairbrother. The Tragedy of Tauccamarca: A Human Rights Perspective on the Pesticide Poisoning of 24 Children in the Peruvian AndesE. Rosenthal. Strategic Violations: The Outsourcing of Human Rights AbusesN. Gordon. The Singer Solution to PovertyP. Singer. Human Rights in the War on Terror. Introductionthe Editors. Human Rights Violations as a Catalyst for Terrorist Activitythe Editors. Leading by Example?: US Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on TerrorE. Massimino. Human Rights PostSeptember 11thJ. Mertus and T. Sajjad.