Author: Natalie Klein
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea examines the rights and duties of states across a broad spectrum of maritime security threats. It provides comprehensive coverage of the different dimensions of maritime security in order to assess how responses to maritime security concerns are, and should be, shaping the law of the sea. The discussion canvasses passage of military vessels and military activities at sea, law enforcement activities across the different maritime zones, information sharing and intelligence gathering, as well as armed conflict and naval warfare. In doing so, this book not only addresses traditional security concerns for naval power but also examines responses to contemporary maritime security threats, such as terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, piracy, drug-trafficking, environmental damage and illegal fishing. While the protection of sovereignty and national interests remain fundamental to maritime security and the law of the sea, there is increasing acceptance of a common interest that exists among states when seeking to respond to a variety of modern maritime security threats. It is argued that security interests should be given greater scope in our understanding of the law of the sea in light of the changing dynamics of exclusive and inclusive claims to ocean use. More flexibility may be required in the interpretation and application of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea if appropriate responses to ensure maritime security are to be allowed.
Author: Érico Duarte,Manuel Correia de Barros
Category: Political Science
This edited volume focuses on the South Atlantic regional and national issues with maritime implications: naval policy, security, transnational organized crime, and Europe's legacy and current influence. The work analyzes the positions in favor and against NATO’s extended role in the South Atlantic, the historical and current issues related to the Falklands War, the African national deficits, and initiatives to attend the regional maritime problems. Including contributions from Angolan, Brazilian, Senegalese, and US collaborators, the volume offers eclectic conceptual frameworks, rich historical backgrounds, updated data, original analysis models, and policy recommendations.
Author: Abul Kalam
Category: Social Science
Following successive international legal verdicts, Bangladesh is now an accredited maritime state. Possessing a spacious territorial sea and an extended continental shelf, with a maritime zone almost equalling its land borders, a ‘window of opportunity’ has opened for the country to realise its developmental aspirations. Yet, it faces numerous challenges, many of which are entwined. This book is a detailed analysis of Bangladesh’s maritime strategy. It charts the country’s maritime legacies, including disputes with both Myanmar and India and analyses the contributions of the leadership in the maritime territorial gains. The author examines Bangladesh’s need to consolidate these newly reclaimed gains, whilst exploring the unremitting interest of major global power players in maintaining maritime resource exploitation, navigation and security. Finally, the author demonstrates how the country needs to embrace the notional principles of sustainable development of its ocean economy to utilize its resources and how it has since been coming to grips with the emerging concept of "blue economy" to enhance its enduring national development. The first systematic study on Bangladesh’s maritime policy and the country’s importance in the emerging geopolitical rivalry in the Indian Ocean, this book will be of interest to academics in the field of South Asian and Indian Ocean politics.
Author: Anthony J. Masys
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book provides international perspective for those studying or working in the security domain, from enforcement to policy. It focuses on non-traditional threats in a landscape that has been described as transnational in nature and incorporates natural disasters, gang violence, extremism and terrorism, amongst other issues. Chapters provide innovative thinking on themes including cyber security, maritime security, transnational crime, human security, globalization and economic security. Relevant theoretical frameworks are presented and readers are expertly guided through complex threats, from matters pertaining to health security which pose threats not only to humans but also have significant national security implications, to issues regarding critical infrastructure vulnerability and the complexity of understanding terrorist operations. Authors reveal how emerging uncertainties regarding global critical infrastructure and supply chain security, food security, and health security are linked to the notion of human security. Security professionals, policy makers and academics will all gain from the insights, strategies and perspectives in this book. It builds understanding of the deepening and broadening domain of security studies and provides a valuable reference text for courses on security studies and international relations.
Author: Miles Jackson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This book examines how international law prohibits state and individual complicity. Complicity is a derivative form of responsibility that links an accomplice to the wrongdoing of a principal actor. Whenever a legal system prohibits complicity, it must address certain questions as to the content and structure of the rules. To understand how international law answers these questions, this book proposes an analytical framework in which complicity rules may be assessed and defends a normative claim as to how they should be structured. Anchored by this framework and normative claim, this book shows that international criminal law regulates individual complicity in a comprehensive way, using the doctrines of instigation and aiding and abetting to inculpate complicit participants in international crimes. By contrast, international law's regulation of state complicity was historically marked by an absence of complicity rules. This is changing. In respect of state complicity in the wrongdoing of another state, international law now imposes both specific and general complicity obligations, the latter prohibiting states from aiding or assisting another state in the commission of any internationally wrongful act. In respect of the ways that states participate in harms caused by non-state actors, the traditional normative structure of international law, which imposed obligations only on states, foreclosed the possibility of prohibiting the state's participation as a form of complicity. As that traditional normative structure has evolved, so the possibility of holding states responsible for complicity in the wrongdoing of non-state actors has emerged. More and more, both the wrongs that international actors commit, and the wrongs they help or encourage others to commit, matter.
Author: Maria Gabunelē
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Drawing on the essential premises of the Law of the Sea Convention as constotuion of the oceans, this book looks into the ways it can be evolved to accommodate new challenges to its regulatory scheme.
Author: James Kraska,Raul Pedrozo
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
International Maritime Security Law, by James Kraska and Raul Pedrozo, defines an emerging interdisciplinary field of law and policy comprised of norms, legal regimes, and rules to address today's hybrid threats to the global order of the oceans
Eine völkerrechtliche Untersuchung am Beispiel der Ostsee
Author: Sarah Wolf
Aufgrund der zunehmenden Vernetzung internationaler Energiemärkte und der wachsenden Abhängigkeit der Industriestaaten von Öl- und Gasimporten haben Meeresrohrleitungen als maritimes Transportmedium in den letzten Jahrzehnten an Bedeutung gewonnen. Aktuelles Beispiel einer solchen unterseeischen Rohrleitung ist die Nordstream Pipeline. Die vorliegende Arbeit behandelt die in multilateralen Verträgen globaler und regionaler Reichweite niedergelegten völkerrechtlichen Rechte und Pflichten der Staaten sowie internationaler Organisationen bei Verlegung und Betrieb unterseeischer Rohrleitungen. Die Arbeit zeigt die Verschränkung der unterschiedlichen Ebenen sowie Regelungsdefizite auf und fragt, ob das internationale Seerecht, insbesondere das Seerechtsübereinkommen der Vereinten Nationen, den Staaten ausreichende Handlungsinstrumentarien zur Verfügung stellt, um sowohl Meeresumweltschutz als auch Sicherheit bei Verlegung und Betrieb von Seerohrleitungen zu garantieren.
Naval Forces and Arms Control
Author: Richard W. Fieldhouse
Publisher: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Category: Political Science
Since the Second World War five navies are known to have acquired nuclear weapons, and naval forces and activities around the world have become increasingly important and dangerous. However, there has been no serious consideration of naval arms control for more than forty years. SIPRI gathered together a group of experts from eight nations to consider the problems of naval forces and the possibilities for arms control. This book is a product of that conference, and it presents for the first time a broad and detailed assessment of the dangers of the naval arms race, problems with arms control, possible approaches, confidence-building measures, and verification technologies.
Progress and Prospects
Author: David Freestone,Richard Barnes,David M. Ong
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
It is now more than ten years since the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) came into force and more than twenty years since it was concluded in December of 1982 after more than nine years of negotiations. The famous "package deal"that it represented addressed many ofthe problematic issues that previous conventions had been unable to settle. This collection of essays, by leading academics and practitioners, provides a critical review of the LOSC and its relationship to and interface with the wide range of developments which have occurred since 1982. The individual chapters reveal a number of core themes, including the need to maintain the integrity of the LOSC and its centrality to oceans regulation; the tension between regional global regimes for oceans governance and the struggle to reconcile these within the LOSC; the gradual consolidationof authority over oceans space; the difficulty of adapting some of the more dated provisions of the LOSC to deal with unforeseen contemporary issues of oceans use; and the consequent development of the general obligations of the LOSC through binding and non-binding agreements. They clearly indicatethe potential impact and role of post-LOSC agreements and institutions in developing the law of the sea and resolving some of the outstanding substantive issues. From this it is clear that the future of the Law of the Sea will involve an understanding of the wider legal environment within which itoperates.
International Law at the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations
Author: Ian Brownlie
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
This volume consists of a carefully edited version of the General Course on Public International Law delivered at the Hague Academy of International Law to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the foundation of the United Nations. The author brings to them not only his background of academic distinction, but his experience as a practitioner concerned with major international legal issues. The rule of law in international affairs is a question of perennial concern but it is of greater moment these days for a number of reasons. The active agenda of the Security Council and its relative solidarity creates a paradox. Its increased political power is a source of hope but the modalities of the exercise of power present problems of principle and of legal concern. Another area of concern is the International Court, which has had a successful record since the early eighties and provides one of the guarantees of the maintenance of legality. Recent successes of the Court include the effective resolution of the territorial dispute between Chad and Libya. The general level of compliance with its decisions by States is impressive. Yet its success is matched not by encouragement and enhancement of its facilities but by United Nations financial constraints which hinder its work and, ultimately, may threaten its independence in relation to the political organs of the United Nations.
Author: Jürgen Basedow,Wolfgang Wurmnest
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
English summary: Classification societies establish and apply technical standards in relation to the design, construction and supervision of ships. Their principal contracting partners are ship builders and ship owners. Increasingly, classification societies are being faced with damage claims initiated by members of the shipping industry with whom they have not established a contractual relationship. Under German law but in a comparative perspective, Jurgen Basedow and Wolfgang Wurmnest examine such third party claims. They focus in particular on how such claims are affected by limitation of liability clauses agreed upon between the classification society and its contracting partners. German description: Klassifikationsgesellschaften sind die technischen Uberwachungsorganisationen der Seeschiffahrt. In jungerer Zeit sind sie verstarkt Anspruchen Dritter ausgesetzt, mit denen sie keine Vertragsbeziehungen unterhalten. Diese Tendenz ist weltweit zu beobachten, wie aktuelle Falle vor englischen, neuseelandischen und US-amerikanischen Gerichten belegen. Dritte versuchen sich vor allem im Anschluss an Schiffskatastrophen, aber auch im Zuge von Schiffsverkaufen, an einer Klassifikationsgesellschaft schadlos zu halten. Jurgen Basedow und Wolfgang Wurmnest untersuchen, welche Anspruche solchen Dritten nach deutschem Recht gegen eine Klassifikationsgesellschaft zustehen und welche Bedeutung hierbei Haftungsbeschrankungen zukommt, die eine Klassifikationsgesellschaft mit ihren Vertragspartnern vereinbart. Somit steht die privatrechtliche Haftung von Klassifikationsgesellschaften im Mittelpunkt dieses Buches; ihre Haftung fur hoheitliches Handeln wird nur am Rande gestreift. Die Autoren arbeiten die Problematik rechtsvergleichend auf und beziehen dabei das australische, englische, franzosische, neuseelandische und US-amerikanische Recht ein. Die von ihnen vertretene Losung steht im Einklang mit dem fein austarierten System der Haftungsverteilung und -beschrankung des internationalen Seerechts, welches massgeblich durch volkerrechtliche Ubereinkommen gepragt wird.
Author: Malcolm David Evans
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Business & Economics
Focusing on the role that "relevant circumstances" have come to play within the area of maritime boundary delimitation, this book examines the conceptual basis of seabed jurisdiction and the historical development of delimitation criteria as well as the factors associated with continental shelf and EEZ delimitation.
Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung
Author: Gunther Teubner
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.