Materialism and Nature

Author: John Bellamy Foster

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583673806

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 7744

Progress requires the conquest of nature. Or does it? This startling new account overturns conventional interpretations of Marx and in the process outlines a more rational approach to the current environmental crisis. Marx, it is often assumed, cared only about industrial growth and the development of economic forces. John Bellamy Foster examines Marx's neglected writings on capitalist agriculture and soil ecology, philosophical naturalism, and evolutionary theory. He shows that Marx, known as a powerful critic of capitalist society, was also deeply concerned with the changing human relationship to nature. Marx's Ecology covers many other thinkers, including Epicurus, Charles Darwin, Thomas Malthus, Ludwig Feuerbach, P. J. Proudhon, and William Paley. By reconstructing a materialist conception of nature and society, Marx's Ecology challenges the spiritualism prevalent in the modern Green movement, pointing toward a method that offers more lasting and sustainable solutions to the ecological crisis.
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Author: Jonathan Hughes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521667890

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 918

This book challenges the widely-held view that Marxism is unable to deal adequately with environmental problems. Jonathan Hughes considers the nature of environmental problems, and the evaluative perspectives that may be brought to bear on them. He examines Marx s critique of Malthus, his method, and his materialism, interpreting the latter as a recognition of human dependence on nature. Central to the book s argument is an interpretation of the development of the productive forces which takes account of the differing ecological impacts of different productive technologies while remaining consistent with the normative and explanatory roles that this concept plays within Marx s theory. Turning finally to Marx s vision of a society founded on the communist principle to each according to his needs , the author concludes that the underlying notion of human need is one whose satisfaction presupposes only a modest and ecologically feasible expansion of productive output.
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Auswirkungen der SED-Politik auf gesellschaftliche Mensch-Tier-Verhältnisse in der DDR (1949–1989)

Author: Anett Laue

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 3412507121

Category: Social Science

Page: 415

View: 9094

Der Sozialismus sollte den »Neuen Menschen« hervorbringen. Die vorliegende Studie nimmt erstmals in den Blick, dass die umfassende Umgestaltung der Gesellschaft durch die Politik der SED auch die Beziehung des Menschen zur Natur – und damit zur Tierwelt – neu definierte. Anhand der Analyse der Tierschutzpolitik sowie ausgewählter Bereiche der Tierhaltung – Heimtier- und Nutztierhaltung – lässt sich zeigen, dass über den Menschen hinaus, auch Tiere einer Neukonzeption unterworfen waren. Der Blick auf die verschiedenen Facetten von Mensch-Tier-Verhältnissen als Phänomene der sozialistischen Gesellschaft trägt dazu bei, ein umfassenderes Verständnis der Geschichte der DDR zu erlangen.
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Die radikale Alternative zur ökologischen und kapitalistischen Katastrophe

Author: Michael Löwy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783944233635

Category:

Page: 192

View: 9812

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Author: John Bellamy Foster

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583675086

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 5191

In recent years John Bellamy Foster has emerged as a leading theorist of the Marxist perspective on ecology. His seminal book Marx's Ecology (Monthly Review Press, 2000) discusses the place of ecological issues within the intellectual history of Marxism and on the philosophical foundations of a Marxist ecology, and has become a major point of reference in ecological debates. This historical and philosophical focus is now supplemented by more directly political engagement in his new book, Ecology against Capitalism. In a broad-ranging treatment of contemporary ecological politics, Foster deals with such issues as pollution, sustainable development, technological responses to environmental crisis, population growth, soil fertility, the preservation of ancient forests, and the "new economy" of the Internet age. Foster's introduction sets out the unifying themes of these essays enabling the reader to draw from them a consolidated approach to a rapidly-expanding field of debate which is of critical importance in our times. Within these debates on the politics of ecology, Foster's work develops an important and distinctive perspective. Where many of these debates assume a basic divergence of "red" and "green" issues, and are concerned with the exact terms of a trade-off between them, Foster argues that Marxismproperly understoodalready provides the framework within which ecological questions are best approached. This perspective is advanced here in accessible and concrete form, taking account of the major positions in contemporary ecological debate.
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Author: Teresa L. Ebert,Mas'ud Zavarzadeh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131726228X

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 8657

"A gem of a book. Its topics are timely and provocative for cultural studies, sociology, English, literary theory, and education classes. The authors are brilliant thinkers and clear, penetrating writers." -Peter McLaren, UCLA, author of Capitalists and Conquerors: A Critical Pedagogy Against Empire Class in Culture demonstrates the power of moving beyond cultural politics to a deeper class critique of contemporary life. Making a persuasive case for class as the material logic of culture, the book is written in a double register of short critiques of life practices-from food and education to race, stem-cell research, and abortion-as well as sustained critiques of such theoretical discourses as ideology, consumption, globalization, and 9/11. Surpassing the orthodoxies of cultural studies, Class in Culture makes surprising connections among seemingly unrelated cultural events and practices and offers a groundbreaking and complex understanding of the contemporary world.
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Aus dem Französischen von Alfred Schmidt und Herbert Schmitt

Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518277058

Category:

Page: 281

View: 6303

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Psychoanalysis and Zen Buddhism

Author: Erich Fromm

Publisher: Open Publishing Rights GmbH

ISBN: 3959120443

Category: Psychology

Page: 50

View: 9732

Warum interessieren sich Psychotherapeuten für den Zen-Buddhismus? Was hat die im westlichen Denken beheimatete Psychoanalyse mit der östlich-mystischen Erlösungslehre des Zen zu tun? Gemeinsam ist ihnen, so Erich Fromm, das Interesse am Wohl-Sein und am Gelingen des Menschen. Erich Fromm arbeitet in diesem Buch sowohl die Unterschiede als auch die Gemeinsamkeiten von Psychoanalyse und Zen-Buddhismus heraus. Er zeigt, wie beide Methoden zu weniger Verdrängung und gleichzeitig zu mehr Bewusstsein führen und sich somit auf eine ganz besondere und außergewöhnliche Weise ergänzen. Nirgends sonst hat Erich Fromm die Bedeutung der Psychoanalyse so überzeugend dargestellt wie in diesem Buch.
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Capitalism’s War on the Earth

Author: John Bellamy Foster,Brett Clark,Richard York

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583672192

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 2408

Humanity in the twenty-first century is facing what might be described as its ultimate environmental catastrophe: the destruction of the climate that has nurtured human civilization and with it the basis of life on earth as we know it. All ecosystems on the planet are now in decline. Enormous rifts have been driven through the delicate fabric of the biosphere. The economy and the earth are headed for a fateful collision—if we don't alter course. In The Ecological Rift: Capitalism’s War on the Earth environmental sociologists John Bellamy Foster, Brett Clark, and Richard York offer a radical assessment of both the problem and the solution. They argue that the source of our ecological crisis lies in the paradox of wealth in capitalist society, which expands individual riches at the expense of public wealth, including the wealth of nature. In the process, a huge ecological rift is driven between human beings and nature, undermining the conditions of sustainable existence: a rift in the metabolic relation between humanity and nature that is irreparable within capitalist society, since integral to its very laws of motion. Critically examining the sanguine arguments of mainstream economists and technologists, Foster, Clark, and York insist instead that fundamental changes in social relations must occur if the ecological (and social) problems presently facing us are to be transcended. Their analysis relies on the development of a deep dialectical naturalism concerned with issues of ecology and evolution and their interaction with the economy. Importantly, they offer reasons for revolutionary hope in moving beyond the regime of capital and toward a society of sustainable human development.
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Marx' Ökologie in seiner unvollendeten Kritik des Kapitalismus

Author: Kohei Saito

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593505479

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 603

Marx’ Ökologie – dieser Ausdruck klingt wie ein Oxymoron. Hat Marx nicht die absolute menschliche Herrschaft über die Natur propagiert? Angesichts der heutigen globalen ökologischen Krise ist es unumstritten, diese im engen Zusammenhang mit dem kapitalistischen System zu analysieren. Für die Gestaltung einer breiten »roten« und »grünen« Bewegung im 21. Jahrhundert ist deshalb eine Aktualisierung der Marx'schen Theorie unerlässlich. Kohei Saito rekonstruiert systematisch die unvollendete Marx’sche ökologische Kritik des Kapitalismus anhand der neuen Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe. Diese gibt unbekannte naturwissenschaftliche Exzerpte von Marx preis sowie seinen Versuch, den Widerspruch des Kapitalismus als ökologische Krise zu thematisieren.
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Author: Friedrich Engels

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843026246

Category: Philosophy

Page: 88

View: 4505

Friedrich Engels: Zur Wohnungsfrage Entstanden Mai 1872 bis Januar 1873. Erstdruck in: Der Volksstaat (Leipzig), Juni 1872 – Februar 1873. Der Text folgt der zweiten, durchgesehenen Separatausgabe, Hottingen- Zürich 1887, für die Engels auch das Vorwort schrieb. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels: Werke. Herausgegeben vom Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus beim ZK der SED, 43 Bände, Band 18, Berlin: Dietz-Verlag, 1962. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
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Solutions to Capitalist Ecological Crisis

Author: Chris Williams

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608460924

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 2554

Around the world, consciousness of the threat to our environment is growing. The majority of solutions on offer, from using efficient light bulbs to biking to work, focus on individual lifestyle changes, yet the scale of the crisis requires far deeper adjustments. Ecology and Socialism argues that time still remains to save humanity and the planet, but only by building social movements for environmental justice that can demand qualitative changes in our economy, workplaces, and infrastructure. Chris Williams is a longtime environmental activist, professor of physics and chemistry at Pace University, and chair of the science department at Packer Collegiate Institute. He lives in New York City.
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Author: Frank Hamilton Hankins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 4316

Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."
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making peace with the planet

Author: John Bellamy Foster

Publisher: Monthly Review Pr

ISBN: 9781583671788

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 5530

Since the atomic bomb made its first appearance on the world stage in 1945, it has been clear that we possess the power to destroy our own planet. What nuclear weapons made possible, global environmental crisis, marked especially by global warming, has now made inevitable--if business as usual continues. The roots of the present ecological crisis, John Bellamy Foster argues in The Ecological Revolution, lie in capital's rapacious expansion, which has now achieved unprecedented heights of irrationality across the globe. Foster compellingly demonstrates that the only possible answer for humanity is an ecological revolution: a struggle to make peace with the planet. Foster details the beginnings of such a revolution in human relations with the environment which can now be found throughout the globe, especially in the periphery of the world system, where the most ambitious experiments are taking place. This bold new work addresses the central issues of the present crisis: global warming, peak oil, species extinction, world water shortages, global hunger, alternative energy sources, sustainable development, and environmental justice. Foster draws on a unique range of thinkers, including Karl Marx, Thomas Malthus, William Morris, Albert Einstein, Hannah Arendt, Rachel Carson, Vandana Shiva, and Istv n M sz ros. The result is a startlingly radical synthesis, which offers new hope for grappling with the greatest challenge of our age: what must be done to save the earth for humanity and all living species.
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notes in defence of a commitment

Author: Randhir Singh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 1087

View: 4123

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