The Art and Science of Material Selection in Product Design

Author: Michael F. Ashby,Kara Johnson

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080982824

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 6319

Materials are the stuff of design. From the very beginning of human history, materials have been taken from the natural world and shaped, modified, and adapted for everything from primitive tools to modern electronics. This renowned book by noted materials engineering author Mike Ashby and industrial designer Kara Johnson explores the role of materials and materials processing in product design, with a particular emphasis on creating both desired aesthetics and functionality. The new edition features even more of the highly useful "materials profiles" that give critical design, processing, performance and applications criteria for each material in question. The reader will find information ranging from the generic and commercial names of each material, its physical and mechanical properties, its chemical properties, its common uses, how it is typically made and processed, and even its average price. And with improved photographs and drawings, the reader is taken even more closely to the way real design is done by real designers, selecting the optimum materials for a successful product. The best guide ever published on the on the role of materials, past and present, in product development, by noted materials authority Mike Ashby and professional designer Kara Johnson--now with even better photos and drawings on the Design Process Significant new section on the use of re-cycled materials in products, and the importance of sustainable design for manufactured goods and services Enhanced materials profiles, with addition of new materials types like nanomaterials, advanced plastics and bio-based materials
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Biointerfacial Strategies, Tissue Engineering And Targeted Drug Delivery

Author: Angela Dillow,Anthony Lowman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824743806

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 696

View: 2857

Detailing techniques in wound healing and reconstruction, this reference describes the mechanisms and architecture of biological systems to formulate and design natural and synthetic compounds, degradable and non-degradable scaffolds, and targeted drug delivery devices. It offers strategies to control adhesive interactions, elicit specific cellular responses, and improve the biocompatibility, performance, and durability of prosthetic materials. Covering advances in the field, the book discusses the effect of topographical features on cell behaviors such as orientation, adhesion, migration, proliferation, and differentation.
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Fundamentals of Materials and Design

Author: Elvin Karana,Owain Pedgley,Valentina Rognoli

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080993761

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 3573

There currently exists an abundance of materials selection advice for designers suited to solving technical product requirements. In contrast, a stark gap can be found in current literature that articulates the very real personal, social, cultural and economic connections between materials and the design of the material world. In Materials Experience: fundamentals of materials and design, thirty-four of the leading academicians and experts, alongside 8 professional designers, have come together for the first time to offer their expertise and insights on a number of topics common to materials and product design. The result is a very readable and varied panorama on the world of materials and product design as it currently stands. Contributions by many of the most prominent materials experts and designers in the field today, with a foreword by Mike Ashby The book is organized into 4 main themes: sustainability, user interaction, technology and selection Between chapters, you will find the results of interviews conducted with internationally known designers. These ‘designer perspectives’ will provide a ‘time out’ from the academic articles, with emphasis placed on fascinating insights, product examples and visuals
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Author: Xingcun Colin Tong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420073591

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 9600

With electromagnetic compliance (EMC) now a major factor in the design of all electronic products, it is crucial to understand how electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding products are used in various industries. Focusing on the practicalities of this area, Advanced Materials and Design for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding comprehensively introduces the design guidelines, materials selection, characterization methodology, manufacturing technology, and future potential of EMI shielding. After an overview of EMI shielding theory and product design guidelines, the book extensively reviews the characterization methodology of EMI materials. Subsequent chapters focus on particular EMI shielding materials and component designs, including enclosures, metal-formed gaskets, conductive elastomer and flexible graphite components, conductive foam and ventilation structures, board-level shielding materials, composite materials and hybrid structures, absorber materials, grounding and cable-level shielding materials, and aerospace and nuclear shielding materials. The last chapter presents a perspective on future trends in EMI shielding materials and design. Offering detailed coverage on many important topics, this indispensable book illustrates the efficiency and reliability of a range of materials and design solutions for EMI shielding.
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Materials and Design for Sensors, Actuators and Medical Applications

Author: K Nakamura

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857096303

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 722

View: 2385

Ultrasonic transducers are key components in sensors for distance, flow and level measurement as well as in power, biomedical and other applications of ultrasound. Ultrasonic transducers reviews recent research in the design and application of this important technology. Part one provides an overview of materials and design of ultrasonic transducers. Piezoelectricity and basic configurations are explored in depth, along with electromagnetic acoustic transducers, and the use of ceramics, thin film and single crystals in ultrasonic transducers. Part two goes on to investigate modelling and characterisation, with performance modelling, electrical evaluation, laser Doppler vibrometry and optical visualisation all considered in detail. Applications of ultrasonic transducers are the focus of part three, beginning with a review of surface acoustic wave devices and air-borne ultrasound transducers, and going on to consider ultrasonic transducers for use at high temperature and in flaw detection systems, power, biomedical and micro-scale ultrasonics, therapeutic ultrasound devices, piezoelectric and fibre optic hydrophones, and ultrasonic motors are also described. With its distinguished editor and expert team of international contributors,Ultrasonic transducers is an authoritative review of key developments for engineers and materials scientists involved in this area of technology as well as in its applications in sectors as diverse as electronics, wireless communication and medical diagnostics. Reviews recent research in the design and application of ultrasonic transducers Provides an overview of the materials and design of ultrasonic transducers, with an in-depth exploration of piezoelectricity and basic configurations Investigates modelling and characterisation, applications of ultrasonic transducers, and ultrasonic transducers for use at high temperature and in flaw detection systems
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For the Architecture and Design Professions

Author: D. Michelle Addington,Daniel L. Schodek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0750662255

Category: Architecture

Page: 241

View: 2473

Today, architects are looking for new solutions to old problems, including 'smart' and 'intelligent' materials that can be applied to building design. This text covers the use of smart materials in a design perspective, as well as describing how these solutions could be utilised in other applications.
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Author: David L. McDowell,Jitesh Panchal,Hae-Jin Choi,Carolyn Seepersad,Janet Allen,Farrokh Mistree

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080952208

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 392

View: 5761

Integrated Design of Multiscale, Multifunctional Materials and Products is the first of its type to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products. In other words, materials are not just selected on the basis of properties, but the composition and/or microstructure iw designed to satisfy specific ranged sets of performance requirements. This book presents the motivation for pursuing concurrent design of materials and products, thoroughly discussing the details of multiscale modeling and multilevel robust design and provides details of the design methods/strategies along with selected examples of designing material attributes for specified system performance. It is intended as a monograph to serve as a foundational reference for instructors of courses at the senior and introductory graduate level in departments of materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering and civil engineering who are interested in next generation systems-based design of materials. First of its kind to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products Treatment of uncertainty via robust design of materials Integrates the "materials by design approach" of Olson/Ques Tek LLC with the "materials selection" approach of Ashby/Granta Distinquishes the processes of concurrent design of materials and products as an overall systems design problem from the field of multiscale modeling Systematic mathematical algorithms and methods are introduced for robust design of materials, rather than ad hoc heuristics--it is oriented towards a true systems approach to design of materials and products
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Application to Damage and Design

Author: Claude Bathias,André Pineau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118616898

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 7703

The design of mechanical structures with improved and predictable durability cannot be achieved without a thorough understanding of the mechanisms of fatigue damage and more specifically the relationships between the microstructure of materials and their fatigue properties. Written by leading experts in the field, this book (which is complementary to Fatigue of Materials and Structures: Application to Damage and Design, also edited by Claude Bathias and André Pineau), provides an authoritative, comprehensive and unified treatment of the mechanics and micromechanisms of fatigue in metals, polymers and composites. Each chapter is devoted to one of the major classes of materials or to different types of fatigue damage, thereby providing overall coverage of the field. The book deals with crack initiation, crack growth, low-cycle fatigue, gigacycle fatigue, shorts cracks, fatigue micromechanisms and the local approach to fatigue damage, corrosion fatigue, environmental effects and variable amplitude loadings, and will be an important and much used reference for students, practicing engineers and researchers studying fracture and fatigue in numerous areas of mechanical, structural, civil, design, nuclear, and aerospace engineering as well as materials science.
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Selected, Peer Reviewed Papers from the 2011 International Conference on Advanced Engineering Materials and Technology (AEMT 2011), July 29-31, 2011, Sanya, China

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037851913

Category: Materials

Page: N.A

View: 5215

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Author: Michelle Addington,Daniel Schodek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136366083

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 5414

Today, architects and designers are beginning to look toward developments in new "smart" or "intelligent" materials and technologies for solutions to long-standing problems in building design. However, these new materials have so far been applied in a diverse but largely idiosyncratic nature, because relatively few architects have access to information about the types or properties of these new materials or technologies. Two of the leading experts in this field - Addington and Schodek - have solved this problem by incorporating all the relevant information of all the latest technologies available to architects and designers in this one volume. They present materials by describing their fundamental characteristics, and go on to identify and suggest how these same characteristics can be exploited by professionals to achieve their design goals. Here, the wealth of technical understanding already available in the materials science and engineering literature is at last made accessible to a design audience.
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Author: Andreas Öchsner,Lucas F. M. da Silva,Holm Altenbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642221300

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 5505

This collection of advanced analyses and techniques in biomaterials design includes mechanical studies of biological structures and features 16 known experts who present research on stress and strain analysis, material properties, and fluid and gas mechanics.
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Materials and Design

Author: S J Chua,B Li

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857090410

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 5407

Optical communication using optical fibres as the transmission medium is essential to handling the massive growth of both telecom and datacom traffic. To fully realize the potential bandwidth available on these optical fibres, other components of the optical network system have to be developed, ranging from detectors and multiplexers to buffers and switches. This book addresses the different technologies which can be applied to switching optical signals. An optical switch functions by selectively switching an optical signal delivered through an optical fibre or in an integrated optical circuit to another. Several methods are available and each relies on a different physical mechanism for its operation. The various physical mechanisms used are discussed in the main chapters in the book which cover electro-optical, thermo-optical, micro-electro-mechanical (MEMS)-based and semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-based optical switches. The book also covers switching based on optical nonlinear effects, liquid and photonic crystal optical switches as well as fibre, holographic, quantum optical and other types of optical switches. Each chapter discusses the choice of materials, fabrication techniques and key issues in switch design. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Optical switches: materials and design is a standard reference for the telecommunications industry and those researching this important topic. Reviews this commercially significant area of research and addresses the different technologies which can be applied to switching optical signals Provides a balanced look at the developments which can be defined as key trends in optical switches Major optical switches including electro-optical, thermo optical and magneto-optical switches are discussed and the respective theory and principles of each explored
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Mechanics and Design

Author: Rani Elhajjar,Valeria La Saponara,Anastasia Muliana

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439895910

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 2295

Smart Composites: Mechanics and Design addresses the current progress in the mechanics and design of smart composites and multifunctional structures. Divided into three parts, it covers characterization of properties, analyses, and design of various advanced composite material systems with an emphasis on the coupled mechanical and non-mechanical behaviors. Part one includes analyses of smart materials related to electrically conductive, magnetostrictive nanocomposites and design of active fiber composites. These discussions include several techniques and challenges in manufacturing smart composites and characterizing coupled properties, as well as the analyses of composite structures at various length and time scales undergoing coupled mechanical and non-mechanical stimuli considering elastic, viscoelastic (and/or viscoplastic), fatigue, and damage behaviors. Part two is dedicated to a higher-scale analysis of smart structures with topics such as piezoelectrically actuated bistable composites, wing morphing design using macrofiber composites, and multifunctional layered composite beams. The analytical expressions for characterization of the smart structures are presented with an attention to practical application. Finally, part three presents recent advances regarding sensing and structural health monitoring with a focus on how the sensing abilities can be integrated within the material and provide continuous sensing, recognizing that multifunctional materials can be designed to both improve and enhance the health-monitoring capabilities and also enable effective nondestructive evaluation. Smart Composites: Mechanics and Design is an essential text for those interested in materials that not only possess the classical properties of stiffness and strength, but also act as actuators under a variety of external stimuli, provide passive and active response to enable structural health monitoring, facilitate advanced nondestructive testing strategies, and enable shape-changing and morphing structures.
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Eco-informed Material Choice

Author: M. F. Ashby

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0123859719

Category: Architecture

Page: 616

View: 5723

Addressing the growing global concern for sustainable engineering, Materials and the Environment, 2e is the only book devoted exclusively to the environmental aspects of materials. It explains the ways in which we depend on and use materials and the consequences these have, and it introduces methods for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of minimizing environmental impact. Along with its noted in-depth coverage of material consumption, the material life-cycle, selection strategies, and legislative aspects, the second edition includes new case studies, important new chapters on Materials for Low Carbon Power and Material Efficiency, all illustrated by in-text examples and expanded exercises. This book is intended for instructors and students as well as materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color data sheets for 40 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data New to this edition: New chapter of Case Studies of Eco-audits illustrating the rapid audit method New chapter on Materials for Low Carbon Power examines the consequences for materials supply of a major shift from fossil-fuel based power to power from renewables New chapter exploring Material Efficiency, or design and management for manufacture to provide the services we need with the least production of materials Recent news-clips from the world press that help place materials issues into a broader context.are incorporated into all chapters End-of-chapter exercises have been greatly expanded The datasheets of Chapter 15 have been updated and expanded to include natural and man-made fibers
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engineering, science, processing and design; North American Edition

Author: Michael F. Ashby,Hugh Shercliff,David Cebon

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080994350

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 784

View: 6182

This is the essential materials engineering text and resource for students developing skills and understanding of materials properties and selection for engineering applications. Taking a unique design-led approach that is broader in scope than other texts, Materials 3e meets the curriculum needs of a wide variety of courses in the materials and design field, including introduction to materials science and engineering, engineering materials, materials selection and processing, and materials in design. This new edition retains its design-led focus and strong emphasis on visual communication while expanding its inclusion of the underlying science of materials to fully meet the needs of instructors teaching an introductory course in materials. Design-led approach motivates and engages students in the study of materials science and engineering through real-life case studies and illustrative applications Highly visual full color graphics facilitate understanding of materials concepts and properties Chapters on materials selection and design are integrated with chapters on materials fundamentals, enabling students to see how specific fundamentals can be important to the design process For instructors, a solutions manual, lecture slides, online image bank and materials selection charts for use in class handouts or lecture presentations are available at http://textbooks.elsevier.com Links with the Cambridge Engineering Selector (CES EduPack), the powerful materials selection software. See www.grantadesign.com for information NEW TO THIS EDITION: Text and figures have been revised and updated throughout The number of worked examples has been increased by 50% The number of standard end-of-chapter exercises in the text has been doubled Coverage of materials and the environment has been updated with a new section on Sustainability and Sustainable Technology
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