A Natural Law Theory of Legal Authority

Author: Jean Porter

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802865631

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 896

"Ministers of the Law is an argument for the importance of the history of Western legal thought for the jurisprudence of political authority. Jean Porter demonstrates that European jurists before the age of legal positivism had placed clear and absolute boundaries on the authority and power of rulers and magistrates. These boundaries were defined by the rights of human beings that transcended the 'rule of law' and constitutions.-Kenneth Pennington Catholic University of America This book is a theological account of a vital element of human flourishing: authority-natural, political, and legal. Porter argues that positive law, national and international, possesses an authority that may trump anti-terrorist expedients and even general humanitarian considerations.-Nigel Biggar University of Oxford The author presents an original account of natural law as a 'basis of legitimization' that can validate a variety of political systems and structures of positive law."-Brian Tierney Cornell University
Read More

Author: Farrell Dominic

Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop

ISBN: 8878392308

Category: Philosophy

Page: 359

View: 2312

How do ordinary people come to know what is virtuous? Do our moral convictions merely reflect our cultural background and upbringing, or do we somehow understand what is virtuous by ourselves and in a failsafe manner? Thomas Aquinas believes that we do. In his view practical reason is guided by our natural knowledge of the end of the moral virtues. The ends of the moral virtues pre-exist in practical reason (Summa theologiae II-II.47.6-7). This book delves into this argument, its historical background, and its implications for Aquinas' account of the cognitive foundations of deliberation. For Thomas, the naturally known overarching ends of the moral virtues and human life are love for God, self and others. They are first principles of practical reason. This order of love determines the content, logic and workings of natural law. In this way, Aquinas not only develops a compelling account of natural law, but also bridges the gap between natural law and virtue. The fundamental content of natural law is tied up with the shape and structure of the moral virtues. Aquinas' innovative wedding of Aristotelian and Augustinian accounts of deliberation constitutes an important chapter within mediaeval moral philosophy. It can also contribute much to contemporary reflection on practical reason, natural law and virtue ethics.
Read More

Law and Religion in the Western Tradition

Author: John Witte

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802844219

Category: Law

Page: 498

View: 4026

There are three things that people will die for -- their faith, their freedom, and their family. This volume focuses on all three, including the interactions among them, in the Western tradition and today. Retrieving and reconstructing a wealth of material from the earliest Hebrew and Greek texts of the West to the latest machinations of the Supreme Court, John Witte explores the legal and theological foundations of authority and liberty, equality and dignity, rights and duties, marriage and family, crime and punishment, and similar topics. God's Joust, God's Justice is a lucid scholarly introduction to the burgeoning field of law and religion and a learned historical inquiry into the weightier matters of the law.
Read More

Reclaiming the Tradition for Christian Ethics

Author: Jean Porter

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802846976

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 4092

Though the concept of natural law took center stage during the Middle Ages, the theological aspects of this august intellectual tradition have been largely forgotten by the modern church. In this book ethicist Jean Porter shows the continuing significance of the natural law tradition for Christian ethics. Based on a careful analysis of natural law as it emerged in the medieval period, Porter's work explores several important scholastic theologians and canonists whose writings are not only worthy of study in their own right but also make important contributions to moral reflection today.
Read More

Author: Ira C. Lupu,Robert W. Tuttle

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 1467442186

Category: Religion

Page: 279

View: 1177

In this book Ira Lupu and Robert Tuttle break through the unproductive American debate over competing religious rights. They present an original theory that makes the secular character of the American government, rather than a set of individual rights, the centerpiece of religious liberty in the United States. Through a comprehensive treatment of relevant constitutional themes and through their attention to both historical concerns and contemporary controversies — including issues often in the news — Lupu and Tuttle define and defend the secular character of U.S. government.
Read More

Continuity and Discontinuity in the History of Ideas

Author: Francis Oakley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826417655

Category: Philosophy

Page: 143

View: 8546

Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2006 The existence and grounding of human or natural rights is a heavily contested issue today, not only in the West but in the debates raging between "fundamentalists" and "liberals" or "modernists in the Islamic world. So, too, are the revised versions of natural law espoused by thinkers such as John Finnis and Robert George. This book focuses on three bodies of theory that developed between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries: (1) the foundational belief in the existence of a moral/juridical natural law, embodying universal norms of right and wrong and accessible to natural human reason; (2) the understanding of (scientific) uniformities of nature as divinely imposed laws, which rose to prominence in the seventeenth century; and (3), finally, the notion that individuals are bearers of inalienable natural or human rights. While seen today as distinct bodies of theory often locked in mutual conflict, they grew up inextricably intertwines. The book argues that they cannot be properly understood if taken each in isolation from the others.
Read More

Contested Doctrinal and Moral Issues

Author: Esther D. Reed

Publisher: Baylor University Press

ISBN: 193279297X

Category: Religion

Page: 221

View: 2554

In The Ethics of Human Rights, Esther Reed constructs a Christian theology of "right," "rights" and "natural rights" and does so in constant awareness of and conversation with the public and political implications of such a theology. Reed's use of Genesis 9:1-17, God's covenant with Noah, enables her critical Christian engagement with issue of right and her application of this Christian theology of rights to the contemporary moral dilemmas of animal rights, the environment, and democracy.
Read More

A Thomistic Theory of the Natural Law

Author: Jean Porter

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802849069

Category: Law

Page: 420

View: 3206

This noteworthy book develops a new theory of the natural law that takes its orientation from the account of the natural law developed by Thomas Aquinas, as interpreted and supplemented in the context of scholastic theology in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Though this history might seem irrelevant to twenty-first-century life, Jean Porter shows that the scholastic approach to the natural law still has much to contribute to the contemporary discussion of Christian ethics. Aquinas and his interlocutors provide a way of thinking about the natural law that is distinctively theological while at the same time remaining open to other intellectual perspectives, including those of science. In the course of her work, Porter examines the scholastics' assumptions and beliefs about nature, Aquinas's account of happiness, and the overarching claim that reason can generate moral norms. Ultimately, Porter argues that a Thomistic theory of the natural law is well suited to provide a starting point for developing a more nuanced account of the relationship between specific beliefs and practices. While Aquinas's approach to the natural law may not provide a system of ethical norms that is both universally compelling and detailed enough to be practical, it does offer something that is arguably more valuable -- namely, a way of reflecting theologically on the phenomenon of human morality.
Read More

Author: John Witte,Frank S. Alexander

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231133586

Category: Reference

Page: 806

View: 7469

Divided into two volumes, The Teachings of Modern Christianity on Law, Politics, and Human Nature offers a landmark collection of writings from twenty leading Christian thinkers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and analyses of their work by leading contemporary religious scholars. The first volume examines modern Christian thinkers' views on the most pressing political, legal, and ethical questions of our time. The essays present a vital new understanding of the diversity and richness of modern Christian legal and political thought from 1880 to the present. The contributors reveal the theological roots of modern legal systems as well as the relevance of modern Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox thought to current debates about the family, state, religion, and society. Essays consider the ideas, influences, and intellectual and cultural contexts of a variety of figures, including Jacques Maritain, Gustavo Gutiérrez, Dorothy Day, Pope John Paul II, Susan B. Anthony, Karl Barth, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Reinhold Niebuhr, Martin Luther King Jr., Nikolai Berdyaev, and Vladimir Lossky. The contributors illuminate these thinkers' views on issues that continue to affect modern pluralistic societies, including the nature and purpose of law and authority, the limits of rule and obedience, the care and nurture of the needy and innocent, the rights and wrongs of war and violence, and the separation of church and state. The historical focus and ecumenical breadth of this collection fills an important scholarly gap and revives the role of Christian social thought in legal and political theory. The second volume of The Teachings of Modern Christianity on Law Politics, and Human Nature is an annotated reader of works by the figures discussed in this volume.
Read More

A Biblical Theology of Natural Law

Author: David VanDrunen

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 1467440639

Category: Religion

Page: 594

View: 2682

This book addresses the old question of natural law in its contemporary context. David VanDrunen draws on both his Reformed theological heritage and the broader Christian natural law tradition to develop a constructive theology of natural law through a thorough study of Scripture. The biblical covenants organize VanDrunen's study. Part 1 addresses the covenant of creation and the covenant with Noah, exploring how these covenants provide a foundation for understanding God's governance of the whole world under the natural law. Part 2 treats the redemptive covenants that God established with Abraham, Israel, and the New Testament church and explores the obligations of God's people to natural law within these covenant relationships. In the concluding chapter of Divine Covenants and Moral Order VanDrunen reflects on the need for a solid theology of natural law and the importance of natural law for the Christian's life in the public square.]>
Read More

A Study in the Development of Reformed Social Thought

Author: David VanDrunen

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802864430

Category: Religion

Page: 466

View: 1925

Conventional scholarship holds that the theology and social ethics of the Reformed tradition stand at odds with concepts of natural law and the two kingdoms. But David VanDrunen here challenges that status quo through his careful, thoroughgoing exploration of the development of Reformed social thought from the Reformation to the present. - from publisher description.
Read More

Author: Jean Porter

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 9780664226039

Category: Religion

Page: 212

View: 7016

By developing a philosophical reconstruction of the moral philosophy that underlies the Secunda Pars of the Summa Theologiae of Thomas Aquinas, Jean Porter illuminates Aquinas' theory of morality and shows its relevance to contemporary Christian ethics.
Read More

Author: Arthur W. Pink

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 1257723375

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 7618

The Divine Covenants have an intimate connection with each other and a common relation to a single purpose, being, in fact, so many successive stages in the unfolding of the scheme of divine grace. They treat the divine side of things, disclosing the source from which all blessings come to men, and making known the channel (Christ) through which they flow to them. The everlasting covenant, with its shadowings forth His temporal covenants, form the basis of all His dealings with His people. This book will explore the following Covenants: PART ONE - THE EVERLASTING COVENANT PART TWO - THE ADAMIC COVENANT PART THREE - THE NOAHIC COVENANT PART FOUR - THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT PART FIVE - THE SINAITIC COVENANT PART SIX - THE DAVIDIC COVENANT PART SEVEN - THE MESSIANIC COVENANT PART EIGHT - THE COVENANT ALLEGORY
Read More

Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century

Author: Peter Linebaugh

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859846384

Category: History

Page: 492

View: 5224

Peter Linebaugh's groundbreaking history has become an inescapable part of any understanding of the rise of capitalism. In eighteenth-century London the spectacle of a hanging served the purpose of forcing the poor population of London to accept the criminalization of customary rights and new forms of private property. In this new edition Peter Linebaugh reinforces his original arguments with detailed responses to his critics based on an impressive array of historical sources.
Read More