The Status of Design in Natural Science

Author: Del Ratzsch

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791490998

Category: Philosophy

Page: 230

View: 3289

Explores the question of whether or not concepts and principles involving supernatural intelligent design can occupy any legitimate place within science.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845641663

Category: Design

Page: 336

View: 7641

Throughout history, many leading thinkers have been inspired by the parallels between nature and human design, in mathematics, engineering and other areas. This book publishes the results of a conference on the significance of nature for design.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: S. Hernandez,C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845645928

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 5075

Throughout history, many leading thinkers have been inspired by the parallels between nature and human design, in mathematics, engineering and other areas. Today, the huge increase in biological knowledge, developments in design engineering systems, together with the growth in computer power and developments in simulation modelling, have all made possible more comprehensive studies of nature.Conference topics include the following: Mechanics in nature; Nature and architecture; Natural materials and processes; Solutions from nature; Biomimetics and bio-inspiration; Biocapacity; Education in design and nature; Competition in nature; Biological engineering; Constructional theory; Locomotion in nature; Gravitational biology; Self-sustaining environments.It is these developments which have prompted the reconvening of this international conference on Design and Nature. It is intended that the meeting will bring together researchers from around the world working on a variety of studies involving nature and their significance for modern scientific thought and design.
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comparing design in nature with science and engineering

Author: C. A. Brebbia,M. W. Collins

Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics

ISBN: 9781853127212

Category: Nature

Page: 624

View: 7022

Containing the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Design and Nature, this book brings together contributions from researchers working around the world on a variety of studies involving nature and its significance for modern scientific thought and design. The papers featured span a broad range of topics including: Architectural Design and Structures: Acoustics; Biology; Biomimetics; Design Philosophy and Methods; Human Biology and Medicine; Materials; Nature and Architectural Design; Space.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: Angelo Carpi,C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845644549

Category: Design

Page: 604

View: 7152

With the onward march of science and technology, and the continuing quest for improvement, there is a growing curiosity about the world around us. Close examination of structures in nature can be rewarding and surprising Nature has shown an extraordinary capacity to develop dynamic structures and systems over many millions of years and there is still much to be learnt. Aimed at providing researchers in this subject with fresh impetus and inspiration, this book consists of papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Design and Nature. The contributions reflect the rich variety of work currently taking place around the world and cover the following topics: Nature and Architecture; Mechanics in Nature; Natural Materials and Processing; Solutions from Nature; Biomimetics; Biomimetics and Bioinspiration; Biocapacity; Education in Design and Nature, and Helical Design in Nature.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845641205

Category: Design

Page: 350

View: 1953

Design in engineering and science has often been inspired by nature. This has been more evident in recent years, after a period during which our civilization thought in terms of taming rather than working in harmony with nature. The consequences of that approach are still with us and have resulted in a world increasingly homogenized, lacking in biodiversity and with increased pollution. Mankind has been slow to learn and even slower to apply the lessons that nature offers, in spite of the urgency of our predicament. This book contains papers presented at the fourth International Conference on Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering . The emphasis of this Volume is on engineering and architectural applications and on biomimetics, reflecting in some measure current interest in finding environmentally friendly solutions which also optimize the use of natural resources. The contributions have been arranged into the following topics: Biomimetics; Shape and Form in Engineering Nature; Nature and Architectural Design; Natural Materials and Surfaces; Complexity; and Education.
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America's Search for a Creation Story

Author: Karl Giberson,Donald A. Yerxa

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742507654

Category: Religion

Page: 277

View: 7978

In Species of Origins, Karl W. Giberson and Donald A. Yerxa examine America's controversial conversation about creation and evolution. While noting that part of the discord stems from the growing cultural and religious diversity of the United States, they argue powerfully that the real issue is the headlong confrontation between two seemingly incompatible worldviews upon which millions of Americans rely: modern naturalistic science and traditional Judeo-Christian religions. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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Eine Einführung

Author: Markus Rammerstorfer

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3842308094

Category: Science

Page: 108

View: 2517

Wenn sich Biologen ihren Untersuchungsobjekten nähern, sind sie seit jeher mit einem erstaunlichem 'Anschein von Planung' konfrontiert. Was hat es mit diesem 'Anschein' auf sich? Ist er nur oberflächlicher Natur? Erfordert er eine spezielle Erklärung? Steht dies in einem Zusammenhang mit den neueren Debatten um 'Design-Argumente' in der Biologie? Das Anliegen des Autors ist es, einen sachlichen und konstruktiven Beitrag zur Diskussion dieses Themengebietes zu liefern.
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Author: Reza Hoshmand

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584885382

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 9759

Written to meet the needs of both students and applied researchers, Design of Experiments for Agriculture and the Natural Sciences, Second Edition serves as an introductory guide to experimental design and analysis. Like the popular original, this thorough text provides an understanding of the logical underpinnings of design and analysis by selecting and discussing only those carefully chosen designs that offer the greatest utility. However, it improves on the first edition by adhering to a step-by-step process that greatly improves accessibility and understanding. Real problems from different areas of agriculture and science are presented throughout to show how practical issues of design and analysis are best handled. Completely revised to greatly enhance readability, this new edition includes: A new chapter on covariance analysis to help readers reduce errors, while enhancing their ability to examine covariances among selected variables Expanded material on multiple regression and variance analysis Additional examples, problems, and case studies A step-by-step Minitab® guide to help with data analysis Intended for those in the agriculture, environmental, and natural science fields as well as statisticians, this text requires no previous exposure to analysis of variance, although some familiarity with basic statistical fundamentals is assumed. In keeping with the book's practical orientation, numerous workable problems are presented throughout to reinforce the reader's ability to creatively apply the principles and concepts in any given situation.
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Author: John Siraj-Blatchford

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335232795

Category: Education

Page: 143

View: 4638

This practical and accessible text answers these questions and provides guidance for adults working with young children in a variety of formal and informal settings. Concrete advice is given to show how parents, carers, teachers and other professionals can provide a rich learning environment and support children in this important area of the curriculum.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: Chronicle Books Llc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Photography

Page: 119

View: 331

Examines symmetry and patterns in nature, and theorizes, mathematically and geometrically, about each design pictured
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Author: Benjamin C. Jantzen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107782767

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6509

The history of design arguments stretches back to before Aquinas, who claimed that things which lack intelligence nevertheless act for an end to achieve the best result. Although science has advanced to discredit this claim, it remains true that many biological systems display remarkable adaptations of means to ends. Versions of design arguments have persisted over the centuries and have culminated in theories that propose an intelligent designer of the universe. This volume is the only comprehensive survey of 2,000 years of debate, drawing on both historical and modern literature to identify, clarify and assess critically the many forms of design argument for the existence of God. It provides a neutral, informative account of the topic from antiquity to Darwin, and includes concise primers on probability and cosmology. It will be of great value to upper-level undergraduates and graduates in philosophy of religion, theology, and philosophy of science.
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God, Physics, and the Philosophy of Science

Author: Jeffrey Koperski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118932773

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8845

The Physics of Theism provides a timely, critical analysis of the ways in which physics intertwines with religion. Koperski brings clarity to a range of arguments including the fine-tuning argument, naturalism, the laws of nature, and the controversy over Intelligent Design. A single author text providing unprecedented scope and depth of analysis of key issues within the Philosophy of Religion and the Philosophy of Science Critically analyses the ways in which physics is brought into play in matters of religion Self-contained chapters allow readers to directly access specific areas of interest The area is one of considerable interest, and this book is a timely and well-conceived contribution to these debates Written by an accomplished scholar working in the philosophy of physics in a style that renders complex arguments accessible
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Author: Nigel Cross

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764384840

Category: Architecture

Page: 141

View: 7234

The concept "Designerly Ways of Knowing" emerged in the late 1970s alongside new approaches in design education. This book is a unique insight into expanding discipline area with important implications for design research, education and practice.
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Author: National Academy of Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Working Group on Teaching Evolution

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309185417

Category: Education

Page: 150

View: 6133

Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.
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Concepts and Methodologies

Author: Myint Swe Khine

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400724570

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 5043

This book consolidates contemporary thinking and research efforts in teaching and learning about the nature of science in science education. The term ‘Nature of Science’ (NoS) has appeared in the science education literature for many decades. While there is still a controversy among science educators about what constitutes NoS, educators are unanimous in acknowledging the importance of this topic as well as the need to make it explicit in teaching science. The general consensus is that the nature of science is an intricate and multifaceted theme that requires continued scholarship. Recent analysis of research trends in science education indicates that investigation of the nature of science continues to be one of the most prevalent topics in academic publications. Advances in Nature of Science Research explores teaching and assessing the nature of science as a means of addressing and solving problems in conceptual change, developing positive attitudes toward science, promoting thinking habits, advancing inquiry skills and preparing citizens literate in science and technology. The book brings together prominent scholars in the field to share their cutting-edge knowledge about the place of the nature of science in science teaching and learning contexts. The chapters explore theoretical frameworks, new directions and changing practices from intervention studies, discourse analyses, classroom-based investigations, anthropological observations, and design-based research.
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Natural Right and the Rediscovery of Design

Author: John C. Caiazza

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412847176

Category: Science

Page: 183

View: 3480

Within the last one hundred years, the scientific conception of the universe has undergone radical change. As a result a new field has evolved, called “cosmology,” that examines the philosophical and scientific nature of the universe. Cosmology conceives of a material universe in which the interior of atoms do not act in the same predictable manner as the objects we can see and in which space is no longer empty volume unaffected by the matter within it. The universe is not a machine that operates with the same set of rules, but rather a living, growing organism. This new cosmology is forcing a consideration of the meaning of life that also calls for a reconsideration of moral law—the doctrine of natural right. Natural law theory is based on a cosmology that is grounded in classical metaphysics. John C. Caiazza uses the term “natural right” rather than “natural law” since his argument for cosmic teleology is based on the cosmology of contemporary science and not that of classical metaphysics. If evolution and development are the key to understanding nature, it is important to get the evolutionary concept of nature right, especially when it involves ethics. The universe can be viewed in two ways. One can admire the intricacy of the cosmological process on the physical, chemical, and astronomical levels. Or, one can look at this process as a result of design or providence. These two options should not preclude each other, Caiazza asserts; we should instead look closely at what science reveals about design. This volume offers an opportunity to reconcile the thinking of those who hold to traditional religious views on the origins of the universe and those who look to scientific explanations.
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5th International Conference, DESRIST 2010, St. Gallen, Switzerland, June 4-5, 2010. Proceedings

Author: Robert Winter,J. Leon Zhao,Stephan Aier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642133347

Category: Computers

Page: 564

View: 4387

The LNCS series reports state-of-the-art results in computer science research, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form. Enjoying tight cooperation with the R&D community, with numerous individuals, as well as with prestigious organizations and societies, LNCS has grown into the most comprehensive computer science research forum available. The scope of LNCS, including its subseries LNAI and LNBI, spans the whole range of computer science and information technology including interdisciplinary topics in a variety of application fields. The type of material published traditionally includes -proceedings (published in time for the respective conference) -post-proceedings (consisting of thoroughly revised final full papers) -research monographs (which may be based on outstanding PhD work, research projects, technical reports, etc.) More recently, several color-cover sublines have been added featuring, beyond a collection of papers, various added-value components; these sublines include -tutorials (textbook-like monographs or collections of lectures given at advanced courses) -state-of-the-art surveys (offering complete and mediated coverage of a topic) -hot topics (introducing emergent topics to the broader community)
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