The Status of Design in Natural Science

Author: Del Ratzsch

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791490998

Category: Philosophy

Page: 230

View: 8301

Explores the question of whether or not concepts and principles involving supernatural intelligent design can occupy any legitimate place within science.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845641205

Category: Design

Page: 350

View: 6103

Design in engineering and science has often been inspired by nature. This has been more evident in recent years, after a period during which our civilization thought in terms of taming rather than working in harmony with nature. The consequences of that approach are still with us and have resulted in a world increasingly homogenized, lacking in biodiversity and with increased pollution. Mankind has been slow to learn and even slower to apply the lessons that nature offers, in spite of the urgency of our predicament. This book contains papers presented at the fourth International Conference on Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering . The emphasis of this Volume is on engineering and architectural applications and on biomimetics, reflecting in some measure current interest in finding environmentally friendly solutions which also optimize the use of natural resources. The contributions have been arranged into the following topics: Biomimetics; Shape and Form in Engineering Nature; Nature and Architectural Design; Natural Materials and Surfaces; Complexity; and Education.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: Angelo Carpi,C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845644549

Category: Design

Page: 604

View: 7662

With the onward march of science and technology, and the continuing quest for improvement, there is a growing curiosity about the world around us. Close examination of structures in nature can be rewarding and surprising Nature has shown an extraordinary capacity to develop dynamic structures and systems over many millions of years and there is still much to be learnt. Aimed at providing researchers in this subject with fresh impetus and inspiration, this book consists of papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Design and Nature. The contributions reflect the rich variety of work currently taking place around the world and cover the following topics: Nature and Architecture; Mechanics in Nature; Natural Materials and Processing; Solutions from Nature; Biomimetics; Biomimetics and Bioinspiration; Biocapacity; Education in Design and Nature, and Helical Design in Nature.
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Author: Stan Berenstain,Jan Berenstain,Activity Books

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486498344

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 192

View: 4750

Introduces the seasons, weather, animals, plants, the earth, machines, matter, energy, and related topics.
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Science and Democracy in Europe and the United States

Author: Sheila Jasanoff

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837311

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 8720

Biology and politics have converged today across much of the industrialized world. Debates about genetically modified organisms, cloning, stem cells, animal patenting, and new reproductive technologies crowd media headlines and policy agendas. Less noticed, but no less important, are the rifts that have appeared among leading Western nations about the right way to govern innovation in genetics and biotechnology. These significant differences in law and policy, and in ethical analysis, may in a globalizing world act as obstacles to free trade, scientific inquiry, and shared understandings of human dignity. In this magisterial look at some twenty-five years of scientific and social development, Sheila Jasanoff compares the politics and policy of the life sciences in Britain, Germany, the United States, and in the European Union as a whole. She shows how public and private actors in each setting evaluated new manifestations of biotechnology and tried to reassure themselves about their safety. Three main themes emerge. First, core concepts of democratic theory, such as citizenship, deliberation, and accountability, cannot be understood satisfactorily without taking on board the politics of science and technology. Second, in all three countries, policies for the life sciences have been incorporated into "nation-building" projects that seek to reimagine what the nation stands for. Third, political culture influences democratic politics, and it works through the institutionalized ways in which citizens understand and evaluate public knowledge. These three aspects of contemporary politics, Jasanoff argues, help account not only for policy divergences but also for the perceived legitimacy of state actions.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 6906

With the onward march of science and technology, and the continuing quest for improvement, there is a growing curiosity about the world around us. Close examination of structures in nature can be rewarding and surprising. Nature has shown an extraordinary capacity to develop dynamic structures and systems over many millions of years and there is still much to be learnt.
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Nature * Science * Creativity

Author: William Myers

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500294390

Category:

Page: 304

View: 3821

Bioluminescent algae, symbiotic aquariums, self-healing concrete, clavicle wind instruments and structures made from living trees - biology applied outside the lab has never been so intriguing, or so beautiful. Bio Design examines the thrilling advances in the field, showcasing some seventy projects (concepts, prototypes and completed designs) that cover a range of fields - from architecture and industrial design to fashion and medicine. The revised and expanded edition features twelve new projects (replacing ten existing projects): Hy-Fi (by David Benjamin); One Central Park, Sydney (Jean Nouvel); Guard from Above (Sjoerd Hoogendoorn); Cell-laden Hydrogels for Biocatalysis (Alshakim Nelson); Zoa (Modern Meadow); Amino Labs (Julie Legault); Algae and Mycelium Projects (Eric Klarenbeek); Interwoven and Harvest (Diane Scherer); Concrete Honey (John Becker); Bistro In Vitro (Koert van Mensvoort); Circumventive Organs (Agi Haines); Quantworm Mine (Liv Bargman and Nina Cutler). It also includes a new 'how-to' section at the end (Tips for Collaboration/FAQs/Further Resources), as well as a fully revised introduction.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: S. Hernandez,C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845645928

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 4420

Throughout history, many leading thinkers have been inspired by the parallels between nature and human design, in mathematics, engineering and other areas. Today, the huge increase in biological knowledge, developments in design engineering systems, together with the growth in computer power and developments in simulation modelling, have all made possible more comprehensive studies of nature.Conference topics include the following: Mechanics in nature; Nature and architecture; Natural materials and processes; Solutions from nature; Biomimetics and bio-inspiration; Biocapacity; Education in design and nature; Competition in nature; Biological engineering; Constructional theory; Locomotion in nature; Gravitational biology; Self-sustaining environments.It is these developments which have prompted the reconvening of this international conference on Design and Nature. It is intended that the meeting will bring together researchers from around the world working on a variety of studies involving nature and their significance for modern scientific thought and design.
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A Fresh, Interdisciplinary Look at How Design Emerges in Complex Systems, Especially Life

Author: Liz Swan,Richard Gordon,Joseph Seckbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400741561

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 812

View: 9973

Origin(s) of Design in Nature is a collection of over 40 articles from prominent researchers in the life, physical, and social sciences, medicine, and the philosophy of science that all address the philosophical and scientific question of how design emerged in the natural world. The volume offers a large variety of perspectives on the design debate including progressive accounts from artificial life, embryology, complexity, cosmology, theology and the philosophy of biology. This book is volume 23 of the series, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. www.springer.com/series/5775
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Author: Michael R. Canfield

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674057570

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 297

View: 332

Pioneering a new niche in the study of plants and animals in their natural habitat, this book allows readers to peer over the shoulders and into the notebooks of a dozen eminent field workers, to study firsthand their observational methods, materials, and fleeting impressions.
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How the Constructal Law Governs Evolution in Biology, Physics, Technology, and Social Organizations

Author: Adrian Bejan,J. Peder Zane

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0307744345

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 8308

Reveals how recurring patterns in nature are accounted for by a single governing principle of physics, explaining how all designs in the world from biological life to inanimate systems evolve in a sequence of ever-improving designs that facilitate flow.
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America's Search for a Creation Story

Author: Karl Giberson,Donald A. Yerxa

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742507654

Category: Religion

Page: 277

View: 2098

In Species of Origins, Karl W. Giberson and Donald A. Yerxa examine America's controversial conversation about creation and evolution. While noting that part of the discord stems from the growing cultural and religious diversity of the United States, they argue powerfully that the real issue is the headlong confrontation between two seemingly incompatible worldviews upon which millions of Americans rely: modern naturalistic science and traditional Judeo-Christian religions. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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Designing Nature for New Audiences

Author: Bernard Lightman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226481174

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 7326

The ideas of Charles Darwin and his fellow Victorian scientists have had an abiding effect on the modern world. But at the time The Origin of Species was published in 1859, the British public looked not to practicing scientists but to a growing group of professional writers and journalists to interpret the larger meaning of scientific theories in terms they could understand and in ways they could appreciate. Victorian Popularizers of Science focuses on this important group of men and women who wrote about science for a general audience in the second half of the nineteenth century. Bernard Lightman examines more than thirty of the most prolific, influential, and interesting popularizers of the day, investigating the dramatic lecturing techniques, vivid illustrations, and accessible literary styles they used to communicate with their audience. By focusing on a forgotten coterie of science writers, their publishers, and their public, Lightman offers new insights into the role of women in scientific inquiry, the market for scientific knowledge, tensions between religion and science, and the complexities of scientific authority in nineteenth-century Britain.
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comparing design in nature with science and engineering

Author: C. A. Brebbia,M. W. Collins

Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics

ISBN: 9781853127212

Category: Nature

Page: 624

View: 3079

Containing the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Design and Nature, this book brings together contributions from researchers working around the world on a variety of studies involving nature and its significance for modern scientific thought and design. The papers featured span a broad range of topics including: Architectural Design and Structures: Acoustics; Biology; Biomimetics; Design Philosophy and Methods; Human Biology and Medicine; Materials; Nature and Architectural Design; Space.
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Author: Lewis Wolpert

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674929814

Category: Science

Page: 191

View: 2518

How is it that nobody--except maybe scientists--sees science for what it is? In this entertaining and provocative book, Lewis Wolpert draws on the entire history of science, from Thales of Miletus to Watson and Crick, from the study of eugenics to the discovery of the double helix. The result is a scientist's view of the culture of science, authoritative and informed and at the same time mercifully accessible to those who find cohabiting with this culture a puzzling experience. Science is arguably the defining feature of our age. For anyone who hopes to understand its nature, this lively and thoughtful book provides the perfect starting point.
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Author: Anthony Edward Kelly,Richard A. Lesh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135705828

Category: Education

Page: 994

View: 3749

The Handbook of Research Design in Mathematics and Science Education is based on results from an NSF-supported project (REC 9450510) aimed at clarifying the nature of principles that govern the effective use of emerging new research designs in mathematics and science education. A primary goal is to describe several of the most important types of research designs that: * have been pioneered recently by mathematics and science educators; * have distinctive characteristics when they are used in projects that focus on mathematics and science education; and * have proven to be especially productive for investigating the kinds of complex, interacting, and adapting systems that underlie the development of mathematics or science students and teachers, or for the development, dissemination, and implementation of innovative programs of mathematics or science instruction. The volume emphasizes research designs that are intended to radically increase the relevance of research to practice, often by involving practitioners in the identification and formulation of the problems to be addressed or in other key roles in the research process. Examples of such research designs include teaching experiments, clinical interviews, analyses of videotapes, action research studies, ethnographic observations, software development studies (or curricula development studies, more generally), and computer modeling studies. This book's second goal is to begin discussions about the nature of appropriate and productive criteria for assessing (and increasing) the quality of research proposals, projects, or publications that are based on the preceding kind of research designs. A final objective is to describe such guidelines in forms that will be useful to graduate students and others who are novices to the fields of mathematics or science education research. The NSF-supported project from which this book developed involved a series of mini conferences in which leading researchers in mathematics and science education developed detailed specifications for the book, and planned and revised chapters to be included. Chapters were also field tested and revised during a series of doctoral research seminars that were sponsored by the University of Wisconsin's OERI-supported National Center for Improving Student Learning and Achievement in Mathematics and Science. In these seminars, computer-based videoconferencing and www-based discussion groups were used to create interactions in which authors of potential chapters served as "guest discussion leaders" responding to questions and comments from doctoral students and faculty members representing more than a dozen leading research universities throughout the USA and abroad. A Web site with additional resource materials related to this book can be found at http://www.soe.purdue.edu/smsc/lesh/ This internet site includes directions for enrolling in seminars, participating in ongoing discussion groups, and submitting or downloading resources which range from videotapes and transcripts, to assessment instruments or theory-based software, to publications or data samples related to the research designs being discussed.
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Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845641663

Category: Design

Page: 336

View: 1881

Throughout history, many leading thinkers have been inspired by the parallels between nature and human design, in mathematics, engineering and other areas. This book publishes the results of a conference on the significance of nature for design.
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The Art and Science of Ernst Haeckel

Author: Olaf Breidbach

Publisher: Prestel Pub

ISBN: 9783791336640

Category: Design

Page: 299

View: 7191

"This volume, which includes a number of Haeckel's drawings and watercolours which have never been published before, is the first detailed overview of the scientist and artist's vast output and provides a lively picture of his exceptional talent."--BOOK JACKET.
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East and West

Author: Sundar Sarukkai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351549847

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4886

The discourse and practice of science are deeply connected to explicit and implicit narratives of nature. However, nature has been understood in diverse ways by cultures across the world. Could these different views of nature generate the possibility of alternate views on science? Part of the innovative series Science and Technology Studies, this volume looks at different conceptualizations of nature and the manner in which they structure the practice of the sciences. The essays draw upon philosophy, history, sociology, religion, feminism, mathematics and cultural studies, and establish a dialogue between cultures through a multi-disciplinary exploration of science. With contributions from major scholars in the field, this volume will deeply interest scholars and students of science and technology studies; sociology, history and philosophy of science; as also environmental studies.
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