Author: Peter E. Davies

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472819934

Category: Transportation

Page: 80

View: 8699

The revolutionary X-15 remains the fastest manned aircraft ever to fly. Built in the two decades following World War II, it was the most successful of the high-speed X-planes. The only recently broken 'sound barrier' was smashed completely by the X-15, which could hit Mach 6.7 and soar to altitudes above 350,000ft, beyond the edge of space. Several pilots qualified as astronauts by flying above 50 miles altitude in the X-15, including Neil Armstrong, the first man on the Moon. The three X-15s made 199 flights, testing new technologies and techniques which greatly eased America's entry into manned space travel, and made the Apollo missions and Space Shuttle viable propositions. With historical photographs and stunning digital artwork, this is the story of arguably the greatest of the X-Planes.
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The World's Fastest Rocket Plane and the Pilots Who Ushered in the Space Age

Author: John Anderson,Richard Passman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0760344450

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 6516

"The X-15, which flew from 1959-1970, is still the most advanced research aircraft ever developed and flown, and hangs in a place of honor in the Smithsonian's Air and Space Museum. Its test pilots not only reached the edge of space, but their skill and daring helped engineers understand hypersonic speed and thus pave the way for the Space Shuttle"--
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The Story of the North American X-15

Author: Dennis R. Jenkins

Publisher: Specialty Press

ISBN: 1580071317

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 1758

This is the most extensively researched history of the X-15 program yet produced, written with the cooperation of surviving X-15 pilots as well as many other program principals.
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The Story of America's First Space Ship

Author: Richard Tregaskis

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803294561

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 5196

Built of titanium and a chrome-nickel alloy known as Inconel X, the X-15 was the fastest plane ever built, streaking through the lower reaches of outer space even before the first space capsules reached orbit. First tested in 1959, the X-15 proved to be a crucial testing ground for the astronauts and hardware in the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and even the Space Shuttle programs. ΓΈ The dramatic tale of the golden age of this experimental plane comes vividly to life through the writing of the celebrated reporter Richard Tregaskis, who spent time with the pilots, engineers, and other key personnel involved in the project. We learn of the years of planning and design, devastating onboard explosions, exhilarating triumphs, and, above all, the personal and professional sacrifices that paved the way for the enduring legacy of the blisteringly fast X-15 rocket plane.
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Extending the Frontiers of Flight

Author: Dennis R. Jenkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aerodynamics, Hypersonic

Page: 681

View: 3399

1. A new science / 2. A hypersonic research airplane / 3. Conflict and innovation / 4. The million-horsepower engine / 5. High range and dry lakes / 6. Preparations / 7. The flight program / 8. The research program.
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Flying the First Wings Into Space

Author: Michelle L. Evans

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803228406

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 8152

Discusses the development of the X-15 Rocket Plane, a spacecraft that paved the way for human-controlled spaceflight.
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Author: Peter E. Davies

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472819608

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 1352

Even before the spectacular success of its X-1 rocket-powered aircraft in breaking the 'sound barrier', the adventurous Bell Aircraft Corporation was already pushing ahead with a parallel project to build a second aircraft capable of far higher speeds. The X-2 (or Model 52) explored the equally uncertain technology of swept-back wings. Now common in modern conventional fighter aircraft, the Bell X-2 was revolutionary in using this type of airframe to probe Mach 3 and research the effects of extreme aerodynamic friction heat on airframes. Although both X-2s were destroyed in crashes after only 20 flights, killing two test pilots, the knowledge gained from the programme was invaluable in developing aircraft that could safely fly at such speeds. Using stunning artwork and historical photographs, this is the story of the plane that ultimately made the Lockheed Blackbird and Concorde possible.
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The X-15 Flight Program

Author: Milton O. Thompson

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588343863

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 9822

In At the Edge of Space, Milton O. Thompson tells the dramatic story of one of the most successful research aircraft ever flown. The first full-length account of the X-15 program, the book profiles the twelve test pilots (Neil Armstrong, Joe Engle, Scott Crossfield, and the author among them) chosen for the program. Thompson has translated a highly technical subject into readable accounts of each pilot's participation, including many heroic and humorous anecdotes and highlighting the pilots' careers after the program ended in 1968.
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X-1 to X-45

Author: Jay Miller

Publisher: Midland Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 8401

Describes the history and characteristics of each X-plane, explains what was learned from each experimental aircraft, and looks at future models.
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Author: Peter E. Davies

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472814665

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 5602

In 1947, no one knew if it was possible to break the 'sound barrier'. The Bell X-1 was the tiny, rocket-powered craft that finally broke it. It was the result of innovative designers and engineers turning their attention from the pioneering jets of World War II to a new task ? an aircraft designed purely to fly faster than sound. Legendary pilots rallied to the cause, with World War II ace Chuck Yeager piloting the X-1 when it finally achieved supersonic flight in 1947, the first manned craft to reach such speeds. With historical photographs and meticulously researched digital art, Peter Davies traces the whole career of the pioneering Bell X-1, from its early development through to the influence it had on military and civilian jets in the second half of the 20th century.
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Author: Peter E. Davies

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472825047

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 3592

Of the many futuristic military aircraft concepts created in the 1950s the North American XB-70 still stands out as the most awe-inspiring. With its huge, white partially-folding delta wing, its fuselage resembling a striking cobra and its extraordinary performance, it was one of the foremost technological achievements of the 20th Century. A strategic bomber built to outrun any Soviet fighter jet, it could reach Mach 3 with a full nuclear payload - as fast as the legendary SR-71 Blackbird but more than three times the size. However, its role as a nuclear bomber was limited after the introduction of Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles, and defence cuts eventually led to the project being scrapped in the mid-1960s. The Valkyrie had a brief, costly decade of life but it proved the continuing value of developing manned bombers. However, almost half a century after the XB-70 its predecessor, the B-52, continues in service. Using full colour artwork and rigorous analysis, this is the complete story of the ultimate US Cold War military X-plane.
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Douglas High-speed X-planes

Author: Scott Libis

Publisher: Specialty PressPub & Wholesalers

ISBN: 9781580070843

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 5025

- Provides complete coverage of the little-known Douglas X-Planes. - Includes details of the first Mach 2 aircraft (D-558-2) and the first-ever Mach 2 flight. - Covers the ill-fared X-3 Stiletto program.
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Abstractions of Flight

Author: Carolyn Russo,Patty Wagstaff,Anne Collins Goodyear

Publisher: Power House Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Photography

Page: 143

View: 5413

In Plane View: Abstractions of Flight, by Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum photographer Carolyn Russo, redirects our attention to the often-overlooked simple beauty of aircraft design. With precedents in the work of Robert Delaunay, Charles Sheeler, and Arshile Gorky, among others, Russo uses fine art photography to bring out new visual dimensions of these powerful symbols of the 20th century, transforming them into works of art. Russo's striking color photographs distill the complexity of civil and military airplanes and spaceships into bold combinations of line, shape, light, and color. Beautiful in themselves, Carolyn Russo's photographs become even more intriguing when we learn their source: the iconic air and space craft of the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C. Through her unconventional approach Russo reveals new layers of meaning, from the whimsical to the profound, in the appearance of some of history's most revered flying machines. Juxtaposing her playful and discerning eye, scholarly text from NASM and the Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery provides fresh perspectives on flight and photography that will leave audiences looking at the world with new eyes. The book features 90 color photographs, quotes by aviators, artists, and poets, historical captions on each aircraft, and interpretive essays by Anne Collins Goodyear, assistant curator of prints and drawings at the Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery, who specializes in the relationship of art, science, and technology.
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U.S. Aviation Pressure Suits-- Wiley Post to Space Shuttle

Author: Dennis R. Jenkins

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160901102

Category: Air pilots

Page: 526

View: 4721

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Author: Robert Forsyth

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472820118

Category: Transportation

Page: 80

View: 5308

The Bachem Ba 349 Natter was a secretive, vertical take-off, single-seat rocket interceptor intended to offer high-speed defence of key targets. This radical aircraft offered Luftwaffe an inexpensive means with which to intercept and attack Allied heavy bombers using a vertically-launched, semi-expendable machine built of wood and armed with a nose-mounted 'honeycomb' battery of spin-stabilised air-to-air rockets as well as cannon armament. Launched vertically at 36,000ft per minute, the pilot was expected to fly within range of the enemy bombers, fire his rockets at them, ram another bomber, eject and parachute to the ground. Illustrated with contemporary photographs and stunning commissioned artwork, this study examines this inventive yet ultimately unsuccessful attempt by the Luftwaffe to defend against the tide of Allied aircraft that was bombing German cities into the ground.
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German Experimental Aircraft of World War II

Author: Manfred Griehl

Publisher: Frontline Books

ISBN: 1473896991

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 2214

From jet planes and high altitude aircraft to radar-equipped fighters configured to deliver chemical weapons, numerous Luftwaffe planes were designed and reached prototype stage but never made it into mass production or battle. Luftwaffe X Planes is a def
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Author: Robert Forsyth

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147281469X

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 4597

As Europe plunged into World War II, Hitler ordered the development of a hi-tech secret weapon capable of taking the war across the Atlantic ? the Messerschmitt Me 264. Chosen from designs for an 'Amerika Bomber' tendered by Messerschmitt, Junkers and Focke-Wulf, this ultra-long-range aircraft would be capable of attacking cities in the United States. Just one month before the attack on Pearl Harbor and the American entry into World War II Hitler was promising, privately, to wage a 'new war' against the USA after his victories in Europe. Dazzling digital artwork and 50 rare archive photographs perfectly complement the detailed analysis offered by Robert Forsyth as he examines the development, intended role and influence of the aircraft that Hitler planned to use to bomb New York City.
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The CIA?s Blackbird and other variants

Author: Paul F Crickmore

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472801156

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 2523

During the early years of the Cold War, the most effective way to gather strategic intelligence about the Soviet Union and its allies was manned overflight. Lockheed's U-2 was spectacularly successful in this role, however, much to the concern of US President Eisenhower, its shape meant that it could be tracked on Russian radars. Given the highly sensitive nature of such flights, the President insisted that every effort should be made to reduce to zero the U-2's radar cross section (RCS), thereby making the aircraft invisible. When this was proven to be impossible, the stage was set for a U-2 replacement. Following a competition between Lockheed and Convair, the former was declared the winner and the result was the A-12. Designed to incorporate 'stealth' features before the term was even coined, the A-12 has to date proven to be the fastest, highest flying jet aircraft ever built. This book will also cover a two-seat variation of the design built as an advanced interceptor ? the YF-12.
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USAF Jet-Powered Experimental Aircraft and Their Propulsive Systems

Author: Steve Pace

Publisher: Zenith Press

ISBN: 0760351422

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 4596

They're all here--every X-bomber and X-fighter since 1942. On October 2, 1942, the Bell XP-59 Airacomet soared up and away from present-day Edwards AFB, launching the US Army Air Forces into the Jet Age. In the several decades since, hundreds of new variations of experimental and test turbojet-powered bombers and fighters--X-bombers and X-fighters--have taken explosive flight. These aircraft blazed a trail leading to today's B-2 Stealth Bomber and F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. The Big Book of X-Bombers & X-Fighters showcases all of the USAF jet-powered X-bombers and X-fighters that have flown since 1942--more than 90 in all, including the alphabet soup of their variants. From experimental to prototype service bombers and fighters--from the XB-43 to the B-2A and the XP-59A to the F-35A--they're all here, with their inside stories revealed. Some of these aircraft were further developed. Others were canceled. All stretched the performance and design envelopes. More than 250 photos illustrate all of these experimental aircrafts' cutting-edge features and zeroes in on histories of their design, flight testing, and weapons testing. Specification tables detailing performance, design, and armaments help round out this compendium of information on truly groundbreaking aviation designs. X-bombers and X-fighters in The Big Book of X-Bombers & X-Fighters include: Bell P-59 Airacomet Republic P/F-84 Thunderjet Douglas B-43 Jetmaster North American B-45 Tornado Boeing B-47 Stratojet Curtiss P/F-87 Blackhawk McDonnell P/F-85 Goblin Convair P/F-92 "Dart" Northrop F-17 Cobra Boeing B-1 Lancer And all the rest! Specifications included for each aircraft include: Length Height Wingspan Empty weight Gross weight Maximum range Ceiling Maximum speed Armament In addition, veteran aviation author Steve Pace shows readers some of the designs that could have been and offers a peek into what might be lurking in the future, making this the definitive guide to USAF jet-powered experimental aircraft!
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