A New Theory of Everything
Author: Graham Harman
Publisher: Penguin UK
What is reality, really? Are humans more special or important than the non-human objects we perceive? How does this change the way we understand the world? We humans tend to believe that things are only real in as much as we perceive them, an idea reinforced by modern philosophy, which privileges us as special, radically different in kind from all other objects. But as Graham Harman, one of the theory's leading exponents, shows, Object-Oriented Ontology rejects the idea of human specialness: the world, he states, is clearly not the world as manifest to humans. At the heart of this philosophy is the idea that objects - whether real, fictional, natural, artificial, human or non-human - are mutually autonomous. In this brilliant new introduction, Graham Harman lays out the history, ideas and impact of Object-Oriented Ontology, taking in everything from art and literature, politics and natural science along the way. Graham Harman is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at SCI-Arc, Los Angeles. A key figure in the contemporary speculative realism movement in philosophy and for his development of the field of object-oriented ontology, he was named by Art Review magazine as one of the 100 most influential figures in international art.
Author: Katherine Behar
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
The essays in Object-Oriented Feminism explore OOF: a feminist intervention into recent philosophical discourses—like speculative realism, object-oriented ontology (OOO), and new materialism—that take objects, things, stuff, and matter as primary. Object-oriented feminism approaches all objects from the inside-out position of being an object too, with all of its accompanying political and ethical potentials. This volume places OOF thought in a long history of ongoing feminist work in multiple disciplines. In particular, object-oriented feminism foregrounds three significant aspects of feminist thinking in the philosophy of things: politics, engaging with histories of treating certain humans (women, people of color, and the poor) as objects; erotics, employing humor to foment unseemly entanglements between things; and ethics, refusing to make grand philosophical truth claims, instead staking a modest ethical position that arrives at being “in the right” by being “wrong.” Seeking not to define object-oriented feminism but rather to enact it, the volume is interdisciplinary in approach, with contributors from a variety of fields, including sociology, anthropology, English, art, and philosophy. Topics are frequently provocative, engaging a wide range of theorists from Heidegger and Levinas to Irigaray and Haraway, and an intriguing diverse array of objects, including the female body as fetish object in Lolita subculture; birds made queer by endocrine disruptors; and truth claims arising in material relations in indigenous fiction and film. Intentionally, each essay can be seen as an “object” in relation to others in this collection. Contributors: Irina Aristarkhova, University of Michigan; Karen Gregory, University of Edinburgh; Marina Gržinić, Slovenian Academy of Science and Arts; Frenchy Lunning, Minneapolis College of Art and Design; Timothy Morton, Rice University; Anne Pollock, Georgia Tech; Elizabeth A. Povinelli, Columbia University; R. Joshua Scannell, CUNY Graduate Center; Adam Zaretsky, VASTAL.
Author: Paul D. Miller,Svitlana Matviyenko
Publisher: MIT Press
They consider the control and power exercised by software architecture; the app's prosthetic ability to enhance certain human capacities, in reality or in imagination; the app economy, and the divergent possibilities it offers of making a living or making a fortune; and the app as medium and remediator of reality. Also included (and documented in color) are selected projects by artists asked to design truly imaginary apps, "icons of the impossible." These include a female sexual arousal graph using Doppler images; "The Ultimate App," which accepts a payment and then closes, without providing information or functionality; and "iLuck," which uses GPS technology and four-leaf-clover icons to mark places where luck might be found. ContributorsChristian Ulrik Andersen, Thierry Bardini, Nandita Biswas Mellamphy, Benjamin H. Bratton, Drew S.
How Does Critique Respond to the Urgency of Climate Change?
Author: Murdoch Stephens
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book examines how four contemporary critical theorists deal with the tension between their impulses to doubt and to engage in emancipatory political struggle. Considering the goals of environmental communication, it argues for a stronger critical dimension to embolden both the philosophical rigor and the political efficacy of the discipline.
Natural History, Animal Surfaces, and Art in the Anthropocene
Author: Giovanni Aloi
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Taxidermy, once the province of natural history and dedicated to the pursuit of lifelike realism, has recently resurfaced in the world of contemporary art, culture, and interior design. In Speculative Taxidermy, Giovanni Aloi offers a comprehensive mapping of the discourses and practices that have enabled the emergence of taxidermy in contemporary art. Drawing on the speculative turn in philosophy and recovering past alternative histories of art and materiality from a biopolitical perspective, Aloi theorizes speculative taxidermy: a powerful interface that unlocks new ethical and political opportunities in human-animal relationships and speaks to how animal representation conveys the urgency of addressing climate change, capitalist exploitation, and mass extinction. A resolutely nonanthropocentric take on the materiality of one of the most controversial mediums in art, this approach relentlessly questions past and present ideas of human separation from the animal kingdom. It situates taxidermy as a powerful interface between humans and animals, rooted in a shared ontological and physical vulnerability. Carefully considering a select number of key examples including the work of Nandipha Mntambo, Maria Papadimitriou, Mark Dion, Berlinde De Bruyckere, Roni Horn, Oleg Kulik, Steve Bishop, Snæbjörnsdóttir/Wilson, and Cole Swanson, Speculative Taxidermy contextualizes the resilient presence of animal skin in the gallery space as a productive opportunity to rethink ethical and political stances in human-animal relationships.
Versuch einer Neubegründung des dialektischen Materialismus
Author: Slavoj Žižek
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
Der bekannte Philosoph und Kulturkritiker Slavoj Žižek schließt mit seinem neuen Buch ›Absoluter Gegenstoß. Versuch einer Neubegründung des dialektischen Materialismus‹ an seine umfangreiche Hegel-Neudeutung ›Weniger als Nichts‹ aus dem Jahr 2014 an. Ausgehend von Hegel unternimmt er nichts weniger als eine Neubestimmung des philosophischen Materialismus: In drei Teilen entfaltet er sein Vorhaben, Hegels Begriff des absoluten Gegenstoßes zu einem allgemeinen ontologischen Prinzip zu erheben. Ausgehend von einer kritischen Lektüre Badious und Althussers über eine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Hegel’schen Absoluten skizziert Žižek die Grundzüge einer Ontologie des »den«, des »Weniger-als-nichts«, um eine neue Grundlegung des dialektischen Materialismus zu formulieren. Ein so aufregender wie zentraler Beitrag zur zeitgenössischen Philosophie, mit Witz und Verve vorgetragen.
Traversing the Ideology of Objectivity
Author: Frank Smecker
Publisher: John Hunt Publishing
By situating objectivity at the level of ideology, while placing it within a dynamic, experimental and, at times, unorthodox interplay with Hegelian and Lacanian philosophy, The Night of the World offers a unique and radical re-thinking of objectivity. Encompassing a constellational array of wide-ranging subjects, from popular culture, politics, history, science, and philosophy, while deploying an engaging prose that is both incisive and seamlessly tangential, Smecker is both an ally with, and emerging voice in, the field of Zizekian dialectics. Incorporating Zizek's philosophy, Smecker speculates over both objectivity and ideology, evoking methods of thought not so prevalent since German Idealism was all the rage. In the spirit of Kierkegaard, The Night of the World is the result of an imaginative hypothesis. And that is only the half of it. Written in a style that will undoubtedly leave the reader itching to read it again once finished, The Night of the World is an ongoing engagement with an abundance of additional postulations, whose sole purpose is to produce more products of thought.
Author: Graham Harman
In this book, the founder of object-oriented ontology develops his view that aesthetics is the central discipline of philosophy. Whereas science must attempt to grasp an object in terms of its observable qualities, philosophy and art cannot proceed in this way because they don't have direct access to their objects. Hence philosophy shares the same fate as art in being compelled to communicate indirectly, allusively, or elliptically, rather than in the clear propositional terms that are often taken – wrongly – to be the sole stuff of genuine philosophy. Conceiving of philosophy and art in this way allows us to reread key debates in aesthetic theory and to view art history in a different way. The formalist criticism of Greenberg and Fried is rejected for its refusal to embrace the innate theatricality and deep multiplicity of every artwork. This has consequences for art criticism, making pictorial content more important than formalism thinks but less entwined with the social sphere than anti-formalism holds. It has consequences for art history too, as the surrealists, David, and Poussin, among others, gain in importance. The close link between aesthetics and ontology also invites a new periodization of modern philosophy as a whole, and the habitual turn away from Kant’s thing-in-itself towards an increase in philosophical "immanence" is shown to be a false dawn. This major work will be of great interest to students and scholars of philosophy, aesthetics, art history and cultural theory.
Ontological Anarché: Beyond Materialism and Idealism
Author: Duane Rousselle,Jason Adams
Publisher: punctum books
Category: Political Science
Radical theory has always been beset by the question of ontology, albeit to varying degrees and under differing conditions. In recent years, in particular, political metaphysics has returned with force: the rise of Deleuze-influenced “new materialisms,” along with post-/non-Deleuzian Speculative Realism (SR) and Object-Oriented Ontology (OOO), all bear testament to this. In this same period, anarchism has returned as a major influence on social movements and critical scholarship alike. What, then, are some of the potential resonances between these currents, particularly given that anarchism has so often been understood/misunderstood as a fundamentally idealist philosophy? This special issue of ADCS considers these questions in dialogue with the new materialisms, Speculative Realism, and Object-Oriented Ontology, in order to seek new points of departure. It is in this sense that ADCS also strives to play a critical role recent discussions in the wider political, cultural, and philosophical milieu. Ontological Anarché: Beyond Materialism and Idealism includes: EDITORS’ INTRODUCTION: Duane Rousselle and Jason Adams, “Anarchism’s Other Scene: Materializing the Ideal and Idealizing the Material” // ARTICLES: ONTOLOGICAL ANARCHÉ” Levi R. Bryant, “The Gravity of Things: An Introduction to Onto-Cartography” — John W.M. Krummel, “Reiner Schürmann and Cornelius Castoriadis: Between Ontology and Praxis” — Hilan Bensusan, “Polemos Doesn’t Stop Anywhere Short of the World: On Anarcheology, Ontology, and Politics” — Ben Woodard, “Schellingian Thought for Ecological Politics” — Jason Harman, “Ontological Anarché: Beyond Arché & Anarché“ // ARTICLES: ANARCHIST ONTOLOGY: Salvo Vaccaro, “Critique of Static Ontology and Becoming-Anarchy” — Jared McGeough, “Three Scandals in the Philosophy of F.W.J. Schelling: Ontology, Freedom, Mythology” — Joseph Christian Greer, “Occult Origins: Hakim Bey’s Ontological Post-Anarchism” — Tom Marling, “Anarchism and the Question of Practice: Ontology in the Chinese Anarchist Movement, 1919-1927″ — Gregory Kalyniuk, “Jurisprudence of the Damned: Deleuze’s Masochian Humour and Anarchist Neo-Monadology” // REVIEW ESSAY: Shannon Brincat, “The Problem of an Anarchist Civil Society” — Mohammed A. Bamyeh, “A Response to Shannon Brincat” // BOOK REVIEW: Anthony T. Fiscella, “Christian Anarchism” // INTERVIEW: Christos Stergiou interviews Levi Bryant.
More Speculative Realism
Author: Graham Harman
Publisher: John Hunt Publishing
In this diverse collection of sixteen essays, lectures, and interviews dating from 2010 to 2013, Graham Harman lucidly explains the principles of Speculative Realism, including his own object-oriented philosophy. From Brazil to Russia, and in Poland, France, Croatia, and India, Harman addresses local philosophical concerns with the energy of a roving evangelist. He reflects on established giants such as Greenberg, Latour, and McLuhan, while refining his differences with such younger authors as Brassier, Bryant, Garcia, and Meillassoux. He speaks to philosophers in Paris, hecklers in New York, media theorists in Berlin, and architects in Curitiba, as object-oriented philosophy consolidates its position as the most widespread form of Speculative Realism. There has never been a more upbeat introduction to one of the most challenging philosophical schools of our time.
Author: Noah Horwitz
Publisher: punctum books
Category: Theology, Practical
In this book, Noah Horwitz argues that the age of Darwinism is ending. Building on the ontological insights of his first book Reality in the Name of God in order to intervene into the intelligent design versus evolution debate, Horwitz argues in favor of intelligent design by attempting to demonstrate the essentially computational nature of reality. In doing so, Horwitz draws on the work of many of today's key computational theorists (e.g., Wolfram, Chaitin, Friedkin, Lloyd, Schmidhuber, etc.) and articulates and defends a computational definition of life, and in the process lays out key criticisms of Darwinism. He does so in part by incorporating the insights of the Lamarckian theories of Lynn Margulis and Maximo Sandin. The possible criticisms of a computationalist view from both a developmental perspective (e.g., Lewontin, Jablonka, West-Eberhard, etc.) and chaos theory (e.g., Brian Goodwin) are addressed. In doing so, Horwitz engages critically with the work of intelligent design theorists like William Dembksi. At the same time, he attempts to define the nature of the Speculative Realist turn in contemporary Continental Philosophy and articulates criticisms of leading figures and movements associated with it, such as Object-Oriented Ontology, Quentin Meillassoux, and Ray Brassier. Ultimately, Horwitz attempts to show that rather than heading towards heat death, existence itself will find its own apotheosis at the Omega Point. However, that final glorification is only possible given that all of reality is compressible into the divine name itself.
Author: John Davis,Jennifer A. Greenhill,Jason D. LaFountain
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A Companion to American Art presents 35newly-commissioned essays by leading scholars that explore themethodology, historiography, and current state of the field ofAmerican art history. Features contributions from a balance of established andemerging scholars, art and architectural historians, and otherspecialists Includes several paired essays to emphasize dialogue and debatebetween scholars on important contemporary issues in American arthistory Examines topics such as the methodological stakes in thewriting of American art history, changing ideas about whatconstitutes “Americanness,” and the relationship of artto public culture Offers a fascinating portrait of the evolution and currentstate of the field of American art history and suggests futuredirections of scholarship
Author: Roland Faber,Andrew Goffey
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The Allure of Things: Process and Object in Contemporary Philosophy contests the view that metaphysics is something to be overcome. By focusing on process and object oriented ontology (OOO) and rejecting the privileging of human existence over the existence of non-human objects, this collection explores philosophy's concern with things themselves. Interest in Latour, Stengers, Whitehead, Harman and Meillassoux has prompted a resurgence of ontological questions outside the traditional subject-object framework of modern critical thought. This new collection consequently proposes a pragmatic and pluralist approach to 'modes of existence'. Drawing together an international range of leading scholars, The Allure of Things fully covers the similarities between OOO and process philosophy, and is an essential addition to the literature on metaphysics.
Bruno Latour and Object-Oriented Theology
Author: Adam S. Miller
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
This book models an object-oriented approach to grace. It experimentally ports a traditional Christian understanding of grace out of a top-down, theistic ontology and into a bottom-up, agent-based ontology. A systematic account of Bruno Latour's experimental, agent-based approach to metaphysics sets the object-oriented stage.
Author: Tom Sparrow
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Shows how speculative realism is replacing phenomenology as the beacon of realism in contemporary Continental philosophy.
Author: Georg Wilhelm Hegel
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
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