Soccer and American Exceptionalism

Author: Andrei S. Markovits,Steven L. Hellerman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400824182

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 6345

Soccer is the world's favorite pastime, a passion for billions around the globe. In the United States, however, the sport is a distant also-ran behind football, baseball, basketball, and hockey. Why is America an exception? And why, despite America's leading role in popular culture, does most of the world ignore American sports in return? Offside is the first book to explain these peculiarities, taking us on a thoughtful and engaging tour of America's sports culture and connecting it with other fundamental American exceptionalisms. In so doing, it offers a comparative analysis of sports cultures in the industrial societies of North America and Europe. The authors argue that when sports culture developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, nativism and nationalism were shaping a distinctly American self-image that clashed with the non-American sport of soccer. Baseball and football crowded out the game. Then poor leadership, among other factors, prevented soccer from competing with basketball and hockey as they grew. By the 1920s, the United States was contentedly isolated from what was fast becoming an international obsession. The book compares soccer's American history to that of the major sports that did catch on. It covers recent developments, including the hoopla surrounding the 1994 soccer World Cup in America, the creation of yet another professional soccer league, and American women's global preeminence in the sport. It concludes by considering the impact of soccer's growing popularity as a recreation, and what the future of sports culture in the country might say about U.S. exceptionalism in general.
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Discipline and Profession in the United States, Britain, and France, 1890s to 1990s

Author: Marion Fourcade

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400833139

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 6625

Economists and Societies is the first book to systematically compare the profession of economics in the United States, Britain, and France, and to explain why economics, far from being a uniform science, differs in important ways among these three countries. Drawing on in-depth interviews with economists, institutional analysis, and a wealth of scholarly evidence, Marion Fourcade traces the history of economics in each country from the late nineteenth century to the present, demonstrating how each political, cultural, and institutional context gave rise to a distinct professional and disciplinary configuration. She argues that because the substance of political life varied from country to country, people's experience and understanding of the economy, and their political and intellectual battles over it, crystallized in different ways--through scientific and mercantile professionalism in the United States, public-minded elitism in Britain, and statist divisions in France. Fourcade moves past old debates about the relationship between culture and institutions in the production of expert knowledge to show that scientific and practical claims over the economy in these three societies arose from different elites with different intellectual orientations, institutional entanglements, and social purposes. Much more than a history of the economics profession, Economists and Societies is a revealing exploration of American, French, and British society and culture as seen through the lens of their respective economic institutions and the distinctive character of their economic experts.
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Afrocentrism and Creationism in American Public Schools

Author: Amy J. Binder

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400825455

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 9933

This book compares two challenges made to American public school curricula in the 1980s and 1990s. It identifies striking similarities between proponents of Afrocentrism and creationism, accounts for their differential outcomes, and draws important conclusions for the study of culture, organizations, and social movements. Amy Binder gives a brief history of both movements and then describes how their challenges played out in seven school districts. Despite their very different constituencies--inner-city African American cultural essentialists and predominately white suburban Christian conservatives--Afrocentrists and creationists had much in common. Both made similar arguments about oppression and their children's well-being, both faced skepticism from educators about their factual claims, and both mounted their challenges through bureaucratic channels. In each case, challenged school systems were ultimately able to minimize or reject challengers' demands, but the process varied by case and type of challenge. Binder finds that Afrocentrists were more successful in advancing their cause than were creationists because they appeared to offer a solution to the real problem of urban school failure, met with more administrative sympathy toward their complaints of historic exclusion, sought to alter lower-prestige curricula (history, not science), and faced opponents who lacked a legal remedy comparable to the rule of church-state separation invoked by creationism's opponents. Binder's analysis yields several lessons for social movements research, suggesting that researchers need to pay greater attention to how movements seek to influence bureaucratic decision making, often from within. It also demonstrates the benefits of examining discursive, structural, and institutional factors in concert.
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A Sociology of Logic

Author: Claude Rosental

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691139401

Category: Mathematics

Page: 294

View: 513

The development of theorems in logic is generally thought to be a solitary and purely cerebral activity, and therefore unobservable by sociologists. In Weaving Self-Evidence, French sociologist Claude Rosental challenges this notion by tracing the history of one well-known recent example in the field of artificial intelligence--a theorem on the foundations of fuzzy logic. Rosental's analyses disclose the inherently social nature of the process by which propositions in logic are produced, disseminated, and established as truths. Rosental describes the different phases of the emergence of the theorem on fuzzy logic, from its earliest drafts through its publication and diffusion, discussion and reformulation, and eventual acceptance by the scientific community. Through observations made at major universities and scholarly conferences, and in electronic forums, he looks at the ways students are trained in symbolic manipulations and formal languages and examines how researchers work, interact, and debate emerging new ideas. By carefully analyzing the concrete mechanisms that lead to the collective development and corroboration of proofs, Rosental shows how a logical discovery and its recognition within the scholarly community are by no means the product of any one individual working in isolation, but rather a social process that can be observed and studied. Weaving Self-Evidence will interest students and researchers in sociology and the history and philosophy of science and technology, and anyone curious about how scientists work.
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How Sports Are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture

Author: Andrei S. Markovits,Lars Rensmann

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400834662

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 360

View: 3724

Professional sports today have truly become a global force, a common language that anyone, regardless of their nationality, can understand. Yet sports also remain distinctly local, with regional teams and the fiercely loyal local fans that follow them. This book examines the twenty-first-century phenomenon of global sports, in which professional teams and their players have become agents of globalization while at the same time fostering deep-seated and antagonistic local allegiances and spawning new forms of cultural conflict and prejudice. Andrei Markovits and Lars Rensmann take readers into the exciting global sports scene, showing how soccer, football, baseball, basketball, and hockey have given rise to a collective identity among millions of predominantly male fans in the United States, Europe, and around the rest of the world. They trace how these global--and globalizing--sports emerged from local pastimes in America, Britain, and Canada over the course of the twentieth century, and how regionalism continues to exert its divisive influence in new and potentially explosive ways. Markovits and Rensmann explore the complex interplay between the global and the local in sports today, demonstrating how sports have opened new avenues for dialogue and shared interest internationally even as they reinforce old antagonisms and create new ones. Gaming the World reveals the pervasive influence of sports on our daily lives, making all of us citizens of an increasingly cosmopolitan world while affirming our local, regional, and national identities.
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How Campuses Shape Young Conservatives

Author: Amy J. Binder,Kate Wood

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400844878

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 5938

Conservative pundits allege that the pervasive liberalism of America's colleges and universities has detrimental effects on undergraduates, most particularly right-leaning ones. Yet not enough attention has actually been paid to young conservatives to test these claims—until now. In Becoming Right, Amy Binder and Kate Wood carefully explore who conservative students are, and how their beliefs and political activism relate to their university experiences. Rich in interviews and insight, Becoming Right illustrates that the diverse conservative movement evolving among today’s college students holds important implications for the direction of American politics.
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Author: Dominic Malcolm

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473902916

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4091

'...a welcome addition to the literature in the rapidly expanding field of sports studies. It is up to date, comprehensive, and well and clearly written. Though primarily sociological in its orientation, it will help students -postgraduate and undergraduate alike and their teachers as well - to establish connections between the various sub-disciplines and guide them to sources which will enable them to probe issues more deeply... It is a beautifully crafted book and is sure to be a hit with students and their teachers. It would not surprise me in the least, however, if it appealed to sports lovers more generally... It is a tour de force and I recommend it unreservedly' - Eric Dunning, Professor in Sociology, The Centre for the Sociology of Sport, University of Leicester Sports studies is one of the fastest growing fields in higher education today. The SAGE Dictionary of Sports Studies brings a timely, much-needed and comprehensive tool for all students in this multi-disciplinary field. Each entry provides a basic definition, a guide to research themes and a clear account of the relevance of the concept in understanding sport. Not only indispensable for quick clarification of terms, it will give students a springboard for more in-depth research and critical analysis. It offers: " Cross referencing to assist critical thinking " A list of key readings for each entry " Expert definitions drawn from sociology, history, psychology, economics, management and business, politics and policy, physical education and health, and research methods. " Concise, student-friendly and authoritative entries. Covering sociology, history, psychology, politics, business, physical education, health and research methods, The SAGE Dictionary of Sports Studies provides the first one-stop reference guide for all students who study the social aspects of sport.
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Antiamerikanismus und Antisemitismus in Europa

Author: Andrei S. Markovits

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anti-Americanism

Page: 239

View: 9561

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Author: Frank Hamilton Hankins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 3867

Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."
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Author: David Karen,Robert E. Washington

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415772495

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 853

'The Sport and Society Reader' introduces the most important theoretical approaches to the study of sport and comprehensively explores the key themes that define the discipline.
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Sport und Politik in Europa und den USA

Author: Andrei S. Markovits,Lars Rensmann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports

Page: 239

View: 8900

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 728

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Author: Hermann Bausinger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783893083855

Category: Sports

Page: 219

View: 4307

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Die Fußball-WM 2014 in Medien und Politik

Author: Holger Ihle,Michael Meyen,Jürgen Mittag,Jörg-Uwe Nieland

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658161973

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 275

View: 8773

Mit einer systematischen Betrachtung der medialen und politischen Rahmenbedingungen der Fußballweltmeisterschaft 2014 in Brasilien legt dieser Band das Fundament für eine dauerhafte und vergleichende Analyse von Sportgroßereignissen. Sport ist ein globales Massenphänomen, das mittlerweile im Alltagsleben zahlreicher Menschen einen festen Platz einnimmt. Dies gilt insbesondere für den Fußball; so erzeugen Fußballweltmeisterschaften beträchtliche, vor allem mediale Aufmerksamkeit und bieten damit zahlreichen Akteuren eine Projektionsfläche, auf der sie versuchen, ihre spezifischen Interessen zu realisieren.
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Kultur, Ökonomie und Politik des Fussballs

Author: Michael Fanizadeh,Rosa Diketmüller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783860992364

Category:

Page: 274

View: 7727

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warum die USA die Welt nicht regieren können

Author: Michael Mann

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593373133

Category: Imperialism

Page: 357

View: 1432

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Journal of the Latino Research Center at the University of Nevada, Reno

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hispanic Americans

Page: N.A

View: 1313

Border-Lines is an interdisciplinary academic journal dedicated to the dissemination of research on Chicana/o-Latina/o cultural, political, and social issues.
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