Author: Barri Jones,David J. Woolliscroft
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
Hadrian's Wall is Britain's premier and most visited Roman monument, and is now recognised as a World Heritage site. The archaeological remains are the best preserved and most intensely studied of their kind anywhere, and much has been written at academic and popular levels. Until now, however, there has not been a book on the substantial contribution made by aerial photography. The late Professor Jones spent 20 years taking aerial photographs of Hadrian's Wall. Not only do they illustrate the history, development, topography and surviving remains of the Wall (both the military works and the remains of civilian occupation), but they give an entirely new perspective that cannot be appreciated at ground level. In chapters on the Stanegate frontier, the history and development of Hadrian's Wall itself, the outposts and coastal defences, and an appendix detailing the anatomy of a Roman fort, along with a bibliography containing useful websites, the authors show a far more complex and fascinating history than has been traditionally envisaged - illuminated by over 120 superb photographs and maps, many in full colour.
Archaeology and history at the limit of Rome's empire
Author: Nick Hodgson
Publisher: The Crowood Press
Built around AD122, Hadrian's Wall was guarded by the Roman army for over three centuries and has left an indelible mark on the landscape of northern Britain. It was a wonder of the ancient world and is a World Heritage Site. Written by a leading archaeologist who has excavated widely on the Wall, this is an authoritative yet accessible treatment of the archaeological evidence. The book explains why the expansion of the Roman empire ground to a halt in remote northern Britain, how the Wall came to be built and the purpose it was intended to serve. It is not a guidebook to the remains, but an introduction to the Wall and the soldiers and civilians, men, women and children, who once peopled the abandoned ruins visited by tourists today. Contents include: Historical background to the Wall; How the Wall was built and its appearance on completion; The history of the Wall from Hadrian to the end of Roman Britain; The purpose of the Wall. This introduction to Hadrian's Wall, the most impressive and famous physical reminder of Britain's Roman past, will be of great interest to all students and keen amateurs of Roman history, archaeology and general history, and is profusely illustrated throughout with 60 colour and 30 black & white photographs and 10 Maps.
Author: Bob Bibby
Hadrian's Wall stretches from coast to coast along what was once the border between England and Scotland. It is the only long distance walk in the world located exclusively within an UNESCO Heritage Site. The newly opened 84 mile (135km) trail inspired travel writer Bob Bibby to don his boots and explore the scenic and historical route.Walk along the path of the ancient Romans with Bob and learn about Hadrian – his power, passions and vices – and through this get a vivid picture and understanding of the Romans and their Empire.
Author: Richard Hingley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Richard Hingley addresses the post-Roman history of Hadrian's Wall, one of the most famous ancient monuments in Britain and the most well-preserved of the frontier works that once defined the boundaries of the Roman Empire. While the Wall is famous as a Roman construct, its monumental physical structure did not suddenly cease to exist in the fifth century. Exploring the after-life of the Wall, the sixteen chapters, illustrated with over 100 images, show thechanging manner in which the monument has been conceived and the significant political, cultural, and religious role it has played over the years.
Everyday Life on a Roman Frontier
Author: Patricia Southern
Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited
The building, military use and descent into ruin of the most important Roman frontier ever built.
The Conservation of Hadrian's Wall 1746-1987
Author: Stephen Leach & Alan M Whitworth
Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited
This book tells the story of the conservation of Hadrian's Wall, from the construction of General Wade's Military Road in the eighteenth century to the designation of the Wall as a World Heritage Site in 1987.
The Roman Frontier in the 4th and 5th Centuries
Author: Rob Collins
There is no synthetic or comprehensive treatment of any late Roman frontier in the English language to date, despite the political and economic significance of the frontiers in the late antique period. Examining Hadrian’s Wall and the Roman frontier of northern England from the fourth century into the Early Medieval period, this book investigates a late frontier in transition from an imperial border zone to incorporation into Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, using both archaeological and documentary evidence. With an emphasis on the late Roman occupation and Roman military, it places the frontier in the broader imperial context. In contrast to other works, Hadrian’s Wall and the End of Empire challenges existing ideas of decline, collapse, and transformation in the Roman period, as well as its impact on local frontier communities. Author Rob Collins analyzes in detail the limitanei, the frontier soldiers of the late empire essential for the successful maintenance of the frontiers, and the relationship between imperial authorities and local frontier dynamics. Finally, the impact of the end of the Roman period in Britain is assessed, as well as the influence that the frontier had on the development of the Anglian kingdom of Northumbria.
Author: Peter R. Hill
Publisher: Tempus Pub Ltd
Hadrian's Wall was a small part of the thousands of miles of Roman frontiers, but presents the most magnificent spectacle. Its 90-mile length was conceived on a grand scale, with a stone wall 10 Roman feet thick and 15 high, and has been the subject of research for four centuries. There is, however, one aspect which has never been studied in detail: the practicalities of how it was actually built. This book examines every aspect of the work needed to construct the Wall, and analyses all the building operations including quarrying, stone dressing, transport and scaffolding. It is presented in a form accessible to the interested layman as well as to the student, and among other new conclusions throws light on the attitude of the Roman army to the work. Peter Hill served an apprenticeship as a stone mason at York Minster, including setting-out to full-size. After several years as Clerk of the Works at Lincoln Cathedral he has worked as an independent consultant, covering both the repair and conservation of historic buildings and the assessment of excavated masonry. His doctorate is on the construction of Hadrian's Wall, and in 2005 he was elected Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries.
Author: William Dietrich
Publisher: Harper Collins
Betrothed to the commander of the Petriana cavalry, senator's daughter Valeria is escorted to her wedding by her intended's rival, the veteran soldier Galba, a situation that is complicated by the barbarian chieftain Arden Caratacus.
Author: Stephen Johnson
Publisher: Author House
"Anyone picking up this book will want to buy it, and they will find a text which is well written, scholarly without sacrifice of readability, and taking account of the latest work and thought on the wall."--Archaeological Journal. Here is the most complete account yet of Hadrian's Wall, with descriptions of its military and political functions; details of its engineering and construction, and a complete look at the way of life enjoyed and endured by both the soldiers and civilians who dwelt near it.
Author: Adrian Goldsworthy
Publisher: Head of Zeus
Category: Social Science
Located at the far-flung and wild edge of the Roman Empire, Hadrian's Wall was the mighty physical frontier constructed by Emperor Hadrian in the 120s AD. Vast in size and stretching from the east to the west cost of the province of Britannia, it took ten years and thousands of hands to build the 73 miles of wall and its impressive forts. Perhaps the greatest physical reminder and monument of Roman Britain, the remnants of the wall are still visible on the uplands of Cumbria and Northumberland to this day and it is one of the most visited heritage sites in the country. Adrian Goldsworthy considers why and how the Vallum Aelium was built and discusses the fascinating history, afterlife and archaeology of this unique ancient monument. The Landmark Library is a testament to the achievements of mankind from the late stone age to the present day. Each volume is handsomely illustrated with 25,000 words devoted to a crucial theme in the history of civilization.
some aspects of its post-Roman influence on the landscape
Author: Alan Michael Whitworth
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd
Category: Social Science
Commentators throughout the ages have recorded the dismantling of Hadrian's Wall until sections were no more than a stone quarry. The main aim of this study is to explore where the wall has gone to, who robbed it, when, and for what reason. Whitworth discusses the various buildings and structures that have reused the stone, evidence for reoccupation of forts, place-names, documentary sources, travellers' accounts and modern archaeological research. He shows that, while Anglo-Saxons exploited the stone for their ecclesiastical buildings and this use was extended after the Norman Conquest, most of the damage was done within the last 300 years. This fascinating guide to northern England covers a large geographical area and 1500 years of history and clearly demonstrates that the wall did not become redundant after the withdrawal of the Romans but continued to influence the manmade and natural landscape.
Author: Dawn Finch
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Who was Emperor Hadrian? Why did he build a massive wall across northern England? Why were the Romans in Britain and how did they get there? This book tells you all you need to know about Hadrian's Wall - why and how it was built, who lived there and much more. Find out what life was like for the soldiers living there, and also for the native Britons, in the diary-style sections.
Author: Mark Richards
Publisher: Cicerone Press Limited
Category: Sports & Recreation
The essential guidebook to walking the 84-mile Hadrian's Wall Path. One of the UK's most visited National Trails, it runs the length of the Roman Wall from Bowness-on-Solway in Cumbria to Wallsend, Newcastle. Begun in AD122 and stretching from the River Tyne to the Solway Firth, Hadrian's Wall was a massive feat of engineering and is the best preserved frontier from the classical Roman Empire. Today it is a World Heritage Site, with iconic scenery and fascinating archaeological remains like Birdoswald, Housesteads and Vindolanda, giving a glimpse into Roman life and power. The trail is presented here in 10 stages, with suggestions for five and eight-day itineraries. It is suitable for beginners, although a reasonable level of fitness is required if doing it as a multi-day trek. The route is described both west to east and east to west, and the guidebook also features extensions to Maryport on the far west coast of Cumbria and to South Shields on the east coast. This full-colour guidebook contains a wealth of information on the history of the Wall, and a range of practical information for walkers, from accommodation and itinerary planning, to details on public transport and refreshments. Clear step-by-step route descriptions are accompanied by 1:100,000 OS map extracts. A compact booklet showing the route on a 1:25,000 scale OS map is included for added convenience.
Archaeological research by English Heritage 1976-2000
Author: Tony Wilmott
Publisher: English Heritage
Category: Social Science
From 1976 to 2000 English Heritage archaeologists undertook excavation and research on Hadrian's Wall. This book reports on these findings and includes the first publication, of the James Irwin Coates archive of drawings of Hadrian' Wall made in 1877-96.
The History and Construction of Ancient Rome's Most Famous Defensive Fortification
Author: Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the wall written by historians *Explains the construction of the wall and the daily life of soldiers posted there *Includes a bibliography for further reading "[The Romans] thinking that it might be some help to the allies [Britons], whom they were forced to abandon, constructed a strong stone wall from sea to sea, in a straight line between the towns that had been there built for fear of the enemy, where Severus also had formerly built a rampart." - Bede's description of Hadrian's Wall in the Middle Ages The Romans were master builders, and much of what they built has stood the test of time. Throughout their vast empire they have left grand structures, from the Forum and Pantheon in Rome to the theatres and hippodromes of North Africa and the triumphal gates in Anatolia and France. Wherever they went, the Romans built imposing structures to show their power and ability, and one of their most impressive constructions was built on the northernmost fringe of the empire. In 55 BCE, Julius Caesar was still dealing with Gaul, but that year, he also led the first Romans into Britain, accusing tribes there of aiding the Gauls against him. With winter fast approaching, Caesar's forces did not make their way far into the mainland that year, but the following year, Caesar's soldiers advanced into the island's interior and conquered a large swath of territory before a revolt in Gaul once again drew him back across the Channel. The Romans eventually established enough of a presence to set up the outpost of Londinium, which ultimately morphed into one of the world's most famous cities today, London. Shortly after the emperor Hadrian came to power in the early 2nd century CE, he decided to seal off Scotland from Roman Britain with an ambitious wall stretching from sea to sea. To accomplish this, the wall had to be built from the mouth of the River Tyne - where Newcastle stands today - 80 Roman miles (76 miles or 122 kilometers) west to Bowness-on-Solway. The sheer scale of the job still impresses people today, and Hadrian's Wall has the advantage of being systematically studied and partially restored. A study of the wall and its history provide an insight not only into the political context of Rome at the time but the empire's incredible engineering capabilities. Hadrian's Wall: The History and Construction of Ancient Rome's Most Famous Defensive Fortification explains the history and construction of one of the ancient world's most famous defensive lines. Along with pictures and a bibliography, you will learn about Hadrian's Wall like never before.
Author: Brian Dobson,David J Breeze
Publisher: Penguin UK
A penetrating and lucid history of the best-known and most spectacular monument to the Roman Empire in Britain. Taking into account new research findings about the building of the Wall, Breeze and Dobson include fascinating details about the Roman army, its religion and daily bureaucratic life. A selection of photos, maps and diagrams help make this a book for both the expert and the layman, being simultaneously erudite and unusually accessible.