Author: Brenda J. Baker,Tosha L. Dupras,Matthew W. Tocheri

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781585444656

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 2761

Most archaeologists and bioarchaeologists receive little or no training in the recognition of skeletal remains of fetuses, infants, and children. Yet many research sites may contain such materials. Without a framework for identifying the bones or the excavation techniques suited to their recovery, archaeologists may often overlook subadult skeletal remains or even confuse them with animal bones. The Osteology of Infants and Children fills the need for a field and lab manual on this important topic and provides a supplemental textbook for human osteology courses. Focusing on juvenile skeletons, their recovery and identification, and siding in both field and lab settings, the volume provides basic descriptions and careful illustrations of each skeletal element at varying stages of development, along with sections on differentiation from other bones and siding tips. The book offers detailed treatment of the skull and teeth, including the cranial vault and facial bones, and examines the infracranial skeleton: vertebrae, pelvis, chest, shoulders, arms, hands, legs, and feet. A quick reference guide explains age estimation and identification templates. The illustrations are enhanced by photographs from two recent archaeology projects in Egypt, at Abydos and Dakhleh Oasis. The extensive collection of fetal and child remains from these sites provides new reference material unavailable in previous publications, making this manual an unparalleled resource in the field of physical anthropology.
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Archaeological Approaches

Author: Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420037943

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 9422

An essential reference for both forensic experts and non-experts alike, Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, along with any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that are used to successfully survey, map, recover, document, collect, and transport such items from these locations. Topics include identifying the difference between forensic archaeology and anthropology; employing the correct equipment when conducting searches, recoveries, and excavations; leveraging geophysical technologies used in forensic searches; collecting botanical and entomological evidence; mapping and documenting scenes; and classifying human and nonhuman skeletal remains. The authors present this information in a thorough yet straightforward manner for those who are experienced in the field of forensic recovery and for those who may not yet be as seasoned. In either situation, if you want to be confident that you have uncovered and carefully processed every bit of potential evidence at the scene, then Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is the one reference to have with you every time.
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Past Meets Present

Author: Tina Moffat,Tracy Prowse

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845459814

Category: Medical

Page: 282

View: 3345

There are not many areas that are more rooted in both the biological and social-cultural aspects of humankind than diet and nutrition. Throughout human history nutrition has been shaped by political, economic, and cultural forces, and in turn, access to food and nutrition has altered the course and direction of human societies. Using a biocultural approach, the contributors to this volume investigate the ways in which food is both an essential resource fundamental to human health and an expression of human culture and society. The chapters deal with aspects of diet and human nutrition through space and time and span prehistoric, historic, and contemporary societies spread over various geographical regions, including Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia to highlight how biology and culture are inextricably linked.
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Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America

Author: C. Britt Bousman,Bradley J. Vierra

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1603447784

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 6203

The end of the Pleistocene era brought dramatic environmental changes to small bands of humans living in North America: changes that affected subsistence, mobility, demography, technology, and social relations. The transition they made from Paleoindian (Pleistocene) to Archaic (Early Holocene) societies represents the first major cultural shift that took place solely in the Americas. This event—which manifested in ways and at times much more varied than often supposed—set the stage for the unique developments of behavioral complexity that distinguish later Native American prehistoric societies. Using localized studies and broad regional syntheses, the contributors to this volume demonstrate the diversity of adaptations to the dynamic and changing environmental and cultural landscapes that occurred between the Pleistocene and early portion of the Holocene. The authors' research areas range from Northern Mexico to Alaska and across the continent to the American Northeast, synthesizing the copious available evidence from well-known and recent excavations.With its methodologically and geographically diverse approach, From the Pleistocene to the Holocene: Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America provides an overview of the present state of knowledge regarding this crucial transformative period in Native North America. It offers a large-scale synthesis of human adaptation, reflects the range of ideas and concepts in current archaeological theoretical approaches, and acts as a springboard for future explanations and models of prehistoric change.
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In Archaeology and Forensic Science

Author: Margaret Cox,Simon Mays

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521691468

Category: Medical

Page: 548

View: 3913

This advanced textbook provides the reader with an up-to-date account of recent developments and future potential in the study of human skeletons from both an archaeological and forensic context. It is well-illustrated, comprehensive in its coverage and is divided into six sections for ease of reference, encompassing such areas as palaeodemography, juvenile health and growth, disease and trauma, normal skeletal variation, biochemical and microscopic analyses and facial reconstruction. Each chapter is written by a recognised specialist in the field, and includes in-depth discussion of the reliability of methods, with appropriate references, and current and future research directions. It is essential reading for all students undertaking osteology as part of their studies and will also prove a valuable reference for forensic scientists, both in the field and the laboratory.
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Principles and Practice

Author: David Dolinak,Evan Matshes,Emma O. Lew

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080470665

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 7987

Forensic Pathology is a comprehensive reference that uses a case-oriented format to address, explain and guide the reader through the varied topics encountered by forensic pathologists. Developed in response to a severe void in the literature, the book addresses topics ranging from medicolegal investigation of death to death scene investigation, forensic autopsy, and artifacts of resuscitation as well as complications of medical therapy, forensic osteology, forensic odontology, forensic photography, and death certification. The book includes various types of cases, including sudden natural death, asphyxia, motor vehicle collisions, death in custody, child abuse and elder abuse, acute psychiatric and emotional deaths, and pregnancy. It contains sample descriptions of pathological lesions which serve to aid pathologists in reporting their findings to law enforcement agencies, attorneys, and others involved in investigations of sudden death. The concepts outlined in the text are beautifully illustrated by large, colorful photographs. There are also "Do and Don’t" sections at the end of each chapter that provide guidance for handling the types of cases examined. This work will benefit not only experienced forensic pathologists, but also hospital pathologists who occasionally performs medicolegal autopsies; doctors in training; medical examiners; law enforcement personnel; crime scene investigators; attorneys; and fellows and students of the medical sciences. Large, colorful photographs which beautifully illustrate the concepts outlined in the text. Sample descriptions of pathological lesions which serve to aid pathologists in reporting their findings to law enforcement agencies, attorneys, and others involved in investigations of sudden death. 'Do and Don't' sections at the end of each chapter which provide guidance for handling the types of cases examined within preceding sections.
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Comprising a Description of the Bones with Delineations of the Attachments of the Muscles, the General and Microscopic Structure of Bone and Its Development

Author: Luther Holden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bone and Bones

Page: 286

View: 2218

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An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis

Author: Jeffrey H. Schwartz

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195056389

Category: Medical

Page: 362

View: 2530

An inquiry into why we should study and practice human osteology, Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis is a unique, integrative textbook that is relevant to many different types of analyses and interests, including theoretical aspects of development as well as practical elements of classroom work, laboratory studies, and field situations routinely encountered by physical anthropologists, archaeologists, and forensic pathologists. Designed as much more than a manual on skeletal analysis, this book is as concerned with the foundations for the morphologies that osteologists typically study as with the analysis of the morphologies themselves. This book includes much more basic morphology than other osteology texts, and it also places emphasis on understanding the development of adult morphology, from the cellular levels of bone and tooth formation to the theoretical aspects of the determination of size and shape of these structures. Another area of concentration deals with how sexual difference, normal variation, and certain pathological conditions can be better understood in a developmental context. Because of this integrated presentation, particular information (for example, on variation in facet or foramen number, abnormalities in bone growth and regulation, sexually dimorphic features, and supernumerary structures) is included in the descriptions and discussions of individual bones and regions so that a fuller perspective of our own species, Homo sapiens, can be achieved. In addition to offering practical aspects of analysis--such as determining age or sex, or taking measurements for the calculation of various indices--the author intersperses the text with theoretical discussions of the relevance of pursuing osteological analyses. Most importantly, whether in discussing the morphology and development of individual bones, the criteria often employed in the determination of age, sex, and populational affinity, or the differential diagnosis of diseases, Skeleton Keys accomplishes much more than providing background information. Useful and accessible for students and researchers in physical, biological, medical, and methods anthropology, forensic pathology, and archaeology, Skeleton Keys presents osteology as a vibrant field with a plethora of research avenues waiting to be pursued, thereby encouraging readers to imagine and aspire to future possibilities in research and study.
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Perspectives from Biological and Forensic Anthropology

Author: Mary E. Lewis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521836029

Category: Medical

Page: 255

View: 4679

This book is entirely devoted to the study of children's skeletons from archaeological and forensic contexts. It provides an extensive review of the osteological methods and theoretical concepts of their analysis. Non-adult skeletons provide a wealth of information on the physical and social life of the child from their growth, diet and age at death, to factors that expose them to trauma and disease at different stages of their lives. This book covers the factors that affect non-adult skeletal preservation; the assessment of their age, sex and ancestry; growth and development; infant and child mortality including infanticide; weaning ages and disease of dietary deficiency; skeletal pathology; personal identification and exposure to trauma from birth injuries, accidents and child abuse; providing insights for graduates and postgraduates in osteology, palaeopathology and forensic anthropology.
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Author: Robert A. Donatelli,Michael J. Wooden

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437715338

Category: Medical

Page: 744

View: 2231

Provide the best care for your patients by improving your technical and decision-making skills with this all-inclusive text. From basic sciences to detailed information on specific technologies and surgeries, this comprehensive resource has the content you need to expand your expertise in the treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunction. This 4th edition includes updated, revised, and new chapters to ensure you have the most helpful and clinically relevant information available. Coverage of surgical options and postsurgical rehabilitation for your patients with musculoskeletal disorders facilitates communication between therapists and physicians and improves the patient’s post-surgical rehabilitation. Updated content on orthopaedic surgical and rehabilitation procedures, including hyaline cartilage replacements, iliotibial band releases, ACL deficit knee, and much more puts the latest advances in the field at your fingertips. Case studies and clinical tips strengthen your problem-solving skills and maximize the safety, quality, and efficiency of care. Expert editors and contributors share their knowledge from years of practice and research in the field. Six new chapters, covering topics such as strength training, screening for referral, neuromuscular rehabilitation, reflect the latest physical therapy practice guidelines. Updated clinical photographs clearly demonstrate examination and treatment techniques. A user-friendly design highlights clinical tips and other key features important in the clinical setting. Terminology and classifications from the Guide to Physical Therapist Practice, 2nd Edition are incorporated throughout the text making descriptions easier to understand. An emphasis on treatment of the individual rather than the dysfunction reflects current practice in physical therapy. Video clips on the accompanying Evolve site demonstrate evaluation, exercise, and treatment techniques covered in the text.
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Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity

Author: Jennifer L. Thompson,Marta P. Alfonso-Durruty,John J. Crandall

Publisher: Bioarchaeological Interpretati

ISBN: 9780813049830

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 7025

This volume proposes to examine nuanced issues of childhood such social identity, economic and social contribution, and health issues in the larger community. The authors use both very localized and very global data in their studies.
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Author: Emanuela Gualdi,Paolo Russo

Publisher: libreriauniversitaria.it ed.

ISBN: 8862922612

Category: Law

Page: 112

View: 2249

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In which the Whole Circle of Human Learning is Explained, and the Difficulties Attending the Acquisition of Every Art, Whether Liberal Or Mechanical, are Removed ... The Theological, Philological, and Critical Branches

Author: Temple Henry Croker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5731

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New Developments in Diagnostics and Therapy : Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Paediatric Osteology, 5-7 October, 1995, Cologne, Germany

Author: Eckhard Schönau

Publisher: Excerpta Medica

ISBN: 9780444822772

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 1640

Hardbound. These proceedings consist of papers of the First European Workshop on Paediatric Osteology.The aim of this workshop was to evaluate current experience with childhood bone diseases from multi-disciplinary points of view. New data on the development of the skeletal system in childhood received special emphasis. Current results and methods of molecular biology and new genes in skeletal diseases as chondrodysplasias, disorders of calcium and phosphate metabolism and osteoporosis are presented. The different methods of bone densitometry, their problems and normative data in childhood are introduced. Altogether many new aspects and possiblilties have been shown which could lead to improvement in the diagnostic and therapeutic care of patients with childhood skeletal disease. This book will be of interest to paediatricians and endocinologists as well as those involved in Internal medicine, osteology, preventative medicine, genetics and sport medici
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Author: Megan E Springate

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598741357

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 117

View: 4480

Using data from archaeological excavations, patent filings, and marketing catalogs, this book provides a broad view of the introduction, spread, and use of mass-produced coffin hardware in North America. At the book's heart is a standardized typology of coffin hardware that recognizes stylistic and functional changes and a fresh look at the meanings and uses of the various motifs and decorative elements. Within the discussion of mass-produced coffin hardware in North America is new work connecting the North American industry with its British antecedents and a fresh analysis of the prime factors that led to the introduction and spread of mass-produced coffin hardware. Extensively illustrated with examples of coffin hardware to aid scholars and professionals in identification.
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Author: Dennis Dirkmaat

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118255410

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 6603

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.
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