The Argument of Plato's Republic

Author: C. D. C. Reeve

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603840354

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 3585

Philosopher-Kings broke new ground on its first appearance by delivering to an audience accustomed to looking for flaws in Plato's thinking an interpretation of the Republic that celebrates the coherence of Plato's argument as it ramifies through every cranny of that controversial work. Reeve's book swiftly became a classic of Platonic scholarship and has never lost its grip. Its reissue by Hackett is a very welcome event. --G. R. F. Ferrari, University of California, Berkeley
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Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050089938

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

View: 9741

Platons "Politeia" gehört zu den bedeutendsten und wirkungsreichsten Texten der Philosophiegeschichte. Unter der Leitfrage nach der Gerechtigkeit weist Platon traditionelle Auffassungen zurück und leistet eine Sophistenkritik; im Anschluss daran entwickelt er seine Lehre von den drei Seelenteilen und die Lehre von den vier Kardinaltugenden. Er skizziert eine Erziehungstheorie, eine Staatsphilosophie mit der Lehre von der Philosophenherrschaft, eine Erkenntnistheorie und die Ideenlehre. Vor allem aber enthält die "Politeia" Platons bekannteste Gleichnisse: von der Sonne, der Linie und der Höhle. In Form eines kooperativen Kommentars führen anerkannte Platon-Interpreten, der Gliederung des Werkes folgend, in die Hauptthemen der "Politeia" und die wichtigsten Forschungsprobleme ein.
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Leben – Werk – Wirkung

Author: Christoph Horn,Jörn Müller,Joachim Söder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476043355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 561

View: 9479

Das Handbuch bietet einen konzisen Überblick über Werk und Themen, es stellt Problemfelder (z.B. Ontologie, Kosmologie, Ästhetik, Moralphilosophie) und Begriffe (wie Idee, Tugend, Seele, Wahrheit) dar. Ein umfangreiches Kapitel widmet sich wichtigen Stationen der Wirkungsgeschichte (z.B. Neukantianismus, Analytische Platon-Rezeption). Die 2. Auflage wurde durchgesehen, aktualisiert und um einen Beitrag zur französischen Rezeption Platons nach dem 2. Weltkrieg erweitert. Platon ist einer der zentralen Klassiker der westlichen Philosophiegeschichte. Nach Alfred N. Whiteheads berühmten Ausspruch besteht die philosophische Tradition Europas aus einer Reihe von Fußnoten zu Platon.
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Critical Essays

Author: Richard Kraut

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0585071551

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 6431

Bringing between two covers the most influential and accessible articles on Plato's Republic, this collection illuminates what is widely held to be the most important work of Western philosophy and political theory. It will be valuable not only to philosophers, but to political theorists, historians, classicists, literary scholars, and interested general readers.
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Untersuchungen zu Platons Politeia und den Nomoi

Author: Andreas Markus

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 3832459979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 102

View: 2269

Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Überhaupt gilt aber auch von jeder Regierung die gleiche Behauptung, daß die Entstehung der besten Verfassung und der besten Gesetze nur dann eintritt, wenn die größte Macht mit (der größten) Weisheit und Besonnenheit in derselben Person sich vereinigt, sonst aber niemals. Diese Aussage über die Verwirklichung der besten Regierung findet sich überraschenderweise nicht in der Politeia, sondern in den Nomoi. Überraschend, weil es eigentlich die Politeia ist, die ein Staatsmodel vorstellt, an dessen Spitze ein sogenannter Philosophenherrscher steht, der Macht und Weisheit besitzt. Die Nomoi, aus der das Zitat stammt, beschreiben hingegen einen Staat, der durch Gesetze regiert wird und nicht durch einen Staatsmann. Wie stellt sich Platon einen idealen Staat vor? Soll er durch Gesetze oder durch einen hervorragenden Politiker geleitet werden? Und was befähigt einen Mensch der Anführer eines ganzen Staates zu sein? In dieser Arbeit werden die beiden Hauptwerke der platonischen Staatsphilosophie, die Politeia und die Nomoi, untersucht. Ziel ist es herauszufinden, in welchem Verhältnis die Konzeption einer Philosophenherrschaft und die eines Gesetzesstaates zueinander stehen. Konstruiert Platon tatsächlich zwei völlig unterschiedliche Staatsmodelle oder handelt es sich um zwei Seiten einer Medaille? Meine Arbeitsthese ist, dass sich Platons Konzeption eines Idealstaates nicht allein in der Politeia oder den Nomoi findet, sondern dass sie sich aus dem Zusammenhang beider Dialoge ergibt. Platon schafft eine Synthese aus der Philosophenherrschaft und dem Gesetzesstaat, die eine Beseitigung der Schwächen zu Folge hat, die jedes Staatsmodell für sich alleine aufweist. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Inhaltsverzeichnis: Einleitung4 1.Untersuchung der Politeia: Die Philosophenherrschaft6 1.1Kennzeichen des Politeiastaates 1.1.1Ziele6 1.1.2Mittel8 1.1.3Voraussetzungen10 1.1.4Struktur12 1.1.5Niedergang14 1.1.6Zusammenfassung16 1.2Grundannahmen der Politeia 1.2.1Epistemologie17 1.2.2Ethik21 1.2.3Anthropologie25 1.2.4Zusammenfassung29 1.3Realpolitische Absichten30 1.4Die Kritik an der Politeia 1.4.1Machtmissbrauch33 1.4.2Formalismus der Ideenlehre38 1.4.3Kritik an der Anthropologie41 1.4.4Zusammenfassung der Kritikpunkte45 1.5Zusammenfassung des ersten Kapitels47 2.Untersuchung der Nomoi: Der Gesetzesstaat49 2.1Kennzeichen des Nomoistaates 2.1.1Ursprung und Ziel des [...]
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Author: Nickolas Pappas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136205438

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9525

Plato, often cited as a founding father of Western philosophy, set out ideas in the Republic regarding the nature of justice, order, and the character of the just individual, that endure into the modern day. The Routledge Guidebook to Plato’s Republic introduces the major themes in Plato’s great book and acts as a companion for reading the work, examining: The context of Plato’s work and the background to his writing Each separate part of the text in relation to its goals, meanings and impact The reception the book received when first seen by the world The relevance of Plato’s work to modern philosophy, its legacy and influence. With further reading included throughout, this text follows Plato’s original work closely, making it essential reading for all students of philosophy, and all those wishing to get to grips with this classic work.
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Ten Essays in Platonic Interpretation

Author: R. B. Rutherford

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674048119

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 335

View: 6929

The enduring fascination of Plato's dialogues rests not only on the dazzling range of his arguments and opinions, but also on the extraordinary richness of his literary style. The great Greek philosopher captures the imagination and stimulates the curiosity of his readers through his expert use of the techniques devised by the rhetoricians and the poets of his time: Plato, the critic of art and poetry, shows himself a consummate artist. This book is not a study of Plato's philosophy, but a contribution to the literary interpretation of the dialogues, through analysis of their formal structure, characterization, language, and imagery. Among the dialogues considered in these interrelated essays are some of Plato's most admired and influential works, including Gorgias, the Symposium, the Republic and Phaedrus. Special attention is paid to the personality of Socrates, Plato's remarkable mentor, and to his interaction with the other characters in the dialogues. The author also discusses particular problems such as the sources for our knowledge of Socrates, the origins of the dialogue form, Plato's use of myth, and the "totalitarianism" of the Republic.This combination of sympathetic literary criticism and exact historical scholarship makes The Art of Plato a valuable contribution to the study of one of the greatest of all Greek writers.
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Problems in Plato's Republic

Author: C.D.C. Reeve

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199934436

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 8435

C. D. C. Reeve develops a powerful new account of the age-old argument over whether the just are happier than the unjust, drawing from a new understanding of Plato's conception of philosophy.
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Author: Wolfgang Kersting

Publisher: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Abt. Verlag

ISBN: 9783534133413

Category: Political ethics

Page: 341

View: 5478

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Author: Plato,C. D. C. Reeve

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872204164

Category: Philosophy

Page: 103

View: 6722

The Cratylus, Plato's sole dialogue devoted to the relation between language and reality, is acknowledged to be one of his masterpieces. But owing to its often enigmatic content no more than a handful of passages from it have played a part in the global evaluation of Plato's philosophy. This new English translation by C D C Reeve is the first since 1926, and incomparably the most helpful and accessible now available. It opens up the Cratylus to all philosophically interested readers, as well as to cultural historians and to those whose primary concern is the history of linguistics. The full and lucid introduction does much to illuminate the internal dynamic of this important text and to explain its place within Plato's oeuvre.
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A Study

Author: Stanley Rosen

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300126921

Category: Philosophy

Page: 423

View: 6015

In this book a distinguished philosopher offers a comprehensive interpretation of Plato's most controversial dialogue. Treating the Republic as a unity and focusing on the dramatic form as the presentation of the argument, Stanley Rosen challenges earlier analyses of the Republic (including the ironic reading of Leo Strauss and his disciples) and argues that the key to understanding the dialogue is to grasp the author's intention in composing it, in particular whether Plato believed that the city constructed in the Republic is possible and desirable. Rosen demonstrates that the fundamental principles underlying the just city are theoretically attractive but that the attempt to enact them in practice leads to conceptual incoherence and political disaster. The Republic, says Rosen, is a vivid illustration of the irreconcilability of philosophy and political practice.
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Author: Anna Schriefl

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110311003

Category: Philosophy

Page: 303

View: 3439

This study examines the radical critique of wealth and moneymaking that permeates Plato’s works from the early dialogues to the Republic and the Laws. The author shows that Plato’s position on wealth should not be ascribed to aristocratic prejudices, but instead brought into relation with one of his core philosophical beliefs: the establishment of an original conception of aretê (virtue) that conflicts with money making.
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Dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic

Author: Hugh H. Benson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190273100

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 4816

Hugh H. Benson explores Plato's answer to Clitophon's challenge, the question of how one can acquire the knowledge Socrates argues is essential to human flourishing-knowledge we all seem to lack. Plato suggests two methods by which this knowledge may be gained: the first is learning from those who already have the knowledge one seeks, and the second is discovering the knowledge one seeks on one's own. The book begins with a brief look at some of the Socratic dialogues where Plato appears to recommend the former approach while simultaneously indicating various difficulties in pursuing it. The remainder of the book focuses on Plato's recommendation in some of his most important and central dialogues-the Meno, Phaedo, and Republic-for carrying out the second approach: de novo inquiry. The book turns first to the famous paradox concerning the possibility of such an inquiry and explores Plato's apparent solution. Having defended the possibility of de novo inquiry as a response to Clitophon's challenge, Plato explains the method or procedure by which such inquiry is to be carried out. The book defends the controversial thesis that the method of hypothesis, as described and practiced in the Meno, Phaedo, and Republic, is, when practiced correctly, Plato's recommended method of acquiring on one's own the essential knowledge we lack. The method of hypothesis when practiced correctly is, then, Platonic dialectic, and this is Plato's response to Clitophon's challenge. "This is a new book on a critically important topic, methodology, as it is explored in three of the most important works by one of the most important philosophers in the very long history of philosophy, written by a scholar of international stature who is working from many years of experience and currently at the top of his game. It promises to be one of the most important books ever written on this subject."-Nicholas Smith, James F. Miller Professor of Humanities, Lewis and Clark College "The thesis is bold and the results are important for our understanding of some of the most studied and controversial dialogues by and philosophical theses in Plato. In my view, Hugh Benson's examination of the method of hypothesis in the Meno and the Phaedo is a tour de force of subtle and careful scholarship: I think that this part of the book will be adopted as the standard interpretation of this basic notion in Plato. An excellent and important book."-Charles Brittain, Susan Linn Sage Professor of Philosophy and Humane Letters, Cornell University
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A history of philosophy without any gaps

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191662046

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 1233

Classical Philosophy is the first of a series of books in which Peter Adamson aims ultimately to present a complete history of philosophy, more thoroughly but also more enjoyably than ever before. In short, lively chapters, based on the popular History of Philosophy podcast, he offers an accessible, humorous, and detailed look at the emergence of philosophy with the Presocratics, the probing questions of Socrates, and the first full flowering of philosophy with the dialogues of Plato and the treatises of Aristotle. The story is told 'without any gaps', discussing not only such major figures but also less commonly discussed topics like the Hippocratic Corpus, the Platonic Academy, and the role of women in ancient philosophy. Within the thought of Plato and Aristotle, the reader will find in-depth introductions to major works, such as the Republic and the Nicomachean Ethics, which are treated in detail that is unusual in an introduction to ancient philosophy. Adamson looks at fascinating but less frequently read Platonic dialogues like the Charmides and Cratylus, and Aristotle's ideas in zoology and poetics. This full coverage allows him to tackle ancient discussions in all areas of philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, ethics and politics. Attention is also given to the historical and literary context of classical philosophy, with exploration of how early Greek cosmology responded to the poets Homer and Hesiod, how Socrates was presented by the comic playwright Aristophanes and the historian Xenophon, and how events in Greek history may have influenced Plato's thought. This is a new kind of history which will bring philosophy to life for all readers, including those coming to the subject for the first time.
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Author: Plato

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191623059

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 2663

Republic is the central work of the Western world's most famous philosopher. Essentially an inquiry into morality, Republic also contains crucial arguments and insights into many other areas of philosophy. It is also a literary masterpiece: the philosophy is presented for the most part for the ordinary reader, who is carried along by the wit and intensity of the dialogue and by Plato's unforgettable images of the human condition. This new, lucid translation by Robin Waterfield is complemented by full explanatory notes and an up-to-date critical introduction. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
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Introducing Alfarabi

Author: Joshua Parens

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079148212X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 1996

Explores the approach to peaceful religious coexistence offered by Alfarabi, the greatest Islamic political philosopher.
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Metaphysics and Epistemology

Author: Gail Fine

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198752066

Category: Philosophy

Page: 514

View: 3389

The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editors of each volume contribute an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selected bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading.
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Author: Plato

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783937229874

Category:

Page: 505

View: 2146

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