Author: Ian Sutton

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0128128844

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 1708

Plant Design and Operations, Second Edition, explores design and operational considerations for oil and gas facilities, covering all stages of the plant cycle, with an emphasis on safety and risk. The oil and gas industry is constantly looking for cost optimization strategies, requiring plant-based personnel to expand their knowledge base outside their discipline or subject. Relevant reference materials are scattered throughout various official standards, while staff lack the immediate hands-on knowledge to safely facilitate the full operational life cycle of the plant. This second edition is a complete source of solutions for major process projects including offshore facilities, chemical plants, oil refineries, and pipelines. This single reference provides insight for safer operations and maintenance best practices. It has been updated with more focus on safety in design and operations, standards, and compliance, and more detailed information on equipment and system/component design. Explores design and operational considerations for oil and gas facilities, covering all stages of the plant cycle, with an emphasis on safety and risk Includes updated new chapters covering principles of design, security regulations, and human factors Includes more relevant equipment information covering storage tanks, valves, and control systems Remains the only source to provide hands-on solutions for process plants in the refining and chemical industries
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A Practitioner’s Guide

Author: J. Robert Taylor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498738869

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 1847

In contrast to nuclear plants and aerospace systems, human error is largely ignored in quantitative risk assessment for petroleum and chemical plants. Because of this, current risk analysis methods are able to calculate and predict only about one-third of the accidents happening in practice. Human Error in Process Plant Design and Operations: A Practitioner’s Guide shows you how to develop a comprehensive risk assessment that includes human error. Based on the well-known SRK model of human error, this book represents a practical collection of examples and statistics from more than 30 years of study, with many examples of the practical application of methods. The book provides a complete overview of the various types of human error, including operator error, hindrances and inability to function, errors in observation, errors in performing standard procedures, errors in supervisory control, errors in decision making and planning, infractions and violations, design errors, and errors in procedures. It then goes on to identify human error potential and probabilities, and discusses techniques and methodologies that can be implemented to minimize human errors and prevent accidents. The result of the author's observations of human error over a lifetime of work as an operator, as a commissioning coordinator, and as an operations manager, the book demonstrates how to analyse, manage, and mitigate many types of error. By taking advantage of the author's experience and expert knowledge, and by applying the techniques and methodologies illustrated in this book, you will be able to make changes which will make work easier, error free, clearly understood, and more congenial.
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Author: Richard P. Palluzi

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: 9780070481800

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 5198

Author Richard P. Palluzi gives a thorough introduction to pilot plant design, construction, and operation. Includes developing and defining a pilot plant program; general types of pilot plants; pilot plant economics; types of space suitable for pilot plant operations; pilot plant design considerations; pilot plant safety; control systems; instrumentation of special interest to pilot plants; start up; pilot plant maintenance; miscellaneous areas of concern; overall concerns with analytical instrumentation; and heat tracing, feed, and product handling. With 25 illustrations and an index.
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An Introduction

Author: Ashok Gupta,Denis S. Yan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080454610

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 718

View: 7540

Mineral Processing Design and Operations is expected to be of use to the design engineers engaged in the design and operation of mineral processing plants and including those process engineers who are engaged in flow-sheets development. Provides an orthodox statistical approach that helps in the understanding of the designing of unit processes. The subject of mineral processing has been treated on the basis of unit processes that are subsequently developed and integrated to form a complete strategy for mineral beneficiation. Unit processes of crushing, grinding, solid–liquid separation, flotation are therefore described in some detail so that a student at graduate level and operators at plants will find this book useful. Mineral Processing Design and Operations describes the strategy of mathematical modeling as a tool for more effective controlling of operations, looking at both steady state and dynamic state models. * Containing 18 chapters that have several worked out examples to clarify process operations * Filling a gap in the market by providing up-to-date research on mineral processing * Describes alternative approaches to design calculation, using example calculations and problem exercises
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An Introduction

Author: Ashok Gupta,Denis S. Yan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444635920

Category: Science

Page: 882

View: 1058

Mineral Processing Design and Operations: An Introduction, Second Edition, helps further understanding of the various methods commonly used in mineral beneficiation and concentration processes. Application of theory to practice is explained at each stage, helping operators understand associated implications in each unit process. Covers the theory and formulae for unit capacities and power requirements to help the designer develop the necessary equipment and flow-sheets to economically attain maximum yield and grade. This second edition describes theories and practices of design and operation of apparatus and equipment, including an additional chapter on magnetic, electrostatic, and conductivity modes of mineral separation. Basics of process controls for efficient and economic modes of separation are introduced. Outlines the theory and practice in the design of flow sheets and operation of an integrated mineral processing plant Introduces the basic magnetism, electrostatic, conductivity, and dielectrophoresis properties of minerals and related separation techniques Describes automation in mineral processing plants allowing maximum yields and consistent high concentrate grades Outlines problems and offers solutions in the form of various examples
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Author: Susumu Kawamura

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471350934

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 691

View: 4816

"This new edition introduces several new subjects, including value engineering, watershed management, dissolved air flotation process, filtered reservoir (clearwell) design, and electrical system design. It provides expanded and updated coverage of objectives for finished water quality, instrumentation and control, disinfection process, ozonation, disinfection by-product control, the GAC process, and the membrane filtration process. A hands-on resource for civil engineers and managers, whether working on new facilities or redesigning and rebuilding existing facilities."--Jacket.
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Proceedings

Author: Andrew L. Mular,Doug N. Halbe,Derek John Barratt

Publisher: SME

ISBN: 9780873352239

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2422

View: 8662

This two-volume set provides a comprehensive and authoritative look and the latest thinking in minerals processing plant design and operations from the mining industry's leading engineers, consultants, and operators.
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Planning, Design, and Operation, Second Edition

Author: Syed R. Qasim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566766883

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1126

View: 2361

Step-by-step procedures for planning, design, construction and operation: * Health and environment * Process improvements * Stormwater and combined sewer control and treatment * Effluent disposal and reuse * Biosolids disposal and reuse * On-site treatment and disposal of small flows * Wastewater treatment plants should be designed so that the effluent standards and reuse objectives, and biosolids regulations can be met with reasonable ease and cost. The design should incorporate flexibility for dealing with seasonal changes, as well as long-term changes in wastewater quality and future regulations. Good planning and design, therefore, must be based on five major steps: characterization of the raw wastewater quality and effluent, pre-design studies to develop alternative processes and selection of final process train, detailed design of the selected alternative, contraction, and operation and maintenance of the completed facility. Engineers, scientists, and financial analysts must utilize principles from a wide range of disciplines: engineering, chemistry, microbiology, geology, architecture, and economics to carry out the responsibilities of designing a wastewater treatment plant. The objective of this book is to present the technical and nontechnical issues that are most commonly addressed in the planning and design reports for wastewater treatment facilities prepared by practicing engineers. Topics discussed include facility planning, process description, process selection logic, mass balance calculations, design calculations, and concepts for equipment sizing. Theory, design, operation and maintenance, trouble shooting, equipment selection and specifications are integrated for each treatment process. Thus delineation of such information for use by students and practicing engineers is the main purpose of this book.
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Author: G. Mark Tostevin

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071772928

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 3580

Best practices for the design and operation of energy systems Written by a global expert with 50 years of experience in the field, Energy Systems Design and Operation presents a formal, unified, and universal method for conceiving, designing, and operating the most appropriate energy system in any given situation. This authoritative guide describes how to express the scientific, technical, and economic parameters of an energy system in universal terms, and then reliably conduct its engineering and evaluation in those terms. The book also includes the algorithm and functional specification of the computer program for the unified method, application techniques, and software examples with source code. Learn how to: Develop a plan for adopting a unified method for energy systems Gather and process required information Formalize a procedure for the conversion, exchange, and storage of energy Extend the formal procedure to a unified method for the concept, design, and operation of energy systems Meet requirements for computing with a unified method Use and benefit from a unified method with real-world demonstrations of energy system operation and design Simulate and optimize energy systems with the unified method
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Author: David A. Strobhar

Publisher: Momentum Press

ISBN: 1606504657

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 146

View: 7088

Call it the Human element in how a refining and chemical process operation is run....the other side of the machine and control system operation equation. Its value is in lives protected and money saved. This plain English guide to the principles of human factors will enable operations and control personnel—both the experienced and uninitiated— to understand how to successfully incorporate the concepts within their own plants. Through real-world examples, the author explains how human factors engineering concepts do, and must, dovetail with process plant design and operation. Offering practical insights, the book lays out the principles of human-system interactions and how they must be incorporated into any plant and control system from the get go—in order to ensure safe and efficient operations. Control engineers and operations managers will gain incomparable, inside-the-industry experience from: • Clear discussion of performance-shaping factors; • In-depth discussion of key variables in terms of workload and staffing; • A detailed analysis of the all-important human-machine interface, including content and format; • How-to planning for system demands and levels of automation; • Invaluable guidance on worker selection and training, along with sample procedures and job aids; and • Tools for investigation of incidents and near-misses from the human perspective.
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Pre-Operational Activities

Author: Dipak Sarkar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081012268

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 6177

Thermal Power Plants: Pre-Operational Activities covers practical information that can be used as a handy reference by utility operators and professionals working in new and existing plants, including those that are undergoing refurbishments and those that have been shut for long periods of time. It is fully comprehensive, including chapters on flushing boiler systems, various methods of testing steam generators, and the drying out of generators. This book will be invaluable for anyone working on the startup, commissioning, and operation of thermal power plants. It is also a great companion book to Sarkar’s Thermal Power Plant: Design and Operation. Sarkar has worked with thermal power plants for over 40 years, bringing his experience in design and operations to help new and experienced practicing engineers perform effective pre-operational activities. Consolidates all pre-operational aspects of thermal power plants Explains how to handle equipment safely and work efficiently Provides guidance for new and existing power plants to help reduce outage time and save on budgets
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Design and Operation of Production Systems

Author: Monica Bellgran,Eva Kristina Säfsten

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848824959

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 882

Production development is about improving existing production systems and developing new ones. The production system should be developed in integration with the product, as a part of the overall product realization process, and not in sequence after the product has already been designed. Production Development: Design and Operation of Production Systems takes a holistic viewpoint on the production system and its design process during the whole system life cycle. A working procedure demonstrating how to design and realize the production system is presented, together with a number of related production development aspects. Production Development: Design and Operation of Production Systems is illustrated with a large number of figures and industrial examples. The book can be used as a reference for teachers and students, or as a manual for professionals within the field of production.
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Author: Robert Yang

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781440147586

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 132

View: 3960

Process plants produce products and perform functions through some processes. There are many types of process plants covering a wide spectrum of industries from chemical, oil and gas, pharmaceutical, food, power generation, water and waste water treatment, nuclear, to specialized government plants. From engineering, procurement, construction to operations of process plants, the key elements of lifecycle operations are essentially generation, manipulation, and management of information. In addition to documents that are the traditional way of representing information, the trend now is to emphasis on usage of data, databases, and 3-D models. Efficient plant lifecycle information management has to satisfy three basic requirements of what, when, and how information to be managed. Information integrity that means accuracy and currency is another key element of management consideration. Use of information data warehouse is an effective approach to store and control just one single source of information to be used throughout the plant lifecycle. Plant lifecycle information management is to increase productivity at the project level to reduce capital cost and time to market. At the plant level, the goal is to minimize plant operational expense and to maximize time in market. With proper information and information management, the plant owner/operator now has the tool to optimize operating parameters so both quality and quantity of the plant products can be improved. This book shows the basic principles and approaches of process plant lifecycle information management and how they can be applied to generate substantial cost and time savings. Thus, the readers with their own knowledge and experience in plant design and operations can adapt and implement them into their specific plant lifecycle applications.
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Author: J. Peter Clark

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080557779

Category: Architecture

Page: 328

View: 3239

Around the world concerns about cost, efficiency, and safety - employee, product, process and consumer -- have led to changes in the way food plants are planned, constructed and evaluated. From initiation of major capital requests to legal design requirements to project management and plant operations, food engineers and scientists must understand the myriad of requirements and responsibilities of successful food facilities. J. Peter Clark provides that guidance in this complete volume. Included are: A summary of lessons on understanding how management evaluates potential investments and how they can contribute to ultimate shareholder value, and checklists to help accurately estimate capital and operating costs Important, and in some cases unique, features of a food plant including focus on food safety. Addresses not only consumer products, but ingredients for consumer products and the concerns of distribution and flexibility that must be considered. Also considered are the support facilities that are equally essential to the safe production of food An effective approach to understanding production lines and optimizing operations during expansion by briefly introducing Goldratt's Theory of Constraints. The book explores the challenges of construction while maintaining safe and sanitary operations An approach and methodology that can be extended beyond the case studies presented in order to effectively plan development processes and make correct equipment selections Project management and plant operations guidance to assist engineers who find themselves in the role of managing a design or construction process project, or of supervising a portion of a plant. Includes suggestions for effectively troubleshooting an unsatisfactory operation Provides real-world insights including guides for proper project estimation, understanding the role and importance of support facilities, maintaining standards while under construction and other vital considerations Includes checklists and proven approaches to guide the reader through the wide range of necessary planning and implementation steps Considers factors for both new plant construction and expansion of existing plants
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Planning, Design, and Operation of Power Systems and Equipment

Author: Juergen Schlabbach,Karl-Heinz Rofalski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527622802

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 349

View: 862

Describing in detail how electrical power systems are planned and designed, this monograph illustrates the required structures of systems, substations and equipment using international standards and latest computer methods. The book discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the different arrangements within switchyards and of the topologies of the power systems, describing methods to determine the main design parameters of cables, overhead lines, and transformers needed to realize the supply task, as well as the influence of environmental conditions on the design and the permissible loading of the equipment. Additionally, general requirements for protection schemes and the main schemes related to the various protection tasks are given. With its focus on the requirements and procedures of tendering and project contracting, this book enables the reader to adapt the basics of power systems and equipment design to special tasks and engineering projects.
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Author: William Hoyle

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 97

View: 3059

One of the biggest challenges facing today's chemist and chemical engineer is the translation of bench chemistry to the pilot plant. This book provides expert insights into current best practice, and will prove an indispensable manual for all those involved in pilot plant design and scale-up implementation - process chemists, engineers and managers alike. The international expertise of the contributors covers a wide range of topics, and new material covered includes: the removal of heavy metals from effluent, heat flow calorimetry, low temperature processes, good manufacturing practice in pilot plants, design issues, the use of statistical methods in the running of pilot plants. Pilot Plants and Scale-Up of Chemical Processes is a must for all those who are, and wish to remain, expert in the field, providing for the first time in print, a comprehensive and unique perspective of pilot plant production.
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Author: Alan Rozich,Anthony Gaudy, Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873714495

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 2322

This book provides a thorough overview of respirometry and its scientific and engineering basis. The book describes the fundamentals of biological waste treatment, development of predictive models for system design and operation, and how respirometry fits in with these operations. It also presents case studies, which give you concrete examples of the application of respirometry. This book will help activated sludge process control designers, operators, and managers of biological wastewater treatment facilitieslearn how to improve methods for the analysis of biological wastewater systems, enhance design and treatability projects, optimize and troubleshoot plant operations, and accurately predict the impact of new loads or streams on biological wastewater facilities.
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