Forests, Conservation, and Community in Mexico

Author: Christopher R. Boyer

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: 9780822358183

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 7217

Following the 1917 Mexican Revolution inhabitants of the states of Chihuahua and Michoacán received vast tracts of prime timberland as part of Mexico's land redistribution program. Although locals gained possession of the forests, the federal government retained management rights, which created conflict over subsequent decades among rural, often indigenous villages; government; and private timber companies about how best to manage the forests. Christopher R. Boyer examines this history in Political Landscapes, where he argues that the forests in Chihuahua and Michoacán became what he calls "political landscapes"—that is, geographies that become politicized by the interactions between opposing actors—through the effects of backroom deals, nepotism, and political negotiations. Understanding the historical dynamic of community forestry in Mexico is particularly critical for those interested in promoting community involvement in the use and conservation of forestlands around the world. Considering how rural and indigenous people have confronted, accepted, and modified the rationalizing projects of forest management foisted on them by a developmentalist state is crucial before community management is implemented elsewhere.
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Urban Political Ecology and the Growth of Mexico City

Author: Matthew Vitz

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822372096

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4308

In A City on a Lake Matthew Vitz tracks the environmental and political history of Mexico City and explains its transformation from a forested, water-rich environment into a smog-infested megacity plagued by environmental problems and social inequality. Vitz shows how Mexico City's unequal urbanization and environmental decline stemmed from numerous scientific and social disputes over water policy, housing, forestry, and sanitary engineering. From the prerevolutionary efforts to create a hygienic city supportive of capitalist growth, through revolutionary demands for a more democratic distribution of resources, to the mid-twentieth-century emergence of a technocratic bureaucracy that served the interests of urban elites, Mexico City's environmental history helps us better understand how urban power has been exercised, reproduced, and challenged throughout Latin America.
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Author: Achille Mbembe

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518738488

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 4614

Der globale Kapitalismus hat seit seiner Entstehung immer schon nicht nur Waren, sondern auch »Rassen« und »Spezies« produziert. Ihm liegt ein rassistisches Denken, eine »schwarze Vernunft« zugrunde, wie der große afrikanische Philosoph und Vordenker des Postkolonialismus Achille Mbembe in seinem brillanten und mitreißenden neuen Buch zeigt. In kraftvollen Linien zeichnet Mbembe die Genese unserer Gegenwart nach, indem er darstellt, wie sich der globale Kapitalismus seit dem Beginn der Neuzeit aus dem transatlantischen Sklavenhandel entwickelt hat. In dieser Zeit steigt Europa zum Zentrum der Welt auf und kreiert die Figur des »Negers«, des »Menschen-Materials«, der »Menschen-Ware«, die über den »schwarzen Atlantik« gehandelt wird. Mit dem Abolitionismus, der Revolution in Haiti, dem Antikolonialismus oder der amerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung kommt zwar seit der Aufklärung eine erste globale Welle der Kritik an der Sklaverei und der »schwarzen Vernunft« des Kapitalismus auf. Dieser breitet sich jedoch in seiner neoliberalen Spielart unaufhaltsam weiter aus und überträgt die Figur des »Negers« nun auf die gesamte »subalterne Menschheit«. In diesem Prozess des »Schwarzwerdens der Welt«, so die radikale Kritik Mbembes, bilden auch Europa und seine Bürger mittlerweile nur noch eine weitere Provinz im weltumspannenden Imperium des neoliberalen Kapitalismus.
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Environmental Histories of Modern Latin America

Author: John Soluri,Claudia Leal,José Augusto Pádua

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785333917

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 6015

Though still a relatively young field, the study of Latin American environmental history is blossoming, as the contributions to this definitive volume demonstrate. Bringing together thirteen leading experts on the region, A Living Past synthesizes a wide range of scholarship to offer new perspectives on environmental change in Latin America and the Spanish Caribbean since the nineteenth century. Each chapter provides insightful, up-to-date syntheses of current scholarship on critical countries and ecosystems (including Brazil, Mexico, the Caribbean, the tropical Andes, and tropical forests) and such cross-cutting themes as agriculture, conservation, mining, ranching, science, and urbanization. Together, these studies provide valuable historical contexts for making sense of contemporary environmental challenges facing the region.
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An Environmental and Technological History of Agrarian Reform in Mexico

Author: Mikael D. Wolfe

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822373068

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 3529

In Watering the Revolution Mikael D. Wolfe transforms our understanding of Mexican agrarian reform through an environmental and technological history of water management in the emblematic Laguna region. Drawing on extensive archival research in Mexico and the United States, Wolfe shows how during the long Mexican Revolution (1910-1940) engineers’ distribution of water paradoxically undermined land distribution. In so doing, he highlights the intrinsic tension engineers faced between the urgent need for water conservation and the imperative for development during the contentious modernization of the Laguna's existing flood irrigation method into one regulated by high dams, concrete-lined canals, and motorized groundwater pumps. This tension generally resolved in favor of development, which unintentionally diminished and contaminated the water supply while deepening existing rural social inequalities by dividing people into water haves and have-nots, regardless of their access to land. By uncovering the varied motivations behind the Mexican government’s decision to use invasive and damaging technologies despite knowing they were ecologically unsustainable, Wolfe tells a cautionary tale of the long-term consequences of short-sighted development policies.
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Zapata und die mexikanische Revolution

Author: John Womack

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mexico

Page: 433

View: 5126

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Author: Stephen Emmott

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734105

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 3770

Für die Herstellung eines Burgers braucht man 3000 Liter Wasser. Wir produzieren in zwölf Monaten mehr Ruß als im gesamten Mittelalter und fliegen allein in diesem Jahr sechs Billionen Kilometer. Unsere Enkel werden sich die Erde mit zehn Milliarden Menschen teilen müssen. Haben wir noch eine Zukunft? Stephen Emmott, Leiter eines von Microsoft aufgebauten Forschungslabors und Professor in Oxford, schafft mit »Zehn Milliarden« etwas Einzigartiges: Zum ersten Mal zeichnet ein Experte ein zusammenhängendes, aktuelles und für jeden verständliches Bild unserer Lage. Kein theoretischer Überbau, kein moralischer Zeigefinger, nur die Fakten. Und die unmissverständliche Botschaft: »Wir sind nicht zu retten.« Emmott greift auf neueste Erkenntnisse zurück und zeigt, dass wir uns längst den Boden unter den Füßen weggezogen haben. »Zehn Milliarden« ist der letzte Weckruf. Wir dürfen ihn nicht überhören.
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Managing for Sustainable Landscapes

Author: David Barton Bray,Leticia Merino-Pérez,Deborah Barry

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292783272

Category: Nature

Page: 390

View: 2149

Mexico leads the world in community management of forests for the commercial production of timber. Yet this success story is not widely known, even in Mexico, despite the fact that communities around the globe are increasingly involved in managing their own forest resources. To assess the achievements and shortcomings of Mexico's community forest management programs and to offer approaches that can be applied in other parts of the world, this book collects fourteen articles that explore community forest management from historical, policy, economic, ecological, sociological, and political perspectives. The contributors to this book are established researchers in the field, as well as many of the important actors in Mexico's nongovernmental organization sector. Some articles are case studies of community forest management programs in the states of Michoacán, Oaxaca, Durango, Quintana Roo, and Guerrero. Others provide broader historical and contemporary overviews of various aspects of community forest management. As a whole, this volume clearly establishes that the community forest sector in Mexico is large, diverse, and has achieved unusual maturity in doing what communities in the rest of the world are only beginning to explore: how to balance community income with forest conservation. In this process, Mexican communities are also managing for sustainable landscapes and livelihoods.
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eine indianische Saga von 1862 - 2018

Author: Winona LaDuke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783894051136

Category:

Page: 381

View: 5632

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Environmental Histories of Modern Mexico

Author: Christopher R. Boyer

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816502498

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 3192

This is the first book to explore the relationship between the people and the environment of Mexico. Featuring a dozen essays by leading scholars, it heralds the arrival of environmental history as a major area of study in the field of Mexican history and introduces a new book series: “Latin American Landscapes.”
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1917 and its Aftermath from a Global Perspective

Author: Stefan Rinke,Michael Wildt

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359343668X

Category: History

Page: 343

View: 1813

1917 war ein bedeutendes Jahr des historischen Umbruchs im Weltmaßstab, in dem der Grundstein für prägende Strukturen des 20. Jahrhunderts gelegt wurde. Den Zeitgenossen waren diese globalen Zusammenhänge bewusst; doch in der auf nationale Belange beschränkten Geschichtswissenschaft spielten sie jahrzehntelang kaum eine Rolle. Dieser Band vereint neue Forschungen, die die transnationalen Verbindungen der unzähligen Aufstände, Rebellionen und Revolutionen sowie der gewaltsamen Reaktionen darauf in den Jahren zwischen 1917 und 1920 in allen Weltteilen aufzeigen.
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Communities, Conservation, and the State in Community-Based Forest Management

Author: Nicholas K. Menzies

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510233

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 4268

Community-based forest management (CBFM) is a model of forest management in which a community takes part in decision making and implementation, and monitoring of activities affecting the natural resources around them. CBFM provides a framework for a community members to secure access to the products and services that flow from the landscape in which they live and has become an essential component of any comprehensive approach to forest management. In this volume, Nicholas K. Menzies looks at communities in China, Zanzibar, Brazil, and India where, despite differences in landscape, climate, politics, and culture, common challenges and themes arise in making a transition from forest management by government agencies to CBFM. The stories of these four distinct places highlight the difficulties communities face when trying to manage their forests and negotiate partnerships with others interested in forest management, such as the commercial forest sector or conservation and environmental organizations. These issues are then considered against a growing body of research concerning what constitutes successful CBFM. Drawing on published and unpublished case studies, project reports, and his own rich experience, Menzies analyzes how CBFM fits into the broader picture of the management of natural resources, highlighting the conditions that bring about effective practices and the most just and equitable stewardship of resources. A critical companion for students, researchers, and practitioners, Our Forest, Your Ecosystem, Their Timber provides a singular resource on the emergence and evolution of CBFM.
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Das ultimative Handbuch für Langzeitreisen durch die ganze Welt

Author: Rolf Potts

Publisher: Riva Verlag

ISBN: 3959714939

Category: Travel

Page: 272

View: 3829

Achtung, dieses Buch kann dich dazu verleiten, deinen Job zu kündigen, dein Haus zu verkaufen und dich auf ein ausgedehntes Abenteuer zu begeben! Träumst du davon, dir eine Auszeit von der täglichen Routine zu nehmen, um die Welt auf eigene Faust zu entdecken, andere Kulturen und Länder kennenzulernen und deinen Horizont zu erweitern? Rolf Potts hat diesen Traum wahr gemacht und bereist seit vielen Jahren in langen Etappen die ganze Welt. In seinem internationalen Bestseller Weltenbummeln – Vagabonding erfährst du, wie man auch mit wenig Geld den Traum des Langzeitreisens leben kann und was es an Vorbereitungen braucht, damit dein Traum kein Albtraum wird. Profitiere von Potts reichem Erfahrungsschatz und erfahre, wie man solche Abenteuer finanziert, wie man auch unterwegs Geld verdienen kann und mit unvorhergesehenen Situationen am besten umgeht. Aber auch für das Zurückkommen und Sich-Wiedereinfinden in den Alltag hält Potts viele nützliche Tipps und Ratschläge bereit. Dieses Buch, das im englischsprachigen Raum längst Kultstatus genießt und in über 20 Sprachen übersetzt wurde, ist ein verlässlicher Begleiter für alle, die schon einmal darüber nachgedacht haben, sich eine ausgedehnte Auszeit zu gönnen, aber auch für all diejenigen, die sich endlich trauen wollen, den Alltag für eine längere Zeit oder sogar für immer hinter sich zu lassen.
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der Weg in die Konsumgesellschaft

Author: Christian Pfister

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Energy policy

Page: 428

View: 6623

Epochenschwelle zwischen Industriegesellschaft und Konsumgesellschaft - Wertewandel - Treibstoffzoll aus historischer Sicht - Raumplanung - Entwicklung des Luftverkehrs.
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Authority, Expertise, and Power in Mexican Forests

Author: Andrew S. Mathews

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262516446

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6795

A study of how encounters between forestry bureaucrats and indigenous forest managers in Mexico produced official knowledge about forests and the state. Greater knowledge and transparency are often promoted as the keys to solving a wide array of governance problems. In Instituting Nature, Andrew Mathews describes Mexico's efforts over the past hundred years to manage its forests through forestry science and biodiversity conservation. He shows that transparent knowledge was produced not by official declarations or scientists' expertise but by encounters between the relatively weak forestry bureaucracy and the indigenous people who manage and own the pine forests of Mexico. Mathews charts the performances, collusions, complicities, and evasions that characterize the forestry bureaucracy. He shows that the authority of forestry officials is undermined by the tension between local realities and national policy; officials must juggle sweeping knowledge claims and mundane concealments, ambitious regulations and routine rule breaking. Moving from government offices in Mexico City to forests in the state of Oaxaca, Mathews describes how the science of forestry and bureaucratic practices came to Oaxaca in the 1930s and how local environmental and political contexts set the stage for local resistance. He tells how the indigenous Zapotec people learned the theory and practice of industrial forestry as employees and then put these skills to use when they become the owners and managers of the area's pine forests--eventually incorporating forestry into their successful claims for autonomy from the state. Despite the apparently small scale and local contexts of this balancing act between the power of forestry regulations and the resistance of indigenous communities, Mathews shows that it has large implications--for how we understand the modern state, scientific knowledge, and power and for the global carbon markets for which Mexican forests might become valuable.
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Conservation And Development In The Maya Forest Of Belize Guatemala And Mexico

Author: Richard B. Primack,David Bray,Hugo A. Galletti,Ismael Ponciano

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781610911153

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 446

View: 9531

Stretching across southern Mexico, northern Guatemala, and Belize, the Maya Forest, or Selva Maya, constitutes one of the last large blocks of tropical forest remaining in North and Central America. Home to Mayan-speaking people for more than 5,000 years, the region is also uncommonly rich in cultural and archaeological resources.Timber, Tourists, and Temples brings together the leading biologists, social scientists, and conservationists working in the region to present in a single volume information on the intricate social and political issues, and the complex scientifc and management problems to be resolved there. Following an introductory chapter that presents GIS and remote sensing data, the book: considers perspectives on managing forest resources and the forestry and conservation policies of each nation examines efforts by communities to manage their forest resources explains the connections between resource conservation and use by local people highlights research projects that integrate baseline biological research with impact assessments explains the need to involve local people in conservation effortTimber, Tourists, and Temples explores methods of supporting the biological foundation of the Maya Forest and keeping alive that unique and diverse ecosystem. While many areas face similar development pressures, few have been studied as much or for as long as the Maya Forest. The wealth of information included in this pathbreaking work will be valuable not only for researchers involved with the Maya Forest but for anyone concerned with the protection, use, and management of tropical forest ecosystems throughout the world.
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