Author: Jeremy Travis,Christy Visher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521849166

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 3442

The contributors question the causes of public concern about the number of returning prisoners, the public safety consequences of prisoners returning to the community and the political and law enforcement responses to the issue.
Read More

Author: Daniel P. Mears,Joshua C. Cochran

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148331670X

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 2249

Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.
Read More

Author: Brian Forst,Jack R. Greene,James P. Lynch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139497065

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9759

This volume presents 19 original essays addressing what is widely regarded as the most serious problem confronting America today and for years to come – terrorism – from the unique perspective of criminology. The chapters collected here address such issues as the prevention of terrorism, the applicability of community policing and routine activities models of crime to the problem of terrorism, how to balance liberty and security, and how to think about and manage the fear of terrorism, as well as the coordination of federal and local efforts to prevent and counter terrorism. Criminologists on Terrorism and Homeland Security will be of interest to anyone concerned about violence prevention in general and terrorism in particular, policing, prosecution, adjudication, sentencing and restorative justice.
Read More

Author: Thomas G. Blomberg,Julie Mestre Brancale,Kevin M. Beaver,William D. Bales

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317571991

Category: Social Science

Page: 498

View: 2119

Advancing Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy is a definitive sourcebook that is comprised of contributions from some of the most recognized experts in criminology and criminal justice policy. The book is essential reading for students taking upper level courses and seminars on crime, public policy and crime prevention, as well as for policy makers within the criminal justice sphere. There has been a growing recognition of the importance of evidence-based criminal justice policies from criminologists, policymakers, and practitioners. Yet, despite governmental and professional association efforts to promote the role of criminological research in criminal justice policy, political ideologies, fear, and the media heavily influence criminal justice policies and practices. Bridging the gap between research and policy, this book provides the best-available research evidence, identifies strategies for informing policy and offers direct policy recommendations for a number of pressing contemporary issues in criminal justice, including: Delinquency, intervention programs and community crime prevention, Problem-oriented policing and the science of hot-spot policing, Sentencing and drug courts, Community corrections, incarceration and rehabilitation, Mental illness, gender, aging and indigenous communities.
Read More

Results of the Final Conference at Rostock-Warnemünde, 3-5 September 2014, and Final Evaluation Report of the Justice-Cooperation-Network (JCN)-Project “European treatment and transition management of high-risk offenders”

Author: Frieder Dünkel,Jörg Jesse,Ineke Pruin

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3942865580

Category: Fiction

Page: 368

View: 4822

All over Europe, the question of how best to manage and implement the resettleement and reintegration of released prisoners in society has become increasingly important. Transition management requires work in custody as well as cooperation and co-ordination between criminal justice agencies, statutory and voluntary providers and other partners involved in the offender’s resettlement and reintegration. The objective of the project “Justice Cooperation Network – European treatment and transition ma-nagement of high-risk offenders” has been to address these questions and to develop effective and efficient management principles, processes and practices for highrisk offenders leaving custody that can be shared and used by the project partners and across Europe. The project team comprises the responsible bodies from four project partner states, Estonia, Finland, Ireland and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Germany). The Ministry of Justice and Prison Service of Belgium, the Ministry of Justice and Public Administration of the Republic of Slovenia, the Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic, the Confederation of European Probation (CEP) and the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection in Germany are associated partners in the project. The publication is structured according to the programme of the final conference in Warnemünde in September 2014.
Read More

Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199315043

Category: Law

Page: 656

View: 339

Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.
Read More

Transforming Crime and Punishment

Author: William R. Kelly

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231539223

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 3461

Over the past forty years, the criminal justice system in the United States has engaged in a very expensive policy failure, attempting to punish its way to public safety, with dismal results. So-called "tough on crime" policies have not only failed to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, and victimization but also created an incredibly inefficient system that routinely fails the public, taxpayers, crime victims, criminal offenders, their families, and their communities. Strategies that focus on behavior change are much more productive and cost effective for reducing crime than punishment, and in this book, William R. Kelly discusses the policy, process, and funding innovations and priorities that the United States needs to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, victimization, and cost. He recommends proactive, evidence-based interventions to address criminogenic behavior; collaborative decision making from a variety of professions and disciplines; and a focus on innovative alternatives to incarceration, such as problem-solving courts and probation. Students, professionals, and policy makers alike will find in this comprehensive text a bracing discussion of how our criminal justice system became broken and the best strategies by which to fix it.
Read More

An Evaluation Approach to Increasing Accountability and Effectiveness

Author: Daniel P. Mears

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762464

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 7596

Examines the most prominent criminal justice policies, finding that they fall short of achieving the effectiveness that policymakers have advocated.
Read More

Author: Marc Mauer

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1595586660

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1982

In this revised edition of his seminal book on race, class, and the criminal justice system, Marc Mauer, executive director of one of the United States’ leading criminal justice reform organizations, offers the most up-to-date look available at three decades of prison expansion in America. Including newly written material on recent developments under the Bush administration and updated statistics, graphs, and charts throughout, the book tells the tragic story of runaway growth in the number of prisons and jails and the overreliance on imprisonment to stem problems of economic and social development. Called "sober and nuanced" by Publishers Weekly, Race to Incarcerate documents the enormous financial and human toll of the "get tough" movement, and argues for more humane—and productive—alternatives.
Read More

Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019020883X

Category: Social Science

Page: 960

View: 8729

Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.
Read More

The Challenge of Mass Incarceration

Author: Bert Useem,Anne Morrison Piehl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470981

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3517

During the past 25 years, the prison population in America shot upward to reach a staggering 1.53 million by 2005. This 2005 book takes a broad, critical look at incarceration, the huge social experiment of American society. The authors investigate the causes and consequences of the prison buildup, often challenging previously held notions from scholarly and public discourse. By examining such themes as social discontent, safety and security within prisons, and the impact on crime and on the labour market, Piehl and Useem use evidence to address the inevitable larger question, where should incarceration go next for American society, and where is it likely to go?
Read More

Author: Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289921

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 8984

Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.
Read More

The Essentials

Author: Mary K. Stohr,Daniel P. Mears

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781506314990

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6031

We offer these texts bundled together at a discount for your students! Mary K. Stohr, Corrections: The Essentials, Second Edition Corrections: The Essentials, is a comprehensive, yet compact version of corrections by two esteemed authors who are experts in the field. The text addresses the most important topics in corrections in a shorter and more cost-effective format. The Second Edition continues to cover the history, development, and future of corrections as well as provides new coverage of Ethics and the Death Penalty. The book's brevity makes it an excellent core textbook that can easily be supplemented with additional reading materials. Daniel P. Mears, Prisoner Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison. Please contact yourSales Representativefor more information.
Read More

The Political Morality of the Criminal Law

Author: R A Duff,Lindsay Farmer,S E Marshall,Massimo Renzo,Victor Tadros

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191043362

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 9188

The Criminalization series arose from an interdisciplinary investigation into criminalization, focussing on the principles that might guide decisions about what kinds of conduct should be criminalized, and the forms that criminalization should take. Developing a normative theory of criminalization, the series tackles the key questions at the heart of the issue: what principles and goals should guide legislators in deciding what to criminalize? How should criminal wrongs be classified and differentiated? How should law enforcement officials apply the law's specifications of offences? The fourth book in the series examines the political morality of the criminal law, exploring general principles and theories of criminalization. Chapters provide accounts of the criminal law in the light of ambitious theories about moral and political philosophy - republicanism and contractarianism, or reflect upon on the success of important theories of criminalization by viewing them in a novel light. Ideas that are fundamental to any complete theory of the criminal law - liberty, harm, and the effect on victims - are investigated in depth. Sociological investigation of the criminal law grounds a critical investigation into the principles of criminalization, both as a legislative matter, and with respect to criminalization practices, in contemporary and historical contexts. The volume broadens our conceptions of the theory of criminalization, and clarifies the role of the series in the development of this theory. It is essential reading for all interested in legal, political, and social theories of criminalization.
Read More

Author: James B. Jacobs

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674368266

Category: Law

Page: 396

View: 1093

For 60 million Americans a criminal record overshadows everything else about their identity. Citizens have a right to know when someone around them represents a threat. But convicted persons have rights too. James Jacobs examines the problem of erroneous records and proposes ways to eliminate discrimination for those who have been rehabilitated.
Read More

A Review of Research. Vol. 34

Author: Michael H. Tonry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 528

View: 497

Since 1979, the Crime and Justice series has presented international crime-related research to enrich the work of sociologists, psychologists, criminal lawyers, justice scholars, and political scientists. Volume 34 covers criminal justice issues with a careful balance of research, theory, and practice. It offers an interdisciplinary approach to core issues in criminology, with perspectives from biology, law, psychology, ethics, history, and sociology.
Read More

Author: Lawrence W. Sherman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781849205047

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 1006

As the 21st Century becomes the era of evidence-based policy, the role of experimental evidence has become more important than ever. It is also critical to improve the quality of field experiments in crime and justice, more of which are now conducted each year than ever before. This book is the indispensable introduction to reading, understanding, evaluating, using and doing randomized field experiments in and around the criminal justice system, including policing bail and pre-trial processes prosecution sentencing probation prison administration parole and re-entry family-based crime prevention community-based crime prevention private security Using case studies of both successful and unsuccessful experiments, this book shows novices and senior scholars alike how experiments can be done better, analyzed better, and put to better use for evidence-based crime policy. It also shows how experiments can be combined in systematic reviews of evidence, which make the most of their potential to predict the best results from any policy decision. Designed for use in both graduate and undergraduate research methods courses in criminology, criminal justice, sociology, community psychology, education and public health, the book is also designed for mid-career government and business executives in crime prevention and justice policy. Compact Criminology is an exciting series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology. Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice - offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics. They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach. Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist. Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching, learning and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series addresses fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.
Read More

Assessment, Treatment, and Research

Author: David W. Springer, PhD, LCSW,Albert R. Roberts, DSW, PhD, BCETS, DACFE

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826101136

Category: Psychology

Page: 640

View: 3015

Designated a Doody's Core Title! Together for the first time; all your forensic social work best practice needs in one volume! "...a vitally important addition to this emerging and essential body of knowledge. This compelling publication places between two covers a broad collection of informative, original essays on core issues in forensic social work. This engaging volume offers readers keen insights into forensic practice related to child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, suicide, psychiatric care and mental illness, juvenile justice, adult corrections, addictions, trauma, and restorative justice." --from the foreword by Frederic G. Reamer, School of Social Work, Rhode Island College From expert testimony advice to treating HIV-positive incarcerated women, this handbook contains the most current research and tested field practices for child welfare through adulthood in the civil and criminal system. Encompassing a wide range of treatments, roles, specialized practices, research, and diagnoses, the Handbook of Forensic Mental Health With Victims and Offenders will guide practicing professionals through the forensic social work issues they encounter on a daily basis, such as: Prevention of prisoners' sudden deaths Expert witness testimony in child welfare and women battering Treatment of dually diagnosed adolescents The overrepresentation of African-Americans incarcerated for juvenile delinquency Jail mental health services for adults Drug courts and PTSD in inmates with substance abuse histories Recidivism prevention Basic tasks in post-trauma intervention with victims and offenders Culture and gender considerations in restorative justice Edited by Dr. Albert R. Roberts and Dr. David W. Springer, with contributions by leaders in the field, this handbook should top the list of must-have publications for all forensic social workers.
Read More

Author: Karen S. Cook,John Hagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780824322298

Category: Social Science

Page: 649

View: 5206

Twenty-four articles by 38 scholars, primarily American, are organized into sections on theory and methods, social processes, institutions and culture, formal organizations, political and economic sociology, differentiation and stratification, individual and society, demography, urban and rural comm
Read More