Author: Malcolm A. Kelland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420092974

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4419

Modern production methods and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. And as oilfields age, the need for chemicals to ensure steady production increases. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry describes classes of production chemicals for use topside and downhole in the upstream oil and gas industry. It includes coverage of their mechanisms, deployment methods, and, where available, environmental properties. The first chapter gives a general overview of production chemistry issues, the factors that affect the choice of production chemicals, environmental regulations, suggestions for designing greener chemicals, and a brief overview of how to remove mercury and arsenic compounds from production fluids. Each of the remaining chapters begins with an introduction to a problem for which there is a production chemical. The author discusses chemical and non-chemical methods, and then thoroughly details the structural classes of production chemicals and how they can be tested. He includes information on the use of the chemical or technique in the field. References at the end of each chapter provide details on the synthesis, testing, theory, and application of each type of chemical. Unfortunately, crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field and how they are tested, this book focuses on the specific structures of a range of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance. It also provides an understanding of the issues involved in the use of chemicals and a range of production chemical additives that may be used to rectify issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: ASM International

ISBN: 1627080945

Category: Petroleum chemicals industry

Page: 426

View: 1253

Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.
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Author: Johannes Fink

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0128037350

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 854

View: 9893

The oil and gas engineer on the job requires knowing all the available oil field chemicals and fluid applications that are applicable to the operation. Updated with the newest technology and available products, Petroleum Engineer’s Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids, Second Edition, delivers all the necessary lists of chemicals by use, their basic components, benefits, and environmental implications. In order to maintain reservoir protection and peak well production performance, operators demand to know all the options that are available. Instead of searching through various sources, Petroleum Engineer’s Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids, Second Edition, presents a one-stop non-commercialized approach by organizing the products by function, matching the chemical to the process for practical problem-solving and extending the coverage with additional resources and supportive materials. Covering the full spectrum, including fluid loss additives, drilling muds, cement additives, and oil spill treating agents, this must-have reference answers to every oil and gas operation with more options for lower costs, safer use, and enhanced production. Effectively locate and utilize the right chemical application specific to your oil and gas operation with author’s systematic approach by use Gain coverage on all oil field chemicals and fluids needed throughout the entire oil and gas life cycle, including drilling, production, and cementing Understand environmental factors and risks for oil field chemicals, along with pluses and minuses of each application, to make the best and safest choice for your operation
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Author: Norman Hyne Ph.D.

Publisher: PennWell Corporation

ISBN: 1593703139

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 769

View: 9699

Norman Hyne's comprehensive upstream petroleum dictionary has been thoroughly updated, with more than 8,000 new definitions and entries. Covering everything in the upstream oil and gas sector, this new second edition also covers land, legal, accounting and finance terms. Written in easy-to-understand language with more than 100 illustrations, the second edition of Dr. Hyne's dictionary offers the ultimate book for everyone regardless of technical background.
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Author: Johannes Fink

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080497570

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 495

View: 3595

Oil field chemicals are gaining increasing importance, as the resources of crude oil are decreasing. An increasing demand of more sophisticated methods in the exploitation of the natural resources emerges for this reason. This book reviews the progress in the area of oil field chemicals and additives of the last decade from a rather chemical view. The material presented is a compilation from the literature by screening critically approximately 20,000 references. The text is ordered according to applications, just in the way how the jobs are emerging in practice. It starts with drilling, goes to productions and ends with oil spill. Several chemicals are used in multiple disciplines, and to those separate chapters are devoted. Two index registers are available, an index of chemical substances and a general index. * Gives an introduction to the chemically orientated petroleum engineer. * Provides the petroleum engineer involved with research and development with a quick reference tool. * Covers interdisciplinary matter, i.e. connects petroleum recovery and handling with chemical aspects.
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Theorie und Praxis der elektrochemischen Schutzverfahren

Author: Walter von Baeckmann,W. Schwenk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527625739

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 9498

Seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Auflage vor fast 30 Jahren ist das Handbuch des kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes zu einem Klassiker geworden. Der Erfolgstitel liegt nun in der vierten Auflage vor. Kathodischer Korrosionsschutzes hat in den vergangenen Jahren nichts an seiner Bedeutung verloren - er ist auch heute noch eines der wichtigsten Verfahren des Korrosionschutzes überhaupt. Auf einigen Gebieten wie dem Schutz von Stahlbeton ist seine Bedeutung sogar noch gewachsen. Gut zehn Jahre nach dem Erscheinen der dritten Auflage musste in vielen Bereichen eine Neubearbeitung durchgeführt werden. Das gilt - wie bereits bei früheren Auflagen - für die Messtechnik zum Nachweis der ausreichenden Schutzwirkung mit der praktischen Anwendung bei Rohrleitungen und Fragen der Beeinflussung durch Gleichströme sowie die Wirkung von Wechselspannungen. Im Bereich der Korrosion bilden die verschiedenen Arten der Risskorrosion und die Wechselstromkorrosion Schwerpunkte der Überarbeitung. Auf dem Gebiet der Messtechnik und der Umhüllungsschäden wurden neuartige Beschriebungen der elektrischen Eigenschaften von Beschichtungsfehlstellen entwickelt. Die vierte Auflage erscheint in einer Zeit der verstärkten internationalen Zusammenarbeit - insbesondere bei der Normung - und eines zunehmenden Sicherbeitsbedarfs. Deshalb dient das Handbuch auch der Wissenserhaltung mit allen zugehörigen Grundlagenwissenschaften und gegebenenfalls auch zur Basis von Qualifikationsnachweisen. Wieder haben zahlreiche Fachleute aus der Industrie ihr Fachwissen zum weltweit einzigartigen Standardwerk über alle Anwendungsbereiche der elektrochemischen Korrosionsschutzverfahren beigetragen. Dabei wurde Wert auf lückenlose Querverweise zwischen den einzelnen Kapiteln und einheitliche bzw. normgerechte Terminologie gelegt. Das Handbuch ist nicht nur unentbehrlich für Unternehmen für kathodischen Schutz, sondern ist für alle Personen, die sich mit Korrosion und Korrosionsschutz beschäftigen, zum Nachschlagen und zur Weiterbildung geeignet.
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Author: Hussein K. Abdel-Aal,Mohamed A. Aggour,Mohamed A. Fahim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482255936

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 334

Many oil production processes present a significant challenge to the oil and gas field processing facilities and equipment design. The optimization of the sequential operations of handling the oil–gas mixture can be a major factor in increasing oil and gas production rates and reducing operating costs. Petroleum and Gas Field Processing provides an all-inclusive guide to surface petroleum operations and solves these and other problems encountered in the field processing of oil and gas. Fully revised and updated to reflect major changes over the past decade or so, this second edition builds on the success attained in the first edition. It delivers an expanded and updated treatment that covers the principles and procedures related to the processing of reservoir fluids for the separation, handling, treatment, and production of quality petroleum oil and gas products. With five new chapters, this second edition covers additional subjects, in particular natural gas, economics and profitability, oil field chemicals, and piping and pumps. The book also contains worked-out examples and case studies from a variety of oil field operations.
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Author: Richard C. Selley,Stephen A. Sonnenberg

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123860326

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 8341

This Third Edition of Elements of Petroleum Geology is completely updated and revised to reflect the vast changes in the field since publication of the Second Edition. This book is a usefulprimer for geophysicists, geologists, and petroleum engineers in the oil industry who wish to expand their knowledge beyond their specialized area. It is also an excellent introductory text for a university course in petroleum geoscience. Elements of Petroleum Geology begins with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, reviewing methods of petroleum exploration and production. These methods include drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping. After describing the temperatures and pressures of the subsurface environment and the hydrodynamics of connate fluids, Selley examines the generation and migration of petroleum, reservoir rocks and trapping mechanisms, and the habit of petroleum in sedimentary basins. The book contains an account of the composition and formation of tar sands and oil shales, and concludes with a brief review of prospect risk analysis, reserve estimation, and other economic topics. Updates the Second Edition completely Reviews the concepts and methodology of petroleum exploration and production Written by a preeminent petroleum geologist and sedimentologist with decades of petroleum exploration in remote corners of the world Contains information pertinent to geophysicists, geologists, and petroleum reservoir engineers Updated statistics throughout Additional figures to illustrate key points and new developments New information on drilling activity and production methods including crude oil, directional drilling, thermal techniques, and gas plays Added coverage of 3D seismic interpretation New section on pressure compartments New section on hydrocarbon adsorption and absorption in source rocks Coverage of The Orinoco Heavy Oil Belt of Venezuela Updated chapter on unconventional petroleum
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Author: Hussein K. Abdel-Aal,Mohammed A. Alsahlawi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466506660

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 6728

This book explains how to apply economic analysis to the evaluation of engineering challenges in the petroleum industry. Discussion progresses from an introduction to the industry, through principles and techniques of engineering economics, to the application of economic methods. Packed with real-world examples and case studies demonstrating how to calculate rate of return, discounted cash flow, payout period, and more, Petroleum Economics and Engineering, Third Edition assists petroleum engineers, chemical engineers, production workers, management, and executives in sound economic decision-making regarding the design, manufacture, and operation of oil and gas plants, equipment, and processes. The fully revised third edition is updated to reflect key advancements in petroleum technology and expanded to include chapters on middle stream operations, known as surface petroleum operations (SPO), and natural gas processing and fractionation. By looking globally at the hydrocarbon industry, the improved text offers the reader a more complete picture of the petroleum sector, which includes the global processes of exploration, production, refining, and transportation.
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Materials, Methods and Applications

Author: A. Brent Strong

Publisher: Society of Manufacturing Engineers

ISBN: 0872638545

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 620

View: 9919

Describes advances, key information, case studies, and examples that can broaden your knowledge of composites materials and manufacturing methods. This text deals with composites manufacturing methods, providing tips for getting the best results that weigh the required material properties against cost and production efficiency. An Instructor's Guide is also available.
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Reserves, Costs, Contracts

Author: Nadine Bret-Rouzaut,Jean-Pierre Favennec

Publisher: Editions TECHNIP

ISBN: 2710809753

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 9641

With contributions by D. Babusiaux (IFP Energies nouvelles), S. Barreau (IFP Energies nouvelles), P.-R. Bauquis (Total), N. Bret-Rouzaut (IFP Energies nouvelles), A. Chétrit (Total), P. Copinschi (IFP Energies nouvelles), J.-P. Favennec (IFP Energies nouvelles), R. Festor (Total), E. Feuillet-Midrier (IFP Energies nouvelles), M. Grossin (Total), D. Guirauden (Beicip), V. Lepez (Total), P. Sigonney (Total) et M. Valette (Total). The first edition of this book has been selected for inclusion in Choice’s annual Outstanding Academic titles list. It has been rewarded for its excellence in scholarship and presentation, the significance of its contribution to the field, and its value as important treatment of the subject. The steps that lead to the production of oil and gas are diverse, complex and costly. They are diverse because the detection of oil and gas involves input from many specialties, ranging from geology to reservoir engineering. They are complex, as shown by the development of the job of the petroleum architect, who coordinates all the operations. They are costly, as the investments for exploration and production represent more than half of all investments in the oil and gas sector. Moreover, exploration is a risky activity, both from the technical and financial viewpoint: only one well in five produces marketable oil. Meanwhile, the areas for exploration and production are spread throughout the world. This book provides a complete overview of the stakes and challenges involved in oil and gas exploration and production. Following a historical review and a survey of the markets, the technical phases are covered, as are the evaluation of reserves, the estimation of investments and costs, the decision-making and control processes, and the accounting, legal and contractual environment for these activities. The book concludes with a discussion of the role of safety, and of environmental and ethical issues. This work, which is designed for readers concerned with the various aspects of the oil and gas upstream sector, is accessible to all. This second edition takes into account the huge changes in the oil and gas industry, particularly the large increases in oil prices, investments and costs observed since the first edition. This book is available in French under the title "Recherche et production du pétrole et du gaz". Contents : 1. Petroleum: a strategic product. 2. Oil and gas exploration and production. 3. Hydrocarbon reserves. 4. Investments and costs. 5. Legal, fiscal and contractual framework. 6. Decision-making on exploration and production. 7. Information, accounting and competition analysis. 8. Health, safety, the environment, ethics. Bibliography. Glossary. Index.
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Author: Martin S. Raymond,William L. Leffler

Publisher: PennWell Corporation

ISBN: 1593703864

Category: Gas wells

Page: 343

View: 1861

This nontechnical treatment of oil and gas production is an excellent introduction for anyone from petroleum engineers and geologists new to their careers to financial, marketing, legal, and other professionals and their staffs interested in the industry. E&P service company personnel will find it particularly beneficial in understanding the roles played by their clients. Not only does it cover production fundamentals, but it backs up to give the necessary upstream background—geology, origins of oil and gas, and ownership and land rights—as well as surface operations and even production company strategy development. Key Features: A comprehensive view of the entire E&P function Geology and the origins of petroleum Reservoir characteristics and behavior Expanded coverage of drilling and hydraulic fracturing Conventional and not-so-conventional (oil sands plus shale oil and gas) producing operations Production problems and solutions The different types of companies and jobs in the oil patch and how they interact
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Author: E. M. T. El-Mansi,C. F. A. Bryce,Arnold L. Demain,A.R. Allman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849353345

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 2307

The pace of progress in fermentation microbiology and biotechnology is fast and furious, with new applications being implemented that are resulting in a spectrum of new products, from renewable energy to solvents and pharmaceuticals Fermentation Microbiology and Biotechnology, Second Edition builds on the foundation of the original seminal work, extending its reach to reflect the multidisciplinary and expansive nature of fermentation research and advancements. While retaining valuable information from the previous edition including a brief history of the industry, as well as an overview of instrumentation and fermentor design, fermentation kinetics, and flux control analysis, the second edition addresses numerous topics that have risen to prominence in the past few years. New chapters explore the diverse array of microbial biosynthetic pathways currently used by the fermentation and pharmaceutical industries for the production of primary and secondary metabolites such as amino acids, vitamins, antibiotics, immunosuppressants, and anti-tumor agents. The authors also examine recent advances in enzyme and co-factor engineering and cell immobilization with respect to both novel drug development and improved yields from microbial processes. Beyond pharmaceuticals, this volume considers the emerging role of fermentation in the conversion of renewable resources to fine chemicals, as well as its potential use in converting lignocellulosic waste to ethanol. In addition, readers will also discover new chapters devoted to discussions of industrial issues such as modeling and sensor technology, as well as supervision and control in the fermentation process. The text is packed with examples and case studies from the industry, carefully chosen to illuminate and reinforce principles and methodology discussed in the chapters. Organized and written in a concise and lucid manner that requires only a general background in microbiology, this volume meets the needs
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Author: Shang-Tian Yang,Hesham El-Ensashy,Nuttha Thongchul

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118641949

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 8615

For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.
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Author: H.K. Abdel-Aal,Mohamed Aggour,M.A. Fahim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824756142

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 7371

The immediate product extracted from oil and gas wells consists of mixtures of oil, gas, and water that is difficult to transport, requiring a certain amount of field processing. This reference analyzes principles and procedures related to the processing of reservoir fluids for the separation, handling, treatment, and production of quality petroleum oil and gas products. It details strategies in equipment selection and system design, field development and operation, and process simulation and control to increase plant productivity and safety and avoid losses during purification, treatment, storage, and export. Providing guidelines for developing efficient and economical treatment systems, the book features solved design examples that demonstrate the application of developed design equations as well as review problems and exercises of key engineering concepts in petroleum field development and operation.
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Application of HAZOP, PHA, What-IF and SVA Reviews

Author: Dennis P. Nolan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323323553

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 9558

Dennis Nolan, drawing on decades of experience as a well-known safety author and senior loss prevention specialist at Saudi Aramco, provides the essential procedures and checklists in Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries. In addition to guiding the reader through the selection and execution of efficient and complete hazard analysis and safety reviews (such as HAZOP, PHA, What-If, SVA, LOPA, Bowtie), Nolan shares his personal experience and illustrates procedures with real-world examples. Updated throughout to reflect changing practices, the fourth edition expands its scope to include maintenance, exploratory drilling, and governmental regulation updates. It adds best practice guidelines on CHAZOP reviews, expands on threats in the security vulnerability analysis, and includes more information on chemical process facilities and hydrocarbon/chemical plant safeguards. Up-to-date form templates and “what-if checklists are also available for purchasers of the book to download, making this a complete safety review toolkit. Helps you to achieve compliance and avoid disasters: provides the checklists and best-practice guidance needed to negotiate the labyrinth of hazard analysis and safety review procedures Keeps your knowledge up-to-date: coverage of the latest forms of hazard analysis and safety review, including LOPA and Bowtie Saves time and money: demonstrates how each of the typically required reviews is related, so that information and conclusions used on one may be transferred or adapted for another
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Strategies for the Chemical Industry

Author: Florian Budde,Heiner Frankemölle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527612254

Category: Science

Page: 501

View: 9222

Written by a global team of top managers and senior McKinsey experts, this expanded and completely revised second edition provides a wide-ranging manual on the subject of value creation in the chemical industry. Drawing on extensive first-hand management experience, several hundred consulting engagements, and in-depth research projects, the authors outline the key ingredients for managing chemical companies successfully. The book addresses in detail key issues of strategy and industry structure, describes best practice in the core functions of the chemical business system, looks at the state of the art in organization and post-merger management, and covers a selection of the most important current topics such as industrial biotechnology, the role of private equity, and the chemical landscape in China. Although mainly directed at executives and managers in the chemical industry, the knowledge contained in this comprehensive overview will also benefit scientists, engineers, investors, students, and anyone else dealing with management issues in this sector.
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Author: James F. Lea,Henry V. Nickens,Mike Wells

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0080569404

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 6273

Liquid loading can reduce production and shorten the lifecycle of a well costing a company millions in revenue. A handy guide on the latest techniques, equipment, and chemicals used in de-watering gas wells, Gas Well Deliquification, 2nd Edition continues to be the engineer’s choice for recognizing and minimizing the effects of liquid loading. The 2nd Edition serves as a guide discussing the most frequently used methods and tools used to diagnose liquid loading problems and reduce the detrimental effects of liquid loading on gas production. With new extensive chapters on Coal Bed Methane and Production this is the essential reference for operating engineers, reservoir engineers, consulting engineers and service companies who supply gas well equipment. It provides managers with a comprehensive look into the methods of successful Production Automation as well as tools for the profitable use, production and supervision of coal bed gases. • Turnkey solutions for the problems of liquid loading interference • Based on decades of practical, easy to use methods of de-watering gas wells • Expands on the 1st edition’s useful reference with new methods for utilizing Production Automation and managing Coal Bed Methane
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Author: Bertrand Braunschweig,Xavier Joulia

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444532277

Category: Computers

Page: 1205

View: 9977

The 18th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering contains papers presented at the 18th European Symposium of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE 18) held in Lyon, France, from 1-4 June 2008. The ESCAPE series brings the latest innovations and achievements by leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students from academia and industry to: - present new computer aided methods, algorithms, techniques related to process and product engineering, - discuss innovative concepts, new challenges, needs and trends in the area of CAPE. This research area bridges fundamental sciences (physics, chemistry, thermodynamics, applied mathematics and computer sciences) with the various aspects of process and product engineering. The special theme for ESCAPE-18 is CAPE for the Users! CAPE systems are to be put in the hands of end users who need functionality and assistance beyond the scientific and technological capacities which are at the core of the systems. The four main topics are: - off-line systems for synthesis and design, - on-line systems for control and operation, - computational and numerical solutions strategies, - integrated and multi-scale modelling and simulation, Two general topics address the impact of CAPE tools and methods on Society and Education. * CD-ROM that accompanies the book contains all research papers and contributions * International in scope with guest speeches and keynote talks from leaders in science and industry * Presents papers covering the latest research, key top areas and developments in Computer Aided Process Engineering
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