Author: Christian Queinnec
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This is a comprehensive account of the semantics and the implementation of the whole Lisp family of languages, namely Lisp, Scheme and related dialects. It describes 11 interpreters and 2 compilers, including very recent techniques of interpretation and compilation. The book is in two parts. The first starts from a simple evaluation function and enriches it with multiple name spaces, continuations and side-effects with commented variants, while at the same time the language used to define these features is reduced to a simple lambda-calculus. Denotational semantics is then naturally introduced. The second part focuses more on implementation techniques and discusses precompilation for fast interpretation: threaded code or bytecode; compilation towards C. Some extensions are also described such as dynamic evaluation, reflection, macros and objects. This will become the new standard reference for people wanting to know more about the Lisp family of languages: how they work, how they are implemented, what their variants are and why such variants exist. The full code is supplied (and also available over the Net). A large bibliography is given as well as a considerable number of exercises. Thus it may also be used by students to accompany second courses on Lisp or Scheme.
The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Author: Karl Popper
Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.
Author: Claude Alzieu
Publisher: Editions Quae
L'accès des navires aux zones portuaires est assuré par le dragage de quantités importantes de sédiments. Les matériaux dragués ne peuvent être immergés que s'ils présentent toutes les garanties d'innocuité pour le milieu marin. Après un rappel sur la géochimie et la toxicité des différents contaminants qui sont adsorbés sur les sédiments, le présent ouvrage propose une approche globale de l'évaluation des risques environnementaux liés aux immersions. Les méthodes de caractérisation des risques à partir de l'analyse chimique (Géodrisk) et de tests de toxicité sélectionnés, de bioévaluation de la qualité des sédiments par la définition d'un Indice d'évaluation de l'endofaune côtière (I2EC) et de biomonitoring actif des zones d'immersion, sont décrites de manière détaillée. Cette démarche ascendante et itérative, appliquée au contexte réglementaire français, permet de satisfaire aux recommandations des conventions internationales et en particulier aux lignes directrices OSPAR.
An Introduction to Programming and Computing
Author: Matthias Felleisen,Robert Bruce Findler,Shriram Krishnamurthi,Matthew Flatt
Publisher: MIT Press
Processing simple forms of data - Processing arbitrarily large data - More on processing arbitrarily large data - Abstracting designs - Generative recursion - Changing the state of variables - Changing compound values.
Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, and Communicating
Author: Rhea Paul,Courtenay Norbury,Carolyn Gosse
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Spanning the entire childhood developmental period, Language Disorders from Infancy Through Adolescence, 5th Edition is the go-to text for learning how to properly assess childhood language disorders and provide appropriate treatment. The most comprehensive title available on childhood language disorders, it uses a descriptive-developmental approach to present basic concepts and vocabulary, an overview of key issues and controversies, the scope of communicative difficulties that make up child language disorders, and information on how language pathologists approach the assessment and intervention processes. This new edition also features significant updates in research, trends, social skills assessment, and instruction best practices. Clinical application focus featuring case studies, clinical vignettes, and suggested projects helps you apply concepts to professional practice. UNIQUE! Practice exercises with sample transcripts allow you to apply different methods of analysis. UNIQUE! Helpful study guides at the end of each chapter help you review and apply what you have learned. Highly regarded lead author who is an expert in language disorders in children provides authoritative guidance on the diagnosis and management of pediatric language disorders. More than 230 tables and boxes summarize important information such as dialogue examples, sample assessment plans, assessment and intervention principles, activities, and sample transcripts. Student/Professional Resources on Evolve include an image bank, video clips, and references linked to PubMed. NEW! Common core standards for language arts incorporated into the preschool and school-age chapters. NEW! Updated content features the latest research, theories, trends and techniques in the field. Information on preparing high-functioning students with autism for college Social skills training for students with autism The role of the speech-language pathologist on school literacy teams and in response to intervention Emerging theories of etiology and psychopathology added to Models of Child Language Disorders chapter Use of emerging technologies for assessment and intervention
Author: Giovanni Scarafile,Leah Gruenpeter Gold
This volume features more than 25 papers that were presented at the 2014 Conference of the International Association for the Study of Controversies, IASC, held at the University of Salento, Lecce, Italy. It looks at conflict and conflict resolution from diverse perspectives, including philosophy, psychology, law, and history. Coverage explores the paradox of conflict and examines how discord, whether large or small, international or internal, can be both a source of chaos as well as a foundation for unity, a limitation of potential as well as an entryway to a greater depth of living. Inside, readers will discover thought-provoking answers to such questions as: What are the conditions to ensure that a conflict can be converted into cooperation? If the conflict between interests can be solved by a compromise, what happens when a conflict involves non-negotiable values? In the management of a conflict, what role is played by argumentation? What are the latest perspectives in conflict management? How does the theory of controversies allows us to recognize and resolve conflicts? By the end of the book, readers will have a better understanding of how conflict can be transcended and how it's possible to redefine the conflicting situation so that what seemed incompatible and locked may, in fact, open a new perspective.
Author: Dominique Estampe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book presents the different models of supply chain performance evaluation for global supply chains. It describes why it is necessary to evaluate global performance both to assess the contribution of the supply chain to achieve the goals of creating value throughout the chain and also to meet customer requirements in terms of time, responsiveness and reliability. The author provides an understanding of how evaluation models are chosen according to criteria including the level of maturity of the organization, the level of decision-making and the level of value creation desired.
Author: Bernd Rechel,Martin McKee
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
This book takes a broad but detailed approach to public health in Europe and offers the most comprehensive analysis of this region currently available.
What Do We Know and What Can Be Done to Improve Health System Performance?
Publisher: OECD Publishing
This report helps policy makers better understand the issues and challenges around geographic variations in health care provision and considers the policy options.
An Archaeological Perspective
Author: Karin Sowada
This study presents a revised view of Egyptian foreign relations in the eastern Mediterranean during the Old Kingdom (3rd-6th Dynasties) based on an extensive analysis of old and new archaeological data, and its relationship to the well-known textual sources. The material demonstrates that while Egypt's most important relationships were with Byblos and the Lebanese coast generally, it was an active participant in the geo-political and economic affairs of the Levant throughout much of the third millennium BCE. The archaeological data shows that the foundation of these relationships was established at the beginning of the Early Dynastic Period and essentially continued until the end of the 6th Dynasty with ebbs, flows and changes of geographical and political emphasis. It is argued that, despite the paucity of textual data, the 4th Dynasty represents the apogee of Egypt's engagement in the region, a time when the centralised state was at the height of its power and control of human and economic capital. More broadly, this study shows that Egyptian interaction in the eastern Mediterranean fits the pattern of state-to-state contact between ruling elites which was underpinned by official expeditions engaged in gift and commodity exchange, diplomatic endeavours and military incursions.
The Worldwide Development of the French Language in the Past, the Present and the Future
Author: Henriette Walter
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
First published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Author: Christian Scholl,Jan Clauß,Torben R. Gebhardt
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
The volume examines imperial rule in the Middle Ages. It asks for the characteristics of imperial leadership as well as the reasons why some rulers strove for imperial titles such as emperor whereas others voluntarily shrank from them. Thus, the authors adopt a transcultural perspective, covering Europe, Byzantium and the Islamic Middle East.
Fundamental Concepts of Assessment and Intervention
Author: Joan N. Kaderavek
Publisher: Pearson College Division
This text is more than an introductory look at language disorders. It goes beyond basic concepts and basic definitions to teach students how to analyze, synthesize, evaluate, and link the information they are learning. It offers readers opportunities for higher-order learning, while preparing students to become careful evaluators of information, as well as adept problem solvers. Organized by disorder groups and theme, "Language Disorders in Children," "2/e" students easily make connections between theoretical information and clinical practice through a number of thoughtful features such as case histories, clinical decision trees, and hot topic discussions. It s an approach that meets the needs of today s students to learn lifetime critical thinking skills, to see relationships between isolated ideas and facts, and to think like a speech-language pathologist. The new Second Edition features: Extensive pedagogical aids A model based on five form/content/use communication subdomains A redesigned first chapter overviewing the field of language disorders and introducing the concept of evidence-based practice Chapter case studies A chapter (4) devoted to clinical decision making A step-by-step approach to fostering students abilities to understand and use decision trees to guide their clinical problem solving A revised and integrated discussion of multi-cultural issues Updated information and research throughout A revised approach to teaching language theories Two new appendices with step-by-step tutorials to T-unit analysis and language analysis of children who demonstrate African American English "