From the Bureau to Network Organizations

Author: Thomas Diefenbach,Rune Todnem By

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780527829

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 6263

This volume brings together leading scholars in the field of organisation studies to reflect on the universal phenomena of hierarchy (vertical organisation of tasks) and bureaucracy (rule-bound execution of tasks), resulting in a colourful kaleidoscope of thought-provoking, critical and refreshingly non-mainstream analysis.
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Contemporary Principles and Practice

Author: John Child

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118779908

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 536

View: 6089

The definitive organization management text for executives and aspiring business leaders Organization: Contemporary Principles and Practices, Second Edition is the completely updated and revised landmark guide to "macro" organization theory and design, fully grounded in current international practice. International management expert John Child explores the conditions facilitating the development of new organizational forms and provides up-to-date coverage of the key developments driving new organization structure and practice. This revised Second Edition includes a new introductory section on Organization Theory as well as a complete Instructor Manual updated with new material on the basic principles of organizational design. With detailed case studies and examples from throughout the UK, Europe, Asia and North America, Organization provides a truly international overview for advanced students and business executives who want to be at the forefront of the evolution in Organization Theory. 21st Century organizations will be faced with entirely new challenges and opportunities than those faced by previous generations, and emerging business leaders must understand the new "macro" realities in order to succeed. Organization will help readers: Understand the "macro" organization, which is distinct from organizational behaviour Explore the way organizations fit into the international business environment and global economy Analyze the way organizational structure and design affect management performance Apply advanced organization theory and principles to day to day management activities Written by one of the foremost scholars, the fully updated Second Edition of this successful text provides executives and advanced business students with a wide-ranging and trustworthy guide to organizations as the conditions for their survival in our global business environment change.
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Toward a General Theory of Hierarchical Social Systems

Author: Thomas Diefenbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 8680

Most people take the conditions they work and live in as a given, believing it to be normal that societies are stratified and that organisations are hierarchical. Many even think that this is the way it should be - and are neither willing nor able to think that it could be otherwise. This book raises the awareness of hierarchy, its complexity and longevity. It focuses on a single but fundamental problem of social systems such as dyads, groups, organisations and whole societies: Why and how does hierarchical social order persist over time? In order to investigate the question, author Thomas Diefenbach develops a general theory of the persistence of hierarchical social order. This theory interrogates the problem of the persistence of hierarchical social order from very different angles, in multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary ways. Even more crucially, it traces the very causes of the phenomenon, the reasons and interests behind hierarchy as well as the various mechanisms which keep it going. This is the first time such a theory is attempted. With the help of the theory developed in this book, it is possible to interrogate systematically, comprehensively and in detail how mindsets and behaviours as well as societal and organisational structures enable the continuation of hierarchy
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Public Policy and the Life Sciences

Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 8621

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From the Bureau to Network Organizations

Author: Thomas Diefenbach,Rune Todnem By

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780527837

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 2784

This volume brings together leading scholars in the field of organisation studies to reflect on the universal phenomena of hierarchy (vertical organisation of tasks) and bureaucracy (rule-bound execution of tasks), resulting in a colourful kaleidoscope of thought-provoking, critical and refreshingly non-mainstream analysis.
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Management Without Control

Author: Howard P. Greenwald

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412942478

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 505

View: 8505

Providing a comprehensive understanding of the functions of formal organizations and the challenges they face, this text emphasizes the importance of forces that organizations or their leaders cannot fully control as a key distinctive theme. It covers basic features of organizations such as roles, structure, reward systems, power and authority, and culture and introduces important theoretical perspectives related to these features.
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Comparative Perspectives

Author: Haldor Byrkjeflot,Fredrick Engelstad

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 178743284X

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9771

Despite criticism of inefficiencies and unlimited growth, bureaucracies still fill crucial positions in modern societies. This volume examines ‘varieties in bureaucracies’ across Europe, with a specific focus on the Nordic region.
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Ivory Tower Visions and Real World Voices

Author: Cameron M. Ford,Dennis A. Gioia

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803953505

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 5016

Creativity in organizations has become an issue of great importance, but how does a company encourage personnel to find creative solutions to budgeting, product development, marketing and training? With engaging contributions from leading academics and professionals, this book explores the key factors that are critical to the development and promotion of creativity in any organization.
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Instrument, Culture and Myth

Author: Tom Christensen,Per Lægreid,Paul G. Roness,Kjell Arne Røvik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134080255

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 2598

Public sector organizations are fundamentally different to their private sector counterparts. They are multi-functional, follow a political leadership, and the majority do not operate in an external market. In an era of rapid reform, reorganization and modernization of the public sector, this book offers a timely and illuminating introduction to the public sector organization that recognizes its unique values, interests, knowledge and power-base. Drawing on both instrumental and institutional perspectives within organization theory, as well as democratic theory and empirical studies of decision-making, this text addresses five central aspects of the public sector organization: goals and values leadership and steering reform and change effects and implications understanding and design. This volume challenges conventional economic analysis of the public sector, arguing instead for a democratic-political approach and a new, prescriptive organization theory. A rich resource of both theory and practice, Organization Theory for the Public Sector: Instrument, Culture and Myth is essential reading for anybody studying the public sector.
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Accounts of Worth in Economic Life

Author: David Stark

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400831005

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 8319

What counts? In work, as in other areas of life, it is not always clear what standards we are being judged by or how our worth is being determined. This can be disorienting and disconcerting. Because of this, many organizations devote considerable resources to limiting and clarifying the logics used for evaluating worth. But as David Stark argues, firms would often be better off, especially in managing change, if they allowed multiple logics of worth and did not necessarily discourage uncertainty. In fact, in many cases multiple orders of worth are unavoidable, so organizations and firms should learn to harness the benefits of such "heterarchy" rather than seeking to purge it. Stark makes this argument with ethnographic case studies of three companies attempting to cope with rapid change: a machine-tool company in late and postcommunist Hungary, a new-media startup in New York during and after the collapse of the Internet bubble, and a Wall Street investment bank whose trading room was destroyed on 9/11. In each case, the friction of competing criteria of worth promoted an organizational reflexivity that made it easier for the company to change and deal with market uncertainty. Drawing on John Dewey's notion that "perplexing situations" provide opportunities for innovative inquiry, Stark argues that the dissonance of diverse principles can lead to discovery.
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The World of Corporate Managers

Author: Robert Jackall

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199729883

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

View: 2193

This classic study of ethics in business presents an eye-opening account of how corporate managers think the world works, and how big organizations shape moral consciousness. Robert Jackall takes the reader inside a topsy-turvy world where hard work does not necessarily lead to success, but sharp talk, self-promotion, powerful patrons, and sheer luck might. What sort of everyday rules-in-use do people play by when there are no fixed standards to explain why some succeed and others fail? In the words of one corporate manager, those rules boil down to this maxim: "What is right in the corporation is what the guy above you wants from you. That's what morality is in the corporation." This brilliant, disturbing, funny look at the ethos of the corporate world presents compelling real life stories of the men and women charged with running the businesses of America. This anniversary edition includes an afterword by the author linking the themes of Moral Mazes to the financial tsunami that engulfed the world economy in 2008.
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An Exchange Theory Approach

Author: Wenzel Matiaske

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443848859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 2047

As recently as one generation ago, the term organization was synonymous with stasis, reliability, hierarchy and disciplined productivity. The new guiding principles of management practise, meanwhile, are dynamism, flexibility, teams and emancipated interactivity. The new key term “network” has summed up these contemporary organizational trends. This study suggests the interpretation of networks as social capital of individuals and organizations. This understanding requires a theoretical and methodological refocusing on the actions of the organization’s members. The present study places a variant of action theory – socioeconomic exchange theory – centre stage, fuses this theory with the toolkit of social network analysis and puts the resulting synthesis to the test by examining cooperation among equal members of an organization.
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From Morse to McLuhan

Author: Daniel J. Czitrom

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807841075

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 2165

In a fascinating and comprehensive intellectual history of modern communication in America, Daniel Czitrom examines the continuing contradictions between the progressive possibilities that new communications technologies offer and their use as instruments
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Empirical Evidence from the eFez Project

Author: Driss Kettani,Bernard Moulin

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783082631

Category: Computers

Page: 298

View: 780

Drawing lessons from the eFez Project in Morocco, this volume offers practical supporting material to decision makers in developing countries on information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D), specifically e-government implementation. The book documents the eFez Project experience in all of its aspects, presenting the project’s findings and the practical methods developed by the authors (a roadmap, impact assessment framework, design issues, lessons learned and best practices) in their systematic quest to turn eFez’s indigenous experimentations and findings into a formal framework for academics, practitioners and decision makers. The volume also reviews, analyzes and synthesizes the findings of other projects to offer a comparative study of the eFez framework and a number of other e-government frameworks from the growing literature.
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The Scope for the IT-based Enterprise

Author: Lars Groth

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 476

View: 6214

"A major contribution to the field..." ." Gordon B. Davis, Honeywell Professor of Management Information Systems, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, USA " "This book is required reading for anyone who wants to understand how and why computers influence organization structure. It established a conceptual foundation for the field, and examines the particular characteristics of the tools computer systems provide and what organizational impacts they can be expected to have. The conclusions are sometimes counter-intuitive, but always convincingly argued." Lee L. Gremillion, Partner, PricewaterhouseCoopers, USA "This is a superb source for people seeking to learn about organizational structure. Groth gives remarkable reasoning and interesting examples throughout the book. An exciting contribution" Kamar Singh, Project Manager, GE Aircraft Engines, Ohio, USA Lars Groth addresses a subject of key importance and takes a fresh and innovative look at the ways to build and develop organizations with the assistance of information technology. Five major examples are used to point out the road ahead for those aiming to improve existing organizations with the help of new technology, as well as explaining some significant properties inherent in organizations and information technology. For the first time, the interplay between organization structure and information technology is thoroughly analysed in the context of established organization theory. Through examination of existing models and taking into account the new possibilities offered by IT, this book will enable practising managers and consultants to look at their organizations and decide where the greatest, and least, opportunities lie. The book will also be highly relevant to MBA, MIS and Executive courses concerned with the relationship between organizations and IT.
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A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062316109

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 1877

New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.
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Author: Joel Gehman,Michael Lounsbury,Royston Greenwood

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1786354292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 738

This double volume presents a collection of 23 papers on how institutions matter to socio-economic life. The effort was seeded by the 2015 Alberta Institutions Conference, which brought together 108 participants from 14 countries and 51 different institutions.
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Networked Innovations in International Development

Author: Matthew L. Smith,Katherine M. A. Reilly,Yochai Benkler

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262319624

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 6751

The emergence of open networked models made possible by digital technology has the potential to transform international development. Open network structures allow people to come together to share information, organize, and collaborate. Open development harnesses this power, to create new organizational forms and improve people's lives; it is not only an agenda for research and practice but also a statement about how to approach international development. In this volume, experts explore a variety of applications of openness, addressing challenges as well as opportunities.Open development requires new theoretical tools that focus on real world problems, consider a variety of solutions, and recognize the complexity of local contexts. After exploring the new theoretical terrain, the book describes a range of cases in which open models address such specific development issues as biotechnology research, improving education, and access to scholarly publications. Contributors then examine tensions between open models and existing structures, including struggles over privacy, intellectual property, and implementation. Finally, contributors offer broader conceptual perspectives, considering processes of social construction, knowledge management, and the role of individual intent in the development and outcomes of social models. ContributorsCarla Bonina, Ineke Buskens, Leslie Chan, Abdallah Daar, Jeremy de Beer, Mark Graham, Eve Gray, Anita Gurumurthy, Havard Haarstad, Blane Harvey, Myra Khan, Melissa Loudon, Aaron K. Martin, Hassan Masum, Chidi Oguamanam, Katherine M. A. Reilly, Ulrike Rivett, Karl Schroeder, Parminder Jeet Singh, Matthew L. Smith, Marshall S. SmithCopublished with the International Development Research Centre of Canada (IDRC)
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