Achievements, Prospects, and Challenges

Author: Barry Eichengreen,Masahiro Kawai

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815726120

Category: Political Science

Page: 388

View: 7448

Meet the next global currency: the Chinese renminbi, or the "redback." Following the global financial crisis of 2008, China's major monetary policy objective is the internationalization of the renminbi, that is, to create an inter-national role for its currency akin to the international role currently played by the U.S. dollar. Renminbi internationalization is a hot topic, for good reason. It is, essentially, a window onto the Chinese government's aspirations and the larger process of economic and financial transformation. Making the renminbi a global currency requires rebalancing the Chinese economy, developing the country's financial markets and opening them to the rest of the world, and moving to a more flexible exchange rate. In other words, the internationalization of the renminbi is a monetary and financial issue with much broader supra-monetary and financial implications. This book offers a new perspective on the larger issues of economic, financial, and institutional change in what will eventually be the world's largest economy.
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Author: Siwei Cheng

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814644676

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 396

View: 6197

RMB: Towards Internationalization takes an in-depth look at the exchange rate regime of China's currency, the RMB, including the arrangements, related policies and management, and corresponding policy recommendations. This is the first book to apply the theories of fictitious economy, complexity science and the principles of international finance to analyze the RMB exchange rate regime. For readers interested in China's economy in general and RMB internationalization in particular, this book provides an entirely new analytical framework on the history and evolution of RMB exchange regime and on its future development. Contents:RMB Internalization is an Irreversible Trend Exchange Rates under the Perspective of Fictitious EconomyThe Choice of Exchange Rate Arrangement — Empirical AnalysisThe Choice of Exchange Rate Arrangement — Case StudyEvolution of the RMB Exchange Rate RegimeThe Determination of a Central Rate for the RMBThe Opening Up of Capital AccountPath to RMB Internationalization Readership: Researchers, economists, finance professionals, analysts, individual investors, monetary and banking authorities in Asia and those who are interested in China's exchange rate regimes and the future of its currency, the RMB. Keywords:RMB;Currency;Exchange Rate;Exchange Rate Regime;China;Capital Account Liberalization;Financial Crisis;Complexity Theory;Fictitious Economy
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Author: W. Peng,C. Shu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230245781

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 4465

This is the first book to collect academic studies examining issues related to the potential internationalization of the Renminbi. It considers policy implications, documents the rising regional importance of the Renminbi and discusses key issues in the increasing use of the Renminbi in international trade and finance.
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O+L5022nshore/Offshore Links

Author: Samar Maziad,Joong Shik Kang

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475574630

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 36

View: 424

Among emerging market currencies, the RMB holds the most potential to become widely used internationally, due to China‘s large economic size, diversified trade structure and network, macroeconomic stability, and high growth rates - both current and expected. Yet, foreign access to RMB-denominated assets that could act as global stores of value remains limited due to extensive restrictions on capitals flows. At the same time, the rapid expansion of RMB trade settlement and issuance of RMB-denominated bonds by the Chinese government and corporates in Hong Kong, SAR have created some feedback channels across onshore (CNY) and offshore (CNH) RMB markets. We employed a bivariate GARCH model to understand the inter-linkages between onshore and offshore markets and found that, while developments in the onshore spot market exert an influence on the offshore spot market, offshore forward rates have a predictive impact on onshore forward rates. We also find evidence of volatility spillovers between two markets. Overtime, those spillover channels would be expected to grow as the offshore market further develops.
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History, Theories and Policies

Author: Jie Zhang

Publisher: Enrich Professional Pub Limited

ISBN: 9789814298735

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 3857

This series delves into Chinese currency reform, a crucial and inevitable policy choice of China. With the continuous rise in the status and importance of China in regional and global economies, the impact of Renminbi—the official currency of the People's Republic of China—is growing steadily. Based on recent theoretical frameworks and quantitative analyses, this series explores the relationship between Chinese banking system reform, regionalization and internationalization of Renminbi, as well as the possible cooperation between Renminbi, Yen and other Asian currencies. A thorough analysis of China’s banking industry and currency system, this exploration investigates whether the reforms made to China’s banking and currency systems are, in fact, compatible. Arguing that the banking system has a direct impact on whether the internationalization of the Renminbi can succeed, this book indentifies the relationship between the two systems and helps to formulate the appropriate reform policies.
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Establishment and Development of RMB Offshore Markets

Author: International Monetary Institute,

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317228332

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 738

As from 2012, the International Monetary Institution (IMI) of the Renmin University of China publishes annual reports on the internationalization of RMB. This series of annual reports create and publish the RMB Internationalization Index (RII). Besides, they focus on one topic in each year's report. This book focuses on the offshore RMB markets. It studies several major international currencies' historical developments to summarize theoretical implications between currency internationalization process and its offshore market development. It reviews the recent development of RMB offshore markets, identifies key opportunities and challenges, and proposes some suggestions to policy makers and market practitioners. The RII will continue to rise as the RMB plays a more and more important role in international trades and financial transactions. The establishment and development of RMB offshore markets will facilitate the internationalization process of the RMB.
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A New Global Monetary System Emerges

Author: William H. Overholt,Guonan Ma,Cheung Kwok Law

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119218969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 3816

Critical analysis of RMB internationalization and the coming global currency shift Renminbi Rising charts the emergence of China's internationalizing currency and provides an in-depth analysis of the global repercussions. Written by a team of renown economics researchers, this book describes the pressures that enabled the emergence of a new global monetary system and why China's Renminbi (RMB) became the default 'second in line' as the U.S. receded from leadership. Policy makers and regulators will appreciate the examination of the motivations behind those driving the shift, and financial professionals will find valuable guidance in the discussion surrounding business opportunities that the RMB brings to the table. Coverage includes the emergence of new Chinese-sponsored financial institutions, the scale of various RMB businesses and the coming transformation of the global financial system. Effective management of international monetary affairs has never been more fundamental to the global economic recovery. The rapid emergence of China's RMB is a transformative event of global significance, and this book provides the context you need to understand the depth and breadth of changes on the horizon. Understand why a new global monetary system is needed Consider the outcomes as China emerges and the U.S. recedes Learn the context and motivations behind principal players' strategies Discover the scale of opportunities presented by the rise of the RMB It is essential for finance professionals and economic policy makers to understand the drivers, progress and likely trajectory of the RMB internationalization and to fully grasp the implications for the global financial system, international business and supporting financial products and services. Renminbi Rising offers detailed analysis of the key opportunities and threats inherent in this major economic shift.
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The Rise of the Chinese Currency and Its Global Future

Author: Robert Minikin,Kelvin Lau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118339282

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 275

View: 1312

The rise of the renminbi and what it means for forex markets Chinese authorities have ambitious plans to "internationalize" the renminbi, transforming it from a tightly controlled domestic legal tender into a global currency for international trade, held by both private and public sector asset managers. The Offshore Renminbi examines this impending currency revolution, outlining why the emergence of China as a major economic power will likely soon be matched by a transformation of the renminbi's role in the global financial system. It explains how new markets for "offshore" renminbi are developing outside mainland China since the country is not yet ready to fully open up its economy to international capital flows, and the regulations that govern them. The potential growth for the renminbi market is vast, thanks to China's role in the global trading community. The early stages of the internationalization effort were small-scale, but momentum has greatly increased over the past 18 months, making this book more relevant than ever. These developments offer new opportunities (and challenges) for corporate treasurers and investors, as China's profound economic success and growing prominence in global trade may transform offshore renminbi into a new global reserve currency and a legitimate competitor to the U.S. dollar. Explores how the "internationalization" of the renminbi is likely to yield a new global currency to rival the U.S. dollar Examines "offshore" renminbi and the host of new financial markets they have created, from a spot FX market to Dim Sum bonds in Hong Kong Covers broad themes of interest to general readers and policymakers, as well as more detailed issues of practical and direct importance to corporate treasurers and investors The Chinese government has ambitious plans to make the renminbi a global currency. The Offshore Renminbi explains the complexities of this strategy and the dramatic implications for the global FX markets.
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The Rise of the Renminbi

Author: Eswar S. Prasad

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190631058


Page: 344

View: 5353

In Gaining Currency, leading China scholar Eswar S. Prasad describes how the renminbi (RMB) is taking the world by storm and explains its role in reshaping global finance. This book sets the recent rise of the RMB, China's currency since 1949, against a sweeping historical backdrop. China issued the world's first paper currency in the 7th century. In the 13th century, Kublai Khan issued the first-ever currency to circulate widely despite not being backed by commodities or precious metals. China also experienced some of the earliest episodes of hyperinflation currency wars. Gaining Currency reveals the interconnections linking China's growing economic might, its expanding international influence, and the rise of its currency. If China plays its cards right by adopting reforms that put its economy and financial markets on the right track, the RMB could rival even the euro and the Japanese yen. Prasad shows, however, that while China has successfully adopted a unique playbook for promoting the RMB, many pitfalls lie ahead for its economy and currency that could limit the RMB's ascendance. The Chinese leadership is pursuing financial liberalization and limited market-oriented reforms, but it has unequivocally repudiated political, legal, and institutional reforms. Therefore, Prasad argues, while the RMB is likely to become a significant reserve currency, it will not attain "safe haven" status as a currency to which investors turn during crises. In short, the hype predicting the RMB's inevitable rise to global dominance is overblown. Gaining Currency makes a compelling case that, for all its promise, the RMB does not pose a serious challenge to the U.S. dollar's dominance in international finance.
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Internationalization of the Renminbi and Its Implications for the United States : a Report of the CSIS Freeman Chair in China Studies

Author: Melissa Murphy,Wen Jin Yuan

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 0892065907

Category: Political Science

Page: 22

View: 9052

Amid the fallout from the global financial crisis, much has been written about whether the United States can continue as the world's predominant economic power and whether the emerging BRIC economies, particularly China, are poised to challenge the current financial and economic architecture. In recent months, speculation has focused on the future of the U.S. dollar, largely due to comments by senior Chinese officials that have led some observers to conclude that the renminbi is set to usurp the dollar's place as the world's reserve currency.Although such headlines make thrilling copy, Melissa Murphy and Wen Jin Yuan argue that it would be a mistake to conclude that China is ready to ditch the dollar anytime soon, let alone seek to replace the dollar with the renminbi as a reserve currency. Beijing has accumulated around 1.4 trillion in U.S. dollar reserves and is keen to avoid any precipitous decline in the dollar's value--which would in turn devalue its own holdings. But, while China is still a long way from challenging the dollar's global reserve currency status, as the largest holder of U.S. debt, Beijing is undoubtedly nervous about the prospect of a weaker dollar and is taking steps to diversify its reserves, as well as to internationalize the renminbi. There also seems little doubt that in the next decade China will emerge as a major player in the international financial system. Given the strategic geopolitical and economic implications of these developments, this report attempts to provide a clearer understanding of what is motivating Beijing's current moves, where its policy is likely headed, and the implications for the United States.
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Author: International Monetary Institute

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113464437X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 5333

The recent financial crisis, rooted in the United States, has changed the world’s economic and financial structures. The Chinese government has made some arrangements in the post-crisis to ensure stable economic growth in volatile international economic environments and to protect its own interests from unfair international monetary treatments. The internationalization of Renminbi (RMB) is one of China's most important national strategies in the 21st century and is symbolic in the rise of China. This book aims to document the process and the development of the internationalization of Renminbi and to identify the challenges. The book introduces an index of internationalization of Renminbi. It also uses a comprehensive multi-variable index to determine the degree of internationalization of Renminbi. This book helps readers to understand the current status of the reformation on China’s currency system, the process of internationalization of the RMB and the current, intricate political and economic relations.
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Author: Mr. R. Sean Craig,Mr. Changchun Hua,Philip Ng,Raymond Yuen

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475554427

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 25

View: 8939

Offshore use of the renminbi expanded rapidly in Hong Kong SAR as China sought to develop an international role for its currency while maintaining capital controls. This prompts two questions addressed in this paper: How far advanced is renminbi internationalization? And, what role does Chinese capital account liberalization play? The first is addressed by testing the extent of integration of offshore and onshore markets for the renminbi using a Threshold Autoregression (TAR) model and finds that there are substantial unexploited arbitrage opportunities. A VAR model is used to indentify factors contributing to this limited market integration and finds that capital controls and shifts in global market sentiment explain much of the divergence in onshore and offshore renminbi exchange rates. To address the second question, the paper shows how capital account measures have been used to promote offshore use of the renminbi more actively in the wake of the global financial crisis, but that this was done asymmetrically with controls on inflows eased to a greater extent than on outflows. It concludes that a more balanced liberalization process will sustain progress in renminbi internationalization.
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How China Is Building a Global Currency

Author: Paola Subacchi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543263

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 7375

Many of the world's major economies boast dominant international currencies. Not so for China. Its renminbi has lagged far behind the pound, the euro, and the dollar in global circulation—and for good reason. China has long privileged economic policies that have fueled development at the expense of the renminbi's growth, and it has become clear that the underpowered currency is threatening China's future. The nation's leaders now face the daunting task of strengthening the currency without losing control of the nation's economy or risking total collapse. How are they approaching this challenge? In The People's Money, Paola Subacchi introduces readers to China's monetary system, mapping its evolution over the past century and, particularly, its transformation since Deng Xiaoping took power in 1978. Subacchi revisits the policies that fostered the country's economic rise while at the same time purposefully creating a currency of little use beyond China's borders. She shows the key to understanding China's economic predicament lies in past and future strategies for the renminbi. The financial turbulence following the global crisis of 2008, coupled with China's ambitions as a global creditor and chief economic power, has forced the nation to reckon with the limited international circulation of the renminbi. Increasing the currency's reach will play a major role in securing China's future.
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2013 Annual Report

Author: International Monetary Institute

Publisher: Enrich Professional Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781623200961

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 365

View: 4867

Drawing upon the latest and full-range government data, Internationalization of the RMB: 2013 Annual Report is a firsthand look at China's current RMB policy and goals for full Renminbi (RMB) convertibility in the near-future. The work of International Monetary Institute (IMI), this book provides a clear picture of the RMB Internationalization Index (RII), offers recommendations and insights into the direction of China's currency reform, and explains the Triffin Dilemma and its connection to China's path for full internationalization of the RMB. Internationalization of the RMB: 2013 Annual Report is the first book to examine the history of China's drive for RMB internationalization as well as the current status of RMB convertibility.
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China in the International Financial System

Author: Domenico Lombardi,Hongying Wang

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 1928096166

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8422

China has experienced a remarkable transformation since the 1990s. It now boasts the second-largest — some would argue the largest — economy in the world, having evolved from a closed economy into the leading goods-trading nation. China’s economic rise has given it increasing prominence in international monetary and financial governance, but it also exposes China to new risks associated with its integration into the global financial system. Drawing insights from economics and political science, Enter the Dragon: China in the International Financial System takes a broad conceptual approach and tackles the questions that accompany China’s ascendance in international finance: What are the motivations and consequences of China’s effort to internationalize the renminbi? What is the political logic underlying China’s foreign financial policy? What forces have shaped China’s preferences and capacities in global financial governance? Enter the Dragon contributes to the ongoing debate over China’s political interests, its agenda for economic and financial cooperation, and the domestic and international implications of its economic rise. Bringing together experts from both inside and outside of China, this volume argues that China’s rise in the international financial system is a highly complex and political process, and can only be understood by incorporating analysis of domestic and international political economy.
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Author: Jonathan Kirshner

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454786

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 1780

The global financial crisis of 2007–2008 was both an economic catastrophe and a watershed event in world politics. In American Power after the Financial Crisis, Jonathan Kirshner explains how the crisis altered the international balance of power, affecting the patterns and pulse of world politics. The crisis, Kirshner argues, brought about an end to what he identifies as the "second postwar American order" because it undermined the legitimacy of the economic ideas that underpinned that order—especially those that encouraged and even insisted upon uninhibited financial deregulation. The crisis also accelerated two existing trends: the relative erosion of the power and political influence of the United States and the increased political influence of other states, most notably, but not exclusively, China. Looking ahead, Kirshner anticipates a “New Heterogeneity” in thinking about how best to manage domestic and international money and finance. These divergences—such as varying assessments of and reactions to newly visible vulnerabilities in the American economy and changing attitudes about the long-term appeal of the dollar—will offer a bold challenge to the United States and its essentially unchanged disposition toward financial policy and regulation. This New Heterogeneity will contribute to greater discord among nations about how best to manage the global economy. A provocative look at how the 2007–2008 economic collapse diminished U.S. dominance in world politics, American Power after the Financial Crisis suggests that the most significant and lasting impact of the crisis and the Great Recession will be the inability of the United States to enforce its political and economic priorities on an increasingly recalcitrant world.
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Author: Shenggen Fan,Ravi Kanbur,Shang-Jin Wei,Xiaobo Zhang

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030236

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 1404

China's rise as an economic powerhouse raises a number of questions that are the subject of lively debate. How did the country do it? How applicable are the lessons of China's economic reform of the past thirty years to the challenges it faces in the next three decades? What does the detailed pattern of China's success and challenges look like the sub-sectoral and sub-national levels, and what does this mean for future policy? How will China's role as a global economic player evolve? This Oxford Companion to the Economics of China presents an original collection of perspectives on the Chinese economy's past, present and future. The contributors of these entries include: the best of young Chinese researchers based in China and outside; renowned academics from the top universities in China, Europe, and North America; present and past senior officials of international agencies like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund; senior Chinese government officials from the Centre and the Provinces; and four recipients of the Nobel Prize in Economics. The Companion consists of 99 entries written by the leading China analysts of our time. The topics covered include: The China Model, Future Prospects for China , China and the Global Economy, Trade and the Chinese Economy, Macroeconomics and Finance, Urbanisation, Industry and Markets, Agriculture and Rural Development, Land, Infrastructure and Environment, Population and Labour, Dimensions of Wellbeing and Inequality, Health and Education, Gender Equity, Regional Divergence in China, and China's Provinces: Selected Perspectives. The Editors are four global leaders in Chinese economic analysis and policy who between them have held or hold the following positions: Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute; Co-Editor, China Economic Review; President Chinese Economists Society; Assistant Director of Research at the IMF; Principal Adviser to the Chief Economist of the World Bank; and Professors of Economics at Ivy League Universities.
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