Contemporary Currents

Author: Paul S. Adler,Paul Du Gay,Glenn Morgan,Michael Reed

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199671087

Category: Organizational behavior

Page: 752

View: 804

This title examines how contemporary currents in sociology and social theory have influenced the field of organisation studies. It aims to combat the tendency towards myopia in the organisation studies field, which encourages reliance on resources and references drawn from within the field and discourages scholars from going beyond these boundaries to find inspiration and ideas. The contributing authors show how sociologists and sociological concepts from the US and Europe have provided new insights into the functioning of organisations.
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Government Workers and the Color Line in Woodrow Wilson's America

Author: Eric S. Yellin

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469607212

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1335

Between the 1880s and 1910s, thousands of African Americans passed civil service exams and became employed in the executive offices of the federal government. However, by 1920, promotions to well-paying federal jobs had nearly vanished for black workers. Eric S. Yellin argues that the Wilson administration's successful 1913 drive to segregate the federal government was a pivotal episode in the age of progressive politics. Yellin investigates how the enactment of this policy, based on Progressives' demands for whiteness in government, imposed a color line on American opportunity and implicated Washington in the economic limitation of African Americans for decades to come. Using vivid accounts of the struggles and protests of African American government employees, Yellin reveals the racism at the heart of the era's reform politics. He illuminates the nineteenth-century world of black professional labor and social mobility in Washington, D.C., and uncovers the Wilson administration's progressive justifications for unraveling that world. From the hopeful days following emancipation to the white-supremacist "normalcy" of the 1920s, Yellin traces the competing political ideas, politicians, and ordinary government workers who created "federal segregation."
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Author: Peter Walgenbach

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 184855866X

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 9027

Contributes to the literature on the sociology of organizations and management, especially to sociological institutionalism. This title covers the empirical areas that range from technology and software development, the brewing industry, custodial facilities to the organization of birthing.
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Toward a General Theory of Hierarchical Social Systems

Author: Thomas Diefenbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 3564

Most people take the conditions they work and live in as a given, believing it to be normal that societies are stratified and that organisations are hierarchical. Many even think that this is the way it should be - and are neither willing nor able to think that it could be otherwise. This book raises the awareness of hierarchy, its complexity and longevity. It focuses on a single but fundamental problem of social systems such as dyads, groups, organisations and whole societies: Why and how does hierarchical social order persist over time? In order to investigate the question, author Thomas Diefenbach develops a general theory of the persistence of hierarchical social order. This theory interrogates the problem of the persistence of hierarchical social order from very different angles, in multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary ways. Even more crucially, it traces the very causes of the phenomenon, the reasons and interests behind hierarchy as well as the various mechanisms which keep it going. This is the first time such a theory is attempted. With the help of the theory developed in this book, it is possible to interrogate systematically, comprehensively and in detail how mindsets and behaviours as well as societal and organisational structures enable the continuation of hierarchy
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The Impact of Institutional Restructuring on Universities and Intellectual Innovation

Author: Richard Whitley,Jochen Glaser

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1783506830

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 6322

The first part of this book deals with the transformation of universities as strategic organisational actors - in some cases creating them as such - while the second shows how governance and authority shifts are affecting the kinds of research goals being pursued by academics in different public science systems.
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Author: Christine Williams,Kirsten Dellinger

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1848553706

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 291

View: 6571

Features sociological research and theory on gender and sexuality in the workplace, and identifies how organizations can achieve a gender-balanced and sexually-diverse work force. This book discusses such topics as: gender discrimination and the wage gap; homophobic and 'gay friendly' workplaces; sexual harassment; and, sex in the workplace.
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Author: Barbara J. Risman,Carissa M. Froyum,William J. Scarborough

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319763334

Category: Social Science

Page: 559

View: 9271

This handbook provides a comprehensive view of the field of the sociology of gender. It presents the most important theories about gender and methods used to study gender, as well as extensive coverage of the latest research on gender in the most important areas of social life, including gendered bodies, sexuality, carework, paid labor, social movements, incarceration, migration, gendered violence, and others. Building from previous publications this handbook includes a vast array of chapters from leading researchers in the sociological study of gender. It synthesizes the diverse field of gender scholarship into a cohesive theoretical framework, gender structure theory, in order to position the specific contributions of each author/chapter as part of a complex and multidimensional gender structure. Through this organization of the handbook, readers do not only gain tremendous insight from each chapter, but they also attain a broader understanding of the way multiple gendered processes are interrelated and mutually constitutive. While the specific focus of the handbook is on gender, the chapters included in the volume also give significant attention to the interrelation of race, class, and other systems of stratification as they intersect and implicate gendered processes.
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Architekturen, Strukturen und Strategien

Author: Johannes Glückler,Waltraud Dehning,Monique Janneck,Thomas Armbrüster

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642295312

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 6960

Anstatt Netzwerke nur aus der Sicht einzelner Akteure zu betrachten, richten die Autoren ihren Blick auf die multilaterale Zusammenarbeit. Wissenschaftler, Unternehmens- und Rechtsberater diskutieren Konzepte wie Netzwerkgut oder laterale Governance, auf deren Grundlage Netzwerke ausgestaltet und ihre Innovationskraft gefördert werden kann. Auch die Wahl der Rechtsform, der Controllinginstrumente sowie der Einsatz von Kommunikationstechnologien werden thematisiert. Erfolgsfaktoren arbeiten die Autoren anhand detaillierter Fallstudien heraus.
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Eine netzwerksoziologische Studie

Author: Claudius Härpfer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658057300

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 2352

Claudius Härpfer rekonstruiert die akademische Biographie Georg Simmels (1858-1918) im Kontext der Entstehung der Soziologie in Deutschland. Dafür bedient er sich netzwerktheoretischer Elemente, die auf Simmel zurückgehen. Simmel erscheint am Schnittpunkt dreier sozialer Kreise, an denen er im Laufe seiner Karriere partizipierte. In diesen Kreisen traf er Lehrer und Freunde, die ihn förderten und mit denen er 1909 die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie gründete. Mit diesen Kreisen waren auch Zeitschriften verbunden, in denen er publizierte. Der Autor verknüpft diese beiden Ebenen. Zunächst werden Simmels Verbindungen zu den einflussreichen Personen der Kreise rekonstruiert, um sodann die Zeitschriften einer basalen bibliometrischen Analyse zu unterziehen. Dieses Vorgehen ermöglicht es, die Komplexität des Ausschnittes der damaligen Publikationskultur in den Blick zu nehmen und Simmels Beziehungen zu den zentralen Akteuren einzuordnen.
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structural complexity and individualism

Author: W. Richard Scott,John W. Meyer

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780803956667

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 2668

The institutional theory of organizations developed by Scott, Meyer and their colleagues over the past two decades has had an enormous impact on organizational theory and research. In this book, the editors review the major theoretical advances of the past decade and the empirical testing they have done on these theories. Their work has highlighted two key themes: the interrelationship between organizational complexity and the institutional environment; and the place of the individual within the organization.
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Insights from the IBM Institute for Business Value

Author: Eric Lesser,Laurence Prusak

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199883114

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 3847

The mid-1990s saw the rise of an important movement: a recognition that organizational knowledge, in its various forms and attributes, could be an important source of competitive advantage in the marketplace. Knowledge management has become one of the core competencies in today's competitive environment, where so much value in companies resides in their people, systems, and processes. Creating Value with Knowledge: Insights from the IBM Institute for Knowledge-based Organization examines a variety of important knowledge-related topics, some of which has been previously published in such journals as the Harvard Business Review, the California Management Review, and the Sloan Management Review, such as the use of informal networks, communities of practice, the impact of knowledge on successful alliances, social capital and trust, narrative and storytelling and the use of human intermediaries in the knowledge management process. It includes contributions from such leading thinkers as Lawrence Prusak, Dorothy Leonard, Eric Lesser, Rob Cross, and David Snowden. This book synthesizes some of the best thinking by the IBM Institute for Knowledge-Based Organizations, a think tank whose research agenda focuses on the management methods for deriving tangible business value from knowledge management and their real-world application.
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Author: Patrice M. Buzzanell,Helen Sterk,Lynn H. Turner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761928650

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 373

View: 5705

Gender in Applied Communication Contexts explores the intersection and integration of feminist theory as applied to four important areas: organizational communication, health communication, family communication, and instructional communication. This collection of readings links theoretical insights and contributions to pragmatic ways of improving the lives of women and men in a variety of professional and personal situations. Gender in Applied Communication Contexts is recommended for upper-division and graduate-level courses in gender and communication, feminist theory, organizational communication, health communication, instructional communication, and applied communication. This anthology is also recommended as a research resource for scholars in Women’s Studies, Family Studies, and Business and Management.
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Author: Savita Kumra,Ruth Simpson,Ronald J. Burke

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191632759

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 9976

The issue of gender in organizations has attracted much attention and debate over a number of years. The focus of examination is inequality of opportunity between the genders and the impact this has on organizations, individual men and women, and society as a whole. It is undoubtedly the case that progress has been made with women participating in organizational life in greater numbers and at more senior levels than has been historically the case, challenging notions that senior and/or influential organizational and political roles remain a masculine domain. The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations is a comprehensive analysis of thinking and research on gender in organizations with original contributions from key international scholars in the field. The Handbook comprises four sections. The first looks at the theoretical roots and potential for theoretical development in respect of the topic of gender in organizations. The second section focuses on leadership and management and the gender issues arising in this field; contributors review the extensive literature and reflect on progress made as well as commenting on hurdles yet to be overcome. The third section considers the gendered nature of careers. Here the focus is on querying traditional approaches to career, surfacing embedded assumptions within traditional approaches, and assessing potential for alternative patterns to evolve, taking into account the nature of women's lives and the changing nature of organizations. In its final section the Handbook examines masculinity in organizations to assess the diversity of masculinities evident within organizations and the challenges posed to those outside the norm. In bringing together a broad range of research and thinking on gender in organizations across a number of disciplines, sub-disciplines, and conceptual perspectives, the Handbook provides a comprehensive view of both contemporary thinking and future research directions.
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International Perspectives

Author: Andrew M Pettigrew,Richard Whittington,Leif Melin,Carlos Sanchez-Runde,Frans A J van den Bosch,Winfried Ruigrok,Tsuyoshi Numagami

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412933161

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 1995

This book presents novel theoretical ideas and empirical findings where the fields of strategizing and organizing meet. At this boundary lie many of the most crucial theoretical and practical issues for management and managing. Innovative Forms of Organizing, the eagerly awaited sequel to The Innovating Organization (SAGE, 2000), draws upon the comprehensive data sets of the INFORM programme of research, to examine the development of innovative forms of organizing and company performance in organizations across Europe, Japan and the United States. Innovative Forms of Organizing establishes and develops three strong themes: organizing and strategizing; complementarities, change and performance; and the management of dualities in the modern corporation. The book then discusses the implications of its presented ideas for strategizing/organizing in the 21st century firm and the challenges for management researchers of conducting large scale, international comparative research. Innovative Forms of Organizing thereby illustrates 21st Century management research in 21st Century organizations across Europe, Japan and the USA. This seminal international study will be a classic in the field for years to come for scholars and policy makers in academia, business and government who are interested in strategy, organization and international management.
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Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Steven J. Armstrong,Michael Lounsbury

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198708610

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 750

View: 2696

Management - the pursuit of objectives through the organization and co-ordination of people - has been and is a core feature, and function, of modern society. Some 'classic' forms of corporate and bureaucratic management may come to be seen as a prevalent form of organization and organizing in the 20th century, and in the post-Fordist, global, knowledge driven contemporary world we are seeing different patterns, principles, and styles of management as old models are questioned. The functions, ideologies, practices, and theories of management have changed over time, as recorded by many scholars; and may vary according to different models of organization; and between different cultures and societies. 0The purpose of this Handbook is to analyse and explore the evolution of management; the core functions and how they may have changed; its position in the culture/zeitgeist of modern society; the institutions and ideologies that support it; and likely challenges and changes in the future. This book looks at what management is, and how this may change over time. It provides an overview of management - its history, development, context, changing function in organization and society, key elements and functions, and contemporary and future challenges.
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Author: Howard E Aldrich,Martin Ruef

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412910477

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 330

View: 3997

In this authoritative exploration of contemporary organisations and the ways they mirror their environment, Howard Aldrich and Martin Ruef chart the development of organisational forms, as well as assessing the impact on these of external innovations.
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Author: Juha Laurila,David Preece

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134502001

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 4349

In recent decades an extensive array of changes and innovations have taken place in and across work organizations and networks of organizations and workers, facilitated by new technologies and technological forms. This has initiated an interest in technological change as one of the conditions for organizational action and researchers have begun to draw inspiration from a wider spectrum of conceptual issues, perspectives and theoretical traditions. This book is interested in the level of praxis and how this might be understood and theorized. It brings together a comprehensive collection of empirically-grounded and theoretically-informed research projects from studies of organizational practice which explore a number of technological changes in a variety of contexts. These are informed by contemporary debates within and across theoretical approaches including the sociology of technology, work and organizations, actor network theory, technology as text and metaphor, processual and political perspectives, social and business network-based approaches to the analysis of technology and innovation, and the social construction and shaping of technology. This book will be essential reading for researchers and advanced students within the field of technology, work and organizations and also organization studies and management studies.
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Author: Maureen T. Hallinan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387364242

Category: Social Science

Page: 588

View: 3075

This wide-ranging handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the field of education as viewed from a sociological perspective. Experts in the area present theoretical and empirical research on major educational issues and analyze the social processes that govern schooling, and the role of schools in and their impact on contemporary society. A major reference work for social scientists who want an overview of the field, graduate students, and educators.
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Author: Mark Clapson,Ray Hutchison

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857243489

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 3288

Presents contributions in comparative suburban studies for urban regions, not just in Europe and the United States but also metropolitan regions in China, India and other areas of the world. This title examines the patterns of suburban development in metropolitan regions around the globe.
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International and Inter-Institutional Studies in the Sociology of Organizations

Author: Cornelis J. Lammers,David Hickson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113593861X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 472

View: 3190

This volume contrasts the life and problems of organizations in many parts of the world and highlights the differences between those societies as reflected in their different institutional sectors such as manufacturing, commerce, social services and government administration. In so doing, the book contributes to the theoretical foundations of the sociology of organizations by revealing previously unseen relationships between societies and institutions, offering an original synthesis of available research.
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