Insights on Social, Political, Economic and Religious Change

Author: Bernard Haykel,Thomas Hegghammer,Stéphane Lacroix

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316194191

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1765

Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. This volume focuses on different sectors of Saudi society and examines how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. It reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics.
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Author: Bernard Haykel,Thomas Hegghammer,Stéphane Lacroix

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107006295

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 1010

"Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. This volume focuses on different sectors of Saudi society and examines how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. It reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics"--
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Insights on Social, Political, Economic and Religious Change

Author: Bernard Haykel,Thomas Hegghammer,Stéphane Lacroix

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521185097

Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 1404

Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, its two holiest mosques in Mecca and Medina, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, which is dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. The fifteen chapters in this volume focus on different sectors of Saudi society and examine how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. Many of the authors have conducted archival and fieldwork research in Saudi Arabia, benefitting from the recent opening of the country to foreign researchers. As such, the volume reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics.
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Author: Stephane Lacroix,George Holoch

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674061071

Category: Religion

Page: 381

View: 9935

With unprecedented access to a closed culture, Lacroix offers an account of Islamism in Saudi Arabia. Tracing the last half-century of the Sahwa, or “Islamic Awakening,” he explains the brand of Islam that gave birth to Osama bin Laden—one that has been exported, and dangerously misunderstood, around the world.
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Gender, Politics and Religion in Saudi Arabia

Author: Madawi Al-Rasheed

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619004

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5549

Women in Saudi Arabia are often described as either victims of patriarchal religion and society or successful survivors of discrimination imposed on them by others. Madawi Al-Rasheed's new book goes beyond these conventional tropes to probe the historical, political and religious forces that have, across the years, delayed and thwarted their emancipation. The book demonstrates how, under the patronage of the state and its religious nationalism, women have become hostage to contradictory political projects that on the one hand demand female piety, and on the other hand encourage modernity. Drawing on state documents, media sources and interviews with women from across Saudi society, the book examines the intersection between gender, religion and politics to explain these contradictions and to show that, despite these restraints, vibrant debates on the question of women are opening up as the struggle for recognition and equality finally gets under way.
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Conflict and Cooperation

Author: Neil Partrick

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 085772990X

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 9773

As the only oil producer with sufficient spare capacity to shape the world economy, Saudi Arabia is one of the most significant states in twenty-first century geopolitics. Despite the enormous potential for Saudi Arabia to play a more robust regional and international role, the Kingdom faces serious internal and external challenges in the form of political incapacity and competition with states such as Iran. In this examination of Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy, Gulf expert Neil Partrick, and other regional analysts, address the Kingdom’s relations in the Middle East and wider Islamic world, and its engagement with both established and emergent global powers. In doing so, he analyses the factors, ranging from identity politics to Iranian acquisition of nuclear weapons that determine the Kingdom’s foreign policy. As Saudi Arabia prepares for a generational shift brought about by an ageing leadership, the rapidly changing balance of power in the Middle East offers both great opportunity and great danger. For students of the Middle East and international relations, understanding Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy and its engagement with the region and the world is more important than ever. ‘A very welcome addition to the literature on Saudi Arabia – a much needed overview of Saudi foreign policy for scholars and policy makers, while also being accessible to the wider public.’ - Gabriele vom Bruck, Senior Lecturer in the Anthropology of the Middle East, SOAS, University of London. ‘This volume is terrific as a reference and also a good read.’ – Michele Dunne, Director and Senior Associate, Middle East Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace ‘A timely book to help us understand the history and motivation of the major Sunni regional power. This collection of articles covers the whole gamut of Saudi's main external relationships including the role play by Islam and oil in shaping its foreign policy.’ - Sir William Patey, UK Ambassador to Saudi Arabia 2007-10
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Author: Toby Matthiesen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107043042

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 5059

This accessible scholarly work traces the regional politics of the Shia in the Eastern Province of Sunni-dominated Saudi Arabia since the nineteenth century. The first book in English on the topic, it casts new light on the survival strategies and political mobilization of the Shia community as it confronts the repressive machinery of the Saudi regime.
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Between the Jihadi Hammer and the Iranian Anvil

Author: Ali Al Shihabi

Publisher: Markus Wiener Publishers

ISBN: 9781558766136

Category: History

Page: 218

View: 846

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The Struggle Over Divine Politics in Saudi Arabia

Author: Madawi Al-Rasheed

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190496029

Category: Islamic modernism

Page: 224

View: 1762

Analysis of both official and opposition Saudi divine politics is often monolithic, conjuring images of conservatism, radicalism, misogyny and resistance to democracy. Madawi Al-Rasheed challenges this stereotype as she examines a long tradition of engaging with modernism that gathered momentum with the Arab uprisings and incurred the wrath of both the regime and its Wahhabi supporters. With this nascent modernism, constructions of new divine politics, anchored in a rigorous reinterpretation of foundational Islamic texts and civil society activism are emerging in a context where authoritarian rule prefers its advocates to remain muted. The author challenges scholarly wisdom on Islamism in general and blurs the boundaries between secular and religious politics.
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Author: Colin Wells

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781592571130

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 4691

A study of Saudi Arabia discusses its early history, the rise of the House of Saud, the influence of Saudi oil, everyday life, Islamic fundamentalism, the country's connection to the September 11th terrorist attacks, and its future.
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A Turbulent Region in Transition

Author: Amin Saikal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137559667

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 9475

This volume focuses on interpreting the changing domestic and regional dynamics in the Arab world and Iran. Its chapters discuss an array of countries, events, actors, and issues - from an examination of the Arab Spring and the Tunisian democratic transition, to an exploration of the role of Saudi-Iranian geostrategic rivalry, to the impact of ethnic and sectarian politics in Syria, Iraq, and across the region. Chapters from expert contributors are organized into three parts. The first section of the volume covers the aspects and dynamics of change in the Arab world. The second examines the role of Islam, Islamism, Islamic governance, and sectarian and ethnic politics in the region. The third section focuses on Iranian domestic and regional politics. Yet the theme of transition is constant throughout as this multidisciplinary book draws connections across countries and events to not only inform about the prevailing regional situation, but also to invite readers to draw their own conclusions as to the future of the Middle East. Collectively the volume provides a fresh interpretation of the changing dynamics of the Arab world and Iran, unpacking the complexities of the disputes, conflicts, rivalries, failed goals, and processes of change and development that have made the Muslim Middle East so turbulent, directionless, and perpetually contested by both regional and international actors.
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Author: David Commins

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857731351

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 5014

The history of the Wahhabis' close, loyal alliance with the ancestors of the present Saudi royal family has been recounted in fascinating, and persuasive detail by David Commins. His conclusion is no less startling as it is important, that Wahhabi hegemony over regional religious culture is in jeopardy; its credibility debased, possibly no longer able to buttress the Saudi dynasty's legitimacy. Whatever their future, the story of the Wahhabis has been told with authority and clarity by Commins in this absorbing book. - David Waines, Professor of Islamic Studies, Lancaster University ‘David Commins’ careful, comprehensive and erudite account of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia could not have come at a more opportune time. After so many tendentious and uninformed treatments of the subject in recent years, it is a pleasure to read a real historian’s account, based upon original Arabic sources. Everyone involved in the public debate about Saudi Arabia’s role in the Muslim world should read this book.’ —F. GREGORY GAUSE, UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT ‘David Commins’ work makes major contributions toward understanding the historical development of Wahhabism, particularly in the 19th century. His analysis of 19th century Wahhabi thought demonstrates the interplay between religion and politics during this critical time, setting the stage for the 20th century founding of the contemporary Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.’ —NATANA J. DELONG-BAS, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, AUTHOR OF WAHHABI ISLAM: FROM REVIVAL AND REFORM TO GLOBAL JIHAD (I.B.TAURIS)
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Author: Madawi al-Rasheed

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052176128X

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 3915

This new edition covers the political, economic and social developments in Saudi Arabia since 9/11 to the present day.
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Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines--and Future

Author: Karen Elliott House

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307473287

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 900

A Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist from The Wall Street Journal draws on three decades of firsthand experience to profile the Saudi Arabia of today, offering insight into its leaders, citizens, cultural complexities and international prospects.
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A Kingdom in Peril

Author: Paul Aarts,Carolien Roelants

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1849046697

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5931

The Saudi royal family has survived the events of the Arab Spring intact and unscathed. Any major upheavals were ostensibly averted with the help of oil revenues, while the Kingdom's influential clerics conveniently declared all forms of protest to be against Islam. Saudi dollars bent events to the Kingdom's will in the Arab world-particularly in Syria, Yemen and Bahrain, but also in Egypt and Lebanon, Saudi cash has had a profound impact. Does this mean that all is well in Saudi Arabia itself, which has an extremely youthful population ruled by a gerontocracy? Problems endemic in Egypt, Tunisia and Syria-youth unemployment, corruption and repression-are also evident in the Kingdom and while young Saudis may not yet be taking to the streets, on Twitter and Facebook their discontent is manifest. Saudi Arabia remains the dominant player in the Gulf, and the fall of the House of Saud would have explosive repercussions on the GCC while the knock-on effect worldwide would be immeasurable. Saudi Arabia is the only oil exporter capable of acting as a 'swing producer', a fact of which this book reminds us. Aarts and Roelants have drawn a compelling picture of a Middle East power which, while not presently endangered, may soon deviate from the trajectory established by the House of Saud.
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The Story of Juhayman Al-'Utaybi Revisited

Author: Thomas Hegghammer,Stéphane Lacroix

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780955235993

Category: History

Page: 71

View: 946

Based on new information gathered from extensive fieldwork in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere, this account sheds light on the story and legacy of Juhayman al-‘Utaybi, the militant who led the 1979 takeover of Islam’s holiest site: the Grand Mosque in Mecca. Detailing the events that would set in motion numerous attacks on the U.S. embassy in Pakistan and Shia uprisings in oil-rich areas of Saudi Arabia, this record offers insight into the religious inspiration behind the rebel leader’s message and acknowledges many unanswered questions: Who were the rebels and what did they want? Why and how did Juhayman’s group come into existence? What was Juhayman al-‘Utaybi’s ideological legacy and how have his writings influenced contemporary Islamist strains?
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Oil, Urbanism, and Road Revolt

Author: Pascal Menoret

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139916483

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7631

Why do young Saudis, night after night, joyride and skid cars on Riyadh's avenues? Who are these 'drifters' who defy public order and private property? What drives their revolt? Based on four years of fieldwork in Riyadh, Pascal Menoret's Joyriding in Riyadh explores the social fabric of the city and connects it to Saudi Arabia's recent history. Car drifting emerged after Riyadh was planned, and oil became the main driver of the economy. For young rural migrants, it was a way to reclaim alienating and threatening urban spaces. For the Saudi state, it jeopardized its most basic operations: managing public spaces and enforcing law and order. A police crackdown soon targeted car drifting, feeding a nation-wide moral panic led by religious activists who framed youth culture as a public issue. This book retraces the politicization of Riyadh youth and shows that, far from being a marginal event, car drifting is embedded in the country's social violence and economic inequality.
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The Pluralistic Moment

Author: Alessandro Ferrari,James Toronto

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317067126

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 3627

This book investigates the role of Islam and religious freedom in the constitutional transitions of six North African and Middle Eastern countries, namely Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey, and Palestine. In particular, the book, with an interdisciplinary approach, investigates the role of Islam as a political, institutional and societal force. Issues covered include: the role played by Islam as a constitutional reference – a "static force" able to strengthen and legitimize the entire constitutional order; Islam as a political reference used by some political parties in their struggle to acquire political power; and Islam as a specific religion that, like other religions in the area, embodies diverse perspectives on the nature and role of religious freedom in society. The volume provides insight about the political dimension of Islam, as used by political forces, as well as the religious dimension of Islam. This provides a new and wider perspective able to take into account the increasing social pluralism of the South-Mediterranean region. By analyzing three different topics – Islam and constitutionalism, religious political parties, and religious freedom – the book offers a dynamic picture of the role played by Islam and religious freedom in the process of state-building in a globalized age in which human rights and pluralism are crucial dimensions.
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Author: Abdul Al Lily

Publisher: XinXii

ISBN: 1532830130

Category: Travel

Page: 334

View: 1134

Every culture is governed by an internal code of conduct, and this publication offers the first written code of Saudi culture. The Saudi way of being has long been an oral tradition passed merely verbally from one generation to the next, despite its power to regulate every aspect of public and private lives. Most Saudi norms and values have long been unwritten and only orally communicated among Saudis. As a result, visitors to Saudi Arabia have been unable to read about Saudi norms and values. For this reason, this book spells out these norms and values in bold print, recording the Saudi code of conduct and displaying it in a published format. It displays 1234 bite-sized (often previously unrecorded) explanations of how the human body acts in Saudi Arabia. It describes ‘the Saudi’ from head to toe: the face, cheek, hair, eyes, skin, brain, mouth, ears, nose, stomach, waist, heart, genitals and extremities. It is the product of close observations of everyday activities and around 2,159 interviews with nationals and residents, over the past six years. This is the first Saudi study to be based on such a generous number of interviews. This book is the first to talk about Saudi culture in a purely descriptive (and thus non-judgemental and unbiased) manner. It is a ‘snapshot’ of Saudi culture. It is the first to present Saudi values and norms in the form of a bullet-pointed list and in bite-sized explanations. Most of these explanations can be read independently of the other explanations. The way the content is focussed on bite-sized statements is intended to put across clearly and simply the information. The book is the first to be written by a male Saudi who was born and raised in Saudi Arabia, who is still based in this country, who is a former officially-recognised ‘imam’ (i.e. a worship leader) and who comes from a working-class family-yet he is a backpacker, has been with non-Saudis, non-Arabs and non-Muslims from different ethnicities, has studied in Oxford, has published with the largest international academic publishers, has written in different languages and hence has the ability to communicate with international readers and convey information to foreign mentalities. Publications about Saudi culture tend to be too serious. This book is, however, meant not to be taken too seriously. It is, rather, intended to be entertaining and humorous (and, surely, informative). It tries to avoid the use of the words ‘religion’ and ‘politics’ because of two main reasons. First, these two words are sensitive and, more importantly, serious. Second, the book is purely cultural and written entirely for the sake of cultural exchange (not for religious or political matters). This book is unbiased, exposing both negative and positive practices in Saudi society. Many Saudi readers of the book have criticised the author for not trying to invite (through the book) non-Muslim readers to Islam. Yet, this book is written purely for the sake of international communication (not for religious reasons), with neither religious nor political agendas. The book covers only what is normal (i.e. norms and long-established practices) in Saudi Arabia–––it does not cover those emerging and changing liberal practices and outliers. Abnormal practices lie beyond the scope of the book. This book is associated mainly with the eastern and middle areas of Saudi Arabia. Besides, the Bro Code varies from one region to another; so its explanations do not apply to every single region in Saudi Arabia, but they do definitely constitute the norm in, at least, one region. This book is not intended to describe Saudi culture in comparison with other traditions, but rather to describe Saudi culture on its own.
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