Author: Per Stangeland

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 132

View: 1829

This study focuses on the control of illegal narcotic substances in Scandinavia. Including topics ranging from drugs and drug control in Norwegian prisons to the effects of drug abuse treatment on morality among Danish drug abusers, this volume brings criminological research from the Nordic countries to the attention of a wider audience.
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A Comparative Survey

Author: Richard J. Terrill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1437755771

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 4317

This comparative text provides an understanding of major foreign criminal justice systems by discussing and comparing the systems of six of the world’s more industrialized countries: England, France, Sweden, Russia, China and Japan — each representative of a different type of legal system — as well as a chapter on Islamic law that uses Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey as main examples. Political, historical, organizational, procedural, and critical issues confronting the justice systems are explained and analyzed. Each chapter contains material on government, police, judiciary, law, corrections, juvenile justice, and other critical issues. Each chapter introduces a country and then covers "concepts to know," government, police, judiciary, law, corrections, and juvenile justice
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Author: Charles Wuth,Alan A Cavaiola

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317825624

Category: Psychology

Page: 310

View: 6656

Work more effectively with DWI offenders! This valuable book provides current information on the psychological, social-demographic, and psychiatric characteristics of DWI offenders. It also will provide you with up-to-date assessment strategies that can be employed with offenders, who characteristically are resistant to such assessment. Until now, books written on this subject have focused purely on research that has been done with offenders. This book, however, provides both theoretical and applied strategies for working with this very difficult population in clinical/treatment settings. Assessment and Treatment of the DWI Offender provides practical treatment approaches such that will help you manage client resistance and incorporate family members and significant others into the treatment process to more effectively treat offenders. Assessment and Treatment of the DWI Offender examines: the important variables that separate DWI offenders from alcoholics in general, as well as the “normal” population patterns of drinking behavior among offenders the magnitude of the DWI problem in the United States the history of the DWI countermeasures movement prevention and public education organizations such as SADD, MADD, the Partners in Progress program, the College Binge Drinking Initiative, and more enforcement techniques like breath testing, standardized field sobriety tests, on-site drug detection devices, etc. problems with the tools and techniques that are currently being used to address this issue interviewing techniques that work with DWI offenders more! Intended primarily for counselors, social workers, psychologists, and other professionals who work with DWI offenders and packed with helpful and easy-to-read statistical charts and tables, this book is also essential for graduate students in psychology, social work, chemical dependency, or any of the helping professions.
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Perspectives on Global Security

Author: Adam Edwards,Peter Gill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134419414

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 7871

The perceived threat of 'transnational organized crime' to Western societies has been of huge interest to politicians, policy makers and social scientists over the last decade. This book considers the origins of this crime, how it has been defined and measured and the appropriateness of governments' policy responses. The contributors argue that while serious harm is often caused by transnational criminal activity - for example, the trafficking in human beings - the construction of that criminal activity as an external threat obscures the origins of these crimes in the markets for illicit goods and services within the 'threatened' societies. As such, the authors question the extent to which global crime can be controlled through law enforcement initiatives, and alternative policy initiatives are considered. The authors also question whether transnational organised crime will retain its place on the policy agendas of the United Nations and European Union in the wake of the 'War on Terror'.
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Embraced By the Welfare State?

Author: Peter Scharff Smith,Thomas Ugelvik

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137585293

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 4367

This book draws on historical and cross-disciplinary studies to critically examine penal practices in Scandinavia. The Nordic countries are often hailed by international observers as ‘model societies’, with egalitarian welfare policies, low rates of poverty, humane social policies and human rights oriented internal agendas. This book, however, paints a much more nuanced picture of the welfare policies, ideologies and social control in strong centralistic states. Based on extensive new empirical data, leading Nordic and international scholars discuss the relationship between prison conditions in Scandinavia and Scandinavian social policy more generally, and argue that it is not always liberating and constructive to be embraced by a powerful welfare state. This book is essential reading for researchers of state punishment in Scandinavia, and it is highly relevant for anyone interested in the ‘Nordic Model’ of social policy.
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Women in the International Cocaine Trade

Author: J. Fleetwood

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271906

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 3695

Fleetwood explores how women become involved in trafficking, focusing on the lived experiences of women as drug mules. Offering theoretical insights from gender theory and transnational criminology, Fleetwood argues that women's participation in the drugs trade cannot be adequately understood through the lenses of either victimization or agency.
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Author: Ineke Haen Marshall

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761903356

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 4448

This ideal resource is the result of an enthusiastic collaboration of authors from both Europe and the United States. Highlighting diversities and similarities found in law enforcement priorities, punishment philosophy and practices, and media coverage, the volume also includes an enlightening discourse on political, scholarly and public issues critical to this area of research.
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The Cultural Basis of Law Enforcement

Author: Ni He,Dilip K. Das

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 156

View: 2967

This book illustrates the reciprocal relationship between Finnish culture and Finnish policing. Cultural values, socio-economic and political backgrounds are used as the foundation to explain how the police work in Finland. Unlike many nations, the Finns consistently rank their police force as the most trustworthy among all the public institutions. In turn, the police benefit from a progressive culture in which tolerance, justice, and equality are highly practised values.
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What Happens to Drinking and Harm when Alcohol Controls Change?

Author: Robin Room,Nordiska nämnden för alkohol- och drogforskning

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Alcohol

Page: 180

View: 6711

This book is concerned with studies in the last half of the 20th century in five Nordic countries - Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden - of the impact of alcohol policies.
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Author: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (U.S.),United States. Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration,National Institutes of Health (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 1013

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Author: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cocaine

Page: N.A

View: 3507

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Formal Control and Illicit Drug Use in the Netherlands

Author: Dirk J. Korf

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 2235

Dutch drug policy is the object of both admiration and revilement. This book traces the rise of 'coffeeshop' phenomenon in the Netherlands and explains why the retail sale of cannabis, though prohibited by law, is tolerated in practice. It analyses the impact of decriminalization on the use of soft drugs. Are the Dutch smoking more hashish and marijuana thanks to the coffeeshops? And how have these establishments influenced the use of hard drugs, heroin in particular? Heroin use is further examined against the backdrop of programmes providing methadone to drug users. Who are the heroin users and why do they take methadone? How does methadone affect their health, and what influence does it have on crime? The author focuses sharply on methodological issues involved in researching hidden populations and proposes a method for randomized snowball sampling. Though the chief emphasis is on drug policy and drug use in the Netherlands, trends in Germany and other Western nations are also considered.
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Control, Vulnerability and Risk-Taking

Author: Ingrid Lander,Signe Ravn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131709994X

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 4548

Over recent decades criminological research has changed from a gender-blind discipline which equated crime with men and thus ignored questions about gender, to an approach that studied gender by showing statistical differences between men and women, and then finally to a more inclusive and elaborate gender-theoretical approach to crime and crime control. However, despite this development, research on gender - and in particular research on gendered norms and the construction and enactment of masculinities - within the criminological field has been unable to keep up with developments in gender research. Since 1990, only a few anthologies with a gender-theoretical orientation focusing on masculinities within the criminological research field have been published. Many of the theoretical developments in gender research still have difficulties in reaching into mainstream criminology, partly because such developments are often published in feminist and/or gender theoretical journals. This volume both problematizes and renders visible conceptions and norms regarding male behaviour and masculinities and shows how these affect the criminological field through providing a theoretically sound and clear gender perspective to this field of research. With sections based around the following three themes: negotiations of masculinity in institutional settings, vulnerable masculinities and risk-taking and masculinities, this volume will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, social work and gender studies, as well as policy-makers, and law enforcement professionals.
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Current Issues and Perspectives

Author: Russell Charles Smandych,Nick Larsen

Publisher: University of Toronto PressHigher education

ISBN: 9781551116822

Category: Social Science

Page: 518

View: 2069

Global Criminology and Criminal Justice brings together 22 articles that constitute some of the most important recent literature in the field.
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Nordic Prison Policy and Practice

Author: Thomas Ugelvik,Jane Dullum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136698884

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 2541

In the growing field of comparative criminal justice, the Nordic countries are regularly used as exceptions to the global move towards growing rates of imprisonment and tougher, less welfare-oriented crime-control policies. Why are the Nordic penal institutions viewed as so ‘different’ from a non-Nordic vantage point? Are Nordic prisons and penal policies in fact positive exceptions to the general rule? If they are, what exactly are the exceptional qualities, and why are the Nordic societies lucky enough to have them? Are there important overlooked examples of Nordic ‘bad practice’ in the penal area? Could there be a specifically Nordic way of doing prison research, contributing to the gap between internal and external perspectives? In considering – among others – the above questions, this book explores and discusses the Nordic jurisdictions as contexts for the specific penal policies and practices that may or may not be described as exceptional. Written by leading prison scholars from the Nordic countries as well as selected researchers from the English-speaking world ‘looking in’, this book will be particularly useful for students of criminology and practitioners across the Nordic countries, but also of relevance in a wider geographical context.
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Author: Keith Hayward,Shadd Maruna,Jayne Mooney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135265380

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 5043

Fifty Key Thinkers in Criminology brings the history of criminological thought alive through a collection of fascinating life stories. The book covers a range of historical and contemporary thinkers from around the world, offering a stimulating combination of biographical fact with historical and cultural context. A rich mix of life-and-times detail and theoretical reflection is designed to generate further discussion on some of the key contributions that have shaped the field of criminology. Featured profiles include: Cesare Beccaria Nils Christie Albert Cohen Carol Smart W. E. B. DuBois John Braithwaite. Fifty Key Thinkers in Criminology is an accessible and informative guide that includes helpful cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading. It is of value to all students of criminology and of interest to those in related disciplines, such as sociology and criminal justice.
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A Sociological Study of a Norwegian Correctional Institution

Author: Thomas Mathiesen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415535190

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 4840

This is a sociological study of a Norwegian penal institution. The author spent two years in the institution, observing and interviewing inmates and staff, the target being to learn the extent to which American prisons fit with prison life in a different culture. He gives a fascinating answer to the question: Norwegian prisons were, at the time of the study, miles away from their American counterparts. The conflicts between prison officers and inmates were certainly there, but they took a very different form. Rather than engaging in deviant practices and norms, emphasising more or less solidary opposition against the staff, the Norwegian prisoners criticised the staff and the prison fiercely on the basis of their own norms; rather than engaging in deviance, they turned the common practises and norms of Norwegian society against the staff, engaging in a kind of moral surveillance of those in power. He coined the phrase of "censoriousness" to this approach from the "bottom" of the prison. Mathiesen spells out the major causes of this different approach, from characteristics of this particular prison to broader social forces.
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