Anthropologie des Lernens im Schulalter
Author: Ludwig Duncker,Annette Scheunpflug,Klaudia Schultheis
Category: Child psychology
Das Buch befasst sich mit jener Lebensphase im Aufwachsen von Kindern, die zeitlich mit dem Schulbesuch zusammenfällt. Diese Phase kann deshalb nur verstanden werden, wenn man den Einfluss beachtet, den die Schule auf das kindliche Lernen nimmt und der dazu führt, dass sich die Kindheit zwischen Schulbeginn und Jugendalter verändert. Eine Klärung dessen, was Schulkindheit heute ist und wie sie unter ausgewählten erziehungswissenschaftlichen Perspektiven dargestellt werden kann, liefern die drei AutorInnen deshalb im Rückgriff auf Erträge der Kindheitsforschung und Schultheorie, der pädagogischen Anthropoloige und Biologie, der Erfahrungstheorie und Leibphänomenologie. Dabei kommt in den Blick, wie sich die Aneignung von Wirklichkeit gestaltet, wie sich Schriftspracherwerb und Zeitbewusstsein, Sozialiät und Interkulturalität, Leiblichkeit und Denken umformen und damit Prozesse des Erwachsenwerdens anstossen. Ludwig Dunker unternimmt es in einem ersten Teil des Buches, Schulkindheit im Schnittfeld kulutrtheoretischer und pädagogisch-anthropologischer Betrachtung anzusprechen. Dabei wird die Dialektik von Individuierung und Enkulturation in einer solchen Weise erschlossen, dass es möglich wird, Kulturaneignung als Bildungsprozess auszulegen. Klaudia Schulheis entfaltet im zweiten Teil eine Anthropoloige des kindlichen Lernens im Schulalter. Aus der phänomenologischen Perspektive zeigt sich dabei die grundlegende Bedeutung der Leiblichkeit für das Lernen des Schulkindes. Die erfahrungstheoretische Interpretation macht darüber hinaus deutlich, dass die Schule im Rahmen ihrer Bildungsaufgabe an die unmittelbare, leibliche Erfahrung des Kindes anschliessen, diese aber auch weiterführen und transzendieren muss.
Schüler, Lehrer, Eltern im Lernprozess
Author: Peter J. Brenner
Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag
Ohne Unterlass werden in der deutschen Bildungsdiskussion die Pisa-Ergebnisse und mit ihnen die Frage der Bildungsgerechtigkeit hin und her gewendet. Dabei gerat aus dem Blick, dass die Schule mit lebendigen Menschen zu tun hat: mit Schulern, Lehrern und auch mit den Eltern der "bildungsfernen" und "bildungsnahen" Schichten. Sie alle, Schuler, Lehrer, Eltern sind massgeblich daran beteiligt, ob Schule funktioniert oder nicht. Denn zur Schule gehoren nicht nur die spektakularen Tests mit den grossen Schlagzeilen. Zur Schule gehort ebenso der Alltag im Klassenzimmer, im Lehrerzimmer und auf dem Pausenhof; zur Schule gehoren die Lebenswelt der Kinder und Jugendlichen in der Uberflussgesellschaft, die Lehrerausbildung und Lehrerweiterbildung, die Lehrer- und die Elternverbande mit ihren politischen Einflussmoglichkeiten. Das Buch handelt von dem unentwirrbaren Beziehungsgeflecht von grosser Politik und Schulalltag, von statistischen Zahlen und alltaglicher Wirklichkeit, von grossen Anspruchen und kleinen Erfolgen, von eingangigen Slogans und widerstreitenden Interessen. Es beschreibt die Wege und Irrwege der jungsten Entwicklungen im deutschen Schulwesen und es will zeigen, wie trotz allem Schule fur alle Beteiligten zum Lernprozess werden kann.
Zur Förderung prekärer Zielgruppen im Rahmen der schulischen Berufsvorbereitung
Author: Kristina Porsche
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Das Berufsvorbereitungsjahr (BVJ) steckt voller Herausforderungen; schwierige Schüler, hohe Abbruchquoten und bisweilen überlastete Lehrkräfte. Dass dieser Bildungsgang für die Schüler dennoch eine Chance darstellen kann, die erste Schwelle in das Berufsleben erfolgreich zu meistern, wird in diesem Buch anhand von Gestaltungsempfehlungen aufgezeigt. Mittels einer ausführlichen Zielgruppenanalyse sowie der Komplementaritätstheorie der Bildung als theoretischer Grundlage werden insbesondere makrodidaktische Ansätze erarbeitet, um die Berufsfähigkeit benachteiligter Jugendlicher zu verbessern und deren Persönlichkeitsentwicklung positiv zu beeinflussen. Der Fokus liegt dabei auf der Ausgestaltung der Praxisphasen in Schule und Betrieb sowie der inneren Differenzierung der BVJ-Klasse.
Author: Nel Noddings
Publisher: Teachers College Press
One of the most enduring and controversial issues in American education concerns the place of individual beliefs and moral standards in the classroom. Noddings argues that public schools should address the fundamental questions that teenagers inevitably rasie about the nature, value and meaning of life (and death), and to do so across the curriculum without limiting such existential and metaphysical discussions to separate religion, philosophy or even history classes. Explorations of the existence of a God or gods, and the value and validity of religious belief for societies or individuals, she writes “whether they are initiated by students or teachers, should be part of the free exchange of human concerns—a way in which people share their awe, doubts, fears, hopes, knowledge and ignorance.” Such basic human concerns, Noddings maintains, are relevant to nearly every subject and should be both non-coercive and free from academic evalution. “Nel Noddings probes the many ways in which children’s questions about God and gods, existence, and the meaning of life can and should be integrated into life in classrooms and the real world of the public schools.” —From the Foreword “This is a rich and sensitive book that will give teachers, administrators, parents, philosophers of education—any concerned citizen—the basis for more substantial discussion and concrete proposals.” —Free Inquiry “Impressive in its sweep of possibilities for exploration in the school curriculum and teacher education.” —Educational Theory
Author: James E. Mazur
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition. Real-world examples and analogies make the concepts and theories more concrete and relevant to students. In addition, most chapters provide examples of how the principles covered have been applied in behavior modification and therapy. Thoroughly updated, each chapter features many new studies and references that reflect recent developments in the field. Learning objectives, bold-faced key terms, practice quizzes, a chapter summary, review questions, and a glossary are included. ? The volume is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in psychology of learning, (human) learning, introduction to learning, learning processes, animal behavior, (principles of) learning and behavior, conditioning and learning, learning and motivation, experimental analysis of behavior, behaviorism, and behavior analysis.? Highlights of the new edition include: -A new text design with more illustrations, photos, and tables. -In the Media, Spotlight on Research, and Applying the Research boxes that highlight recent applications of learning principles in psychology, education, sports, and the workplace. -Discussions of recent developments in the growing field of neuroscience. - Coverage of various theoretical perspectives to the study of learning—behavioral, cognitive, and physiological. - Expanded coverage of emerging topics such as the behavioral economics of addictions, disordered gambling, and impulsivity. -New examples, references, and research studies to ensure students are introduced to the latest developments in the field. - A website at www.routledge.com/9781138689947 where instructors will find a test bank, Powerpoint slides, and Internet links. Students will find practice questions, definitions of key terms, chapter outlines, and Internet sources for additional information.
Author: Angelika Kruger,Cyril Poster
First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Author: Roger Soder
Publisher: Jossey-Bass Inc Pub
Democracy, Education, and the Schools argues that the most basic purpose of America's schools is to teach children the moral and intellectual responsibilities of living and working in a democracy. Leading scholars from the fields of education, history, political science, and anthropology explore what democracy is and what it means for preparing teachers and teaching students. They discuss critical questions about the relationship between the American democracy and a free public school system, including:* To what extent should the enculturation of the young into American democracy be a major function of the schools?* How can students best learn to understand and participate in American democracy?* What should the schools teach to convey to the young their rights and responsibilities as citizens?* What must teachers know in order to teach children their rights and responsibilities in an effective way?Roger Soder and his contributors ultimately show that there is a necessary relationship between democracy and the public school system--and privatization of the schools runs the risk of destroying the fundamental underpinnings of the American democracy.
From Brain to Behavior
Author: Mark A. Gluck,Eduardo Mercado,Catherine E. Myers
Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education
With its modular organization, consistent chapter structure, and contemporary perspective, this groundbreaking survey is ideal for courses on learning and memory, and is easily adaptable to courses that focus on either learning or memory. Instructors can assign the chapters they want from four distinctive modules (introduction, learning, memory, and integrative topics), with each chapter addressing behavioral processes, then the underlying neuroscience, then relevant clinical perspectives. The book is further distinguished by its full-color presentation and coverage that includes comparisons between studies of human and nonhuman brains. The new edition offers enhanced pedagogy and more coverage of animal learning.
Author: Roger Caillois,Meyer Barash
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Play is "an occasion of pure waste: waste of time, energy, ingenuity, skill, and often of money." It is also an essential element of human social and spiritual development. In this study, Roger Caillois defines play as a voluntary activity that occurs in a pure space, isolated and protected from the rest of life. Within limits set by rules that provide a level playing field, players move toward an unpredictable outcome by responding to their opponents' actions. Caillois qualifies types of games and ways of playing, from the improvisation characteristic of children's play to the disciplined pursuit of solutions to gratuitously difficult puzzles. He also examines the means by which games become part of daily life, ultimately giving cultures their most characteristic customs and institutions.
Author: Erik H. Erikson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Category: Biography & Autobiography
A Western psychoanalyst and historian presents a detailed examination of the philosophies accepted by Gandhi and his attempts to convert the British through nonviolence
Her Life, from Birth to Death, Her Love and Her Philosophy in the Worlds of Salon, Shop and Street
Author: Edmond de Goncourt,Jules de Goncourt
This translation of the French Femme au dix-huitiéme siécle from 1862, first published in English in 1928, traces the life of the Eighteenth Century woman in an historical account. Through discussion of evidence from paintings and memoirs, the book draws an intimate lifelike account of what lay behind these images for women in France of this time. The Goncourt brothers wrote several social histories but were also art critics and novelists. Here they offer portraits of upper, middle and working class women in France. This is one of the earliest accounts of life for women in this period.
Author: Erik H. Erikson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
The landmark work on the social significance of childhood. The original and vastly influential ideas of Erik H. Erikson underlie much of our understanding of human development. His insights into the interdependence of the individuals' growth and historical change, his now-famous concepts of identity, growth, and the life cycle, have changed the way we perceive ourselves and society. Widely read and cited, his works have won numerous awards including the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award. Combining the insights of clinical psychoanalysis with a new approach to cultural anthropology, Childhood and Society deals with the relationships between childhood training and cultural accomplishment, analyzing the infantile and the mature, the modern and the archaic elements in human motivation. It was hailed upon its first publication as "a rare and living combination of European and American thought in the human sciences" (Margaret Mead, The American Scholar). Translated into numerous foreign languages, it has gone on to become a classic in the study of the social significance of childhood.
A companion to school experience
Author: Sue Johnston-Wilder,Clare Lee,David Pimm
Learning to Teach Mathematics in the Secondary School combines theory and practice to present a broad introduction to the opportunities and challenges of teaching mathematics in the secondary school classroom. This fourth edition has been fully updated to reflect the latest changes to the curriculum and research in the field, taking into account key developments in teacher training and education, including examinations and assessment. Written specifically with the new and student teacher in mind, the book covers a wide range of issues related to the teaching of mathematics, such as: why we teach mathematics??????? the place of mathematics in the National Curriculum ???? planning, teaching and assessing for mathematics learning?????????? how to communicate mathematically???? using digital technology to advance mathematical learning working with students with special educational needs post-16 teaching the importance of professional development the affective dimension when learning mathematics, including motivation, confidence and resilience Already a major text for many university teaching courses, this revised edition features a glossary of useful terms and carefully designed tasks to prompt critical reflection and support thinking and writing up to Masters Level. Issues of professional development are also examined, as well as a range of teaching approaches and styles from whole-class strategies to personalised learning, helping you to make the most of school experience, during your training and beyond. Designed for use as a core textbook, Learning to Teach Mathematics in the Secondary School provides essential guidance and advice for all those who aspire to be effective mathematics teachers.
On the Nature of Fairy Tales
Author: Max Lüthi
Category: Social Science
Studies the meaning, structure, symbolism and multiple forms of such familiar tales as Sleeping Beauty, Rapunzel, and the Riddle Princess. Bibliogs
Author: Rudolph Steiner
Publisher: Obscure Press
This book, originally published in 1920, contains four Christian mystery plays. They are intended to represent the experiences of the soul during initiation. The four pieces form one continuous series, and the characters portrayed are one of quite ordinary kind except they take more than usual interest in spiritual matters. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original artwork and text.
Author: Flemming Mouritsen,Jens Qvortrup
Category: Social Science
For over a decade, sociologically oriented childhood research and research on child culture have experienced a dramatic growth within the humanities and the social sciences as well as an increasing prominence at the institutional level. This book is the meeting place of two closely related fields of research: childrens culture and the history of childhood on the one hand, and the sociology and anthropology of childhood on the other. The two 'camps' share a joint methodological view of children as agents in their own lives, environments and even in society at large, yet it is also agreed that their lives and welfare are largely formed by adults and the society in which they live. Both research areas have been vital for the development of new strands of childhood research which are in many ways characterised by a departure from more conventional approaches, concepts and understandings that have dominated childhood research -- and childhood itself -- in much of the 20th century. The articles in the book represent numerous aspects of the two areas of research. In a critical vein, the sociologically and anthropologically oriented contributions cover studies of structural aspects of childhood as well as qualitative studies of childrens everyday life, while the culturally oriented contributions comprise classical studies of childrens culture products, history, media, play culture and symbolic forms of expression. The articles present general differences and divergences in methods and perspectives, but also show what the two types of approach have in common.
Belongings and Social Capital Among Youth in Comparative Perspective
Author: Dirk Hoerder,Yvonne M. Hébert,Irina Schmitt
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
In simple terms, transculturation describes the phenomenon of merging and converging cultures. In societies of the early twenty-first century, transculturation is amplified by communication and transportation technology. Global media conglomerates, the Internet, and air travel are bringing cultures together at an accelerating pace. This reality is especially apparent among young people, who routinely negotiate their position with peers from other cultural and socio-economic contexts. In Negotiating Transcultural Lives Dirk Hoeder, Yvonne HA(c)bert, and Irina Schmitt bring together an international group of scholars to reflect on transculturation in the daily lives of youth. The contributors analyze the life experiences of young people in several societies with emphasis on Europe and Canada. Adopting a comparative perspective, the authors argue that in order to understand the issue of cultural belonging in young people today, it is necessary to examine the broader social and historical context while avoiding mono-cultural assumptions. Ultimately, the goal of the collection is to encourage teachers, social workers, journalists, and the media to recognize and appreciate the diverse cultural perspectives and contributions of contemporary youth.