A Collaboration Between Art, Design and Science

Author: Tom Duscher,Stephan Sachs,Manfred Schulz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783957633880

Category:

Page: 379

View: 3613

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Methods and Applications

Author: Alexey Bunkin,Konstantin Voliak

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 1143

Recent advances in lasers and measuring devices, as well as new capabilities in automated data acquisition, have made possible the design and practical implementation of self-sufficient lidar systems.
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Author: Charles Elachi,Jakob J. van Zyl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471783382

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 584

View: 6556

The science and engineering of remote sensing--theory andapplications The Second Edition of this authoritative book offers readers theessential science and engineering foundation needed to understandremote sensing and apply it in real-world situations. Thoroughlyupdated to reflect the tremendous technological leaps made sincethe publication of the first edition, this book covers the gamut ofknowledge and skills needed to work in this dynamic field,including: * Physics involved in wave-matter interaction, the building blocksfor interpreting data * Techniques used to collect data * Remote sensing applications The authors have carefully structured and organized the book tointroduce readers to the basics, and then move on to more advancedapplications. Following an introduction, Chapter 2 sets forth thebasic properties of electromagnetic waves and their interactionswith matter. Chapters 3 through 7 cover the use of remote sensingin solid surface studies, including oceans. Each chapter covers onemajor part of the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., visible/nearinfrared, thermal infrared, passive microwave, and activemicrowave). Chapters 8 through 12 then cover remote sensing in the study ofatmospheres and ionospheres. Each chapter first presents the basicinteraction mechanism, followed by techniques to acquire, measure,and study the information, or waves, emanating from the mediumunder investigation. In most cases, a specific advanced sensor isused for illustration. The book is generously illustrated with fifty percent new figures.Numerous illustrations are reproduced in a separate section ofcolor plates. Examples of data acquired from spaceborne sensors areincluded throughout. Finally, a set of exercises, along with asolutions manual, is provided. This book is based on an upper-level undergraduate and first-yeargraduate course taught by the authors at the California Instituteof Technology. Because of the multidisciplinary nature of the fieldand its applications, it is appropriate for students in electricalengineering, applied physics, geology, planetary science,astronomy, and aeronautics. It is also recommended for any engineeror scientist interested in working in this exciting field.
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Author: Frank D. Carsey

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 087590033X

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 1748

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 68. Human activities in the polar regions have undergone incredible changes in this century. Among these changes is the revolution that satellites have brought about in obtaining information concerning polar geophysical processes. Satellites have flown for about three decades, and the polar regions have been the subject of their routine surveillance for more than half that time. Our observations of polar regions have evolved from happenstance ship sightings and isolated harbor icing records to routine global records obtained by those satellites. Thanks to such abundant data, we now know a great deal about the ice-covered seas, which constitute about 10% of the Earth's surface. This explosion of information about sea ice has fascinated scientists for some 20 years. We are now at a point of transition in sea ice studies; we are concerned less about ice itself and more about its role in the climate system. This change in emphasis has been the prime stimulus for this book.
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Author: Vittorio Barale,Martin Gade

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402067723

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 514

View: 6462

Here is a review of the current potential of Earth Observations that devotes particular attention to the challenges posed by the European Seas. The assessment of surface parameters by means of passive techniques – which measure reflected visible and near-infrared sunlight, or surface emissions in the thermal infrared or microwave spectral regions – is addressed. Active techniques – which use transmitted impulses of visible or microwave radiation – are covered as well.
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Author: DanLing Tang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642165412

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 396

View: 3617

Remote Sensing of the Changing Oceans is a comprehensive account of the basic concepts, theories, methods and applications used in ocean satellite remote sensing. The book provides a synthesis of various new ideas and theories and discusses a series of key research topics in oceanic manifestation of global changes as viewed from space. A variety of research methods used in the analysis and modeling of global changes are introduced in detail along with numerous examples from around the world’s oceans. The authors review the changing oceans at different levels, including Global and Regional Observations, Natural Hazards, Coastal Environment and related scientific issues, all from the unique perspective of Satellite Observation Systems. Thus, the book not only introduces the basics of the changing oceans, but also new developments in satellite remote sensing technology and international cooperation in this emerging field. Danling Tang (Lingzis) received her Ph.D from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. She conducted research and teaching in Hong Kong, USA, Japan, and South Korea for more than 10 years; in 2004, she received “100 Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences” and returned to China. She was a professor of Fudan University, and now is a Leading Professor of “Remote Sensing of Marine Ecology and Environment” at the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Dr. Tang has been working on satellite remote sensing of marine ecology and environment; her major research interests include ocean dynamics of phytoplankton bloom, global environmental changes, and natural hazards. Dr. Tang has organized several international conferences, workshops, and training, she also services as member of organizing committee for several international scientific organizations; she was the Chairman of the 9th Pan Ocean Remote Sensing Conference (PORSEC 2008), and currently is the President-elect of PORSEC Association.
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Author: Robert Frouin,Hiroshi Kawamura,Motoaki Kishino

Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 2771

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Author: Seelye Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139916157

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 5420

Fully updated, with significant new coverage of advances in satellite oceanography and results from new satellite missions, the second edition of this popular textbook introduces students to how remote sensing works, how to understand observations from Earth-observing systems, and the observations' importance to physical and biological oceanography. It provides full explanations of radiative transfer, ocean surface properties, satellite orbits, instruments and methods, visible remote sensing of biogeochemical properties, infrared and microwave retrieval of sea surface temperature, sea surface salinity retrieval, passive microwave measurements, scatterometer wind retrieval, altimetry and SAR. Also included are descriptions of the online archives where data can be obtained, and readers can obtain online tools for working with the data - enabling hands-on engagement with real-world observations. This is an ideal textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in oceanography, remote sensing and environmental science, and a practical resource for researchers and professionals working with oceanographic satellite data.
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Inversion Methods and Experiments

Author: Andrea Caiti,N. Ross Chapman,Jean-Pierre Hermand,Sérgio M. Jesus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402043864

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 7203

Acoustic techniques provide the most effective means for remote sensing of ocean and sea floor processes, and for probing the structure beneath the sea floor. Including a CD-ROM, this volume contains the collection of papers from the second workshop on Experimental Acoustic Inversion Techniques for Exploration of the Shallow Water Environment.
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Studies and Applications

Author: Ola M. Johannessen,Vitali Alexandrov,Ivan Ye. Frolov,Stein Sandven,Lasse H. Pettersson,Leonid P. Bobylev,Kjell Kloster,Vladimir G. Smirnov,Yevgeny U. Mironov,Nikolay G. Babich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540488405

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 2126

Remote Sensing of Sea Ice in the Northern Sea Route: Studies and Applications initially provides a history of the Northern Sea Route as an important strategic transport route for supporting the northern regions of Russia and cargo transportation between Europe and the Northern Pacific Basin. The authors then describe sea ice conditions in the Eurasian Arctic Seas and, using microwave satellite data, provide a detailed analysis of difficult sea ice conditions. Remote sensing techniques and the basic principles of SAR image formation are described, as well as the major satellite radar systems used for ice studies in the Arctic. The authors take a good look at the use of sensing equipment in experiments, including the ICE WATCH project used for monitoring the Northern Sea Route. The possibilities of using SAR remote sensing for ice navigation in the Northern Sea Route is also detailed, analysing techniques of automatic image processing and interpretation. A study is provided of regional drifting ice, fast ice and river ice in the coastal areas of the Arctic Seas. The book concludes with a review of the practical experience using SAR images for supporting navigation and offshore industrial activity, based on a series of experiments conducted with the Murmansk Shipping Company on board nuclear icebreakers.
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The unique applications of satellite oceanography

Author: Ian S. Robinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540683223

Category: Science

Page: 638

View: 9176

This book offers a survey of the contribution of satellite data to the study of the ocean, focusing on the special insights that only satellite data can bring to oceanography. Topics range from ocean waves to ocean biology, spanning scales from basins to estuaries. Some chapters cover applications to pure research while others show how satellite data can be used operationally for tasks such as pollution monitoring or oil-spill detection.
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Author: Peter S. Liss,Robert A. Duce

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521017459

Category: Nature

Page: 536

View: 4028

The sea-surface microlayer has often been operationally defined as roughly the top 1000 micrometres of the ocean surface. Considerable new research over the past 10 years has led to increased understanding of this vitally important interface between the ocean and the atmosphere, and how it may interact with global change processes. This book offers the first comprehensive review of the physics, chemistry and biology of the surface microlayer in a decade. In addition to a review of these fundamental features, the authors address the potential global marine impacts at the air-sea interface of such phenomena as large-scale atmospheric ozone depletion, climate change and industrial pollution. Environmental scientists, oceanographers and atmospheric scientists interested in global change will welcome this authoritative reference work, at graduate or research level.
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The principles and methods of satellite oceanography

Author: Ian S. Robinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540426479

Category: Science

Page: 670

View: 5246

This book covers the fundamental principles of measuring oceans from space, and also contains state-of-the-art developments in data analysis and interpretation and in sensors. Completely new will be material covering advances in oceanography that have grown out of remote sensing, including some of the global applications of the data. The variety of applications of remotely sensed data to ocean science has grown significantly and new areas of science are emerging to exploit the gobal datasets being recovered by satellites, particularly in relation to climate and climate change, basin-scale, air-sea interaction processes (e.g. El Nino) and the modelling, forecasting and prediction of the ocean.
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Author: Fedororv,Ginzburg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466564539

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1692

This book treats the structure and variability of basic physical fields in a thin near-surface layer which responds quickly to all short-term and local fluctuations of atmospheric forcing and of radiative solar energy flux. The book contains up-to-date information on different phenomena and processes in this layer based on research conducted over the last ten years. The following topics are treated in detail: basic types of vertical thermal structure of near-surface layers; anomalous phenomena on the ocean surface; thermal and haline boundary layers, its structures and relations to convection; diurnal thermocline and cycle nature of related processes; effects of precipitation on near-surface salinity and thermal structure; peculiarities of near-surface ocean currents; coherent (organized) forms of non-stationary currents (mushroom currents or vortex dipoles, transversal jets in coastal upwellings, vortices and jets in marginal ice zones); some aspects of effectiveness of remote sensing of the ocean by aerospace technique.
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Author: Mikhail B. Kanevsky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080932514

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 8484

This book is dedicated to studying the ocean with radar tools, in particular, with space radars. Being intended mainly for the scientists preoccupied with the problem (as well as senior course students), it concentrates and generalizes the knowledge scattered over specialized journals. The significant part of the book contains the results obtained by the author. * Systematically collects and describes the approaches used by different laboratories and institutions * Deals with the physics of radar imagery and specifically with ocean surface imagery. * Useful for students and researchers specializing in the area of ocean remote sensing using airborne or space-borne radars, both SAR and RAR
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Geometry, Structure and Remote Sensing

Author: Eugene A. Sharkov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540298282

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 8638

Eugene Sharkov, of the Space Research Institute in Moscow, has here put together the most comprehensive description of the physical findings of an investigation into the spatio-temporal characteristics of the gravity of breaking waves. He’s also described the foam activity in the open sea using methods and instruments of optical and microwave remote sensing. Numerous practical applications and illustrations are provided from air-borne, ship-borne and laboratory up-to-date experiments.
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