The Genre and Activity of the Experimental Article in Science

Author: Charles Bazerman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 356

View: 6877

The problem of writing knowledge; What written knowledge does: three examples of academic discourse; The emergence of literature and social forms in early modern science; Typified activities in twentieth-century physics; The reinterpretation of forms in the social sciences; Scientific writing as a social practice.
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Author: Charles Bazerman

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809319060

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 267

View: 5724

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Zitat und Verweis als Ergebnis rezeptiven, reproduktiven und produktiven Handelns

Author: Eva-Maria Jakobs

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110945924

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 409

View: 1736

Die Arbeit befaßt sich mit Formen und Verfahren der Textvernetzung am Beispiel wissenschaftlicher Fachliteratur. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Frage, wie Wissenschaftler beim Verfassen von Fachtexten auf die vorhandene Literatur zurückgreifen und wie sie diese zitierend bzw. verweisend für Darstellungszwecke nutzen. Textbezüge zwischen Fachtexten erweisen sich aus dieser Sicht als Ergebnis komplexer Handlungen, die sich als Interaktion rezeptiver, reproduktiver und produktiver Prozesse beschreiben lassen. Auf diese Prozesse wirken sich verschiedene situative und individuenspezifische Faktoren aus, die in einem Inklusionsmodell aufeinander bezogen und diskutiert werden. Relevante situative Parameter ergeben sich u.a. mit der Einbindung von Textrezeptions- und Textproduktionsprozessen in konkrete soziale, kulturelle und historische Kontexte. Individuelle Größen betreffen Ziele, Motivationen und den Status des Wissenschaftlers. Prozedurale Aspekte der Textvernetzung werden in einer übergreifenden Modellierung textproduktiven Handelns systematisch auf Formen der sprachlichen Markierung von Textbezügen bezogen. Die Darstellung stützt sich auf empirische Daten und ist interdisziplinär orientiert. Textlinguistische und pragmatische Ansätze werden durch Ansätze aus der Kognitionspsychologie, aus der Schreibforschung und aus der Wissenschaftssoziologie ergänzt.
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Kommunikation und Sozialität der Neuzeit

Author: Cornelia Bohn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663077535

Category: Social Science

Page: 291

View: 2973

Ausgangspunkt dieses Buches ist ein Theoriedefizit in der Soziologie. Während sich in den historischen, philologischen und kulturwissenschaftlichen Nachbardisziplinen ein Feld intensiver Forschung über Schriftlichkeit, Verschriftlichung, Differenzen von Schriftlichkeit und Mündlichkeit herausgebildet hat, konzentriert sich die soziologische Forschung auf Mündlichkeit und die Kommunikation unter Anwesenden. Diese Vorliebe hat Tradition. Herkömmliche Sozialitätstheorien erweisen sich in ihren Prämissen zumeist als interaktionslastig. In dieser Studie wird demgegenüber dargestellt, daß Schriftlichkeit seit der Moderne selbst eine Sozialität konstituierende Form ist. Im Übergang von der frühneuzeitlichen Gesellschaft zur Moderne vollzieht sich eine Aufwertung der Schriftlichkeit, die einen Formwandel in der Selbstbeschreibung der Kommunikation zur Folge hat. Die Analyse zeigt, wie die allmähliche Autonomisierung der Schriftlichkeit von ihrer interaktiven Einbindung mit der Umstellung der Differenzierungsform der Gesellschaft einhergeht. Der terminus a quo der Untersuchung ist das europäische 17. Jahrhundert, der terminus ad quem das beginnende 19. Jahrhundert.
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Verweise auf Ferdinand de Saussure in der romanistischen Sprachwissenschaft

Author: Julia Richter

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839433169

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 346

View: 2191

Die Berühmtheit eines Wissenschaftlers lässt sich nicht ausschließlich an der Anzahl der auf seine Werke getätigten Verweise ermessen. Auch die Vernachlässigung der Vollständigkeit eines Verweises auf den Urheber einer als grundlegend wahrgenommenen Idee stellt eine - wenn nicht gar die intensivste - Form der Anerkennung dar. Julia Richter ermittelt, mit welchen Strategien wissenschaftliches Prestige erzeugt wird. Im Zentrum ihrer Analyse stehen die Verweise auf Ferdinand de Saussure im Diskurs der romanistischen Linguistik. Die Studie entwickelt sogleich eine diskursanalytische Methode, die geeignet ist, Verweise in wissenschaftlichen Texten auf ihr Potential hin zu untersuchen, bestimmte Akteure des Diskurses aufzuzeigen und die Beziehungen zwischen diesen Diskursakteuren darzustellen.
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scenes of research

Author: Kaspar von Greyerz,Silvia Flubacher,Philipp Senn

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847101714

Category: Education

Page: 387

View: 5407

English summary: The volume presents a collection of revised and updated contributions to an international conference held in October 2011 on current issues in historical research on early modern knowledge and science and their connections. It looks at the various ways, in which the 'new science' was embedded in traditions, on the on the hand, and concentrates on the joint role of experts and lay persons in its making, on the other. It highlights in particular the various forms of early modern natural history, scientific treatises in a narrower sense of the term, tradiions going back to antiquity, travel accounts, chronicles, correspondences, naturalia, oral accounts and personal observations, which mirror the dialectic relationship between learned and popular knowledge. The relationship of knowledge and science is investigated in particular in connection with early modern balneology and attempts at systematizing knowledge about animals. German description: Dieser Band widmet sich aktuellen Forschungsaspekten von Wissens- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, insbesondere den inneren Zusammenhangen von popularem Wissen und Wissenschaft. Einerseits werden Anbindungen der Neuen Wissenschaft an Traditionen in den Blick genommen, andererseits die Teilhabe von Experten und Laien an deren Herausbildung. Die verschiedenen Formate fruhneuzeitlicher Naturgeschichtsschreibung - wissenschaftliche Traktate, antike Uberlieferungen, Reisebeschreibungen, Chroniken, Korrespondenzen, Naturalien, mundliche Erzahlungen oder eigene Beobachtungen - vermitteln einen Eindruck der wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen gelehrtem und popularem Wissen. Das Verhaltnis von Wissen und Wissenschaft wird insbesondere an den Beispielen balneologischer und tierkundlicher Wissensbestande genauer analysiert.
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The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrodinger, and Wilson

Author: Leah Ceccarelli

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226099064

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 204

View: 5768

How do scientists persuade colleagues from diverse fields to cross the disciplinary divide, risking their careers in new interdisciplinary research programs? Why do some attempts to inspire such research win widespread acclaim and support, while others do not? In Shaping Science with Rhetoric, Leah Ceccarelli addresses such questions through close readings of three scientific monographs in their historical contexts—Theodosius Dobzhansky's Genetics and the Origin of Species (1937), which inspired the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology; Erwin Schrödinger's What Is Life? (1944), which catalyzed the field of molecular biology; and Edward O. Wilson's Consilience (1998), a so far not entirely successful attempt to unite the social and biological sciences. She examines the rhetorical strategies used in each book and evaluates which worked best, based on the reviews and scientific papers that followed in their wake. Ceccarelli's work will be important for anyone interested in how interdisciplinary fields are formed, from historians and rhetoricians of science to scientists themselves.
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A Guide for College Faculty

Author: Patrick Bahls

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118205820

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 606

Designing interesting problems and writing assignments is one ofthe chief tasks of all teachers, but it can be especiallychallenging to translate and apply learning theory, good teachingtechniques, and writing assignments into STEM and otherquantitative disciplines. Student Writing in the QuantitativeDisciplines offers instructors in math-based disciplines meaningfulapproaches to making their coursework richer and more relevant fortheir students, as well as satisfying institutional imperatives forwriting curricula. This important resource provides instructorswith the hands-on skills needed to guide their students in writingwell in quantitative courses at all levels of the collegecurriculum and to promote students' general cognitive andintellectual growth. Comprehensive in scope, the book includes: Ideas for using writing as a means of learning mathematicalconcepts Illustrative examples of effective writing activities andassignments in a number of different genres Assessment criteria and effective strategies for responding tostudents' writing Examples of ways to help students engage in peer review,revision, and resubmission of their written work "Those of us who spend our lives urging faculty in alldisciplines to integrate more writing into their courses havewished for the day when someone like Patrick Bahls would stepforward with a book like this one."—Chris M. Anson, UniversityDistinguished Professor and director, Campus Writing and SpeakingProgram, North Carolina State University "Written by a mathematician, this readable, theoretically soundbook describes practical strategies for teachers in thequantitative sciences to assign and respond to students' writing.It also describes numerous approaches to writing that engagestudents in disciplinary learning, collaborative discovery, andeffective communication."—Art Young, Campbell Professor ofEnglish emeritus, Clemson University "Loaded with practical advice, this timely, important, andengaging book will be an invaluable resource for instructorswishing to bring the benefits of writing-to-learn to thequantitative disciplines. As a mathematician thoroughly grounded inwriting-across-the-curriculum scholarship, Bahls brings humor,classroom experience, and pedagogical savvy to a mission he clearlyloves—improving the quality of student learning in math andscience."—John C. Bean, professor, Seattle University, andauthor, Engaging Ideas
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Author: Matthias Schaffrick,Marcus Willand

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110400529

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 672

View: 507

Since the “return of the author,” questions of literary and scientific authorship have been garnering more attention. This volume clearly presents the research literature in this field, and describes theories and practices of authorship through historical and systematic case studies from the perspectives of hermeneutics, poststructuralism, narratology, fiction theory, genre studies, and staging strategies.
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Reconfiguring Academic Knowledge

Author: Fiona English

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441171215

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 3180

This book is about how genres affect the ways students understand and engage with their disciplines, offering a fresh approach to genre by using affordances as a key aspect in exploring the work of first year undergraduates who were given the task of reworking an essay by using a different genre. Working within a social semiotic frame of reference, it uses the notion of genre as a clear, articulated tool for discussing the relationship between knowledge and representation. It provides pedagogical solutions to contentions around ‘genres’, ‘disciplines’, ‘academic discourses’ and their relation to student learning, identity and power, showing that, given the opportunity to work with different genres, students develop new ways of understanding and engaging with their disciplines. Providing a strong argument for why a wider repertoire of genres is desirable at university, this study opens up new possibilities for student writing, learning and assessment. It will appeal to teachers, subject specialists, researchers and postgraduates interested in higher education studies, academic literacies, writing in the disciplines and applied linguistics.
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Integrating Theory and Practice

Author: Päivi Tynjälä,L. Mason,K. Lonka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401007403

Category: Education

Page: 219

View: 7775

This book is an outstanding account of the current state of using writing in service of learning. It presents psychological and educational foundations of writing across the curriculum movement and describes writing-to-learn practices implemented at different levels of education. It provides concrete applications and ideas about how to enhance student learning by means of writing. It is useful for educators, curriculum developers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, writing researchers, and teachers.
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The History of Technical Communication

Author: Teresa C. Kynell,Michael G. Moran

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567503937

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5966

Provides a collection of critical essays on the history of technical communication designed to help guide future research.
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Key Concepts in Philosophy, Science and Culture

Author: Steve Fuller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317493273

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6720

"The Knowledge Book" is a unique interdisciplinary reference work for students and researchers concerned with the nature of knowledge. It is the first work of its kind to be organized on the assumption that whatever else knowledge might be, it is intrinsically social. The book consists of 42 alphabetically arranged entries on key concepts at the intersection of philosophy and sociology - what used to be called "sociology of knowledge" but is now increasingly called "social epistemology". The entries include concepts common to disciplines that in recent years have devoted more of their attention to knowledge: cultural studies, communication studies, information science, education, policy studies and business studies. Special attention is given to concepts from the emerging field of science and technology studies. Each entry presents a short, self-contained essay providing an overview of a concept and concludes with suggestions for further reading. All the entries are fully cross-referenced, allowing readers to both make connections and follow their own interests.
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Literacy And Discursive Power

Author: M.A.K. Halliday,J.R. Martin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135723044

Category: Education

Page: 300

View: 9344

This book is about the use of language in the science classroom. It discusses the evolution of scientific discourse for learning in secondary schools, and examines the form and function of language across a variety of levels including lexiogrammar, discourse semantics, register, genre and ideology. Special attention is paid to how this knowledge is imparted. It will be of particular interest to educators involved with linguistics and/or science curriculum and teachers of English for special and academic purposes.; It is aimed at teachers of undergraduates in science and literacy, linguists teaching in English for special and academic purposes and students in higher education with an interest in science and literacy.
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Postmodernism, Science Studies, and the Search for a New Model of Knowledge

Author: Steven C. Ward

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847682607

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 6478

This refreshingly original book links the postmodern critique of notions such as "reality" and "truth" with approaches to knowledge found in science and technology studies (STS), a field also discontent with traditional epistemology. Exploring STS approaches to knowledge, such as actor-network theory, Ward forges a path through the impasse of the modernism vs. postmodernism debate. Reconfiguring Knowledge is an important work for social scientists and theorists, philosophers, historians, and scholars of science and technology.
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Gender, Knowledge, and Power

Author: Mary M. Lay

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813527796

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 239

View: 7714

What roles should midwives play within our healthcare system? Must they have certified degrees and be under the jurisdiction of a professional board? Do notions of gender create competition and erect barriers between the medical professions? The Rhetoric of Midwifery offers new insights into understanding these questions within the context of our present-day medical system. As a point of departure, Mary M. Lay analyzes the public discussion over non-academically trained-or direct-entry-midwives within Minnesota. From 1991-1995, that state held public hearings about the possible licensing of traditional midwives. Lay focuses on these debates to examine the complex relationships of power, knowledge, and gender within the medical profession. Lay examines the hearings and provides a framework for appreciating the significance of these debates. She also details the history of midwifery, highlighting ongoing concerns that have surfaced ever since the profession was created, centuries ago. In the remaining chapters, she focuses on the key testimonies offered during the debates. Capturing the actual testimony of midwives, home-birth parents, nurses, physicians, and attorneys, The Rhetoric of Midwifery reveals how the modern medical profession seeks to claim authority about birth. Lay bolsters her argument by culling from such sources such as historical documents, an internet discussion group, and conversations with modern midwives As our medical healthcare system continues to undergo convulsive change, The Rhetoric of Midwifery will continue to enlighten, challenge, and inform.
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Author: Greg Myers

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441146237

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 4833

Blogs and Wikis have not been with us for long, but have made a huge impact on society. Wikipedia is the best known exemplar of the wiki, a collaborative site that leads to a single text claimed by no-one; blogs, or web-logs, have exploded into the mainstream through novelisations, film adaptations and have gathered huge followings. Blogs and wikis also serve to provide a coherent basis for a discourse analysis of specific web language. What makes these forms distinctive as genres, and what ramifications does the technology have on the language? Myers looks at how blogs and wikis: *allow for easier than ever publication *can claim to challenge institutional hierarchies *provide alternate perspectives on events *exemplify globalization *challenge demarcations between the personal and the public *construct new communities and more Drawing on a wide range of popular blogs and wikis, the book works alongside an author blog that contains regularly updated links, references and a glossary. An essential textbook for upper level undergraduates on linguistics and language studies courses, it elucidates, informs and offers insights into a major new type of discourse. This coursebook will include a companion website.
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Writing Assignments Across the Disciplines

Author: Mary Soliday

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809330199

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 151

View: 8234

From the Back Cover: In Everyday Genres: Writing Assignments across the Disciplines, Mary Soliday calls on genre theory-which proposes that writing cannot be separated from social situation-to analyze the common assignments given to writing students in the college classroom, and to investigate how new writers and expert readers respond to a variety of types of coursework in different fields. This in-depth study of writing pedagogy looks at the many challenges facing both instructors and students in college composition classes, and offers a thorough and refreshing exploration of writing experience, ability, and rhetorical situation. Packed with useful information and insight, Everyday Genres is an essential volume for both students and teachers seeking to expand their understanding of the nature of writing.
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