For the Architecture and Design Professions

Author: D. Michelle Addington,Daniel L. Schodek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0750662255

Category: Architecture

Page: 241

View: 734

Today, architects are looking for new solutions to old problems, including 'smart' and 'intelligent' materials that can be applied to building design. This text covers the use of smart materials in a design perspective, as well as describing how these solutions could be utilised in other applications.
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Author: Michelle Addington,Daniel Schodek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136366083

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 9252

Today, architects and designers are beginning to look toward developments in new "smart" or "intelligent" materials and technologies for solutions to long-standing problems in building design. However, these new materials have so far been applied in a diverse but largely idiosyncratic nature, because relatively few architects have access to information about the types or properties of these new materials or technologies. Two of the leading experts in this field - Addington and Schodek - have solved this problem by incorporating all the relevant information of all the latest technologies available to architects and designers in this one volume. They present materials by describing their fundamental characteristics, and go on to identify and suggest how these same characteristics can be exploited by professionals to achieve their design goals. Here, the wealth of technical understanding already available in the materials science and engineering literature is at last made accessible to a design audience.
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Proceedings of SMSST'07, World Forum on Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology (SMSST’07), China, 22-27 May, 2007

Author: B.F. Spencer Jr.,M. Tomizuka,C.B. Yun,W.M. Chen,R.W. Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439828441

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 840

View: 4889

This collection of almost 300 articles provides the critical knowledge and technological bases required for meeting one of the ultimate engineering challenges: the design and construction of smart structures and systems. It meets that trend that research in smart materials and structures seeks to apply multifunctional capabilities. Contributions deal with the use of new and existing materials to develop structures and systems that are capable of self-sensing, self-diagnosing, self-healing. Moreover such systems should be able to give adaptive responses to prevent loss and catastrophe, to minimize costs, and to prolong service life. Intended for researchers and practitioners from a broad range of disciplines. Set of book of abstracts (840 pp) and full paper, searchable CD-ROM (1994 pp).
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Author: Anca Filimon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351167944

Category: Science

Page: 426

View: 731

Polymer-based smart materials have become attractive in recent years due to the fact that polymers are flexible and provide many advantages compared to inorganic smart materials: they are low cost, they are easy to process, and they exhibit good performance at nano- and microscale levels. This volume focuses on a different class of polymers that are used as smart materials in the areas of biotechnology, medicine, and engineering. The volume aims to answer these questions: How do we distinguish ‘smart materials’? and How do they work? The chapters lay the groundwork for assimilation and exploitation of this technological advancement. Four of the key aspects of the approach that the authors have developed throughout this book are highlighted, namely the multidisciplinary exchange of knowledge, exploration of the relationships between multiple scales and their different behaviors, understanding that material properties are dictated at the smallest scale, and, therefore, the recognition that macroscale behavior can be controlled by nanoscale design.
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New Research

Author: Peter L. Reece

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600211072

Category: Architecture

Page: 292

View: 3983

Smart materials respond to environmental stimuli with particular changes in some variables. For that reason they are often also called responsive materials. Depending on changes in some external conditions, smart materials change either their properties (mechanical, electrical, appearance), their structure or composition, or their functions. Mostly, smart materials are embedded in systems whose inherent properties can be favourably changed to meet performance needs.Smart materials and structures have widespread applications in: Materials science - composites, ceramics, processing science, interface science, sensor/actuator materials, chiral materials, conducting and chiral polymers, electro chromic materials, liquid crystals, molecular-level smart materials, biomaterials; Sensing and actuation - electromagnetic, acoustic, chemical and mechanical sensing and actuation, single-measurand sensors, multiplexed multimeasurand distributed sensors and actuators, sensor/actuator signal processing, compatibility of sensors and actuators with conventional and advanced materials, smart sensors for materials and composites processing; and Optics and electro magnetics - optical fibre techn
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Author: Axel Ritter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 376438266X

Category: Architecture

Page: 191

View: 5103

Die Anwendung von Smart Materials in der Architektur ist ein innovatives, dynamisches Gebiet, in dem Forschung, Entwicklung und Anwendung im Bau fließend ineinander übergehen. Smart Materials mit ihren reversiblen Wechseleigenschaften reagieren auf Stimuli wie Licht, Temperatur und elektrisches Feld. Sie verändern sich dabei in Form, Farbe, Viskosität etc. Zu den faszinierendsten Entwicklungen gehören Formgedächtnis-Legierungen oder Phase Change Materials. Es lassen sich beispielsweise selbsttätig agierende kinetische Fassaden entwickeln oder auch Tapeten, die temperatur- und lichtabhängig Farbe und Muster verändern. Das Buch stellt einleitend die Entwicklung dieser Materialien sowie ihren Kontext in Architektur, Design und Kunst dar. Ein systematisch aufgebauter Überblick mit zahlreichen Details über Eigenschaften, Technologien, Produkte und Projekte wird anhand von rund zwanzig Materialgruppen gegeben.
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Recent Advances in Characterization and Applications

Author: Seung-Bok Choi,Jaewhan Kim

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781634825443

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 866

In the last two decades, a great effort has been directed towards the development of new smart materials actuators and their corresponding application devices and systems. Currently, some smart materials actuators are commercially applied for several technologies including automotive technology, but some of the smart materials actuators are still far from meeting strict practical requirements such as reliability, cost-effectiveness and robustness against unexpected environment conditions. Therefore, it is timely and appropriate to present recent research on smart materials actuators in terms of material characterization and advanced application systems in a single book. This book describes smart materials actuator technology from materials characterizations to device or system applications. The smart materials introduced in this book include magnetorehological fluid (MRF), magnetorheological elastomer (MRE), electrorheological fluid (ERF), piezoelectric material (PM), shape memory ally (SMA), dielectric elastomer (DE) and ionic polymer (IP). Both physical and chemical characterizations of each smart material are described in details in terms of actuating aspect. In addition, several application devices utilizing each smart material are introduced to provide practical controllability as a potential candidate for new actuators. The application devices introduced in this book include MRF damper for automotive suspension, PM unimorph pump for micro-hydraulic system, MRE flexible structure for vibration control, IP biomimetic micro-robot and SMA civil structure and damper system for vibration attenuation.
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Applications in Optics and Beyond

Author: Raouf El-Mallawany

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331976568X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 297

View: 4355

This book provides expert coverage of the physical properties of new non-crystalline solids—tellurite glass smart materials—and the latest applications of these materials, offering insights into innovative applications for radiation shielding, energy harvesting, laser devices, and temperature sensing, among others. In particular, there is a focus on optics, energy conversion technology and laser devices, structural and luminescence properties for laser applications, optothermal and optical properties in the presence of gold nanoparticles, and lanthanide doped zinc oxyfluoro-tellurite glass as a new smart material. Additional chapters address the properties and uses of tellurite glasses in optical sensing, the significance of Near Infrared (NIR) emissions, solar cells, solar energy harvesting, luminescent displays, and the development of bioactive-based tellurite-lanthanide (Te-Ln) doped hydroxyapatite composites for biomedical applications. As the world’s reliance on glass increases, this book serves as a link between the latest findings on tellurite glasses and real-world technological advancement. Academic researchers and industry professionals alike will find this book a useful resource in keeping abreast of recent developments in the field.
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Smart Materials for Adaptive Architecture

Author: Manuel Kretzer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319351508

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 191

View: 5558

This book considers the potential of new, smart materials and their use in architecture. It begins with an overview of current global tendencies (technological, demographic, and socio-anthropological) and their relevance for architectural design. Expanding upon approaches for flexible design solutions to address change and uncertainty, Dr. Kretzer begins by exploring adaptive architecture and proceeds to introduce the topic of “information materials,” which encompasses smart and functional materials, their current usage, and their potential for the creation of future spaces. The second chapter provides a comprehensive overview of architectural materials, past and present, split into the topics: natural, industrial, synthetic, digital, and information materials. Chapter three introduces an educational approach for the mediation of information material usage in design courses and student workshops. The final section provides detailed information on a range of emerging material phenomena, including aerogels, bioluminescence, bio plastics, dye-sensitized solar cells, electroluminescent displays, electroactive polymers, soft robotics, and thermochromics. Each section explains its respective history, working principles, fabrication and (potential) usage in architecture and design, and provides hands-on tutorials on how to self-produce these materials, and displays class-tested experimental installations. The book concludes with an outlook into the domain of synthetic biology and the prospects of a “living” architecture. It is ideal for students of structural materials engineering, architecture, and urban planning; professionals working these in areas, as well as materials science/engineering and architecture educators.
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Control Applications of Smart Materials

Author: Seung-Bok Choi,Young-Min Han

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439818091

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 487

Currently, many smart materials exhibit one or multifunctional capabilities that are being effectively exploited in various engineering applications, but these are only a hint of what is possible. Newer classes of smart materials are beginning to display the capacity for self-repair, self-diagnosis, self-multiplication, and self-degradation. Ultimately, what will make them practical and commercially viable are control devices that provide sufficient speed and sensitivity. While there are other candidates, piezoelectric actuators and sensors are proving to be the best choice. Piezoelectric Actuators: Control Applications of Smart Materials details the authors’ cutting-edge research and development in this burgeoning area. It presents their insights into optimal control strategies, reflecting their latest collection of refereed international papers written for a number of prestigious journals. Piezoelectric materials are incorporated in devices used to control vibration in flexible structures. Applications include beams, plates, and shells; sensors and actuators for cabin noise control; and position controllers for structural systems such as the flexible manipulator, engine mount, ski, snowboard, robot gripper, ultrasonic motors, and various type of sensors including accelerometer, strain gage, and sound pressure gages. The contents and design of this book make it useful as a professional reference for scientists and practical engineers who would like to create new machines or devices featuring smart material actuators and sensors integrated with piezoelectric materials. With that goal in mind, this book: Describes the piezoelectric effect from a microscopic point of view Addresses vibration control for flexible structures and other methods that use active mount Covers control of flexible robotic manipulators Discusses application to fine-motion and hydraulic control systems Explores piezoelectric shunt technology This book is exceptionally valuable as a reference for professional engineers working at the forefront of numerous industries. With its balanced presentation of theory and application, it will also be of special interest to graduate students studying control methodology.
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Smart Materials, Intelligent Design

Author: Marinella Ferrara,Murat Bengisu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319002902

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 139

View: 1763

This book presents a design-driven investigation into smart materials developed by chemists, physicists, materials and chemical engineers, and applied by designers to consumer products. Introducing a class of smart materials, that change colors, the book presents their characteristics, advantages, potentialities and difficulties of applications of this to help understanding what they are, how they work, how they are applied. The books also present a number of case studies: products, projects, concepts and experiments using smart materials, thus mapping out new design territories for these innovative materials. These case studies involve different fields of design, including product, interior, fashion and communication design. Within the context of rising sustainable and human-centered design agendas, the series will demonstrate the role and influence of these new materials and technologies on design, and discuss how they can implement and redefine our objects and spaces to encourage more resilient environments.
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Author: M.V. Gandhi,B.D. Thompson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412370106

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 855

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the embryonic field of smart materials and structures, and also presents a state-of-the-art review of the sub-disciplines of the field. It informs readers of the technical challenges to the commercialisation of products incorporating these material technologies.
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Smart Materials, Intelligent Design

Author: Murat Bengisu,Marinella Ferrara

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319768891

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 139

View: 7338

This book presents a design-driven investigation into smart materials developed by chemists, physicists, materials and chemical engineers, and applied by designers to consumer products, buildings, interfaces, or textiles. Introducing a class of smart materials (referred to as stimuli-responsive, morphing or kinetic materials) that move and change their shape in response to stimuli, the book presents their characteristics, advantages, potentials, as well as the difficulties involved in their application. The book also presents a large number of case studies on products, projects, concepts, and experiments employing smart materials, thus mapping out new design territories for these innovative materials. The case studies involve different fields of design, including product, interior, fashion, and communication design. Reflecting the growing demand for sustainable and human-centered design agendas, the book explores and reveals the role and influence of these new materials and technologies on design and human experience, and discusses how they can be used to redefine our objects and spaces so as to promote more resilient environments. The book offers an intriguing and valuable resource for design professionals, engineers, scientists and students alike.
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State of the Art

Author: Roberto A. Lopez-Anido,Tarun R. Naik

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784474938

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 4754

Prepared by the Emerging Materials Committee of the Materials Division of ASCE. This report presents a review of the state of the art on emerging materials for use in civil engineering infrastructure. Emerging materials include novel and new materials, as well as traditional materials with profound potential in new applications. A material or class of materials is considered "emerging" if its use has not yet progressed to a stage wherein well-established guidelines, codes, and specifications exist for its use. This report is conveniently divided into chapters that address specific classes of materials andØhighlight the most recent developments in materials technologies relevant to civil infrastructure.Ø Topics include: smart materials for civil engineering applications; fiber reinforced composites in civil infrastructure; emerging geomaterials for ground improvement; aluminum materials and the infrastructure; polymer concrete made with recycled plastics; state of the practice in asphalt technology; emerging uses for masonry materials; and emerging uses for window glass. The practicing engineer, student, or general reader will find this to be an easy-to-use reference for construction material systems that are being developed for use in civil engineering.
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Proceedings of the First US-Japan Workshop on Smart Materials and Structures, Held at the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, December 3-4, 1995

Author: K. Inoue,Steve I. Y. Shen,Minoru Taya

Publisher: Tms

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 4999

Smart materials and structures are one of the world's emerging technologies, particularly in the United States and Japan. The 37 papers in this volume were presented at the First US-Japan Workshop on Smart Materials and Structures, held at the University of Washington, Seattle. Washington, December 3-4, 1995. The topics include research activities of smart materials and structures in the United States and Japan; smart polymeric composites and their structures where sensing and functions are embedded in polymeric composites with applications to infrastructures and ground and aerospace vehicles; shape memory alloy (SMA) materials and their composites; smart materials based on the coupling behavior between physical and mechanical phenomena: piezoelectric, piezoresistive, magnetostrictive, and their composite materials and structures where the stress and strain are key driving or resulting parameters; and the design of a new class of electronic and optical composite materials with unique sensing capabilities.
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Author: Ranjan Vepa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470710616

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 410

View: 6447

Dynamics of Smart Structures is a practical, concise and integrated text that provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of a field that has evolved over the recent years into an independent and identifiable subject area. Bringing together the concepts, techniques and systems associated with the dynamics and control of smart structures, it comprehensively reviews the differing smart materials that are employed in the development of the smart structures and covers several recent developments in the field of structural dynamics. Dynamics of Smart Structures has been developed to complement the author's new interdisciplinary programme of study at Queen Mary, University of London that includes courses on emerging and new technologies such as biomimetic robotics, smart composite structures, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and their applications and prosthetic control systems. It includes chapters on smart materials and structures, transducers for smart structures, fundamentals of structural control, dynamics of continuous structures, dynamics of plates and plate-like structures, dynamics of piezoelectric media, mechanics of electro-actuated composite structures, dynamics of thermo-elastic media: shape memory alloys, and controller designs for flexible structures.
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Functional Materials for Modern Technologies

Author: Deborah D.L. Chung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447137329

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 289

View: 4255

Composite Materials is a modern reference book, tutorial in style, covering functions of composites relating to applications in electronic packaging, thermal management, smart structures and other timely technologies rarely covered in existing books on composites. It also treats materials with polymer, metal, cement, carbon and ceramics matrices, contrasting with others that emphasise polymer-matrix composites. This functional approach will be useful to both practitioners and students. A good selection of example problems, solutions and figures, together with a new and vibrant approach, provides a valuable reference source for all engineers working with composite materials.
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Author: Peng Wang

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782622195

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 1140

The development of smart materials for environmental applications is a highly innovative and promising new approach to meet the increasing demands from society on water resources and pollution remediation. Smart materials with surfaces that can reversibly respond to stimuli from internal and external environments by changing their properties show great promise as solutions for global environmental issues. Many of these functional materials are inspired by biological systems, that use sophisticated material interfaces to display high levels of adaptability to their environment. Leading researchers present the latest information on the current and potential applications of omniphobic slippery coatings, responsive particle stabilized emulsions and self-healing surfaces among other functional materials. The book contains a section dedicated to water treatment and harvesting, describing and explaining strategies such as use of copolymer membranes and surfaces with patterned wettability. It provides a valuable source of information for environmental, materials, polymer and nano-scientists interested in environmental applications of functional material surfaces.
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Serious Games, Alternative Realities, and Play Therapy

Author: Anthony Lewis Brooks,Sheryl Brahnam,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642454321

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 6019

This book is the first single volume that brings together the topics of serious games, alternative realities, and play therapy. The focus is on the use of digital media for the therapeutic benefit and well-being of a wide range of people−spanning those with special needs to the elderly to entire urban neighborhoods. This book brings together these topics to demonstrate the increasing trans/inter/multi-disciplinary initiatives apparent today in science, medicine, and academic research−interdisciplinary initiative that are already profoundly impacting society.
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