Race and Sport in the New Millennium

Author: Richard Edward Lapchick

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1568331770

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 329

View: 4414

This book blends an insider's critique of the race politics of the sports industry withand activist's crusade against racial injustice.
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Von Muhammad Ali über Oscar Pistorius bis Caster Semenya

Author: Marion Müller,Christian Steuerwald

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839434254

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 4140

Die Kategorien »gender«, »race« und »disability« haben im Sport eine besondere Bedeutung. So gibt es vermutlich in keinem anderen Bereich der modernen Gesellschaft eine so selbstverständliche und legitim erscheinende Segregation nach Geschlecht und Behinderung. Eine »color-line« gibt es zwar nicht mehr, aber dennoch gilt die Hautfarbe sowohl im Alltag als auch in der (Sport-)Medizin immer noch als relevant für die sportliche Leistung. Und die ethnisch-nationale Herkunft fungiert nach wie vor als primäres Kriterium der Mannschaftsbildung. Die Beiträge des Bandes unterziehen die drei Kategorien »gender«, »race« und »disability« einer vergleichenden Analyse und decken die Gemeinsamkeiten ihrer Konstitutionslogik im Kontext des Sports auf.
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Author: Carola Schulz

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 3832478612

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 89

View: 1477

Inhaltsangabe:Zusammenfassung: Die Leistungsunterschiede in bestimmten Sportarten von Weissen und Schwarzen werden oft als Ausdruck natürlicher, nicht aber sozialer Tatbestände wahrgenommen und gedeutet. Der Glaube, Schwarze seien aufgrund einer spezifischen Muskelzusammensetzung, Anatomie oder Reaktionsfähigkeit für bestimmte Sportarten besonders geeignet, hat sich tief ins Alltagsbewusstsein eingeschrieben. Auffallend ist, dass schwarze Sportler überwiegend in Mannschaftssportarten und den Laufdisziplinen überrepräsentiert sind, während sie in anderen (Individualsportarten) eher unterrepräsentiert oder gar nicht vertreten sind. Es steht zu vermuten, dass die Lage, wie sie sich im (Profi)Sport darstellt, nicht repräsentativ für die gesamte Situation im Sport und der gesellschaftlichen Situation in den USA im Allgemeinen ist. Außerdem liegt es nahe, dass gegenwärtig gezielt auf die Entwicklung der sozialen, gesellschaftlichen und sportlichen Strukturen Einfluss genommen wird. In dieser Arbeit werden die (Hinter-)Gründe für die übermäßige Präsenz afroamerikanischer Athleten in bestimmten Sportarten herausgestellt. Dabei richtet sich das Hauptaugenmerk auf die gesellschaftspolitische Wirklichkeit, insbesondere die bis heute spürbaren Auswirkungen der Kolonialgeschichte Nordamerikas. Im abschließenden Teil erfolgt ein Ausblick auf mögliche anstehende Veränderungen und Alternativen in nächster Zukunft. Was hat sich faktisch verändert? Lassen die Tatsachen umfassende Schlüsse zu? Kann von Gleichberechtigung die Rede sein? Sprechen die erfolgreichen Star Athleten für einen Wandel? Inhaltsverzeichnis:Inhaltsverzeichnis: Einleitung2 1.Erläuterung relevanter Begriffe4 2.Gesellschaftspolitische Lage der Afro-Amerikaner in den USA12 2.1Historischer Rückblick12 2.2Gegenwart18 3.Sport in den Vereinigten Staaten24 3.1Der American Dream als richtungweisende Ideologie24 3.2Bedeutung des Sports im Leben der Afro-Amerikaner30 Sporthistorischer Rückblick30 Schwarze Athleten im US-Sport36 4.Dominanz versus Rezessivität42 4.1Mythen-Stereotypen-Realität43 Klassische Stereotypen45 Biologische Annahmen47 Psychologische - und soziokulturelle Annahmen50 Mythos und Realität52 4.2Rasse als Selbstbild56 4.3Sport eine ethnische Mobilitätsfalle?60 4.4Diskriminierung im Sport65 Stacking65 Machtpositionen in Sportorganisationen69 5.Fazit und Ausblick74 Tabellenverzeichnis79 Abbildungsverzeichnis79 Literaturverzeichnis80
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Critical Race Theory

Author: Kevin Hylton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134075995

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 160

View: 9768

Critical Race Theory provides a framework for exploring racism in society, taking into account the role of institutions and drawing on the experiences of those affected. Applied to the world of sport, this framework can reveal the underlying social mores and institutionalised prejudices that have helped perpetuate those racial stereotypes particular to sport, and those that permeate broader society. In this groundbreaking sociological investigation, Kevin Hylton takes on the controversial subject of racial attitudes in sport and beyond. With sport as his primary focus, Hylton unpacks the central concepts of ‘race’, ethnicity, social constructionism and racialisation, and helps the reader navigate the complicated issues and debates that surround the study of ‘race’ in sport. Containing rigorous and insightful analysis throughout, the book explores key topics such as: the origins, applications and terminology of Critical Race Theory the meaning of ‘whiteness’ the media, sport and racism anti-racism and sport genetics and scientific racism. The contested concepts that define the subject of ‘race’ in sport present a constant challenge for academics, policy makers and practitioners in the development of their ideas, policies and interventions. This innovative and challenging book is essential reading for anybody looking to fully understand this important subject.
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The Story of the First African American NFL Head Coach, Frederick Douglass "Fritz" Pollard

Author: Frank Foster

Publisher: BookCaps Study Guides

ISBN: 1629173517

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 90

View: 5810

The history of sports and race is messy. In baseball Jackie Robinson is universally touted as the first black major league player, which conveniently forgets Moses Fleetwood Walker and other players of color who appeared on 19th century diamonds. Football deals with the messiness a different way. The sport employs the term "modern era" instead. So Kenny Washington is the first black player of the "modern era." James Harris was the first black quarterback to start an NFL game in the "modern era." Art Shell was the first black head coach of the "modern era." The reason football has to append the qualifier to its historical racial milestones is because there was a man who was doing all those things back when the National Football League began. His name was Fritz Pollard, and this is his story.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: African American men

Page: N.A

View: 314

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Understanding the Socio-cultural Worlds of Student Athletes

Author: Carl James

Publisher: Canadian Scholars Press

ISBN: 9781551302737

Category: Education

Page: 244

View: 5819

In Race in Play, James takes the reader on an edifying walk through the structural and institutional communities that support and sustain sports, while also examining individual links between sport, schooling, and the educational and career aspirations of youth. He also explores issues of race, racialized minority youth, and Black men and women in sport. Well known for his work in the sociology of sport, Dr. James builds on his earlier research, casting his gaze on the lived experiences of athletic-identified students and on the outcomes of their athletic and academic performances.
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African-Americans who Broke Color Barriers in Sport

Author: Richard Edward Lapchick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 469

View: 5820

Through an effective combination of historical research and personal interviews, 100 Pioneers: African-Americans Who Broke Color Barriers in Sport offers compelling portraits of the dedicated athletes who broke color barriers on college campuses and in professional sports all around the country. These engaging accounts detail the adversities they faced and the victories they achieved. Part 1 includes well-known figures such as Jackie Robinson and Tony Dungy, as well as other, lesser-known pioneers in professional baseball, football, basketball, hockey, tennis, golf, and boxing. Part 2 presents the inspiring stories of college coaches, athletics directors, and student-athletes who were the first African-Americans to fill their respective roles. Part 3 highlights the impressive feats of African-American athletes accomplished on the world stage of the Olympic Games.
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A Reference Guide with Primary Documents

Author: Thomas Joseph Davis

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313311154

Category: History

Page: 301

View: 3273

Presents primary documents to support an exploration of race relations in the United States from 1785 to the present.
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exploring the role of sports in society

Author: Sandra Spickard Prettyman,Brian Lampman

Publisher: Scarecrow Pr

ISBN: 9781578863792

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 3092

This book provides coaches, educators, parents, and others dealing with students and athletes with an engaging and critical venue by which to examine contemporary issues and controversies surrounding sport. In this text, authors take up the challenges faced by sport in our world, especially as it relates to the lives of young people, providing multiple perspectives on the issues, problems, and possibilities of sport in contemporary American society.
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Readings in Historical Perspectives, Contemporary Realities, and Future Possibilities

Author: Augie Fleras,Maria A. Wallis

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195428056

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 2634

This engaging new anthology brings together important selections that have informed debates and generated controversies about race and ethnicity from the nineteenth century onwards. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the collection demonstrates and analyzes a transition from Canada's early focus on 'ethnicity' to the current proliferation of sophisticated analyses of 'race' as a concept. Resistances to traditional thinking about race and ethnicity by academics and activist communities are also discussed. The text demonstrates that despite claims of race-neutrality as a preferred ideal, Canada is actually a racialized society - race remains a key variable in influencing people's identities, experiences, and outcomes.
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A History of Blacks in Tennis from Althea Gibson and Arthur Ashe to the Williams Sisters

Author: Cecil Harris,Larryette Kyle-DeBose

Publisher: Ivan R Dee

ISBN: 9781566637145

Category: Social Science

Page: 267

View: 2507

Traces the contributions of African Americans to the sport of tennis, discussing the careers of high-profile players and their efforts to break down racial barriers while striving to be the best in the sport.
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Author: North American Society for Sport History

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports

Page: N.A

View: 4567

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 1677

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
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Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 9161

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