Author: Beth Alder,Edwin van Teijlingen,Michael Porter

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048208

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 4338

This textbook in the Illustrated Colour Text series offers an integrated treatment of sociology and psychology for medical students. It is presented in a much more colourful and graphic format than is usual for books on these two subjects. This integration reflects the tendency to teach these two subjects together as “behavioural science , with an increased stress on the place of medicine in society, and on illness as a product of psychological and social circumstances rather than merely a biological phenomenon. The book reflects these trends and has been successful and popular with students. An integrated treatment of psychology and sociology for medical students - in line with the trend towards teaching these subjects as “behavioural sciences“. Use of case studies and Stop/Think boxes encourages critical thinking and discussion. Graphic Illustrated Colour Text presentation style enlivens a subject which most medical students are not keen on. This third edition contains a new introduction on the importance and key features of the biopsychosocial model and additional double-page spreads on International Health and Rural Health.
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The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths

Author: C. R. Snyder

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412990629

Category: Psychology

Page: 588

View: 7427

Bringing both the science, and the real-life applications, of positive psychology to life for students This revision of the cutting edge, most comprehensive text for this exciting field presents new frameworks for understanding positive emotions and human strengths. The authors—all leading figures in the field—show how to apply the science to improve schooling, the workplace, and cooperative lifestyles among people. Well-crafted exercises engage students in applying major principles in their own lives, and more than 50 case histories and comments from leaders in the field vividly illustrate key concepts as they apply to real life.
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Author: Raymond S. Nickerson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 113563890X

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 6887

This book stimulates thinking on the topic of detrimental environmental change and how research psychologists can help to address the problem. In addition to reporting environmentally relevant psychological research, the author identifies the most pressing questions from an environmental point of view. Psychology and Environmental Change: *focuses on ways in which human behavior contributes to the problem; *deals with the assessment and change of attitudes and with studies of change of behavior; *proposes ways in which psychological research can contribute to making technology and its products more environmentally benign; and *introduces topics such as consumption, risk assessment, cost-benefit and tradeoff analyses, competition, negotiation, and policymaking, and how they relate to the objective of protecting the environment.
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Author: Roy F. Baumeister,Kathleen D. Vohs

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412916704

Category: Psychology

Page: 1248

View: 2129

Collects over six hundred entries on topics and concepts within the discipline, including antisocial behaviors, attitude, culture, and social cognition.
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Research, Theory, and Practice

Author: Christopher J. J. Mruk, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108997

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 8260

"The author's voice is engaged, authoritative, and convinced of the esential role self-esteem plays in connecting psychological theory to clinical practice, a perspective many readers will welcome....Recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This new edition of the most comprehensive text available on the theories, research findings, and practice implications of self-esteem represents a major shift in our contemporary understanding of self-esteem and positive psychology. The book has been thoroughly updated to integrate positive psychology themes throughout and explain how self-esteem enhancement interventions fit into evidence-based practice. This insightful work provides scholars, clinicians, and students with both an extensive overview of research and with Mrukís often-cited theoretical framework for self-esteem. Featuring the authorís noted Competence and Worthiness Training program for enhancing self-esteem, this fourth edition reflects changes in the field by also including expanded coverage of: Self-esteem in relationships Validity issues in researching self-esteem The concept of authenticity in the self Self-esteem as a function of motivation and well-being Existentially oriented theory Key Features: Offers the most comprehensive and thorough overview of self-esteem theory and research available Considers self-esteem from personality, human development, and clinical perspectives Contains updated and more integrated coverage of self-esteem as a major element of positive psychology Places clinical practices that enhance self-esteem in the context of evidence-based practice Features expanded coverage of personal relationships, research issues, and well-being in self
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From Theory to Best Practice

Author: Thomas J. Fagan,Robert K. Ax

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452236313

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 9289

Correctional Mental Health is a broad-based, balanced guide for students who are learning to treat criminal offenders in a correctional mental health practice. Featuring a wide selection of readings, this edited text offers a thorough grounding in theory, current research, professional practice, and clinical experience. It emphasizes a biopsychosocial approach to caring for the estimated 20% of all U.S. prisoners who have a serious mental disorder. Providing a balance between theoretical and practical perspectives throughout, the text also provides readers with a big-picture framework for assessing current correctional mental health and criminal justice issues, offering clear strategies for addressing these challenges.
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An Introduction

Author: Brendan Gough,Majella McFadden,Matthew McDonald

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137072423

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 1535

What can critical social psychology teach us about our sense of identity? How have psychosocial and feminist approaches challenged our understanding of subjectivity? Where is this complex and fast-moving field heading? This new edition of Critical Social Psychology addresses these questions and more, providing important insight into social psychology. Thoroughly updated and revised, it clearly outlines approaches such as social constructionism and psychoanalysis, and explains how these ideas can illuminate topics like social influence and prejudice. The second edition of Critical Social Psychology * includes two new chapters on applied health psychology and applied work psychology * uses 'critical thinking boxes' to demonstrate the practical application of theory and debates, helping you engage with the different ideas * contains revised content including an expanded section on research methods, as well as enhanced coverage of action research and critical narrative approaches Guiding you through the key topics in social psychology and mapping the critical approaches onto each concept, Critical Social Psychology is essential reading for students of both psychology and other social sciences.
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Author: Stanley W. Sadava,Donald R. McCreary

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 380

View: 7292

This practical and contemporary book takes the methods and theories of social psychology into the real-life settings of today's society, including health, law, environment, business and the media. Drawing from the academic and practical experience of applied social psychologists who are experts in their fields, it conveys the excitement and potential of social psychology in our society by showing users firsthand how a social psychologist conducts a survey for a client, evaluates a social program, improves the communication skills of medical students, consults for the courts, designs a marketing campaign and a program to reduce pollution, and resolves conflicts in an organization. For social psychologists.
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Author: Steven J. Trierweiler,George Stricker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306456541

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 6627

A workable vision of scientific practice has proven to be an elusive, if laudable, goal for professional psychology. The field cannot be faulted for failing to seek scientific wisdom, but it has been slow to integrate that wisdom fully with the wisdom of practice. This has proven to be a major oversight for, despite psychology's long if the standing commitment to science, practitioners are unlikely to think scientifically methods and products of science are described in ways that make it impossible to do so. Unfortunately, the rhetoric of science too often has done just that: So focused has it been on the problem of distinguishing good science from bad that it has inadvertently defeated any hope of a practical science developing in our field. We offer one remedy for this situation: This book is about scientific thinking for the professional psychologist. Specifically, it is a primer on the application of scientific logic to professional practice. We argue that the professional needs a more straightforward and realistic scientific identity than heretofore has been available. The professional consciously must become a local clinical scientist, bringing all the power of scientific thought to the specifics of the clinical situation. Contrary to forces in psychology that promote uncritical acceptance of science as given by academic researchers or, alternatively, that encourage criticism and ultimate disregard of the scientific endeavor, we call for a redoubling of efforts to incorporate scientific thought into practical professional inquiry.
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A Practical Guide for Social Workers

Author: Karen Winter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136865489

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 5876

Why is it important for social workers to form meaningful relationships with young children on their caseloads? And how can social workers develop meaningful relationships with these young children? This book provides a timely, invaluable resource and practical guide for social work students specialising in family and child care and for practitioners who have young children on their caseloads. Packed with real life examples of in-depth interviews conducted with young children known to social services, it outlines what can be done to improve practice in this challenging and demanding area. Building Relationships and Communicating with Young Children is the first book to bring to life the perspectives of young children and to highlight their competency within the interview process. It: explores the key ingredients required by social workers to establish, maintain, nurture and value their relationships with young children highlights what young children, within the context of meaningful relationships with social workers, can tell us about their circumstances, their perspectives, their feelings and their views uses case examples to identify best practice guidelines including methods and techniques for social workers to build meaningful relationships with young children on their caseloads makes recommendations regarding how best to positively engage and work with young children. Written by a social worker and university lecturer with 16 years experience of working in the field of child protection, this textbook is full of case studies and practical advice about how to form relationships with young children known to social services, the most appropriate methods to use and how to represent their perspectives. It is essential reading for all social work students as well as social work practitioners and other social and health care professionals.
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Author: Sophia Jowett,David Lavallee

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736057806

Category: Psychology

Page: 353

View: 3818

The book is designed to allow readers to study issues in isolation or as part of a course or a module. The five main parts are Relationships in Sport, Coach Leadership and Group Dynamics, Motivational Climate, Key Social and Cognitive Processes in Sport, and The Athlete in the Wider Sport Environment. Each chapter is cross-referenced and provides a clear description of the topic and a concise theoretical overview along with a discussion of existing research. The chapters also introduce new research ideas, suggest practical research applications, and conclude with summaries and questions to help instructors engage the class in discussion and to help students follow the key points."--Publisher's website.
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An Introduction from the Applied and Clinical Perspectives

Author: Roger Austin Straus

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742516632

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1471

A humanist alternative to massive, encyclopedia-like texts, Using Sociology provides a passionate and focused introduction to sociology and sociological practice. The Third Edition has been updated and reorganized to even better meet the needs of students and instructors. Three sections introduce sociology and its tools, uses of sociology, and using sociology in your own life; the theory and history chapters have been dramatically revised; the methodology chapter and the chapter on applying clinical sociology have been greatly expanded; and an exciting new chapter on crime and deviance has been added.
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Rationality in the Real World

Author: Gerd Gigerenzer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198031178

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 2553

Where do new ideas come from? What is social intelligence? Why do social scientists perform mindless statistical rituals? This vital book is about rethinking rationality as adaptive thinking: to understand how minds cope with their environments, both ecological and social. Gerd Gigerenzer proposes and illustrates a bold new research program that investigates the psychology of rationality, introducing the concepts of ecological, bounded, and social rationality. His path-breaking collection takes research on thinking, social intelligence, creativity, and decision-making out of an ethereal world where the laws of logic and probability reign, and places it into our real world of human behavior and interaction. Adaptive Thinking is accessibly written for general readers with an interest in psychology, cognitive science, economics, sociology, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and animal behavior. It also teaches a practical audience, such as physicians, AIDS counselors, and experts in criminal law, how to understand and communicate uncertainties and risks.
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The Science Behind Your Smile

Author: Daniel Nettle

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191604747

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 1250

What exactly is happiness? Can we measure it? Why are some people happy and others not? And is there a drug that could eliminate all unhappiness? People all over the world, and throughout the ages, have thought about happiness, argued about its nature, and, most of all, desired it. But why do we have such a strong instinct to pursue happiness? And if happiness is good in itself, why haven't we simply evolved to be happier? Daniel Nettle uses the results of the latest psychological studies to ask what makes people happy and unhappy, what happiness really is, and to examine our urge to achieve it. Along the way we look at brain systems, at mind-altering drugs, and how happiness is now marketed to us as a commodity. Nettle concludes that while it may be unrealistic to expect lasting happiness, our evolved tendency to seek happiness drives us to achieve much that is worthwhile in itself. What is more, it seems to be not your particular circumstances that define whether you are happy so much as your attitude towards life. Happiness gives us the latest scientific insights into the nature of our feelings of well-being, and what these imply for how we might live our lives.
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A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts

Author: Robert Lee Miller,John D Brewer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446232921

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 816

`A detailed and valuable addition to the literature that will be a very useful resource for lecturers, as well as having a wide appeal among students' - Tim May, University of Salford Have you ever wondered what a concise, comprehensive book providing critical guidance to the whole expanse of social science research methods and issues might look like? The A-Z is a collection of 94 entries ranging from qualitative research techniques to statistical testing and the practicalities of using the Internet as a research tool. Alphabetically arranged in accessible, reader-friendly formats, the shortest entries are 800 words long and the longest are 3000. Most entries are approximately 1500 words in length and are supported by suggestions for further reading. The book: - Answers the demand for a practical, fast and concise introduction to the key concepts and methods in social research - Supplies students with impeccable information that can be used in essays, exams and research projects - Demystifies a field that students often find daunting This is a refreshing book on social research methods, which understands the pressures that modern students face in their work-load and seeks to supply an authoritative study guide to the field. It should fulfil a long-standing need in undergraduate research methods courses for an unpatronising, utterly reliable aid to making sense of research methods.
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Psychological, Economic, and Social Challenges

Author: Douglas C. Maynard,Daniel C. Feldman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441994134

Category: Psychology

Page: 317

View: 2274

Underemployment – when people are employed in some way that is insufficient, such as being overqualified or working part-time when one desires full-time employment – is a challenge faced by all industrialized nations and their organizations and individuals. Just like unemployment, some level of underemployment exists even in the best of times, but it becomes more pervasive when the job market is weak. Given the current economic climate in North America and abroad, researchers and scholars in various disciplines (psychology, business, sociology, economics) are becoming more interested in investigating the effects of underemployment and identifying possible practical solutions. Underemployment synthesizes the current understanding of the phenomenon by bringing together scholars with diverse perspectives and expertise with the aim of informing and guiding the next generation of underemployment research.
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Anti-foundationalism, Ontology, and Social Research

Author: Justin Cruickshank

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415261902

Category: Religion

Page: 173

View: 3351

Methodological debates in the social sciences have increasingly focused on issues relating to epistemology. This title contributes to the debate, charting a middle ground between postmodernism and positivism.
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