An Introduction using R

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470022986

Category: Mathematics

Page: 342

View: 9080

Computer software is an essential tool for many statistical modelling and data analysis techniques, aiding in the implementation of large data sets in order to obtain useful results. R is one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages available, and enables the user to apply a wide variety of statistical methods ranging from simple regression to generalized linear modelling. Statistics: An Introduction using R is a clear and concise introductory textbook to statistical analysis using this powerful and free software, and follows on from the success of the author's previous best-selling title Statistical Computing. * Features step-by-step instructions that assume no mathematics, statistics or programming background, helping the non-statistician to fully understand the methodology. * Uses a series of realistic examples, developing step-wise from the simplest cases, with the emphasis on checking the assumptions (e.g. constancy of variance and normality of errors) and the adequacy of the model chosen to fit the data. * The emphasis throughout is on estimation of effect sizes and confidence intervals, rather than on hypothesis testing. * Covers the full range of statistical techniques likely to be need to analyse the data from research projects, including elementary material like t-tests and chi-squared tests, intermediate methods like regression and analysis of variance, and more advanced techniques like generalized linear modelling. * Includes numerous worked examples and exercises within each chapter. * Accompanied by a website featuring worked examples, data sets, exercises and solutions: http://www.imperial.ac.uk/bio/research/crawley/statistics Statistics: An Introduction using R is the first text to offer such a concise introduction to a broad array of statistical methods, at a level that is elementary enough to appeal to a broad range of disciplines. It is primarily aimed at undergraduate students in medicine, engineering, economics and biology - but will also appeal to postgraduates who have not previously covered this area, or wish to switch to using R.
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Author: Randall Pruim

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470428482

Category: Mathematical statistics

Page: 820

View: 9670

Foundations and Applications of Statistics simultaneously emphasizes both the foundational and the computational aspects of modern statistics. Engaging and accessible, this book is useful to undergraduate students with a wide range of backgrounds and career goals. The exposition immediately begins with statistics, presenting concepts and results from probability along the way. Hypothesis testing is introduced very early, and the motivation for several probability distributions comes from p-value computations. Pruim develops the students' practical statistical reasoning through explicit examples and through numerical and graphical summaries of data that allow intuitive inferences before introducing the formal machinery. The topics have been selected to reflect the current practice in statistics, where computation is an indispensible tool. In this vein, the statistical computing environment R is used throughout the text and is integral to the exposition. Attention is paid to developing students' mathematical and computational skills as well as their statistical reasoning. Linear models, such as regression and ANOVA, are treated with explicit reference to the underlying linear algebra, which is motivated geometrically. Foundations and Applications of Statistics discusses both the mathematical theory underlying statistics and practical applications that make it a powerful tool across disciplines. The book contains ample material for a two-semester course in undergraduate probability and statistics. A one-semester course based on the book will cover hypothesis testing and confidence intervals for the most common situations. In the second edition, the R code has been updated throughout to take advantage of new R packages and to illustrate better coding style. New sections have been added covering bootstrap methods, multinomial and multivariate normal distributions, the delta method, numerical methods for Bayesian inference, and nonlinear least squares. Also, the use of matrix algebra has been expanded, but remains optional, providing instructors with more options regarding the amount of linear algebra required.
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Author: Andrie de Vries,Joris Meys

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527812520

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 9524

Wollen Sie auch die umfangreichen Möglichkeiten von R nutzen, um Ihre Daten zu analysieren, sind sich aber nicht sicher, ob Sie mit der Programmiersprache wirklich zurechtkommen? Keine Sorge - dieses Buch zeigt Ihnen, wie es geht - selbst wenn Sie keine Vorkenntnisse in der Programmierung oder Statistik haben. Andrie de Vries und Joris Meys zeigen Ihnen Schritt für Schritt und anhand zahlreicher Beispiele, was Sie alles mit R machen können und vor allem wie Sie es machen können. Von den Grundlagen und den ersten Skripten bis hin zu komplexen statistischen Analysen und der Erstellung aussagekräftiger Grafiken. Auch fortgeschrittenere Nutzer finden in diesem Buch viele Tipps und Tricks, die Ihnen die Datenauswertung erleichtern.
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An Introduction with R

Author: Tenko Raykov,George A. Marcoulides

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442218460

Category: Education

Page: 331

View: 8163

Basic Statistics provides an accessible and comprehensive introduction to statistics using the free, state-of-the-art, powerful software program R. This book is designed to both introduce students to key concepts in statistics and to provide simple instructions for using R. This concise book: .Teaches essential concepts in statistics, assuming little background knowledge on the part of the reader .Introduces students to R with as few sub-commands as possible for ease of use .Provides practical examples from the educational, behavioral, and social sciences With clear explanations of statistical processes and step-by-step commands in R, Basic Statistics will appeal to students and professionals across the social and behavioral sciences."
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Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470515068

Category: Mathematics

Page: 950

View: 7022

The high-level language of R is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software environments, and is rapidly becoming the standard setting for quantitative analysis, statistics and graphics. R provides free access to unrivalled coverage and cutting-edge applications, enabling the user to apply numerous statistical methods ranging from simple regression to time series or multivariate analysis. Building on the success of the author’s bestselling Statistics: An Introduction using R, The R Book is packed with worked examples, providing an all inclusive guide to R, ideal for novice and more accomplished users alike. The book assumes no background in statistics or computing and introduces the advantages of the R environment, detailing its applications in a wide range of disciplines. Provides the first comprehensive reference manual for the R language, including practical guidance and full coverage of the graphics facilities. Introduces all the statistical models covered by R, beginning with simple classical tests such as chi-square and t-test. Proceeds to examine more advance methods, from regression and analysis of variance, through to generalized linear models, generalized mixed models, time series, spatial statistics, multivariate statistics and much more. The R Book is aimed at undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in science, engineering and medicine. It is also ideal for students and professionals in statistics, economics, geography and the social sciences.
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Author: Joseph Adler

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3897216507

Category: Computers

Page: 768

View: 2040

Wozu sollte man R lernen? Da gibt es viele Gründe: Weil man damit natürlich ganz andere Möglichkeiten hat als mit einer Tabellenkalkulation wie Excel, aber auch mehr Spielraum als mit gängiger Statistiksoftware wie SPSS und SAS. Anders als bei diesen Programmen hat man nämlich direkten Zugriff auf dieselbe, vollwertige Programmiersprache, mit der die fertigen Analyse- und Visualisierungsmethoden realisiert sind – so lassen sich nahtlos eigene Algorithmen integrieren und komplexe Arbeitsabläufe realisieren. Und nicht zuletzt, weil R offen gegenüber beliebigen Datenquellen ist, von der einfachen Textdatei über binäre Fremdformate bis hin zu den ganz großen relationalen Datenbanken. Zudem ist R Open Source und erobert momentan von der universitären Welt aus die professionelle Statistik. R kann viel. Und Sie können viel mit R machen – wenn Sie wissen, wie es geht. Willkommen in der R-Welt: Installieren Sie R und stöbern Sie in Ihrem gut bestückten Werkzeugkasten: Sie haben eine Konsole und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche, unzählige vordefinierte Analyse- und Visualisierungsoperationen – und Pakete, Pakete, Pakete. Für quasi jeden statistischen Anwendungsbereich können Sie sich aus dem reichen Schatz der R-Community bedienen. Sprechen Sie R! Sie müssen Syntax und Grammatik von R nicht lernen – wie im Auslandsurlaub kommen Sie auch hier gut mit ein paar aufgeschnappten Brocken aus. Aber es lohnt sich: Wenn Sie wissen, was es mit R-Objekten auf sich hat, wie Sie eigene Funktionen schreiben und Ihre eigenen Pakete schnüren, sind Sie bei der Analyse Ihrer Daten noch flexibler und effektiver. Datenanalyse und Statistik in der Praxis: Anhand unzähliger Beispiele aus Medizin, Wirtschaft, Sport und Bioinformatik lernen Sie, wie Sie Daten aufbereiten, mithilfe der Grafikfunktionen des lattice-Pakets darstellen, statistische Tests durchführen und Modelle anpassen. Danach werden Ihnen Ihre Daten nichts mehr verheimlichen.
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An Introduction Using R, Second Edition

Author: Walter Zucchini,Iain L. MacDonald,Roland Langrock

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482253844

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 852

Hidden Markov Models for Time Series: An Introduction Using R, Second Edition illustrates the great flexibility of hidden Markov models (HMMs) as general-purpose models for time series data. The book provides a broad understanding of the models and their uses. After presenting the basic model formulation, the book covers estimation, forecasting, decoding, prediction, model selection, and Bayesian inference for HMMs. Through examples and applications, the authors describe how to extend and generalize the basic model so that it can be applied in a rich variety of situations. The book demonstrates how HMMs can be applied to a wide range of types of time series: continuous-valued, circular, multivariate, binary, bounded and unbounded counts, and categorical observations. It also discusses how to employ the freely available computing environment R to carry out the computations. Features Presents an accessible overview of HMMs Explores a variety of applications in ecology, finance, epidemiology, climatology, and sociology Includes numerous theoretical and programming exercises Provides most of the analysed data sets online New to the second edition A total of five chapters on extensions, including HMMs for longitudinal data, hidden semi-Markov models and models with continuous-valued state process New case studies on animal movement, rainfall occurrence and capture–recapture data
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An Introduction to Statistics Through Biological Data

Author: Babak Shahbaba

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461413028

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 454

Biostatistics with R is designed around the dynamic interplay among statistical methods, their applications in biology, and their implementation. The book explains basic statistical concepts with a simple yet rigorous language. The development of ideas is in the context of real applied problems, for which step-by-step instructions for using R and R-Commander are provided. Topics include data exploration, estimation, hypothesis testing, linear regression analysis, and clustering with two appendices on installing and using R and R-Commander. A novel feature of this book is an introduction to Bayesian analysis. This author discusses basic statistical analysis through a series of biological examples using R and R-Commander as computational tools. The book is ideal for instructors of basic statistics for biologists and other health scientists. The step-by-step application of statistical methods discussed in this book allows readers, who are interested in statistics and its application in biology, to use the book as a self-learning text.
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Author: Nathan Yau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527760229

Category: Statistics / Graphic methods / Data processing

Page: 422

View: 383

A guide on how to visualise and tell stories with data, providing practical design tips complemented with step-by-step tutorials.
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Author: Uwe Ligges

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540267328

Category: Mathematics

Page: 237

View: 7591

R ist eine objekt-orientierte und interpretierte Sprache und Programmierumgebung für Datenanalyse und Grafik - frei erhältlich unter der GPL. Ziel dieses Buches ist es, nicht nur ausführlich in die Grundlagen der Sprache R einzuführen, sondern auch ein Verständnis der Struktur der Sprache zu vermitteln. Leicht können so eigene Methoden umgesetzt, Objektklassen definiert und ganze Pakete aus Funktionen und zugehöriger Dokumentation zusammengestellt werden. Die enormen Grafikfähigkeiten von R werden detailliert beschrieben. Das Buch richtet sich an alle, die R als flexibles Werkzeug zur Datenenalyse und -visualisierung einsetzen möchten: Studierende, die Daten in Projekten oder für ihre Diplomarbeit analysieren möchten, Forschende, die neue Methoden ausprobieren möchten, und diejenigen, die in der Wirtschaft täglich Daten aufbereiten, analysieren und anderen in komprimierter Form präsentieren.
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An Introduction Using R

Author: Shailaja Rajendra Deshmukh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132206592

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 8422

​The book will serve as a guide to many actuarial concepts and statistical techniques in multiple decrement models and their application in calculation of premiums and reserves in life insurance products with riders and in pension and employee benefit plans as in these schemes, the benefit paid on termination of employment depends upon the several causes of termination. Multiple state models are discussed to accommodate the insurance products in which the payment of benefits or premiums is dependent on being in a given state or moving between a given pair of states at a given time, for example, disability income insurance model. The book also discusses stochastic models for interest rates and calculation of premiums for some products in this set up. The highlight of the book is usage of R software, freely available from public domain, for computations of various monetary functions involved in insurance business. R commands are given for all the computations.
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An Introduction to Data Analysis using S-Plus

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471560401

Category: Computers

Page: 772

View: 6005

Many statistical modelling and data analysis techniques can be difficult to grasp and apply, and it is often necessary to use computer software to aid the implementation of large data sets and to obtain useful results. S-Plus is recognised as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, and it enables the user to apply a number of statistical methods, ranging from simple regression to time series or multivariate analysis. This text offers extensive coverage of many basic and more advanced statistical methods, concentrating on graphical inspection, and features step-by-step instructions to help the non-statistician to understand fully the methodology. * Extensive coverage of basic, intermediate and advanced statistical methods * Uses S-Plus, which is recognised globally as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages * Emphasis is on graphical data inspection, parameter estimation and model criticism * Features hundreds of worked examples to illustrate the techniques described * Accessible to scientists from a large number of disciplines with minimal statistical knowledge * Written by a leading figure in the field, who runs a number of successful international short courses * Accompanied by a Web site featuring worked examples, data sets, exercises and solutions A valuable reference resource for researchers, professionals, lecturers and students from statistics, the life sciences, medicine, engineering, economics and the social sciences.
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Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868993436

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 7894

Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.
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Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist

Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843717451

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 5891

Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren
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Author: Torsten Hothorn,Brian S. Everitt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420010657

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 3639

R is dynamic, to say the least. More precisely, it is organic, with new functionality and add-on packages appearing constantly. And because of its open-source nature and free availability, R is quickly becoming the software of choice for statistical analysis in a variety of fields. Doing for R what Everitt's other Handbooks have done for S-PLUS, STATA, SPSS, and SAS, A Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using R presents straightforward, self-contained descriptions of how to perform a variety of statistical analyses in the R environment. From simple inference to recursive partitioning and cluster analysis, eminent experts Everitt and Hothorn lead you methodically through the steps, commands, and interpretation of the results, addressing theory and statistical background only when useful or necessary. They begin with an introduction to R, discussing the syntax, general operators, and basic data manipulation while summarizing the most important features. Numerous figures highlight R's strong graphical capabilities and exercises at the end of each chapter reinforce the techniques and concepts presented. All data sets and code used in the book are available as a downloadable package from CRAN, the R online archive. A Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using R is the perfect guide for newcomers as well as seasoned users of R who want concrete, step-by-step guidance on how to use the software easily and effectively for nearly any statistical analysis.
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Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527506993

Category: Mathematical statistics

Page: 424

View: 6453

Viele statistischen Modelle und Datenanalysen können schwierig zu erfassen und anzuwenden sein. Oft ist zur Erlangung von nützlichen Ergebnissen der Einsatz einer Software notwendig. R ist eine Open-Source-Software, die speziell für statistische Anwendungen programmiert wurde. Entstanden ist sie aus der Programmiersprache S, die später zu S-PLUS weiterentwickelt worden ist. Seit 1995 steht R unter der GNU General Public Licence. Sie ist auf vielen Plattformen verfügbar und gilt im akademischen Bereich heute als statistische Standardsoftware. Michael J. Crawley stellt in seiner Einführung in die Statistik für Nebenfachstudenten die grafische Interpretation von Daten mit R in den Mittelpunkt und hilft durch anschauliche Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitungen, methodologische Grundlagen zu erarbeiten. Für die Einarbeitung mit dieser Einführung sind Vorkenntnisse in den Bereichen Mathematik, Statistik oder Programmierung nicht zwingend erforderlich. Dies ermöglicht, dass das Buch in vielen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen eingesetzt werden kann.
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An Introduction to Statistical Programming

Author: Larry Pace

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1430245549

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 9621

Beginning R: An Introduction to Statistical Programming is a hands-on book showing how to use the R language, write and save R scripts, build and import data files, and write your own custom statistical functions. R is a powerful open-source implementation of the statistical language S, which was developed by AT&T. R has eclipsed S and the commercially-available S-Plus language, and has become the de facto standard for doing, teaching, and learning computational statistics. R is both an object-oriented language and a functional language that is easy to learn, easy to use, and completely free. A large community of dedicated R users and programmers provides an excellent source of R code, functions, and data sets. R is also becoming adopted into commercial tools such as Oracle Database. Your investment in learning R is sure to pay off in the long term as R continues to grow into the go to language for statistical exploration and research. Covers the freely-available R language for statistics Shows the use of R in specific uses case such as simulations, discrete probability solutions, one-way ANOVA analysis, and more Takes a hands-on and example-based approach incorporating best practices with clear explanations of the statistics being done What you’ll learn Acquire and install R Import and export data and scripts Generate basic statistics and graphics Program in R to write custom functions Use R for interactive statistical explorations Implement simulations and other advanced techniques Who this book is for Beginning R: An Introduction to Statistical Programming is an easy-to-read book that serves as an instruction manual and reference for working professionals, professors, and students who want to learn and use R for basic statistics. It is the perfect book for anyone needing a free, capable, and powerful tool for exploring statistics and automating their use. Table of ContentsPart I. Learning the R Language 1. Getting R and Getting Started 2. Programming in R 3. Writing Reusable Functions 4. Summary Statistics Part II. Using R for Descriptive Statistics 5. Creating Tables and Graphs 6. Discrete Probability Distributions 7. Computing Standard Normal Probabilities Part III. Using R for Inferential Statistics 8. Creating Confidence Intervals 9. Performing t Tests 10. Implementing One-Way ANOVA 11. Implementing Advanced ANOVA 12. Simple Correlation and Regression in R 13. Multiple Correlation and Regression in R 14. Logistic Regression 15. Performing Chi-Square Tests 16. Working in Nonparametric Statistics Part IV. Taking R to the Next Level 17. Using R for Simulation 18. Resampling and Bootstrapping 19. Creating R Packages 20. Executing R Packages
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