Author: Atta-ur Rahman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444595147

Category: Medical

Page: 421

View: 9764

Natural products play an integral and ongoing role in promoting numerous aspects of scientific advancement, and many aspects of basic research programs are intimately related to natural products. With articles written by leading authorities in their respective fields of research, Studies in Natural Products Chemistry, Volume 37 presents current frontiers and future guidelines for research based on important discoveries made in the field of bioactive natural products. It is a valuable source for researchers and engineers working in natural products and medicinal chemistry. Describes the chemistry of bioactive natural products Contains contributions by leading authorities in the field A valuable source for researchers and engineers working in natural product and medicinal chemistry
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Volume: 1

Author: Atta-ur-Rahman,M. Iqbal Choudhary ,Khalid M. Khan

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608052125

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 4585

“Frontiers in Natural Product Chemistry” is an Ebook series devoted to publishing the latest and most important advances in natural product chemistry. The Ebook series covers all aspects of research in the chemistry and biochemistry of naturally occurring compounds including coverage of work on natural substances of land and sea and of plants, microbes and animals. Discussion of structure elucidation, synthesis and experimental biosynthesis of natural products as well as developments of new methods are included. Chosen eminent scientists write contributions and each volume are devoted to major advances in natural product chemistry. Topics include the isolation, structure, biosynthesis, biological activity, and chemistry of the major groups of natural products such as alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, aliphatic, aromatic and O-heterocyclic compounds, and other metabolites of plant, marine and microbial origins, developments in enzymology, nucleic acids, genetics, chemical ecology, primary and secondary metabolism, isolation and analytical techniques, and other areas which will be of general interest to all workers in the area. “Frontiers in Natural Product Chemistry” is essential for all scientists involved in natural product chemistry who wish to keep abreast of rapid and important developments in the field.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080453821

Category: Science

Page: 7388

View: 1716

This work presents a definitive interpretation of the current status of and future trends in natural products—a dynamic field at the intersection of chemistry and biology concerned with isolation, identification, structure elucidation, and chemical characteristics of naturally occurring compounds such as pheromones, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and enzymes. With more than 1,800 color figures, Comprehensive Natural Products II features 100% new material and complements rather than replaces the original work (©1999). Reviews the accumulated efforts of chemical and biological research to understand living organisms and their distinctive effects on health and medicine Stimulates new ideas among the established natural products research community—which includes chemists, biochemists, biologists, botanists, and pharmacologists Informs and inspires students and newcomers to the field with accessible content in a range of delivery formats Includes 100% new content, with more than 6,000 figures (1/3 of these in color) and 40,000 references to the primary literature, for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and innovations concerning living organisms and their distinctive role in our understanding and improvement of human health, genomics, ecology/environment, and more Adds to the rich body of work that is the first edition, which will be available for the first time in a convenient online format giving researchers complete access to authoritative Natural Products content
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Author: Xiao-Tian Liang,Wei-Shuo Fang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471739332

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1429

Current discoveries and research into bioactive natural products Medicinal Chemistry of Bioactive Natural Products provides a much-needed survey of bioactive natural products and their applications in medicinal chemistry. This comprehensive reference features articles by some of the world's leading scientists in the field on discovery, structure elucidation, and elegant synthetic strategies--developed for natural products--with an emphasis on the structure activity relationship of bioactive natural products. The topics have been carefully chosen on the basis of relevance to current research and to importance as clinicially useful agents. Rather than attempting to be a comprehensive encyclopedia of bioactive natural products, Medicinal Chemistry of Bioactive Natural Products guides the reader to the key developments in the field. By providing not only practical detail but a historical perspective on the chemistry and biology of the compounds under consideration, the book serves as a handy resource for researchers in their own work developing pharmaceuticals, and as an inspiring introduction for young scientists to the dynamic field of bioactive natural products research. Enhanced by examples with updated research results, the discussion covers such topics as: * The chemistry and biology of epothilones * Vancomycin and other glycopeptide antibiotic derivates * Antitumor and other related activities of Taxol and its analogs * The antimalarial properties of the traditional Chinese medicine, Quinghaosu (artemisinin) * Huperzine A: A natural drug for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease * The medicinal chemistry of ginkgolides from Ginkgo biloba * Recent progress in Calophyllum coumarins as potent anti-HIV agents * Plant-derived anti-HIV agents and analogs * Chemical synthesis of annonaceous acetogenins and their structurally modified mimics
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Author: G. Charalambous

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080531823

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2235

View: 5423

In this book, major emphasis is placed on the effects of processing and food components upon the flavor of foods and beverages. Topics discussed include: roasting of peanuts; extrusion of cooking poultry; spray drying of natural flavor materials; cooking rates of foods; gamma radiation of packaging films; stir-frying of sautéd flavors; emulsification properties of egg yolk and lupin proteins; the interaction of flavor compounds with flour, starch, and polysaccharides; factors affecting development of flavor in whisky, wines, fermented products, alcohol precursors, and model food systems; applications of enzymes for production of flavor in fish, lobster and pork; and the development and application of analytical methods for isolation and identification of volatile compounds and flavors from a variety of food products. Information presented in this book will be useful to chemists, scientists, and technologists working in flavor chemistry, food product research and development, and food quality control.
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Volume I: Plant Diversity, Organization, Function and Improvement

Author: Bir Bahadur,Manchikatla Venkat Rajam,Leela Sahijram,K.V. Krishnamurthy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132222865

Category: Science

Page: 827

View: 8605

This volume offers a much-needed compilation of essential reviews on diverse aspects of plant biology, written by eminent botanists. These reviews effectively cover a wide range of aspects of plant biology that have contemporary relevance. At the same time they integrate classical morphology with molecular biology, physiology with pattern formation, growth with genomics, development with morphogenesis, and classical crop-improvement techniques with modern breeding methodologies. Classical botany has been transformed into cutting-edge plant biology, thus providing the theoretical basis for plant biotechnology. It goes without saying that biotechnology has emerged as a powerful discipline of Biology in the last three decades. Biotechnological tools, techniques and information, used in combination with appropriate planning and execution, have already contributed significantly to economic growth and development. It is estimated that in the next decade or two, products and processes made possible by biotechnology will account for over 60% of worldwide commerce and output. There is, therefore, a need to arrive at a general understanding and common approach to issues related to the nature, possession, conservation and use of biodiversity, as it provides the raw material for biotechnology. More than 90% of the total requirements for the biotechnology industry are contributed by plants and microbes, in terms of goods and services. There are however substantial plant and microbial resources that are waiting for biotechnological exploitation in the near future through effective bioprospection. In order to exploit plants and microbes for their useful products and processes, we need to first understand their basic structure, organization, growth and development, cellular process and overall biology. We also need to identify and develop strategies to improve the productivity of plants. In view of the above, in this two-volume book on plant biology and biotechnology, the first volume is devoted to various aspects of plant biology and crop improvement. It includes 33 chapters contributed by 50 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. The book begins with an introductory chapter that gives a lucid account on the past, present and future of plant biology, thereby providing a perfect historical foundation for the chapters that follow. Four chapters are devoted to details on the structural and developmental aspects of the structures of plants and their principal organs. These chapters provide the molecular biological basis for the regulation of morphogenesis of the form of plants and their organs, involving control at the cellular and tissue levels. Details on biodiversity, the basic raw material for biotechnology, are discussed in a separate chapter, in which emphasis is placed on the genetic, species and ecosystem diversities and their conservation. Since fungi and other microbes form an important component of the overall biodiversity, special attention is paid to the treatment of fungi and other microbes in this volume. Four chapters respectively deal with an overview of fungi, arbuscularmycorrhizae and their relation to the sustenance of plant wealth, diversity and practical applications of mushrooms, and lichens (associated with a photobiont). Microbial endosymbionts associated with plants and phosphate solubilizing microbes in the rhizosphere of plants are exhaustively treated in two separate chapters. The reproductive strategies of bryophytes and an overview on Cycads form the subject matter of another two chapters, thus fulfilling the need to deal with the non-flowering Embryophyte group of plants. Angiosperms, the most important group of plants from a biotechnological perspective, are examined exhaustively in this volume. The chapters on angiosperms provide an overview and cover the genetic basis of flowers development, pre-and post-fertilization reproductive growth and development, seed biology and technology, plant secondary metabolism, photosynthesis, and plant volatile chemicals. A special effort has been made to include important topics on crop improvement in this volume. The importance of pollination services, apomixes, male sterility, induced mutations, polyploidy and climate changes is discussed, each in a separate chapter. Microalgalnutra-pharmaceuticals, vegetable-oil-based nutraceuticals and the importance of alien crop resources and underutilized crops for food and nutritional security form the topics of three other chapters in this volume. There is also a special chapter on the applications of remote sensing in the plant sciences, which also provides information on biodiversity distribution. The editors of this volume believe the wide range of basic topics on plant biology that have great relevance in biotechnology covered will be of great interest to students, researchers and teachers of botany and plant biotechnology alike.
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Opportunities and Challenges in Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Goutam Brahmachari

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814335371

Category: Science

Page: 670

View: 9998

Bioactive natural products are a rich source of novel therapeutics. Thus, the search for bioactive molecules from nature continues to play an important role in fashioning new medicinal agents. This volume, which comprises sixteen chapters written by active researchers and leading experts in natural products chemistry, brings together an overview of current discoveries in this remarkable field. It also provides information on the industrial application of natural products for medicinal purposes. This book will serve as a valuable resource for researchers to predict promising leads for developing pharmaceuticals to treat various ailments and disease manifestations.
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Chemistry and Biology

Author: Goutam Brahmachari

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527337946

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 2952

A multi-disciplinary survey of current topics and future trends in natural products research, with a focus on pharmaceutical and medical applications.
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Bioactive Natural Products (Part G)

Author: Atta-ur-Rahman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080542065

Category: Science

Page: 1364

View: 9683

Bioactive Natural Products (Part G)
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Author: Sujata V. Bhat,B.A. Nagasampagi,Meenakshi Sivakumar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540406693

Category: Science

Page: 840

View: 4157

During the last few decades, research into natural products has advanced tremendously thanks to contributions from the fields of chemistry, life sciences, food science and material sciences. Comparisons of natural products from microorganisms, lower eukaryotes, animals, higher plants and marine organisms are now well documented. This book provides an easy-to-read overview of natural products. It includes twelve chapters covering most of the aspects of natural products chemistry. Each chapter covers general introduction, nomenclature, occurrence, isolation, detection, structure elucidation both by degradation and spectroscopic techniques, biosynthesis, synthesis, biological activity and commercial applications, if any, of the compounds mentioned in each topic. Therefore it will be useful for students, other researchers and industry. The introduction to each chapter is brief and attempts only to supply general knowledge in the particular field. Furthermore, at the end of each chapter there is a list of recommended books for additional study and a list of relevant questions for practice.
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Occurrence and Transformation in the Environment

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444626948

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 4392

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle provides an overview of the current analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples. The book also reviews the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle for their elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment, focusing on the newest developments in treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advanced oxidation processes. Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called emerging contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are continuously being released into the environment mainly as a result of the manufacturing processes, the disposal of unused or expired products, and via excreta. The analytical methodology for the determination of trace pharmaceuticals in complex environmental matrices is still evolving, and the number of methods described in the literature has grown considerably. This volume leads the way, keeping chemistry students, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers and related professionals current with developments in this quickly evolving area. Covers the latest developments in trace determinations Concise and critical compilation of the recent literature Focuses on new treatment technologies
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Author: Paolo Fornasiero,Matteo Cargnello

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323446655

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 710

View: 1196

Morphological, Compositional, and Shape Control of Materials for Catalysis, Volume 177, the latest in the Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis series, documents the fast-growing developments in the synthesis, characterization, and utilization of nanostructures for catalysis. The book provides essential background on using well-defined materials for catalysis and presents exciting new paradigms in the preparation and application of catalytic materials, with an emphasis on how structure determines catalytic properties. In addition, the book uniquely features discussions on the future of the field, with ample space for future directions detailed in each chapter. Presents the latest paradigms in the preparation and application of catalytic materials Provides essential background on using well-defined materials for catalysis Features discussion of future directions at the end of each chapter
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Author: Kadish Karl M,Guilard Roger,Smith Kevin M

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814464155

Category: Science

Page: 2588

View: 1954

This is the third set of Handbook of Porphyrin Science.Porphyrins, phthalocyanines and their numerous analogues and derivatives are materials of tremendous importance in chemistry, materials science, physics, biology and medicine. They are the red color in blood (heme) and the green in leaves (chlorophyll); they are also excellent ligands that can coordinate with almost every metal in the Periodic Table. Grounded in natural systems, porphyrins are incredibly versatile and can be modified in many ways; each new modification yields derivatives, demonstrating new chemistry, physics and biology, with a vast array of medicinal and technical applications.As porphyrins are currently employed as platforms for study of theoretical principles and applications in a wide variety of fields, the Handbook of Porphyrin Science represents a timely ongoing series dealing in detail with the synthesis, chemistry, physicochemical and medical properties and applications of polypyrrole macrocycles. Professors Karl Kadish, Kevin Smith and Roger Guilard are internationally recognized experts in the research field of porphyrins, each having his own separate area of expertise in the field. Between them, they have published over 1500 peer-reviewed papers and edited more than three dozen books on diverse topics of porphyrins and phthalocyanines. In assembling the new volumes of this unique Handbook, they have selected and attracted the very best scientists in each sub-discipline as contributing authors.This Handbook will prove to be a modern authoritative treatise on the subject as it is a collection of up-to-date works by world-renowned experts in the field. Complete with hundreds of figures, tables and structural formulas, and thousands of literature citations, all researchers and graduate students in this field will find the Handbook of Porphyrin Science an essential, major reference source for many years to come.
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Isolation, Characterization and Biological Properties

Author: Corrado Tringali

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203212318

Category: Science

Page: 693

View: 3395

Interest in obtaining biologically active compounds from natural sources has recently spiked due to their low toxicity, complete biodegradability, availability from renewable sources, and in most cases, low cost. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources: Isolation, Characterization, and Biological Properties covers general methods and main topics in the research field of bioactive natural products. The book describes general screening methods, modern HPLC hyphenated techniques, and NMR methods in the structural elucidation of compounds and devotes individual chapters to specific topics of research. Surveys on compounds displaying important pharmacological activities are presented in chapters devoted to Mexican medicinal plants, anti-tumor drugs of natural origin, cancer chemopreventive flavonoids, and metabolites displaying anti-HIV, antioxidative, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory activity. The final chapters are devoted to representative examples of research into marine metabolites: immunomodulating marine glycolipids and surveys of bioactive compounds from marine opisthobranchs and Japanese soft corals. With its focus on modern approaches to the isolation of biologically active natural products, this book encourages interdisciplinary work among chemists, pharmacologists, biologists, botanists, and agronomists with an interest in bioactive natural products.
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Author: Jaroslava Švarc-Gajić

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781628089264

Category: Medical

Page: 137

View: 4366

Many thousands of years ago, humans were introduced to the toxicants of minerals and plants of microbial origin, and since that time, natural bioactive compounds have been used in traditional medicine for treating different health conditions, but also as aphrodisiacs and as a means of suicide or murder. Modern medicine acknowledges natural bioactive compounds as valuable medicinal sources for both diagnostic and curative purposes. Natural compounds serve as templates for the production of new drugs with improved pharmacological properties. This book explains the term bioactivity and deals with the bioactive compounds of plants, animals, microbial and marine origin. Their use by traditional medicinal approach, as well as by modern medicine is further elaborated. Both beneficial and toxic properties of different chemical classes, including alkaloids, peptides, terpenoids, bioactive amines etc., are described. Their isolation at the industrial scale is presented through several technological processes which are explained in detail for several compound classes. The research explains how natural sources can be exploited my modern and traditional medicine, and presents the risks and benefits associated with their use. In addition, a new approach to studying bioactivity, that includes computational modeling and softwares for in silico description and prediction, is explained. A chemometric approach to studying bioactivity is demonstrated through several models given for some natural bioactive compounds and their derivatives.
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Author: Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012417213X

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 9129

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com
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Volume 1 Monoterpenes and Sesquiterpenes

Author: Atta-Ur-Rahman,V.U. Ahmad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306438974

Category: Science

Page: 966

View: 5326

Advances in natural product chemistry have led to a large number of drugs, both derived from medicinal plants, marine plants, and animals, and created as synthetic analogues of these sources. This ground-breaking, comprehensive volume presents the latest data on the 13C-NMR of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes.
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Author: Erich Grotewold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387745503

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 2373

The past few years have witnessed increasing research in the applications of flavonoids as nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals as well as on their roles as signal molecules within plants and between plants and other organisms. This book provides an overview of the science of flavonoids in plants, detailing both research and applications. It first introduces flavonoids as chemical entities and then presents an overview of the tools currently available for their analysis.
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