Author: Paul Tett,Anne Mette,Audun Sandberg

Publisher: Dunedin Academic PressLtd

ISBN: 9781906716271

Category: Political Science

Page: 173

View: 2889

The Coastal Zone is the long narrow interface between land and ocean that is a dynamic area of natural change and of increasing human useA". The interface is the strip of land, up to 200 km wide, that is inhabited by nearly half the world's human population, plus the fringing sea. Together, these areas contain more than half the planet's natural and man-made wealth in the form of buildings, infrastructure and machinery, human social capital, and the natural ecosystems that provide food, shelter, waste disposal and other services to people. All these assets are threatened by increasing human demands on natural resources and by global changes in climate, elemental cycling, and economic systems. Protecting them requires policies and procedures aimed at sustainability, but environmental protection is only part of the answer. The 'human factor' must also be addressed. This book introduces a 'systems approach' to understanding and managing complex interactions between the natural ecosystems and the human economies and societies in the coastal zone. It draws examples from a successful European research project to show how 'communicative rationality', and the construction of models of 'socio-ecosystems', can be used to help stakeholders, environmental managers, and policy-makers choose between alternative solutions to coastal zone problems. It brings together key ideas about environmental management from the natural, social, and economic, sciences, and will interest all those looking for solutions to environmental problems that take account of human needs and wishes, and use existing human institutions. Complete in itself, and written in non-specialized language, in order to communicate across a range of disciplines, the book is intended to inform academics and professionals about this new approach in coastal zone management, to enrich the final years of degree courses in ecology and geography, resource economics, environmental science and management, and the sociology of environmental conflict and risk. It links to a web-site where are described in detail and a range of examples provided for of this approach to the coastal zone.
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A Transatlantic and Euro-Mediterranean Perspective

Author: Biliana Cicin Sain,Igor Pavlin,Stefano Belfiore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401004870

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 291

View: 797

Recent assessment of progress in coastal management at the national level shows an impressive growth of efforts after the 1992 Earth Summit, particularly in Europe and the Mediterranean. This book contains regional surveys of coastal management progress in Europe and the Mediterranean since 1992, discussion regional trends, development sin decision making, and cooperative activities. It then goes on to assess national progress towards coastal management, including the development of national coastal management systems, efforts at coordinated planning and management, and the development and use of environmental codes of practice. It then examines selected priority issues in the Northern Adriatic: economic integration and regional economic development, international scientific and technological cooperation in marine affairs and coastal tourism. Finally, the book covers the use of GIS in coastal environments and coastal engineering, the role played by scientific information in coastal policy, and the importance of free trade agreements.
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Author: AL. Ramanathan,Prosun Bhattacharya,Thorsten Dittmar,B. Prasad,B. Neupane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048130689

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 3503

Coastal areas face increasing pressures from land use change, developmental activities, shoreline erosion, biodiversity losses and natural calamities. This volume addresses these issues facilitating the integrated analysis of the sustainability of coastal zones. The contributors have tried to focus their respective works on the problems that need urgent attention relevant to present day issues. Coastal Zone Management and its sustainability strategy should safeguard ecological security of the coastal areas, avoid pollution as well as exploitation of living and non living aquatic resources, protecting also the agrarian community and avian population and other floral and faunal breeding grounds. Articles have been selected on the basis of sound scientific findings hoping that it will help in developing meaningful regulations for future sustainable coastal management zone.
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Solutions for the 21st Century

Author: Juan Baztan,Omer Chouinard,Bethany Jorgensen,Paul Tett,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden,Liette Vasseur

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128027592

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 7368

Coastal Zones: Solutions for the 21st Century bridges the gap between national and international efforts and the local needs for actions in communities where coastal zone challenges are faced daily. The solution-oriented approach covers issues of coastal zone management as well as responses to natural disasters. This work provides ideas on how to face the challenges, develop solutions, and localize management of common-pool resources. Coastal Zones targets academic stakeholders and coastal stakeholders who have local knowledge and experience but need a theoretical framework and a greater range of skills to make use of this experience. Represents the collaborative work of more than 200 coastal zone researchers from all continents Provides a transdisciplinary approach that draws on stakeholder knowledge as well as diverse disciplines in the natural and social sciences Provides a basis for the co-development of an effective understanding of social-ecological systems in the coastal zone
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Examples from the Baltic Sea and Other Aquatic Systems

Author: Lars Håkanson,Andreas C. Bryhn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540783633

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 7024

The aim of this book is to discuss practically useful (operational) bioindicators for sustainable coastal management, criteria for coastal area sensitivity to eutrophication and an approach set a "biological value" of coastal areas. These bioindicators should meet defined criteria for practical usefulness, e.g., they should be simple to understand and apply to managers and scientists with different educational backgrounds. Central aspects for this book concern effect-load-sensitivity analyses. One and the same nutrient loading may cause different effects in coastal areas of different sensitivity. Remedial measures should be carried out in a cost-effective manner and this book discusses methods and criteria for this. Remedial strategies should generally focus on phosphorus rather than nitrogen because the effects of nitrogen reductions can rarely be predicted well and nitrogen reductions may favour the bloom of harmful cyanobacteria. Three case-studies exemplify the practical use of the bioindicators and concepts discussed in the book. The first concerns how local emissions of nutrients affect the receiving waters when all important nutrient fluxes are accounted for. The second concerns how to find reference values for "good" ecological status to set targets for remedial actions. The third gives a reconstruction of eutrophication. If the development during the last 100 years can be understood, key prerequisites to turn the development would be at hand. This book should attract considerable interest from researchers in marine ecology, consultants and administrators interested in management and studies of coastal systems.
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Global Lessons from Regional Approaches in Australia

Author: Richard Kenchington,David Wood,Laura Stocker


ISBN: 0643104046

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 1619

Australians are famous for our love of the coast, although in many places this 'love' has caused serious and often irreversible impacts. The sustainable management of our society's many uses of the coast is complex and challenging. While a wealth of knowledge exists about the coast, this is not always brought to bear on decision-making. Coastal management to date has had limited success, and in some cases interventions have made problems worse. Australia's coast has been shaped by severe events such as cyclones and floods, with climate change now increasing the number and intensity of these hazards. In addition, our coastal populations are growing, and with them our social, environmental and economic vulnerability to such hazards. This book explores the evolution of coastal management, and provides critical insights into contemporary experience and understanding of coastal management in Australia. It draws on contemporary theory and lessons from case examples to highlight the roles of research and community engagement in coastal management. The book concludes with a chapter of recommendations which can help guide coastal management and research around the world.
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Author: A. Vallega

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401716404

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 267

View: 7749

by Elisabeth Mann Borgese Founder and Honorary President International Ocean Institute Adalberto Vallega has been, for decades, a master and great teacher of integrated coastal management and Mediterranean cooperation. This new book, of an almost en cyclopaedic scope, is a most original contribution to the rapidly growing literature on the subject, of equal value to the academic community which will greatly appreciate the theoretical, historic and philosophical underpinning of the work, and to the practi tioner, the planner, regulator and manager, who will find in these pages most useful "checklists" for his duties and responsibilities. Vallega perceives the need for Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) in the broader context of the ongoing third industrial revolution, which he calls the trans-industrial stage, in its interaction with climate change. There have been profound changes in the economies of the industrialized coun tries. The development of the new High Technologies, including micro-electronics, genetic engineering, new materials, has accelerated the transition from an economic system based primarily on production to one based very largely on services. This, in turn, has facilitated "globalization" of production systems and services, including the financial system, as well as the migration of people The ongoing global "Great Peo ple's Migration" is, generally, from the hinterland to the coasts where, already today, over 60 percent of the human population resides, exercising unprecedented pressures on the coastal and marine environment. Clearly, this justifies the current emphasis, at global, regional and national levels, on the need for coastal management.
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Author: F. John Vernberg,Winona B. Vernberg,Thomas Siewicki

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 9781570031984

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 519

View: 650

"Rapid population growth in the southeastern coastal zone has had an important influence on both resource management policy at the federal, state, regional, and local levels and the findings of environmental impact studies." These twenty-six papers represent a variety of disciplines and such topics as "policy in its broadest sense, environmental resources, and population trends."--Jacket.
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Author: Simon Haslett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134069340

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 808

The coast represents the crossroads between the oceans, land and atmosphere, and all three contribute to the physical and ecological evolution of coastlines. Coasts are dynamic systems, with identifiable inputs and outputs of energy and material. Changes to input force coasts to respond, often in dramatic ways as attested by the impacts of the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, the landfall of Hurricane Katrina along the Gulf Coast of the USA in 2005, and the steady rise of global warming driven sea-level. More than half the world’s human population lives at the coast, and here people often come into conflict with natural coastal processes. Research continues to unravel the relationship between coastal processes and society, so that we may better appreciate, understand, manage and live safely within this unique global environment. Coastal Systems offers a concise introduction to the processes, landforms, ecosystems and management of this important global environment. New to the second edition is a greater emphasis on the role of high-energy events, such as storms and tsunamis, which have manifested themselves with catastrophic effects in recent years. There is also a new concluding chapter, and updated guides to the ever-growing coastal literature. Each chapter is illustrated and furnished with topical case studies from around the world. Introductory chapters establish the importance of coasts, and explain how they are studied within a systems framework. Subsequent chapters explore the role of waves, tides, rivers and sea-level change in coastal evolution. Students will benefit from summary points, themed boxes, engaging discussion questions and new graded annotated guides to further reading at the end of each chapter. Additionally, a comprehensive glossary of technical terms and an extensive bibliography are provided. The book is highly illustrated with diagrams and original plates. The comprehensive balance of illustrations and academic thought provides a well balanced view between the role of coastal catastrophes and gradual processes, also examining the impact humans and society have and continue to have on the coastal environment.
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Author: Simon K. Haslett

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415213011

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 6789

Coastal Systems offers a concise introduction to the processes, landforms, ecosystems, and management of coasts. Each chapter is illustrated and includes topical case studies from around the world such as: * Tsunami's in Papua New Guinea * cliff collapse in Southern England * the Great Barrier Reef * the Indian 'Super Cyclone' of 1999 * the impact of development in the Florida Keys. Introductory chapters establish the importance of coasts and explain how they are studied within a system framework. Subsequent chapters explore the role of waves, rivers and sea level changes in coastal evolution. The final chapter reviews the human pressures and management of coastal systems.
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Author: R. Kerry Turner,I. J. Bateman,W.N. Adger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792365044

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 3709

This book examines in detail the resource management problems and challenges posed by the intensification of the environmental change process in coastal areas around the globe. The analysis deployed is by and large buttressed by methods and techniques drawn from social science disciplines: economics, geography, and psychology. However, the overall approach adopted is multidisciplinary with additional contributions from the natural sciences and statistics. The key concept developed is that of ecosystem function value diversity and its management policy analogue, ecosystem integrity maintenance, and the consequent sustainable utilisation of coastal system assets. The functioning of healthy ecosystems generates a range of outputs which society values. The individual chapters analyse and evaluate a range of coastal and water resource functions across different temporal and spatial scales.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251046340

Category: Aquaculture

Page: 90

View: 4541

This report explores how more planned and integrated approaches can be applied to aquaculture development. These approaches should contribute to more systematic planning and improved management of individual aquaculture operations, as well as to the coastal aquaculture sector as a whole.
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Author: Erlend Moksness,Einar Dahl,Josianne Støttrup

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444316292

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 4304

Coastal waters around the globe suffer from strain due to a widerange of human activities. The situation calls for a holisticapproach, combining expertise from nature and social science, toreach a balanced and sustainable development of the coastal zone. This important book comprises the proceedings of TheInternational Symposium on Integrated Coastal Zone Management,which took place in Arendal, Norway between 11-14 June 2007. The main objective of the Symposium was to present currentknowledge and to address issues on advice and management related tothe coastal zone. The major themes of papers included in this bookare: Coastal habitats Impacts on coastal systems Integrated Coastal Zone Management Coastal governance Comprising a huge wealth of information, this timely and welledited volume is essential reading for all those involved incoastal zone management around the globe. All libraries in researchestablishments and universities where fisheries and aquaticsciences are studied and taught will need copies of this importantvolume on their shelves.
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A Study of the Political Economy of Sustainable Development

Author: Ramakrishnan Korakandy

Publisher: Gyan Publishing House

ISBN: 9788178353036

Category: Coastal zone management

Page: 303

View: 1682

1. Introduction 2. Review of Literature 3. Coastal Zone Management-A ConceptualFramework 4. Rationale of Coastal Zone Management 5. Coastal Zone Management in Kerala-TheResource Base 6. Coastal Zone Management in Kerala-CoastalActivities
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Author: Council of Europe

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287141538

Category: Nature

Page: 112

View: 4313

Coastal areas have experienced unprecedented dramatic changes in the last half of the 20th century, especially in zones used for tourism development. This code of conduct and model law on coastal areas establishes some general management principles aimed at the sustainable development of coastal areas and the preservation of their environmental values.
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Author: Einar Dahl,Josianne Støttrup

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118496515

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 5914

Growing pressure from increasingly diverse human activities coupled with climate change impacts threaten the functional integrity of coastal ecosystems around the globe. A multi-disciplinary approach towards understanding drivers, pressures and impacts in the coastal zone requires effective integration of data and information in policy and management, combining expertise from nature and social science, to reach a balanced and sustainable development of the coastal zone. This important book comprises the proceedings of The International Symposium on Integrated Coastal Zone Management, which took place in Arendal, Norway between 3-7 July 2011. The main objective of the Symposium was to present current knowledge and to address issues on advice and management related to the coastal zone. The major themes of papers included in this book are: Coastal habitats and ecosystem services Adaptation/mitigation to change in coastal systems Coastal governance Linking science and management Comprising a huge wealth of information, this timely and well-edited volume is essential reading for all those involved in coastal zone management around the globe. All libraries in research establishments and universities where marine, aquatic and environmental sciences, and fisheries and aquatic sciences are studied and taught will need copies of this important volume on their shelves.
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Multifunctional Coastal Protection Zones

Author: Frank Ahlhorn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642017746

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 1493

From February 2004 until December 2007 the ComCoast project (Combined Fu- tions in Coastal Defence Zones) was carried out within the Interreg IIIB framework. The objective of this project was to investigate and to test the options for spatial coastal protection concepts. The mission statement of the project over its entire duration was: A wider approach in coastal thinking. I was glad to be part of this project and would like to thank all my European colleagues for the constructive and cooperative atmosphere. Firstly, I would like to express my thanks to Prof. Dr. Horst Sterr and Prof. Dr. Hans Kunz who assisted me over these years with their thorough guidance and comprehensive expertise and for many in-depth discussions on the focus of this dissertation. Secondly, I would like to thank my colleague Dr. Jur ̈ gen Meyerdirks, who acted as my key scienti c sparring partner over the last two years, and who continuously demonstrated his ability to bring me back to earth. Additionally, I would like to thank my colleague Dr. Thomas Klenke, who gave me the chance to be part of a challenging European project consortium and who supported me with his expertise on the project and the dissertation. Furthermore, I would like to express my special thanks to Gerard McGovern, who thoroughly improved my English.
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Applying the Technology to the Environment

Author: David R. Green,Stephen D. King

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306480026

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 4108

The emphasis now placed on the concept of sediment cells as boundaries for coastal defence groups, and the development of SMPs, should help CPAs realise the importance of natural processes at the coast when designing defence and protection schemes. However, this will only be the case where defence groups exist, and where CPAs take up the challenge of developing SMPs. Coastal landscapes have been produced by the natural forces of wind, waves and tides, and many are nationally or internationally important for their habitats and natural features. Past practices at the coast, such as the construction of harbours, jetties and traditional defence systems may have contributed to the deterioration of the coast. English Nature (1992) have argued that if practices and methods of coastal defence are allowed to continue, then coastlines would be faced with worsening consequences, including: The loss of mudflats and the birds which live on them Damage to geological Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and scenic heritage by erosion, due to the stabilisation of the coast elsewhere Cutting of sediment supplies to beaches resulting in the loss of coastal wildlife Cessation through isolation from coastal processes, of the natural operation of spits, with serious deterioration of rare plants, animals and geomorphological and scenic qualities (English Nature, 1992) A number of designations, provided by national and international legislation do exist to aid conservation.
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