From Gunpowder to Graphene, 250 Milestones in the History of Chemistry

Author: Derek B. Lowe

Publisher: Sterling

ISBN: 9781454911807

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 8841

From atoms and fluorescent pigments to sulfa drug synthesis and buckyballs, this lush and authoritative chronology presents 250 milestones in the world of chemistry. As the "central science" that bridges biology and physics, chemistry plays an important role in countless medical and technological advances. Covering entertaining stories and unexpected applications, chemist and journalist Derek B. Lowe traces the most important—and surprising—chemical discoveries.
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From the Elevator to the Electron Microscope, 250 Milestones in the History of Engineering

Author: Marshall Brain

Publisher: Sterling

ISBN: 9781454908098

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 1954

Make 25 fantastic fliers! You can create a sky-full of fabulous-looking paper planes, from old-time gliders to cutting-edge jets, that soar, swoop, sail and dive. The projects include fascinating background information on every model.
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From Pythagoras to the 57th Dimension, 250 Milestones in the History of Mathematics

Author: Clifford A. Pickover

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.

ISBN: 9781402757969

Category: Mathematics

Page: 527

View: 646

This book covers 250 milestones in mathematical history, beginning millions of years ago with ancient "ant odometers" and moving through time to our modern-day quest for new dimensions.
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From the Origin of Life to Epigenics, 250 Milestones in the History of Biology

Author: Michael C. Gerald,Gloria Gerald

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9781454910688

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 7297

Fresh, wholesome juices are perfect when you're fasting: they're low calorie, rich in vitamins and minerals, and energy boosting. These 100 recipes are specially designed for either a full or intermittent fast. Each tasty juice comes with a calorie count and nutritional information, and will fill you up so you don't feel deprived. Whether you're looking to detox or spur a sluggish metabolism, these juices will help you drink your way to health!
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From Arsenic to Xanax, 250 Milestones in the History of Drugs

Author: Michael C. Gerald

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9781402782640

Category: Medical

Page: 528

View: 7689

Covering everything from ancient herbs to cutting-edge chemicals, examines the most important moments in the development of pharmaceuticals and includes discussions of vaccines, homeopathic cures, and controversial treatments.
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From the Beginning to the End of Time, 250 Milestones in the History of Space and Astronomy

Author: Jim Bell

Publisher: Sterling

ISBN: 9781402780714

Category: Science

Page: 527

View: 4370

Presents a series of 250 significant events in the history of astronomy and space exploration, from the original formation of the galaxies, to the space mission to the planet Mars, to speculation about the end of the universe.
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From Shamanism to Cutting-Edge Neuroscience, 250 Milestones in the History of Psychology

Author: Wade E. Pickren

Publisher: Sterling Milestones

ISBN: 9781454927884

Category:

Page: 528

View: 4816

This stunningly illustrated book in Sterling's 'Milestones' series chronicles the history of psychology through 250 landmark events, theories, publications, experiments and discoveries.
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Laws of Science and the Great Minds Behind Them

Author: Clifford Pickover

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199792689

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 5580

Archimedes to Hawking takes the reader on a journey across the centuries as it explores the eponymous physical laws--from Archimedes' Law of Buoyancy and Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion to Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and Hubble's Law of Cosmic Expansion--whose ramifications have profoundly altered our everyday lives and our understanding of the universe. Throughout this fascinating book, Clifford Pickover invites us to share in the amazing adventures of brilliant, quirky, and passionate people after whom these laws are named. These lawgivers turn out to be a fascinating, diverse, and sometimes eccentric group of people. Many were extremely versatile polymaths--human dynamos with a seemingly infinite supply of curiosity and energy and who worked in many different areas in science. Others had non-conventional educations and displayed their unusual talents from an early age. Some experienced resistance to their ideas, causing significant personal anguish. Pickover examines more than 40 great laws, providing brief and cogent introductions to the science behind the laws as well as engaging biographies of such scientists as Newton, Faraday, Ohm, Curie, and Planck. Throughout, he includes fascinating, little-known tidbits relating to the law or lawgiver, and he provides cross-references to other laws or equations mentioned in the book. For several entries, he includes simple numerical examples and solved problems so that readers can have a hands-on understanding of the application of the law. A sweeping survey of scientific discovery as well as an intriguing portrait gallery of some of the greatest minds in history, this superb volume will engage everyone interested in science and the physical world or in the dazzling creativity of these brilliant thinkers.
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From Hammurabi to the International Criminal Court, 250 Milestones in the History of Law

Author: Michael H. Roffer

Publisher: Sterling Milestones

ISBN: 9781454927877

Category:

Page: 528

View: 1904

Explores 250 of the most fundamental cases, laws and trials that have changed our world. Examines diverse topics from around the globe. Offers authoriative context to ancient documents, as well as contemporary issues.
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Author: Clifford A. Pickover

Publisher: Sterling Milestones

ISBN: 9781454930068

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 4468

Award-winning author Clifford A. Pickover gathers into one fully illustrated volume the most important thinkers and ideas in the history of science. This unique omnibus edition includes 250 thoughtfully selected entries from many of the science-based books in the Sterling Milestones series, from biology and chemistry to engineering, math, and physics. Featuring a new introduction by Pickover, The Science Book showcases humanity's greatest achievements.
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From Witch Doctors to Robot Surgeons : 250 Milestones in the History of Medicine

Author: Clifford A. Pickover

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9781402785856

Category: Medical

Page: 527

View: 2261

Chronologically documents two hundred and fifty medical milestones from 10,000 B.C. to modern times, including the history of separating conjoined twins, the discovery of viruses, and the Human Genome Project.
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From the Rigveda to the New Atheism, 250 Milestones in the History of Philosophy

Author: Gregory Bassham

Publisher: Sterling

ISBN: 9781454918479

Category: Philosophy

Page: 528

View: 3566

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The Elements and the Architecture of Everything

Author: Theodore Gray

Publisher: Black Dog & Leventhal

ISBN: 0316392839

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3637

In his highly anticipated sequel to The Elements, Theodore Gray demonstrates how the elements of the periodic table combine to form the molecules that make up our world. Everything physical is made up of the elements and the infinite variety of molecules they form when they combine with each other. In Molecules, Theodore Gray takes the next step in the grand story that began with the periodic table in his best-selling book, The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe. Here, he explores through fascinating stories and trademark stunning photography the most interesting, essential, useful, and beautiful of the millions of chemical structures that make up every material in the world. Gray begins with an explanation of how atoms bond to form molecules and compounds, as well as the difference between organic and inorganic chemistry. He then goes on to explore the vast array of materials molecules can create, including: soaps and solvents; goops and oils; rocks and ores; ropes and fibers; painkillers and dangerous drugs; sweeteners; perfumes and stink bombs; colors and pigments; and controversial compounds including asbestos, CFCs, and thimerosal. Theodore Gray is the author of The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe; Theo Gray's Mad Science: Experiments You Can Do At Home, But Probably Shouldn't; Mad Science 2: Experiments You Can Do At Home, But Still Probably Shouldn't; and Popular Science magazine's "Gray Matter" column. With his company Touch Press, Gray is the developer of best-selling iPad and iPhone apps, including The Elements, Solar System, Disney Animated, The Orchestra, The Waste Land, and Skulls by Simon Winchester. He lives in Urbana, Illinois. Nick Mann is the photographer of The Elements: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe. Aside from having photographed more elements and compounds than probably anyone in the world, he is an accomplished landscape, sports, and event photographer. He lives in Urbana, Illinois.
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A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe

Author: Theodore Gray

Publisher: Black Dog & Leventhal

ISBN: 1603764054

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3403

The Elements has become an international sensation, with over one million copies in-print worldwide. The highly-anticipated paperback edition of The Elements is finally available. An eye-opening, original collection of gorgeous, never-before-seen photographic representations of the 118 elements in the periodic table. The elements are what we, and everything around us, are made of. But how many elements has anyone actually seen in pure, uncombined form? The Elements provides this rare opportunity. Based on seven years of research and photography, the pictures in this book make up the most complete, and visually arresting, representation available to the naked eye of every atom in the universe. Organized in order of appearance on the periodic table, each element is represented by a spread that includes a stunning, full-page, full-color photograph that most closely represents it in its purest form. For example, at -183°C, oxygen turns from a colorless gas to a beautiful pale blue liquid. Also included are fascinating facts, figures, and stories of the elements as well as data on the properties of each, including atomic weight, density, melting and boiling point, valence, electronegativity, and the year and location in which it was discovered. Several additional photographs show each element in slightly altered forms or as used in various practical ways. The element's position on the periodic table is pinpointed on a mini rendering of the table and an illustrated scale of the element's boiling and/or melting points appears on each page along with a density scale that runs along the bottom. Packed with interesting information, this combination of solid science and stunning artistic photographs is the perfect gift book for every sentient creature in the universe. Includes a tear-out poster of Theodore Gray's iconic Photographic Periodic Table!
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Author: William H. Brock

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191025852

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 6115

From man's first exploration of natural materials and their transformations to today's materials science, chemistry has always been the central discipline that underpins both the physical and biological sciences, as well as technology. In this Very Short Introduction, William H Brock traces the unique appeal of this fundamental science throughout history. Covering alchemy, early-modern chemistry, pneumatic chemistry and Lavoisier's re-interpretation of chemical change, the rise of organic and physical chemistry, and the transforming power of synthesis, Brock explores the extraordinary and often puzzling transformations of natural and artificial materials, as well as the men and women who experimented, speculated, and explained matter and change. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Author: Hayley Birch

Publisher: Quercus Publishing

ISBN: 1848666683

Category: Fiction

Page: 208

View: 4340

Chemistry is at the cutting ege of our lives. How does a silicon chip work? How can we harness natural products to combat human disease? And is it possible to create artificial muscles? Providing answers to these questions and many more, 50 Chemistry Ideas You Really Need to Know is an engaging guide to the world of chemistry. From the molecules that kick-started life itself to nanotechnology, chemistry offers some fascinating insights into our origins, as well as continuing to revolutionize life as we know it. In 50 short instalments, this accessible book discusses everything from the arguments of the key thinkers to the latest research methods, using timelines to place each theory in context - telling you all you need to know about the most important ideas in chemistry, past and present. Contents include: Thermodynamics, Catalysts, Fermentation, Green Chemistry, Separation, Chrystallography, Microfabrication, Computational Chemistry, Chemistry Occurring in Nature, Manmade Solutions: Beer, Plastic, Artificial Muscles and Hydrogen Future.
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Author: Bradley D. Fahlman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402412557

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 748

View: 7732

The 3rd edition continues to build on the strengths that were recognized by a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA). Materials Chemistry addresses inorganic-, organic-, and nano-based materials from a structure vs. property treatment, providing a suitable breadth and depth coverage of the rapidly evolving materials field — in a concise format. The 3rd edition offers significant updates throughout, with expanded sections on sustainability, energy storage, metal-organic frameworks, solid electrolytes, solvothermal/microwave syntheses, integrated circuits, and nanotoxicity. Most appropriate for Junior/Senior undergraduate students, as well as first-year graduate students in chemistry, physics, or engineering fields, Materials Chemistry may also serve as a valuable reference to industrial researchers. Each chapter concludes with a section that describes important materials applications, and an updated list of thought-provoking questions.
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250 Milestones in the History of Medicine

Author: Clifford A. Pickover

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781435148048

Category: Medicine

Page: 528

View: 6471

The history of medicine is as old as the history of human civilization. In The Medical Book, popular science writer Clifford A. Pickover explores 250 milestone discoveries in medicine that span more than 12,000 years. Whether writing on 'hard science' topics such as DNA structure, reverse transcriptase and AIDS, polymerase chain reaction, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or ideas from the medical fringe such as witch doctors, patent medicines, bloodletting, and near-death experiences, Pickover brings insight and acumen to the broad spectrum of medical studies and makes it understandable to all readers. This volume is abundantly illustrated in full colour with clinical and historical art.
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Author: 3rd Edition,James B. Nance

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781591281665

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 4775

Studying formal logic can be intimidating without the right help, but knowing how to think logically isn't just for "experts." Logic should be your secret weapon. It's the tool for learning how to use other tools. It's the bones that give a clenched fist its structure (and knuckles). With that in mind, we have painstakingly designed Intermediate Logic for everyday students, teachers, and parents who've never used truth tables or formal proofs of validity to work with syllogisms, but who know just how important and applicable learning logic is. In Intermediate Logic, you'll get the benefit of Jim Nance's twenty years of experience to help you master propositional arguments. Brand new, clean, easy-to-read layout, lots of margin notes for key points and further study, a step-by-step modern method, and exercises for every lesson (plus review questions and review exercises for every unit) all make Intermediate Logic the perfect choice for a logic course.
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Author: Eric Scerri

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019023301X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5062

In his latest book, Eric Scerri presents a completely original account of the nature of scientific progress. It consists of a holistic and unified approach in which science is seen as a living and evolving single organism. Instead of scientific revolutions featuring exceptionally gifted individuals, Scerri argues that the "little people" contribute as much as the "heroes" of science. To do this he examines seven case studies of virtually unknown chemists and physicists in the early 20th century quest to discover the structure of the atom. They include the amateur scientist Anton van den Broek who pioneered the notion of atomic number as well as Edmund Stoner a then physics graduate student who provided the seed for Pauli's Exclusion Principle. Another case is the physicist John Nicholson who is virtually unknown and yet was the first to propose the notion of quantization of angular momentum that was soon put to good use by Niels Bohr. Instead of focusing on the logic and rationality of science, Scerri elevates the role of trial and error and multiple discovery and moves beyond the notion of scientific developments being right or wrong. While criticizing Thomas Kuhn's notion of scientific revolutions he agrees with Kuhn that science is not drawn towards an external truth but is rather driven from within. The book will enliven the long-standing debate on the nature of science, which has increasingly shied away from the big question of "what is science?"
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