Culture and Society under the American Big Top
Author: Janet M. Davis
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Category: Performing Arts
A century ago, daily life ground to a halt when the circus rolled into town. Across America, banks closed, schools canceled classes, farmers left their fields, and factories shut down so that everyone could go to the show. In this entertaining and provocative book, Janet Davis links the flowering of the early-twentieth-century American railroad circus to such broader historical developments as the rise of big business, the breakdown of separate spheres for men and women, and the genesis of the United States' overseas empire. In the process, she casts the circus as a powerful force in consolidating the nation's identity as a modern industrial society and world power. Davis explores the multiple "shows" that took place under the big top, from scripted performances to exhibitions of laborers assembling and tearing down tents to impromptu spectacles of audiences brawling, acrobats falling, and animals rampaging. Turning Victorian notions of gender, race, and nationhood topsy-turvy, the circus brought its vision of a rapidly changing world to spectators--rural as well as urban--across the nation. Even today, Davis contends, the influence of the circus continues to resonate in popular representations of gender, race, and the wider world.
Author: Robert Sugarman
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Performing Arts
Acrobats and manipulators of objects, trained animals, and clowns – have been performing throughout history. In the eighteenth century, the invention of the circus ring provided a focus for the activities, and the modern circus was born. Once the circus was the most spectacular entertainment many Americans saw. When the supply of cheap labor disappeared and other forms of entertainment became available, the giant circuses shrank, and in the last quarter of the twentieth century new one ring circuses returned. The Circus and Circus Culture area of the Popular Culture Association has been examining circus history, circus life, the relationship of circus to society, and the impact of circus on the visual and literary arts since 1997. This book is a collection of papers from its annual conferences. "This fascinating collection showcases the transnational richness and cultural depth of the circus in an array of historical and contemporary settings. Strongly recommended for circus enthusiasts and students of popular culture, history, and theater." —Janet M.Davis, Associate Professor, Chair of the Department of American Studies, College of Liberal Arts at UT Austin, author of The Circus Age: Culture and Society under the American Big Top
Animal Welfare and the Making of Modern America
Author: Associate Professor of American Studies History and Women's and Gender Studies Janet M Davis,Janet M. Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Animal rights
"From Sarah McLachlan as spokesperson in ASPCA commercials to Animal Cops television shows, the prevention of cruelty against animals seems a core value in American society. Yet flogging horses, betting on cockfights, and shooting species of birds to extinction to adorn women's hats were once common. After the Civil War a culture of animal advocacy developed in the United States. How and why a social movement centered on the defense of animals came about--and how this changed American culture--is the subject of Janet Davis' wide-ranging book. Janet Davis describes a period during which animal power was gradually being replaced by industrial power. Animal welfare organizations developed out of an urban setting, as humane societies mandated the humane treatment of laboring horses and oxen, combated vivisection, demanded care of animals bound for stockyards and for circus shows, and called for an end to the needless killing of birds for fashion. Advocates also preached the gospel of kindness abroad in India, Morocco, Turkey, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, seeing kindness toward animals as a crucial part of modern American values that should replace the ways of backward cultures. Drawing heavily on religious faith, animal humanitarians connected animal welfare with virtually all facets of life--food, sanitation, entertainment, literature, labor, transportation, and many other topics--and made those they reached with their message think carefully about what divides humans and animals"--
Author: Katherine H. Adams,Michael L. Keene
Category: Performing Arts
"In 1880 to 1940, glory days of American circus, one third to one half of cast members were women. Diaries, autobiographies, newspaper accounts, films, posters, route books, stories told by circus women, recount tableaux, freak shows, girlie shows, tigeracts, and aerial performance, beginning with representations of women as circus performers and moving to performances themselves"--Provided by publisher.
The Creative Evolution of the Greatest Show on Earth
Author: Ernest Albrecht
Category: Performing Arts
Since its inception in 1872, the Greatest Show on Earth has continually transformed itself to meet changing tastes and cultural shifts. Over the course of its long existence, it has been at various times a biblical spectacle and historical pageant, a ceremonial introduction to the peoples and cultures of the world, and a fairy tale masque. It has also featured sights ranging from gladiatorial combat and aerial daredevils to oddities of nature and foolhardy wonders. This work chronicles the colorful artistry of the Greatest Show on Earth from its beginning to 2010, revealing how each of 12 changes in management brought about changes in style and content. More than 50 photographs bring the flamboyant performers and amazing spectacles to life in this informative appreciation of the circus and its evolution.
Popular Culture in the Experimental Theatre of Millay, Cummings, and Dos Passos
Author: T. Fahy
Category: Social Science
Thomas Fahy examines the integration of and challenges to popular culture found in the theatrical works of Millay, Cummings, and Dos Passos, which have largely been marginalized in discussions of theatre history and literary studies, despite offering a hybrid theatre that integrates popular with formal, and mainstream with experimental
Author: Carlyn Beccia
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Before the days of TV, DVDs, and video games, there was the circus. When it came to town, businesses and schools would shut down. Folks would gather round, for there, right in front of their eyes, was drama, action, and intrigue. There was the grace ofthe bareback rider, the daring of the acrobat, the strangeness of the snake lady, and the delight of the dancing pigs. Vintage-style circus posters capture the weird and the wonderful while fascinating sidebars reveal historical truths behind America’s circuses. What was it like when the circus came to town? This book, illustrated in rich oils, gives us a ringside seat.
The Visual and Popular Cultures of the Spanish-American War of 1898
Author: Bonnie M. Miller
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
The American people overwhelmingly supported the nation's entry into the Spanish-American War of 1898, which led to U.S. imperial expansion into the Caribbean and Pacific. In this book, Bonnie M. Miller explores the basis of that support, showing how the nation's leading media makers--editorialists, cartoonists, filmmakers, photographers, and stage performers--captured the public's interest in the Cuban crisis with heart-rending depictions of Cuban civilians, particularly women, brutalized by bloodthirsty Spanish pirates. Although media campaigns initially advocated for the United States to step in to rescue Cuba from the horrors of colonial oppression, the war ended just months later with the U.S. acquisition of Spain's remaining empire, including Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. President William McKinley heeded the call for war, with the American people behind him, and then proceeded to use the conflict to further his foreign policy agenda of expanding U.S. interests in the Caribbean and Far East. Miller examines the shifting media portrayals of U.S. actions for the duration of the conflict, from liberation to conquest. She shows how the media capitalized on the public's thirst for drama, action, and spectacle and adapted to emerging imperial possibilities. Growing resistance to American imperialism by the war's end unraveled the consensus in support of U.S policy abroad and produced a rich debate that found expression in American visual and popular culture.
Explorations in Identity, Place and Becoming
Author: Owain Jones,Joanne Garde-Hansen
This collection shifts the focus from collective memory to individual memory, by incorporating new performative approaches to identity, place and becoming. Drawing upon cultural geography, the book provides an accessible framework to approach key aspects of memory, remembering, archives, commemoration and forgetting in modern societies.
Amusement Parks, Movies, and American Modernity
Author: Lauren Rabinovitz
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Performing Arts
Amusement parks were the playgrounds of the working class in the early twentieth century, combining numerous, mechanically-based spectacles into one unique, modern cultural phenomenon. Lauren Rabinovitz describes the urban modernity engendered by these parks and their media, encouraging ordinary individuals to sense, interpret, and embody a burgeoning national identity. As industrialization, urbanization, and immigration upended society, amusement parks tempered the shocks of racial, ethnic, and cultural conflict while shrinking the distinctions between gender and class. Following the rise of American parks from 1896 to 1918, Rabinovitz seizes on a simultaneous increase in cinema and spectacle audiences and connects both to the success of leisure activities in stabilizing society. Critics of the time often condemned parks and movies for inciting moral decline, yet in fact they fostered women's independence, racial uplift, and assimilation. The rhythmic, mechanical movements of spectacle also conditioned audiences to process multiple stimuli. Featuring illustrations from private collections and accounts from unaccessed archives, Electric Dreamland joins film and historical analyses in a rare portrait of mass entertainment and the modern eye.
Eine wahre Geschichte
Author: Stewart O'Nan
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
Der 6. Juli 1944 verhieß für die Bewohner der Stadt Hartfort in Connecticut vergnüglich zu werden. Stattdessen endet er in einer Katastrophe: 167 Menschen sterben in den Flammen des größten Zirkusbrandes der amerikanischen Geschichte. Fesselnd und einfühlsam verfolgt Stewart O’Nan die Schicksale jener Menschen, die an einem scheinbar harmlosen Sommertag losgehen, um sich unterhalten zu lassen, und mit Tod und Schrecken konfrontiert werden. «Ein grandioses Stück Literatur.» (Der Spiegel) «‹Der Zirkusbrand› liest sich spannend wie ein Abenteuerroman, da er fast fiktiv in den vielen Verflechtungen menschlicher Schicksale wirkt und philosophisch in seiner Frage, weshalb gerade an diesem Tag bestimmte Menschen zu einer bestimmten Zeit an diesem bestimmten Ort zusammenkamen.» (NDR) «‹Der Zirkusbrand› ist Journalismus im Dienste der Literatur und Literatur im Dienste der Geschichtsschreibung.» (The New York Times) «Ein großes Buch.» (Süddeutsche Zeitung)
The Memoir of Tiny Kline
Author: Tiny Kline,Janet M. Davis
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
A glimpse of day-to-day life under the big top, from one of the circus's most remarkable performers
Eine wilde Reise in das Herz des Amerikanischen Traumes
Author: Hunter S. Thompson
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
Ein journalistischer Auftrag, bei dem Raoul Duke von seinem Anwalt Dr. Gonzo begleitet wird, führt zu einem unglaublichen Trip, der eine ganze Generation geprägt hat. Mit Johnny Depp und Benicio Del Toro von Terry Gilliam kongenial verfilmt, bleibt Hunter S. Thompsons schonungslose Beschreibung des Drogenkonsums und der radikalen Freiheitssuche der 60er bis heute unerreicht.
Adapted - little
Author: Gary S. Cross
Publisher: Gale Cengage
Discussed how Americans spend their free time and entertain themselves. Essays present perspectives in the fields of American and cultural studies, sociology, recreation, sports, leisure studies, auctions, bloodsports, shopping malls, and theme parks.
Author: Chandra Prasad
Lor Cole, a young man from Connecticut, dreams of leaving behind his provincial past and making a name for himself as a high-wire walker. When he joins the Bringlebright Circus, a small traveling troupe, he thinks he's on his way. But before reaching the top, he must reckon with the other performers who join him in the center ring spotlight: Cirella Flannery, a beautiful and startlingly devious fire-eater; Ranju, Bringlebright's secretive animal trainer; and Mr. Barnacle, the ringmaster, a charlatan who will stop at nothing to keep the struggling show in business. These characters, along with Stalwart, Ranju's watchful protege, create a colorful ensemble that illuminates the twin sides of the circus: one rapturously razzle-dazzle, and the other rough-and-tumble.
Author: Ulfried Reichardt
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
Category: Social Science
War die Diskussion uber die 'Globalisierung' als Leitbegriff der gegenwartigen Epoche bisher vor allem durch wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftliche Studien gepragt, so ist es das Ziel der hier versammelten Beitrage, die kulturwissenschaftliche Dimension der Debatte nicht nur praziser auszuloten, sondern als eigenstandige Forschungsperspektive zu etablieren und so zu einer umfassenden 'Vermessung' des Begriffs wie auch des Phanomens der Globalisierung beizutragen.. Den Bezugspunkt bildet dabei die Frage, welche Denk-Raume sich eroffnen, wenn eine auf binar formierten Wissensbestanden beruhende kulturelle Beobachtung nicht mehr greift. Neben einer kulturtheoretischen Annaherung an die operative Dimension von Kultur stehen die jeweils spezifische Medialitat, die Darstellungsoptionen, Verfahrensweisen und Regeln kultureller Wissensbildung in Bezug auf das Globale im Zentrum der Uberlegungen. Fragen nach verschiedenen Aspekten und Versionen der Globalisierung werden aus theoretischer und historischer Perspektive und mit Blick auf Literatur, Film, Musik, Kunst und Comics sowie hinsichtlich postmetropolitaner Urbanitat und Postkolonialismus gestellt. Ein Originaltext der japanisch-deutschen Autorin Yoko Tawada belegt die literarische Insistenz transkulturellen Schreibens. Dabei ist es kein Zufall, dass viele Essays amerikanische Debatten aufgreifen und sich mit Phanomenen der amerikanischen Kultur im globalen Raum befassen.