Author: Vladimir Belinski,Marc Henneaux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107047471

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 3408

This book mathematically derives the theory underlying the Belinski-Khalatnikov-Lifshitz conjecture on the general solution of the Einstein equations with a cosmological singularity.
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A JENAM 2002 Workshop Porto, Portugal 3–5 September 2002

Author: Carlos Martins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402011382

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 7413

The workshop on The Cosmology of Extra Dimensions and Varying Fundamental Constants, which was part of JENAM 2002, was held at the Physics Department of the University of Porto (FCUP) from the 3rd to the 5th of September 2002. It was regularly attended by about 110 participants, of which 65 were officially registered in the VFC workshop, while the others came from the rest of the JENAM workshops. There were also a few science correspondents from the national and international press. During the 3 days of the scientific programme, 8 Invited Reviews and 30 Oral Communications were presented. The speakers came from 11 different European countries, and also from Argentina, Australia, Canada, Japan and the U.S.A. There were also speakers from six Portuguese research institutions, and nine of the speak ers were Ph.D. students. The contributions are presented in these proceedings in chronological order. The workshop brought together string theorists, particle physicists, theoretical and observational cosmologists, relativists and observational astrophysicists. It was generally agreed that this inter-disciplinarity was the greatest strength of the work shop, since it provided people coming into this very recent topic from the various different backgrounds with an opportunity to understand each other's language and thereby gain a more solid understanding of the overall picture.
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Author: Menas Kafatos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401708495

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 9745

Bell's Theorem and its associated implications for the nature of the physical world remain topics of great interest. For this reason many meetings have been recently held on the interpretation of quantum theory and the implications of Bell's Theorem. Generally these meetings have been held primarily for quantum physicists and philosophers of science who have been or are actively working on the topic. Nevertheless, other philosophers of science, mathematicians, engineers as well as members of the general public have increasingly taken interest in Bell's Theorem and its implications. The Fall Workshop held at George Mason University on October 21 and 22, 1988 and titled "Bell's Theorem, Quantum Theory and Conceptions of the Universe" was of a more general scope. Not only it attracted experts in the field, it also covered other topics such as the implications of quantum non-locality for the nature of consciousness, cosmology, the anthropic principle, etc. topics usually not covered in previous meetings of this kind. The meeting was attended by more than one hundred ten specialists and other interested people from all over the world. The purpose of the meeting was not to provide a definitive answer to the general questions raised by Bell's Theorem. It is likely that the debate will go on for quite a long time. Rather, it was meant to contribute to the important dialogue between different disciplines.
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Interdisziplinäre Studien

Author: Giannaras

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034858299

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 224

View: 1263

mologischen Problematik und an dem interdisziplinären Charakter der Schrift festzuhalten. Denn mit dieser Schrift sollte nicht allein der fachwissenschaft lichen Seite von HÖNLS Werk, sondern der ganzen Person, die sich durch Offenheit für alle Richtungen des Geistes auszeichnet, unsere Ehre erwiesen werden. Die Bereitwilligkeit, mit der sich Physiker, Philosophen, Philologen und Kunstbetrachter in diesem Convivium cosmologicum zusammengefunden haben, bezeugt, daß HÖNLS Bemühungen, die durch eingewurzelte Vorur teile zementierte Trennung von Natur-und Geisteswissenschaften zu durch brechen, nicht ohne Echo geblieben sind. Ihnen allen gilt mein verbindlicher Dank. Dem Birkhäuser Verlag ist desgleichen für seine Bereitschaft besonders zu danken, das Convivium cosmologicum mit der ihm entsprechenden druck technischen Ausstattung in die Reihe Wissenschaft und Kultur, die gleich gerichtete interdisziplinäre Zwecke verfolgt, aufzunehmen. Meinen weiteren Dank spreche ich dem Kultusministerium des Landes Baden-Württemberg für die Bewilligung eines Zuschusses zu den Druckkosten aus. Dem Verlag E. Battenberg, München, danke ich für die Erlaubnis, die Rückerinnerung HÖNLS wieder abzudrucken; außerdem danke ich W. ERNsT BÖHM, Ludwigs hafen, für seine Bereitschaft, das von ihm hergestellte Bild HÖNLS verwenden zu dürfen.
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Author: L. Baulieu,Eliezer Rabinovici,Jeff Harvey,Boris Pioline,Paul Windey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401002118

Category: Science

Page: 509

View: 8412

The NATO Advanced Study Institute and EC Summer School "Progress in String Field and Particle Theory" was held in Cargse from June 25th till July 11th 2002. The main focus of the school was the recent progress in the very ac tive areas of superstring theory, quantum gravity and the theory of elementary particles. It covered topical problems in domains such as duality between gravity and gaugeinteractions, string field theory, tachyon condensation, non-commutative field theory, string cosmology and string phenomenology. The School featured daily introductory lectures and topical seminars. An informal Gong Show session allowed young post-doctoral researchers and senior graduate students to make a concise presentation oftheir current work. The School gave an excellent opportunity to the youngest researchers to establish a close relationship with their seniors and with the lecturers. These proceedings will further serve in fixing the acquired knowledge, and hopefully, become a useful reference for anyone working in this fascinating do main of physics. Some of the contributions provide an elementary introduction to their subject, while other ones are more geared to the specialist. We are deeply indebted to the NATO Division for Scientific Affairs for funding, and for their constant attention for our meetings, and to the European Commission for a High-Level Scientific Conference grant HPCFCT 2001-00298.
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Geometry, Analysis, Numerics

Author: Jörg Frauendiener,Helmut Friedrich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540442804

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 9215

Causal relations, and with them the underlying null cone or conformal structure, form a basic ingredient in all general analytical studies of asymptotically flat space-time. The present book reviews these aspects from the analytical, geometrical and numerical points of view. Care has been taken to present the material in a way that will also be accessible to postgraduate students and nonspecialist reseachers from related fields.
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Author: Carol C. Linder

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9783718604906

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 2097

A monograph on inflationary cosmology and cosmological phase transitions, investigating modern cosmology's relationship to elementary particle physics. This work also includes a non-technical discussion of inflationary cosmology for those unfamiliar with the theory.
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Author: Laurent Baulieu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402037313

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 5077

String Theory is our current best candidate for the unification of all fundamental forces, including gravity, in a consistent quantum framework. In this collection of lectures delivered at the Cargèse Summer School "String Theory: from Gauge Interactions to Cosmology'', world leading experts provide an up-to-date survey of the latest developments in this topic, including the gauge/gravity correspondence, superstring cosmology and cosmic strings, topological string theory and matrix models, physics beyond the standard model and the landscape of vacua of string theory, conformal field theory and critical phenomena in statistical mechanics. Many more topics are also discussed in shorter contributions by School participants. Written with an emphasis on pedagogy, this volume will be a invaluable resource to students and experts alike.
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Author: Arlie O. Petters,Harold Levine,Joachim Wambsganss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817636685

Category: Mathematics

Page: 603

View: 6204

This monograph is the first to develop a mathematical theory of gravitational lensing. The theory applies to any finite number of deflector planes and highlights the distinctions between single and multiple plane lensing. Introductory material in Parts I and II present historical highlights and the astrophysical aspects of the subject. Part III employs the ideas and results of singularity theory to put gravitational lensing on a rigorous mathematical foundation.
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Author: Lee Smolin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198026792

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 429

Lee Smolin offers a new theory of the universe that is at once elegant, comprehensive, and radically different from anything proposed before. Smolin posits that a process of self organization like that of biological evolution shapes the universe, as it develops and eventually reproduces through black holes, each of which may result in a new big bang and a new universe. Natural selection may guide the appearance of the laws of physics, favoring those universes which best reproduce. The result would be a cosmology according to which life is a natural consequence of the fundamental principles on which the universe has been built, and a science that would give us a picture of the universe in which, as the author writes, "the occurrence of novelty, indeed the perpetual birth of novelty, can be understood." Smolin is one of the leading cosmologists at work today, and he writes with an expertise and force of argument that will command attention throughout the world of physics. But it is the humanity and sharp clarity of his prose that offers access for the layperson to the mind bending space at the forefront of today's physics.
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Author: Dierck-Ekkehard Liebscher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540232612

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 5100

Cosmology deals with the current state of thinking about the basic questions at the center of the field of cosmology. More emphasis than usual is put on the connections to related domains of science, such as geometry, relativity, thermodynamics, particle physics, and - in particular - on the intrinsic connections between the different topics. The chapters are illustrated with many figures that are as exact as currently possible, e.g. in the case of geometry and relativity. Readers acquire a graduate-level knowledge of cosmology as it is required to understand the cosmological impact of their particular research topics, as well as an introduction into the current research in the field.
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Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, Durham, UK, 4 July - 4 August 2003

Author: Veronica Sanz

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812702463

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 2914

This book contains a remarkable overview of the current trends in string phenomenology, through the contributions of an international team of researchers who present their latest results. Dedicated to the memory of the late Professor Ian Kogan, this volume will fill a gap in the literature on a comprehensive overview of the subject. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: . OCo Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings- (ISTP- / ISI Proceedings). OCo Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings). OCo CC Proceedings OCo Engineering & Physical Sciences."
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Theology, Science, and the Eastern Orthodox Tradition

Author: Alexei V. Nesteruk

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 9781451403572

Category: Religion

Page: 287

View: 580

In this unique volume, a new and distinctive perspective on hotly debated issues in science and religion emerges from the unlikely ancient Eastern Orthodox Christian tradition. Alexei Nesteruk reveals how the Orthodox tradition, deeply rooted in Greek Patristic thought, can contribute importantly in a way that the usual Western sources do not. Orthodox thought, he holds, profoundly and helpfully relates the experience of God to our knowledge of the world. His masterful historical introduction to the Orthodox traditions not only surveys key features of its theology but highlights its ontology of participation and communion. From this Nesteruk derives Orthodoxy's unique approach to theological and scientific attribution. Theology identifies the underlying principles (logoi) in scientific affirmations. Nesteruk then applies this methodology to key issues in cosmology: the presence of the divine in creation, the theological meaning of models of creation, the problem of time, and the validity of the anthropic principle, especially as it relates to the emergence of humans and the Incarnation. Nesteruk's unique synthesis is not a valorization of Eastern Orthodox thought so much as an influx of startlingly fresh ideas about the character of science itself and an affirmation of the ultimate religious and theological value of the whole scientific enterprise.
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Author: V. Belinski,E. Verdaguer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139428965

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 513

This 2001 book gives a self-contained exposition of the theory of gravitational solitons and provides a comprehensive review of exact soliton solutions to Einstein's equations. The text begins with a detailed discussion of the extension of the Inverse Scattering Method to the theory of gravitation, starting with pure gravity and then extending it to the coupling of gravity with the electromagnetic field. There follows a systematic review of the gravitational soliton solutions based on their symmetries. These solutions include some of the most interesting in gravitational physics such as those describing inhomogeneous cosmological models, cylindrical waves, the collision of exact gravity waves, and the Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes. A valuable reference for researchers and graduate students in the fields of general relativity, string theory and cosmology, this book will also be of interest to mathematical physicists in general.
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Th-2002, Paris, July 22-27, 2002

Author: Daniel Iagolnitzer,Vincent Rivasseau,Jean Zinn-Justin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764324339

Category: Computers

Page: 984

View: 7559

Theoretical physics is a vast set of subjects, ideas and methods, with wide and unexpected applications to many interdisciplinary problems. But no general international conference had tried to review in depth this huge and burgeoning field since the Trieste conference in 1968. The International Conference on Theoretical Physics, TH-2002, which took place at the Unesco building, Paris, from July 22 to 27, 2002, addressed this challenge.The reader will find in this book all invited and received contributions to the conference. After the general lectures of Nobel prize winners Anderson and Yang, the contributions by experts cover all aspects of modern theoretical physics ranging from particle physics, string theory, cosmology, statistical and condensed matter physics to dynamical systems and quantum chaos, the physics/biology interface, information theory and quantum computing.
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And Answers to Over 100 Other Tough Questions of Faith

Author: Ravi Zacharias,Norman L. Geisler

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 0310315301

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 6251

In the quest for the truth, you need to know what you believe and why you believe it. Who Made God? offers accessible answers to over 100 commonly asked apologetic questions. Bringing together the best in evangelical apologists, this guide is standard equipment for Christians who want to understand and talk about their faith intelligently. Part one answers tough questions about the Christian faith such as:• Who made God? • How can there be three persons in one God? • What is God’s ultimate purpose in allowing evil? • Where did the universe come from? • How long are the days of creation in Genesis? • Did Jesus rise from the dead? • Are the records of Jesus’ life reliable? • Does the Bible have errors in it?Part two answers tough questions about other faiths, including Islam, Mormonism, Hinduism, Transcendental Meditation, Yoga, Reincarnation, Buddhism, and Black Islam. Relevant stories, questions for reflection and discussion, and a comprehensive list of suggested resources help you dig deeper so you can be prepared to give careful answers that explain the reasons for your faith.
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Author: James Redford

Publisher: James Redford

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 4929

ABSTRACT: Analysis is given of the Omega Point cosmology, an extensively peer-reviewed proof (i.e., mathematical theorem) published in leading physics journals by professor of physics and mathematics Frank J. Tipler, which demonstrates that in order for the known laws of physics to be mutually consistent, the universe must diverge to infinite computational power as it collapses into a final cosmological singularity, termed the Omega Point. The theorem is an intrinsic component of the Feynman–DeWitt–Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of Everything (TOE) describing and unifying all the forces in physics, of which itself is also required by the known physical laws. With infinite computational resources, the dead can be resurrected—never to die again—via perfect computer emulation of the multiverse from its start at the Big Bang. Miracles are also physically allowed via electroweak quantum tunneling controlled by the Omega Point cosmological singularity. The Omega Point is a different aspect of the Big Bang cosmological singularity—the first cause—and the Omega Point has all the haecceities claimed for God in the traditional religions. From this analysis, conclusions are drawn regarding the social, ethical, economic and political implications of the Omega Point cosmology.
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